Geoffrey FitzPiers, Earl of Essex

Is your surname FitzPiers?

Research the FitzPiers family

Geoffrey FitzPiers, Earl of Essex's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Related Projects

Geoffrey FitzPiers, Earl of Essex

Nicknames: "NOTE: Son of Piers de Lutegareshale and Matilda (Maud) He was NOT the son of a "de Mandeville"--he inherited that title by marriage to Beatrice de Say. Geoffrey /FitzPeter/", "Geoffrey Fitz /Piers/"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Saffron Walden, Essex, England
Death: Died in Walden, Essex, England
Place of Burial: Shouldham Priory, Essex, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Piers de Lutegareshale and Matilda (Maud) NN
Husband of Beatrice, Heiress of Mandeville and Essex and Aveline de Clare
Father of Maud fitzGeoffrey de Mandeville, Countess of Essex; William FitzGeoffrey Mandeville, Earl Of Essex; Geoffrey Mandeville Earl Of Essex, Earl of Gloucester; Henry De Mandeville, Dean Of Wolverhampton; John FitzGeoffrey, Lord of Shere and 4 others
Brother of Robert FitzPiers; Julienne Lutegareshale; Perronnelle (Petronille) Fitzpiers; Hawise (Hildegarde) Lutegareshale and Maud Lutegareshale
Half brother of William de Boclande; Beatrice de Boclande; Sir Guy de Boclande, Knight and Hawise de Boclande

Occupation: Sheriff of Northamptonshire, 1st/4th Earl of Essex, Justiciar of England, EARL OF ESSEX (4TH), CHIEF JUSTICIAR OF ENGLAND, Chief Justiciar of England 1190-1213; sheriff of Northamptonshire 1184-1189., Earl of Essex, 1st Earl of Essex, EARL OF ESSEX
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Geoffrey FitzPiers, Earl of Essex

GEOFFREY FitzPiers (-14 Oct 1213, bur Shouldham Priory). He acquired the Earl of Essex inheritance through his wife Beatrice de Say (de iure uxoris) upon the death of her father, Mandeville de Say, Earl of Essex who had no male heir, and thus Geoffrey became Earl of Essex 27 May 1199 through the death of his father-in-law.

“Gaufridus filius Petri comes Essex” donated the chapel of St Peter, Drayton to York Cathedral by undated charter[551]. The Red Book of the Exchequer, listing scutage payments in [1194/95], records "Galfridus filius Petri" paying "iv xx xviii [=98?] l vi s viii d" in Essex, Herefordshire[552].

The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records that King John gave "comitatum Estsexiæ" to "Galfrido filio Petri" the day of his coronation "VI Kal Jul" 1199[553]. The Annals of Waverley record the death in 1213 of “Gaufridus filius Petri comes de Essexe et justitiarius totius Angliæ”[554].

The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the death in 1214 of “Galfridus filius Petri, comes Essexiæ” and his burial “apud Soldham”[555]. m firstly (before 25 Jan 1185) BEATRICE de Say, daughter and co-heiress of WILLIAM de Say of Kimbolton, Huntingdonshire & his wife --- (-before 19 Apr 1197, bur Chicksand Priory). The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Beatricem” as daughter of “Willielmus de Say”, son of “Beatrix de Mandavilla domina de Say, soror Galfridi primi, fundatoris, et amita Willielmi” and adds that she married “domino Galfrido filio Petri”[556]. Through her paternal grandmother, Beatrice de Mandeville, Beatrice was heir to William de Mandeville Earl of Essex. She died in childbirth, presumably giving birth either to her youngest son Henry or to her daughter Matilda. m secondly (before 29 May 1205) AVELINE de Clare, daughter of ROGER de Clare Earl of Hertford & his wife Matilda de Saint-Hilaire (-(-[22 Nov 1220/4 Jun 1225). Earl Geoffrey & his first wife had four children:

a) GEOFFREY de Mandeville (-London 23 Feb 1216, bur Trinity Prior within Aldgate). The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Galfridus…Willielmus cognomina Mandavilla…et Matildis, Humfrido de Bohun comiti Herefordiæ maritata” as children of “domino Galfrido filio Petri” & his wife[557]. He succeeded his father in 1213 as Earl of Essex. He became Earl of Gloucester on his marriage, by right of his wife. He supported the barons against King John in 1215, and was excommunicated by the Pope 16 Dec 1215 and his lands given to Savary de Mauleon 20 Dec 1215 or before. He was mortally wounded at a tournament in London[558]. m firstly MATILDA, daughter of ROBERT FitzWalter of Woodham Walter, Essex & his first wife Gunnor de Valoignes (-1212, bur Dunmow Priory). The 13th century Histoire des ducs de Normandie et des rois d´Angleterre records that "Joffrois de Mandeville" married "la fille Robiert le fil Gautier"[559]. m secondly ([16/26] Jan 1214) as her second husband, ISABEL [Avise] Countess of Gloucester, divorced wife of JOHN King of England, daughter of WILLIAM FitzRobert Earl of Gloucester & his wife Avise de Beaumont ([before 1176]-14 Oct or [18 Nov] 1217, bur Canterbury Cathedral Church). The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey records the second marriage of “Isabellam” and “Galfrido de Mandevile comiti Essexiæ”, and her third marriage to “Huberto de Burgo justiciario Angliæ”[560]. She must have been considerably older than her second husband, although his precise birth date is not known. Her lands and title were confiscated on the death of her second husband. She married thirdly ([Sep] 1217) as his second wife, Hubert de Burgh, who was created Earl of Kent in 1227. The Annals of Waverley record the death in 1217 of “Isabel comitissa Gloucestriæ”[561]. The Annals of Dunstable record that “Johannam comitissam Gloucestriæ” died “paucos dies” after her marriage to “Hubertus de Burgo justiciarius Angliæ” and was buried “apud Cantuarium”[562].

