Genghis Khan (Temüjin), Khagan of the Mongol Empire

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Genghis Khan (Temudjin) Khagan of the Mongol Empire, Khan

Chinese: 鐵木真 孛兒只斤, Khan, Mongolian: Тэмүүжин «Чингис хаан» Боржигин, Их Монгол Улсын хаан, Lithuanian: Čingischanas Khagan of the Mongol Empire, Khan, Norwegian: Temújin Khagan of the Mongol Empire, Khan
Also Known As: "Gengis Khan", "Chinggis Khaan", "Činggis Qaγan", "Djingis Khan", "ᠴᠢᠩᠭᠢᠰ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ"
Birthplace: near Lake Baikal, Khentii, Mongolia
Death: Died in Mongolia
Cause of death: fell from horse
Immediate Family:

Son of Yesügei, Baɡatur of Xamag Mongɡol; <private>; Hoelun Mère du Cinggis-Qahan and <private>
Husband of Börte Üjin; Khulan-khatun and Yisugen Yisui
Father of Tula (Tuluy, Toluj) (Eke - Noyon, Ulug - Noyon); Tumalun; Dzhaur; Dzhurchitay; Urdzhakan and 20 others
Brother of Temüge Temuga; Temulin / Tämülün (Ferrure) Temulin; Djötchi-Qasar (Hôte-le-Molosse); Khasar Khasar; Khaji'un (Hechuhegejen) and 10 others
Half brother of Bäktär (Cuirasse) Bektor; Bälgütäi (Faste) Beigutai; Bortai and Belgutai

Occupation: Great Khan of the Mongol Empire, 1206–1227
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Genghis Khan (Temüjin), Khagan of the Mongol Empire

Genghis Khan (pronounced /ˈdʒɛŋɡɪs ˈkɑːn/ or /ˈɡɛŋɡɪs ˈkɑːn/; Mongolian: Чингис Хаан or ᠴᠢᠩᠭᠢᠰ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ, Chinggis Khaan, or Činggis Qaγan), born Borjigin Temüjin (Temüdin is "Smith" to English language), ( - Tsingis Haan to Finnish- language "relatives" are also in Finland for Tsingis Haan ); was the founder, Khan (ruler) and Khagan (emperor) of the Mongol Empire, which became the largest contiguous empire in history after his death.

For a discussion of Mongol genealogy, see "The Mongol Dynasties and their intermarriage policies (Onggirat)" at soc.genealogy.medieval, accessed Mar. 8, 2013.


