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About General Sir Henry Hildyard GCB
General Sir Henry John Thoroton Hildyard GCB (5 July 1846 – 25 July 1916) was a British Army general who saw active service in the Anglo-Egyptian War of 1882 and the Second Boer War.
He was General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, South Africa, from 1905 to 1908.
The youngest of the three sons of Thomas Blackborne Thoroton-Hildyard (1821–1888), a Member of Parliament, of Flintham Hall, Flintham, near Newark, Hildyard was educated at the Royal Naval Academy, Gosport.
His brothers were Thomas Blackborne Thoroton Hildyard (1843–1928) and Robert Charles Thoroton Hildyard (1844–1885).
Hildyard entered the Royal Navy as a midshipman and served in the Navy from 1859 to 1864. In 1867, he joined the British Army, as an ensign in the 5th Northumberland Fusiliers, later transferring to the Highland Light Infantry, in which he was Lieutenant and adjutant for nearly seven years, and in 1876 was promoted Captain. In 1877 he passed the Staff College and transferred into the Somerset Light Infantry, was promoted Major in 1882 and Brevet Lieutenant Colonel later the same year; Colonel in 1886, and a temporary Major General in 1898, made substantive the following year.
He served with the Egyptian Expedition of 1882 as Deputy Assistant Adjutant and Quartermaster General, and was at Kassassin and Tel el-Kebir, where he was mentioned in despatches, was employed with the Egyptian Army from 1883 to 1888, and was appointed an aide-de-camp to the Queen in 1886. From 1893 to 1898 he was on home postings, as Deputy Assistant Adjutant-General and Assistant Adjutant-General at Headquarters, then as Assistant Adjutant-General at Aldershot and as Commandant of the Staff College, then commanded 3rd Brigade at Aldershot, 1898–99.
During the Second Boer War Hildyard was posted to South Africa and commanded 2nd Brigade from 1899 to 1900, again being mentioned in despatches and seeing active service at the Battle of Colenso. On 8 January 1900, Winston Churchill, in the theatre of war as a special correspondent, asked Hildyard what formation his 2nd Brigade was in, and he replied "Formation for taking advantage of ant-heaps".
Hildyard remained in South Africa to command the 5th Division from 1900 to 1901, during which time he took part in the Battle of the Tugela Heights, before returning to the UK as Director-General of Military Education, 1903–1904, and Lieutenant General on the Imperial General Staff commanding troops in South Africa, 1904 to 1905. He was General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, South Africa, 1905 to 1908. Retired the service, 1911.
In 1903, Hildyard had been appointed Colonel of the Highland Light Infantry and he continued to serve at the head of the regiment until his death in 1916, when he was succeeded by Sir William Pitcairn Campbell.
In 1871, Hildyard married Annette, the daughter of Admiral James Charles Prevost, and they had three sons, Harold Charles Thoroton Hildyard (born 1872), Gerald Moresby Thoroton Hildyard (1874–1956) and General Sir Reginald John Thoroton Hildyard (1876–1965), and one daughter, Edith Mary Thoroton Hildyard, who in 1895 married Edward Bromley, a lawyer.
Hildyard died on 25 July 1916. At the time of his death he was living at Aspley Heath, Bedfordshire, and was buried there at St Michael's church on 29 July. His widow was buried with him on 19 February 1919, from 3, St Catherine's Road, Littlehampton.
Henry John Thoroton Hildyard, Historical Record of the Seventy-First Regiment, Highland Light Infantry (Reissued in paperback by Kessinger Publishing, 2007)
Most Honourable Order of the Bath
Companion, CB, 1897 (1897 Diamond Jubilee Honours)
Knight Commander, KCB, 29 November 1900, in recognition of services in connection with the Campaign in South Africa 1899-1900
Knight Grand Cross, GCB 1911 (1911 Coronation Honours)
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