b) WILLIAM de Mandeville (-8 Jan 1227, bur Shouldham Priory). The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Galfridus…Willielmus cognomina Mandavilla…et Matildis, Humfrido de Bohun comiti Herefordiæ maritata” as children of “domino Galfrido filio Petri” & his wife[563]. He succeeded his brother in 1216 as Earl of Essex, although his lands were not returned to him until 4 Oct 1217[564]. The Annales Londonienses record the death in 1227 of "Willelmus de Mandeville comes Essexiæ"[565]. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records the death in 1228 of “Willielmus Mandeville comes Essex ex parte matris et filius Galfridi Petri” and his burial “apud Soldham”[566]. The Annals of Tewkesbury record the death in Jan 1227 of “W. de Mandeville”[567]. m (before 18 Nov 1220) as her first husband, CHRISTINE, daughter of ROBERT FitzWalter of Woodham Walter Essex & his first wife Gunnor de Valoignes (-before 17 Jun 1232, bur Shouldham Priory). Her older sister had been the first wife of her husband's older brother Geoffrey Earl of Essex. She married secondly ([9 Jan/15 May] 1227) Raymond de Burgh of Dartford, Kent. The Annals of Dunstable record that “Hubertus de Burgo…Remundus nepos eius” married “comitissam Essexiæ” in 1227[568]. The History of the foundation of Walden abbey records that “Cristiana uxore sua, comitissa Essexiæ” was buried with her (first) husband “apud Soldham”[569].

c) HENRY (-[5 Aug 1205/before 1227]). Dean of Wolverhampton 5 Aug 1205[570].

d) MATILDA (-27 Aug 1236). The History of the foundation of Walden abbey names “Galfridus…Willielmus cognomina Mandavilla…et Matildis, Humfrido de Bohun comiti Herefordiæ maritata” as children of “domino Galfrido filio Petri” & his wife[571]. She succeeded her brother, William de Mandeville Earl of Essex, in 1227 as Ctss of Essex, suo iure. Her divorce [from her second husband] by a church council convened at St Alban's, mandated by the Pope, was recorded by Matthew of Paris[572]. The Annals of Dunstable record that “comitissa Herfordiæ” died in 1236[573]. m firstly HENRY de Bohun Earl of Hereford, son of HUMPHREY de Bohun, hereditary Constable of England & his wife Margaret of Huntingdon (-1 Jun 1220, bur Llanthony Priory, Gloucester). m secondly (before 1227, divorced St Alban's 1231 [before 24 Apr 1233], divorce revoked before Jul 1236[574]) ROGER de Daunteseye of Dauntsey, Wiltshire (-after Aug 1238).

Earl Geoffrey & his second wife had three children:

e) JOHN FitzGeoffrey of Shere, Surrey (-1258). He was not entitled to succeed his half-brother as Earl of Essex in 1227, the earldom having devolved from his father's first wife. Justiciar of Ireland. "John Fitz Geoffrey" was appointed justiciary of Ireland by King Henry III by charter dated 4 Nov 1245[575]. m as her second husband, ISABEL, widow of GILBERT de Lacy of Ewyas Lacy, daughter of [HUGH Bigod Earl of Norfolk & his wife Matilda Marshal of Pembroke]. The sources which report the parentage of the wife of Gilbert de Lacy are conflicting. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “Gilbertus de Lacy” married “Isabellæ Mareschal”[576], presumably confusing her with Isabel daughter of William Marshal Earl of Pembroke who married firstly Gilbert de Clare Earl of Gloucester and Hereford and secondly Richard Earl of Cornwall. The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Isabella soror Johannis" as daughter of ”Rogerus sive Radulphus Bigod, secundus filius Hugonis le Bigod com. Norfolke et Suffolke…” and his wife “Bertam de Fornivale”, adding that she married firstly "Gilberto de Lacy" and secondly "Johanni Fitz-Geffrey"[577]. This must also be incorrect, as any children of Ralph Bigod could not have been born before the late 1220s at the earliest, which is inconsistent with the timing of Isabel´s first marriage. If Isabel was a member of the Bigod family, she must have been the daughter of Hugh and Matilda Marshal of Pembroke. This is the solution adopted by the Complete Peerage[578], although the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified. John FitzGeoffrey & his wife had six children:

i) RICHARD FitzJohn of Shere (-1297). The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Ricardus le Fitz John, Johannes et Willielmus" as the three sons of "Johanni Fitz-Geffrey" and his wife "Isabella Bygod…"[579]. Lord FitzJohn 1290. m as her first husband, EMMA, daughter of --- (-1332). She married secondly Robert de Mohaut of Mold.

ii) JOHN FitzJohn of Shere (-1275). The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Ricardus le Fitz John, Johannes et Willielmus" as the three sons of "Johanni Fitz-Geffrey" and his wife "Isabella Bygod…"[580]. m MARGERY Basset, daughter of PHILIP Basset of Wycombe & his wife --- (-1271).