According to Gumilev , was born in 1162 difference in dates may be explained by the features of the Mongolian chronology. He was born on the banks of the Onon River in the tract Delyun - Buldan that researchers are localized in the 230 miles from Nerchinsk (Chita region) and 8 miles from the Chinese border. In 13 years Temuchin lost his father , who was poisoned tatary.V childhood was very impressionable , he was afraid of dogs. After his father's death his mother quarreled with widows Ambagay Khan , this quarrel led to what is left of their tribe , the family was starving , eating Saranka tubers and wild garlic , grown boys began to fish and shoot groundhogs and bustards from a bow. In 1173 exchanged arrows with Jamuqa member of a noble family of the tribe Jajirat - have become sister cities . In 1178 the family had 9 Solovykh geldings , bows and arrows. In the same year, together with his brother Hasar killed stepbrother Bekter , allegedly in revenge for the constant bullying , and perhaps because of infidelity. Oelun cursed his mother and half brother Belgutey remained his friend . After that, the enemy tribe Tayichi'ut in revenge for the death of Bekter , attacked him , he was forced to hide 9 days in the woods, then down into the valley and brought him to the patrols Targutai - Kiriluhu , replace the death strip around his neck. Later Temujin hit the guard block and ran away. Sorgan -Shir tribe of suldus saved him , at first hid , and then gave him a horse , food, bow and two arrows, Temujin life was grateful . The first wife Barte (board ) - Gyuldzhin honkirat of the tribe . Her father Dai - Sechen . The bride's mother gave her a sable fur coat , but Temujin immediately took it and gave Togrulu - Kerait Khan , who touched a gift, remembered his friendship with his father and promised to gather the scattered Ulus Temujin . For 2 years from 1179 to 1180 his supporters were 10 thousand soldiers, who lived in the wilderness . One day the whole family had to flee as the thought of Tayichi'ut , but attacked and captured merkity Barte . Temujin turned again to Togrulu , who has collected 20 thousand soldiers against Merkits wife released Merkit scattered . In the spring of 1182 , and Temujin Jamuqa fell out and left for an unknown reason , one day before began to flock to Temujin Mongolian warriors , first 6 kurens wishing to join a small but disciplined horde . Was adopted by the military regulations and received the title of Khan , Genghis , part of the Mongols sacrificed for the sake of freedom and the security of the guaranteed rights by adopting a law - Yasu . Brother Jamuqa Taychar , chingisovtsev even think to steal from the herd , but was caught and shot . After that, 30 thousand warriors led by Genghis Jamuqa went on for the sake of revenge. Jamuqa overturned system chingisovtsev those moved into the valley. He did not pursue them , but severely dealt with captured 70 people boiled in cauldrons , and a former colleague - Chahal Uva , cut off his head and went back home. After that, two of the most courageous tribe - Urrutia and Mangutov - Jamuqa left and went to Chinggis . After a brief victory over the Tatars Genghis got a little title from the Jurchen , who went after them though. In the absence of nomadic warriors on the Mongolian troops attacked chzhurkintsev Seche - biki and Tai Chi , on his return Genghis avenged them caught and executed . Apparently in response to this unseemly stories after the feast , when the brother of Chinggis Belgutey broken the back of the defeated wrestler Buri- Boko , Genghis Khan betrayed and he 11 years (from about 1186 to 1197 ) held in captivity chzhurchzhen . Not executed him , apparently , just because they previously received for the help of the title. Horde has gone through a difficult period , 13 thousand soldiers left in 2600 . All we had to start all over again. On the Great Kurultaj 1206 was published Yasa - new set of laws , there was a pan-Mongol state. In the years 1201-06 the Mongols gained several victories over their neighbors . In 1215 Mr. hordes of Genghis Khan's attack on North China , Beijing and seize the huge treasure of gold, silver , silk , porcelain. Genghis Khan palace was surrounded by luxury, the Chinese appear at court counselors , philosophers and masters . In 1221, after the defeat of Jalal al -Din under the rule of Genghis Khan got the whole of Central Asia, Afghanistan and even a part of India. From the Caucasus horde went to the north, defeated the Alans and Kipchaks and appeared in the Black Sea steppes, they invaded and ravaged the Crimea Sudak . In 1223 Russian - g Polovtsian army marched to meet the enemy , but at the Battle of the Kalka defeated. Five major wives. Borte - Fujino (board ) , the daughter of Dai - Noyon , ruler kungirat (children - Jochi , Chagatai , Ogedei , Tuluy , Fujinami - run , Chichigan , Alagay - run , Tumalun , Altalun , ) . Kalan - Hoot ( Hulan-Hanum. ) , the daughter of Tyre - Ningpo , the ruler of the tribe Ukhar - Merkit (children - Kulkan ) . Esukat ( Esugaj ) of Tatars - (children - Dzhaur ) . Gunja - Khatun , daughter of Altan - Khan , the emperor of China. Esulun , sister Esukat Genghis Khan died in 1227 during the campaign for the country Tangut Xi Xia . There are several versions of his death. On one of them , during the battue hunting wild horses, horse commander something frightened and shied , and Khan fell to the ground . After that, the old emperor fell ill . His generals wanted to stop and hike back home, but Khan insisted on continuing . And even before his death, he demanded that the fact of his death carefully concealed until the final victory over Tanguts . According to another version , the Khan died from an arrow wound ( wrote Marco Polo) and even lightning ( this version adhered to another traveler Plano Carpini ) . And on the common Mongolian legend , Genghis Khan died of wounds inflicted Tangut Hanshi beauty Kur - beldkshin Khatun , which held only by Genghis Khan wedding night. Its specially Tangut king had sent Shidurho - Hagan , distinguished by the cunning and craftiness . According to this legend , a beautiful bit of Khan in the neck , damaging the carotid artery , and he bled to death . All scholars agree that the death of Khan came in 1227, and was a natural . Genghis Khan died in a camp setting. According to legend , Genghis Khan was buried in a deep grave at the family cemetery Their - Horig at Mount Burhan Khaldun , at the headwaters of the river Urgun . He sat on a golden throne of Mohammed, had been brought to them from the captured Samarkand. To grave in later times was not found and defiled, after the burial of the great khan in the wilderness several times drove many thousands herd of horses , which destroyed all traces of the grave. According to another version , the tomb was in the river , which at the time the river was blocked and the water is directed in a different channel . After the burial of the dam was destroyed, and the water is returned to the mainstream of human rights, public , forever hiding place of burial.

During the funeral, attended by 2,000 people. All of them immediately after the ceremony, hacked to pieces by 800 troops of horse guards Khan. But these 800 soldiers have lived more than a day : they will soon put to death to save the burial place in secret. Were then sent to a special patrols , who killed all those who would find in the surrounding lands. According to custom, exactly one year later , it was necessary to celebrate a funeral . In order to accurately find the burial place of the Mongols did the following : On the grave of sacrificed just a little taken from the mother camel . A year later she found a camel in the vast steppes of the place where he was murdered by her cub . Fishweirs this camel , the Mongols made ​​a commemoration ceremony laid , and then left the tomb forever. Thus , the secret burial place of Genghis Khan remains unsolved to this day.

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[...It is not certain when the future Chinggis Khan was born. According to most Chinese and Mongolian records, he was born in 1162 (a Year of the Horse) on the DelügünBoldog watershed on the upper reaches of the River Onon.4 Rash¯ıd al-D¯ın and other Persian sources place his birth in 1155 or 1167 (a Year of the Pig). The date of his death in 1227 is, however, certain. He is said to have been born at the moment when his father returned from a successful campaign against the Tatar. Following an ancient custom, Yesügey gave his son the name of the captured chief of the Tatar, i.e. Temüjin, which may have meant ‘blacksmith’. Although the extensive information on the early life of Chinggis Khan in The Secret History is almost certainly romanticized, it is likely that he had to overcome numerous difficulties and hardships in the steppe, left to the mercy of fate after losing his father in early childhood. ] ref : History of Civilizations of Central Asia - volume 4 - p.252

About Genghis Khan (Temüjin), Khagan of the Mongol Empire (Persian)

خان بزرگ به مدت سه سال (۶۱۹-۶۱۶ ه ق) رهبری جنگ را شخصاً بر عهده داشت. او به همراهی پسرش تولی در رأس قوای اصلی نخست بخارا را تسخیر کرد. در سال ۶۱۷ به سمرقند حمله کرد در سال ۶۱۹ چنگیز پس از تسخیر طالقان، بامیان، طخارستان و پس از جنگ سند به مغولستان برگشت.[۱]

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