iii) WILLIAM FitzJohn . The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Ricardus le Fitz John, Johannes et Willielmus" as the three sons of "Johanni Fitz-Geffrey" and his wife "Isabella Bygod…"[581].

iv) MATILDA (-16/18 Apr 1301, bur 7 May 1301 Worcester, Friars Minor). The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names "Matilda uxor Guidonis comitis Warwici" as the oldest daughter of "Johanni Fitz-Geffrey" and his wife "Isabella Bygod…"[582]. m firstly GERARD de Furnivalle Lord of Hallamshire (-1261). m secondly WILLIAM de Beauchamp Earl of Warwick, son of WILLIAM de Beauchamp of Elmley, Worcestershire & his wife Isabel Mauduit ([1237/41]-Elmley 5 or 9 Jun 1298, bur 22 Jun 1298 Worcester, Friars Minor).

v) AVELINE (-[20 May 1274], bur Dunmow Priory). The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire records that the second (unnamed) daughter of "Johanni Fitz-Geffrey" and his wife "Isabella Bygod…" married "comiti Ultoniæ"[583]. m WALTER de Burgh Lord of Connaught, son of RICHARD de Burgh Lord of Connaught & his wife Egidia de Lacy of Meath (-Galway Castle 28 Jul 1271). He was created Earl of Ulster in [1264].

vi) JOAN (-1303). The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire records that the third (unnamed) daughter of "Johanni Fitz-Geffrey" and his wife "Isabella Bygod…" married "le Botyler Hiberniæ"[584]. m THEOBALD le Botiller of Thurles, Nenagh (-1285).

vii) ISABEL . The Chronicle of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire records that the fourth (unnamed) daughter of "Johanni Fitz-Geffrey" and his wife "Isabella Bygod…" married "domino --- de Westmoreland", adding that they had two daughters "Idonia et Isabella, de quibus una" married "Rogero de Clifford" by whom she had "Robertus de Clifford"[585]. m ROBERT de Vespont Lord of Westmoreland (-1264).

f) HAWISE (-1247). m as his first wife, REYNOLD de Mohun of Dunster, son of REYNOLD de Mohun & his wife Alice Briwere (-Tor Mohun, Devon 20 Jan 1258, bur Newenham).

g) CECILY (-1253). m SAVARY de Bohun of Midhurst (-1246).

-------

Geoffrey Fitzpiers de Mandeville, Earl of Essex (son of Piers de Lutegareshale and Maud de Mandeville) was born Abt. 1162 in Walden, Essex, England, and died October 14, 1213.

He was a prominent member of the government of England during the reigns of Richard I and John. The patronymic is sometimes rendered Fitz Piers, for he was the son of Piers de Lutegareshale, forester of Ludgershall.

He was from a modest landowning family that had a tradition of service in mid-ranking posts under Henry II. Geoffrey's elder brother Simon was at various times sheriff of Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, and Bedfordshire. Geoffrey, too, got his start in this way, as sheriff of Northamptonshire for the last five years of Henry II's reign.

Around this time Geoffrey married Beatrice de Say, daughter and eventual co-heiress of William de Say II. This William was the son of William de Say I and Beatrice, sister of Geoffrey de Mandeville, 1st Earl of Essex. This connection with the Mandeville family was later to prove unexpectedly important. In 1184 Geoffrey's father-in-law died, and he received a share of the de Say inheritance by right of his wife, co-heiress to her father. He also eventually gained the title of earl of Essex by right of his wife, becoming the 4th earl. When Richard I left on crusade, he appointed Geoffrey one of the five judges of the king's court, and thus a principal advisor to Hugh de Puiset, Bishop of Durham, who, as Chief Justiciar, was one of the regents during the king's absence. Late in 1189, Geoffrey's wife's cousin William de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex died, leaving no direct heirs. His wife's inheritance was disputed between Geoffrey and his in-laws, but Geoffrey used his political influence to eventually obtain the Mandeville lands (but not the earldom, which was left open) for himself.

On 11 July 1198, King Richard appointed Geoffrey Chief Justiciar, which at that time effectively made him the king's principal minister. He continued in this capacity after the accession of king John until his death on 14 October 1213. On his coronation day the new king ennobled Geoffrey as Earl of Essex.

--------

"Upon the decease of William de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex, much dispute arose regarding the inheritance: Beatrix, his aunt and heir, in the first place, preferring her claim, sent Geoffrey de Say, her younger son, to transact the business for the livery thereof, but Geoffrey FitzPiers insisted upon the right of Beatrix, his wife. ... This Geoffrey FitzPiers, being a man of great wealth and reputation, made representation that the barony was the right of his wife and, promising to pay the money, obtained livery thereof and procured the king's confirmation of his title."

m. 1st, Beatrix de Say, daughter of William de Say (-1197).

Note that his sons by this marriage took the de Mandeville surname. Geoffrey's first two sons died without issue. Apparently the earldom was associated with their mother's Mandeville heritage, for the earldom was inherited by the husband of their sister Maud, instead of their half-brother John.

Children:

1. Geoffrey fitz Geoffrey de MANDEVILLE 5th Earl of Essex (-1216)

2. William fitz Geoffrey de MANDEVILLE 6th Earl of Essex (-1228)

3. Maud fitz Geoffrey de MANDEVILLE (1178-1236) m. Henry de BOHUN 1st Earl of Hereford and Essex (1176-1220)

Married 2nd, Aveline de CLARE (1172-1225) daughter of Roger "The Good" de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford and Maud de Saint Hilary.

Children:

1. Sir John FITZGEOFFREY Sheriff of Yorkshire Justiciar of Ireland (1208-1258) m. Isabel BIGOD (1210-1230)

2. Hawise FITZPIERS (1210-1243) m(2) Sir Reynold II de MOHUN (1206-1258) 

3. Cecily Fitzgeoffrey.

sources:

1. http://thepeerage.com/p33611.htm#i336103

2. http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/s/e/i/Robert-Seipp/WEBSITE-0001/UHP-0542.html

3. http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~pmcbride/rfc/gw102.htm#I3819

--------

Geoffrey Fitz Peter, Earl of Essex, (Piers de Lutegareshale), (c. 1162 – 1213), was a prominent member of the government of England during the reigns of Richard I and John. The patronymic is sometimes rendered Fitz Piers.

Life

He was from a modest landowning family that had a tradition of service in mid-ranking posts under Henry II. Geoffrey's elder brother Simon was at various times sheriff of Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, and Bedfordshire. Geoffrey, too, got his start in this way, as sheriff of Northamptonshire for the last five years of Henry II's reign.

Around this time Geoffrey married Beatrice de Say, daughter and eventual co-heiress of William de Say II. This William was the son of William de Say I and Beatrice, sister of Geoffrey de Mandeville, 1st Earl of Essex. This connection with the Mandeville family was later to prove unexpectedly important. In 1184 Geoffrey's father-in-law died, and he received a share of the de Say inheritance by right of his wife, co-heiress to her father. He also eventually gained the title of earl of Essex by right of his wife, becoming the 4th earl.

When Richard I left on crusade, he appointed Geoffrey one of the five judges of the king's court, and thus a principal advisor to Hugh de Puiset, Bishop of Durham, who, as Chief Justiciar, was one of the regents during the king's absence. Late in 1189, Geoffrey's wife's cousin William de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex died, leaving no direct heirs. His wife's inheritance was disputed between Geoffrey and his in-laws, but Geoffrey used his political influence to eventually obtain the Mandeville lands (but not the earldom, which was left open) for himself.

On 11 July 1198, King Richard appointed Geoffrey Chief Justiciar, which at that time effectively made him the king's principal minister. He continued in this capacity after the accession of king John until his death on October 14, 1213.[1] On his coronation day the new king also recognized Geoffrey as Earl of Essex.

Marriage and issue

Spouses

  • m1. Beatrice de Say, daughter of William de Say[2].
  • m2. Aveline, daughter of Roger de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford, Earl of Hertford.

Children of Beatrice

Note that his sons by this marriage took the de Mandeville surname.

  • Geoffrey de Mandeville, 2nd Earl of Essex.
  • William FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex.
  • Henry, Dean of Wolverhampton.
  • Maud Fitzgeoffrey, who married Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford.

Children of Aveline

  • John Fitzgeoffrey, Lord of Shere and Justiciar of Ireland.
  • Cecily Fitzgeoffrey.
  • Hawise Fitzgeoffrey.

Geoffrey's first two sons died without issue. Apparently the earldom was associated with their mother's Mandeville heritage, for the earldom was inherited by the husband of their sister Maud, instead of their half-brother John.

Notes 1. ^ Powicke Handbook of British Chronology p. 70 2. ^ I169794: William IV DE SAYE (Abt 1130 - 1177)

References

  • Powicke, F. Maurice and E. B. Fryde Handbook of British Chronology 2nd. ed. London:Royal Historical Society 1961

External links

  • Foundation for Medieval Genealogy on Geoffrey FitzPeter (also known as FitzPiers)

--------------------

Last names beginning with "Fitz" mean "son of..." or "child of..." so FitzPiers would be son of Piers, and Geoffrey FitzPiers' children carry the last name FitzGeoffrey.

He was Earl of Essex, Mandeville, Sussex, and Gloucester.

His second marriage was to Eveline de Clare.

--------------------

GEOFFREY2 FITZ PIERS, EARL OF ESSEX (Piers de LUTEGARESHALE1) of Walden, son of (1) Piers1 and (YC-4) Maud (de MANDEVILLE) LUTEGARESHALE, was born circa 1162, and died on 14 Oct. 1213[17]. He married (1st) before 25 Jan. 1184/5, (AGI-2) BEATRICE DE SAY[17], daughter of (AGI-1) William SAY, who died before 19 April 1197[17]. He married (2nd) (L-20) AVELINE DE CLARE of Hereford, Herefordshire, England, daughter of (L-16) Roger, Earl of Hertford and (AIB-2) Countess Maud (Matilda) (de ST. HILARY), who was born circa 1172, and died circa 4 June 1225. [3, 19, 25, 9, 16, 1]

Child of: Geoffrey2 FITZ PIERS, Earl of Essex and Beatrice de SAY:

+ 3 i. MAUD3 FITZ GEOFFREY, d. on 27 Aug. 1236; m. (EU-3) HENRY DE BOHUN, EARL OF HEREFORD.

Children of: Geoffrey2 FITZ PIERS, Earl of Essex and Aveline de CLARE:

+ 4 i. JOHN3 FITZ GEOFFREY, JUSTICIAR OF IRELAND, b. before 1209, d. on 23 Nov. 1258; m. (EH-6) ISABEL LE BIGOD between 1230 and 1234.

+ 5 ii. HAWISE FITZ GEOFFREY, d. before 1243; m. (AAA-6) SIR REYNOLD DE MOHUN II.

--------------------

Geoffrey Fitz Peter, 1st Earl of Essex

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Geoffrey Fitz Peter, Earl of Essex, (Piers de Lutegareshale), (c. 1162 – 1213), was a prominent member of the government of England during the reigns of Richard I and John. The patronymic is sometimes rendered Fitz Piers.

Life

He was from a modest landowning family that had a tradition of service in mid-ranking posts under Henry II. Geoffrey's elder brother Simon was at various times sheriff of Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, and Bedfordshire. Geoffrey, too, got his start in this way, as sheriff of Northamptonshire for the last five years of Henry II's reign.

Around this time Geoffrey married Beatrice de Say, daughter and eventual co-heiress of William de Say II. This William was the son of William de Say I and Beatrice, sister of Geoffrey de Mandeville, 1st Earl of Essex. This connection with the Mandeville family was later to prove unexpectedly important. In 1184 Geoffrey's father-in-law died, and he received a share of the de Say inheritance by right of his wife, co-heiress to her father. He also eventually gained the title of earl of Essex by right of his wife, becoming the 4th earl.

When Richard I left on crusade, he appointed Geoffrey one of the five judges of the king's court, and thus a principal advisor to Hugh de Puiset, Bishop of Durham, who, as Chief Justiciar, was one of the regents during the king's absence. Late in 1189, Geoffrey's wife's cousin William de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex died, leaving no direct heirs. His wife's inheritance was disputed between Geoffrey and his in-laws, but Geoffrey used his political influence to eventually obtain the Mandeville lands (but not the earldom, which was left open) for himself.

On 11 July 1198, King Richard appointed Geoffrey Chief Justiciar, which at that time effectively made him the king's principal minister. He continued in this capacity after the accession of king John until his death on October 14, 1213.[1] On his coronation day the new king also recognized Geoffrey as Earl of Essex.

[edit]Marriage and issue

[edit]Spouses

m1. Beatrice de Say, daughter of William de Say[2].

m2. Aveline, daughter of Roger de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford, Earl of Hertford.

[edit]Children of Beatrice

Note that his sons by this marriage took the de Mandeville surname.

Geoffrey de Mandeville, 2nd Earl of Essex.

William FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex.

Henry, Dean of Wolverhampton.

Maud Fitzgeoffrey, who married Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford.

[edit]Children of Aveline

John Fitzgeoffrey, Lord of Shere and Justiciar of Ireland.

Cecily Fitzgeoffrey.

Hawise Fitzgeoffrey.

Geoffrey's first two sons died without issue. Apparently the earldom was associated with their mother's Mandeville heritage, for the earldom was inherited by the husband of their sister Maud, instead of their half-brother John.

[edit]Notes

^ Powicke Handbook of British Chronology p. 70

^ I169794: William IV DE SAYE (Abt 1130 - 1177)

[edit]References

Powicke, F. Maurice and E. B. Fryde Handbook of British Chronology 2nd. ed. London:Royal Historical Society 1961

--------------------

Geoffrey Fitz Peter, Earl of Essex, (c. 1162 – 1213), was a prominent member of the government of England during the reigns of Richard I and John. The patronymic is sometimes rendered Fitz Piers, for he was the son of Piers de Lutegareshale, forester of Ludgershall.

Contents [hide]

1 Life

2 Marriage and issue

2.1 Spouses

2.2 Children of Beatrice

2.3 Children of Aveline

3 Notes

4 References

5 External links


[edit] Life

He was from a modest landowning family that had a tradition of service in mid-ranking posts under Henry II. Geoffrey's elder brother Simon was at various times sheriff of Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, and Bedfordshire. Geoffrey, too, got his start in this way, as sheriff of Northamptonshire for the last five years of Henry II's reign.

Around this time Geoffrey married Beatrice de Say, daughter and eventual co-heiress of William de Say II. This William was the son of William de Say I and Beatrice, sister of Geoffrey de Mandeville, 1st Earl of Essex. This connection with the Mandeville family was later to prove unexpectedly important. In 1184 Geoffrey's father-in-law died, and he received a share of the de Say inheritance by right of his wife, co-heiress to her father. He also eventually gained the title of earl of Essex by right of his wife, becoming the 4th earl.

When Richard I left on crusade, he appointed Geoffrey one of the five judges of the king's court, and thus a principal advisor to Hugh de Puiset, Bishop of Durham, who, as Chief Justiciar, was one of the regents during the king's absence. Late in 1189, Geoffrey's wife's cousin William de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex died, leaving no direct heirs. His wife's inheritance was disputed between Geoffrey and his in-laws, but Geoffrey used his political influence to eventually obtain the Mandeville lands (but not the earldom, which was left open) for himself.

On 11 July 1198, King Richard appointed Geoffrey Chief Justiciar, which at that time effectively made him the king's principal minister. He continued in this capacity after the accession of king John until his death on 14 October 1213.[1] On his coronation day the new king ennobled Geoffrey as Earl of Essex.

[edit] Marriage and issue

[edit] Spouses

m1. Beatrice de Say, daughter of William de Say[2].

m2. Aveline, daughter of Roger de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford, Earl of Hertford.

[edit] Children of Beatrice

Note that his sons by this marriage took the de Mandeville surname.

Geoffrey de Mandeville, 2nd Earl of Essex.

William FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex.

Henry, Dean of Wolverhampton.

Maud Fitzgeoffrey, who married Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford.

[edit] Children of Aveline

John Fitzgeoffrey, Lord of Shere and Justiciar of Ireland.

Cecily Fitzgeoffrey.

Hawise Fitzgeoffrey.

Geoffrey's first two sons died without issue. Apparently the earldom was associated with their mother's Mandeville heritage, for the earldom was inherited by the husband of their sister Maud, instead of their half-brother John.

[edit] Notes

1.^ Powicke Handbook of British Chronology p. 70

2.^ I169794: William IV DE SAYE (Abt 1130 - 1177)

[edit] References

Powicke, F. Maurice and E. B. Fryde Handbook of British Chronology 2nd. ed. London:Royal Historical Society 1961

[edit] External links

Foundation for Medieval Genealogy on Geoffrey FitzPeter (also known as FitzPiers).

Political offices

Preceded by

Hubert Walter Chief Justiciar

1198–1213 Succeeded by

Peter des Roches

Peerage of England

Preceded by

New Creation Earl of Essex

1199–1213 Succeeded by

Geoffrey FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville

Persondata

NAME Geoffrey Fitz Peter

ALTERNATIVE NAMES Geoffrey FitzPeter, Geoffrey FitzPiers

SHORT DESCRIPTION

DATE OF BIRTH

PLACE OF BIRTH

DATE OF DEATH

PLACE OF DEATH

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geoffrey_Fitz_Peter,_1st_Earl_of_Essex"

Categories: 1162 births | 1213 deaths | Anglo-Normans | Earls in the Peerage of England | Justiciars of England

--------------------

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geoffrey_Fitzpeter,_1st_Earl_of_Essex

Geoffrey Fitz Peter, Earl of Essex, (Piers de Lutegareshale), (c. 1162 – 1213), was a prominent member of the government of England during the reigns of Richard I and John. The patronymic is sometimes rendered Fitz Piers.

He was from a modest landowning family that had a tradition of service in mid-ranking posts under Henry II. Geoffrey's elder brother Simon was at various times sheriff of Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, and Bedfordshire. Geoffrey, too, got his start in this way, as sheriff of Northamptonshire for the last five years of Henry II's reign.

Around this time Geoffrey married Beatrice de Say, daughter and eventual co-heiress of William de Say II. This William was the son of William de Say I and Beatrice, sister of Geoffrey de Mandeville, 1st Earl of Essex. This connection with the Mandeville family was later to prove unexpectedly important. In 1184 Geoffrey's father-in-law died, and he received a share of the de Say inheritance by right of his wife, co-heiress to her father. He also eventually gained the title of earl of Essex by right of his wife, becoming the 4th earl.

When Richard I left on crusade, he appointed Geoffrey one of the five judges of the king's court, and thus a principal advisor to Hugh de Puiset, Bishop of Durham, who, as Chief Justiciar, was one of the regents during the king's absence. Late in 1189, Geoffrey's wife's cousin William de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex died, leaving no direct heirs. His wife's inheritance was disputed between Geoffrey and his in-laws, but Geoffrey used his political influence to eventually obtain the Mandeville lands (but not the earldom, which was left open) for himself.

On July 11, 1198, King Richard appointed Geoffrey Chief Justiciar, which at that time effectively made him the king's principal minister. He continued in this capacity after the accession of king John until his death on October 14, 1213.[1] On his coronation day the new king also recognized Geoffrey as Earl of Essex.

--------------------

Geoffrey Fitz Peter, Earl of Essex, (c. 1162 – 1213), was a prominent member of the government of England during the reigns of Richard I and John. The patronymic is sometimes rendered Fitz Piers, for he was the son of Piers de Lutegareshale, forester of Ludgershall.

[edit] Life

He was from a modest landowning family that had a tradition of service in mid-ranking posts under Henry II. Geoffrey's elder brother Simon was at various times sheriff of Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, and Bedfordshire. Geoffrey, too, got his start in this way, as sheriff of Northamptonshire for the last five years of Henry II's reign.

Around this time Geoffrey married Beatrice de Say, daughter and eventual co-heiress of William de Say II. This William was the son of William de Say I and Beatrice, sister of Geoffrey de Mandeville, 1st Earl of Essex. This connection with the Mandeville family was later to prove unexpectedly important. In 1184 Geoffrey's father-in-law died, and he received a share of the de Say inheritance by right of his wife, co-heiress to her father. He also eventually gained the title of earl of Essex by right of his wife, becoming the 4th earl.

When Richard I left on crusade, he appointed Geoffrey one of the five judges of the king's court, and thus a principal advisor to Hugh de Puiset, Bishop of Durham, who, as Chief Justiciar, was one of the regents during the king's absence. Late in 1189, Geoffrey's wife's cousin William de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex died, leaving no direct heirs. His wife's inheritance was disputed between Geoffrey and his in-laws, but Geoffrey used his political influence to eventually obtain the Mandeville lands (but not the earldom, which was left open) for himself.

On 11 July 1198, King Richard appointed Geoffrey Chief Justiciar, which at that time effectively made him the king's principal minister. He continued in this capacity after the accession of king John until his death on 14 October 1213.[1] On his coronation day the new king ennobled Geoffrey as Earl of Essex.

[edit] Marriage and issue

[edit] Spouses

m1. Beatrice de Say, daughter of William de Say[2].

m2. Aveline, daughter of Roger de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford, Earl of Hertford.

[edit] Children of Beatrice

Note that his sons by this marriage took the de Mandeville surname.

Geoffrey de Mandeville, 2nd Earl of Essex.

William FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex.

Henry, Dean of Wolverhampton.

Maud Fitzgeoffrey, who married Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford.

[edit] Children of Aveline

John Fitzgeoffrey, Lord of Shere and Justiciar of Ireland.

Cecily Fitzgeoffrey.

Hawise Fitzgeoffrey.

Geoffrey's first two sons died without issue. Apparently the earldom was associated with their mother's Mandeville heritage, for the earldom was inherited by the husband of their sister Maud, instead of their half-brother John.

[edit] Notes

^ Powicke Handbook of British Chronology p. 70

^ I169794: William IV DE SAYE (Abt 1130 - 1177)

[edit] References

Powicke, F. Maurice and E. B. Fryde Handbook of British Chronology 2nd. ed. London:Royal Historical Society 1961

--------------------

"Earl of Essex" -------------------- http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vfarch/genealogy-data/wc10/wc10_192.html -------------------- FITZ-PIERS, Geoffrey 4th Earl Of Essex , Birth : 1165, Death : 14 OCT 1213 -------------------- He was from a modest landowning family that had a tradition of service in mid-ranking posts under Henry II. Geoffrey's elder brother Simon Fitz Peter was at various times High Sheriff of Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, and Bedfordshire. Geoffrey, too, got his start in this way, as High Sheriff of Northamptonshire for the last five years of Henry II's reign. Around this time Geoffrey married Beatrice de Say, daughter and eventual co-heiress of William de Say II. This William was the elder son of William de Say I and Beatrice, sister of Geoffrey de Mandeville, 1st Earl of Essex. This connection with the Mandeville family was later to prove unexpectedly important. In 1184 Geoffrey's father-in-law died, and he received a share of the de Say inheritance by right of his wife, co-heiress to her father. He also eventually gained the title of earl of Essex by right of his wife, becoming the 4th earl. When Richard I left on crusade, he appointed Geoffrey one of the five judges of the king's court, and thus a principal advisor to Hugh de Puiset, Bishop of Durham, who, as Chief Justiciar, was one of the regents during the king's absence. Late in 1189, Geoffrey's wife's cousin William de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex died, leaving no direct heirs. His wife's inheritance was disputed between Geoffrey and Beatrice's uncle, Geoffrey de Say, but Geoffrey Fitz Peter used his political influence to eventually obtain the Mandeville lands (although not the earldom, which was left open) for himself. He served as High Sheriff of Yorkshire from 1198 to 1201 and again in 1203 and as High Sheriff of Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire from 1200 to 1205 [1]. On 11 July 1198, King Richard appointed Geoffrey Chief Justiciar, which at that time effectively made him the king's principal minister. He continued in this capacity after the accession of king John until his death on 14 October 1213.[2] On his coronation day the new king ennobled Geoffrey as Earl of Essex. -------------------- GEOFFREY FitzPiers (circa 1162-14 Oct 1213). He acquired the Earl of Essex inheritance through his wife Beatrice de Say (de iure uxoris) upon the death of her father, Mandeville de Say, Earl of Essex who had no male heir, and thus Geoffrey became Earl of Essex 27 May 1199 through the death of his father-in-law. -------------------- Geoffrey FitzPiers (circa 1162-14 Oct 1213). He acquired the Earl of Essex inheritance through his wife Beatrice de Say (de iure uxoris) upon the death of her father, Mandeville de Say, Earl of Essex who had no male heir, and thus Geoffrey became Earl of Essex 27 May 1199 through the death of his father-in-law. -------------------- He was from a modest landowning family that had a tradition of service in mid-ranking posts under Henry II. Geoffrey's elder brother Simon Fitz Peter was at various times High Sheriff of Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, and Bedfordshire. Geoffrey, too, got his start in this way, as High Sheriff of Northamptonshire for the last five years of Henry II's reign.

Around this time Geoffrey married Beatrice de Say, daughter and eventual co-heiress of William de Say II. This William was the elder son of William de Say I and Beatrice, sister of Geoffrey de Mandeville, 1st Earl of Essex. This connection with the Mandeville family was later to prove unexpectedly important. In 1184 Geoffrey's father-in-law died, and he received a share of the de Say inheritance by right of his wife, co-heiress to her father. He also eventually gained the title of earl of Essex by right of his wife, becoming the 4th earl.

When Richard I left on crusade, he appointed Geoffrey one of the five judges of the king's court, and thus a principal advisor to Hugh de Puiset, Bishop of Durham, who, as Chief Justiciar, was one of the regents during the king's absence. Late in 1189, Geoffrey's wife's cousin William de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex died, leaving no direct heirs. His wife's inheritance was disputed between Geoffrey and Beatrice's uncle, Geoffrey de Say, but Geoffrey Fitz Peter used his political influence to eventually obtain the Mandeville lands (although not the earldom, which was left open) for himself.

He served as High Sheriff of Yorkshire from 1198 to 1201 and again in 1203 and as High Sheriff of Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire from 1200 to 1205.[1] On 11 July 1198, King Richard appointed Geoffrey Chief Justiciar, which at that time effectively made him the king's principal minister. On his coronation day the new king ennobled Geoffrey as Earl of Essex.

King John granted Berkhamsted Castle to Geoffrey; the castle had previously been granted as a jointure palace to Queen Isabel prior to the annulment of the royal marriage. Geoffrey founded two hospitals in Berkhamsted, one dedicated to St John the Baptist and one to St John the Evangelist; the latter is still commemorated in the town with the name St John's Well Lane.[2]

After the accession of King John, Geoffrey continued in his capacity as the king's principal minister until his death on 14 October 1213.[3]

Marriage and issue[edit]

Spouses[edit] m1. Beatrice de Say, daughter of William de Say and heiress of the Mandeville Earls of Essex. m2. Aveline, daughter of Roger de Clare, 2nd Earl of Hertford.

Children of Beatrice[edit]

Note that his sons by this marriage took the de Mandeville surname. Geoffrey FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville, 2nd Earl of Essex. William FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex. Henry, Dean of Wolverhampton. Maud Fitzgeoffrey, who married Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford.

Children of Aveline[edit] John Fitzgeoffrey, Lord of Shere and Justiciar of Ireland. Cecily Fitzgeoffrey. Hawise Fitzgeoffrey.

Geoffrey's first two sons died without issue. The earldom had been associated with their mother's Mandeville heritage, and the earldom was next granted to the son of their sister Maud and her husband Henry De Bohun instead of their half-brother John.

Notes[edit]

1.Jump up ^ "Sheriffs of Buckinghamshire". Retrieved 2011-05-20. 2.Jump up ^ Cobb, John Wolstenholme (1855). History and Antiquities of Berkhamsted. pp. 14 and 72. ISBN 1871372038. 3.Jump up ^ Powicke Handbook of British Chronology p. 70

-------------------- Geoffrey Fitz Peter, Earl of Essex (c. 1162–1213) was a prominent member of the government of England during the reigns of Richard I and John. The patronymic is sometimes rendered Fitz Piers, for he was the son of Piers de Lutegareshale, forester of Ludgershall.

He was from a modest landowning family that had a tradition of service in mid-ranking posts under Henry II. Geoffrey's elder brother Simon Fitz Peter was at various times High Sheriff of Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, and Bedfordshire. Geoffrey, too, got his start in this way, as High Sheriff of Northamptonshire for the last five years of Henry II's reign.

Around this time Geoffrey married Beatrice de Say, daughter and eventual co-heiress of William de Say II. This William was the elder son of William de Say I and Beatrice, sister of Geoffrey de Mandeville, 1st Earl of Essex. This connection with the Mandeville family was later to prove unexpectedly important. In 1184 Geoffrey's father-in-law died, and he received a share of the de Say inheritance by right of his wife, co-heiress to her father. He also eventually gained the title of earl of Essex by right of his wife, becoming the 4th earl.

When Richard I left on crusade, he appointed Geoffrey one of the five judges of the king's court, and thus a principal advisor to Hugh de Puiset, Bishop of Durham, who, as Chief Justiciar, was one of the regents during the king's absence. Late in 1189, Geoffrey's wife's cousin William de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex died, leaving no direct heirs. His wife's inheritance was disputed between Geoffrey and Beatrice's uncle, Geoffrey de Say, but Geoffrey Fitz Peter used his political influence to eventually obtain the Mandeville lands (although not the earldom, which was left open) for himself.

He served as High Sheriff of Yorkshire from 1198 to 1201 and again in 1203 and as High Sheriff of Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire from 1200 to 1205.[1] On 11 July 1198, King Richard appointed Geoffrey Chief Justiciar, which at that time effectively made him the king's principal minister. On his coronation day the new king ennobled Geoffrey as Earl of Essex.

King John granted Berkhamsted Castle to Geoffrey; the castle had previously been granted as a jointure palace to Queen Isabel prior to the annulment of the royal marriage. Geoffrey founded two hospitals in Berkhamsted, one dedicated to St John the Baptist and one to St John the Evangelist; the latter is still commemorated in the town with the name St John's Well Lane.[2]

After the accession of King John, Geoffrey continued in his capacity as the king's principal minister until his death on 14 October 1213.[3]

Marriage and issue[edit]

Spouses[edit] m1. Beatrice de Say, daughter of William de Say and heiress of the Mandeville Earls of Essex. m2. Aveline, daughter of Roger de Clare, 2nd Earl of Hertford.

Children of Beatrice[edit]

Note that his sons by this marriage took the de Mandeville surname. Geoffrey FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville, 2nd Earl of Essex. William FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex. Henry, Dean of Wolverhampton. Maud Fitzgeoffrey, who married Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford.

Children of Aveline[edit] John Fitzgeoffrey, Lord of Shere and Justiciar of Ireland. Cecily Fitzgeoffrey. Hawise Fitzgeoffrey.

Geoffrey's first two sons died without issue. The earldom had been associated with their mother's Mandeville heritage, and the earldom was next granted to the son of their sister Maud and her husband Henry De Bohun instead of their half-brother John.

view all 94

Geoffrey FitzPiers, Earl of Essex's Timeline

1162
1162
Saffron Walden, Essex, England
1170
1170
Age 8
Essex, England
1175
1175
Age 13
England
1177
1177
Age 15
Mandeville, Warwickshire, England
1178
1178
Age 16
Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, England
1198
1198
- 1213
Age 36
1205
May 29, 1205
Age 43
England
1205
Age 43
Shere, Surrey, England
1206
1206
Age 44
Of, Shere, Surrey, England
1210
1210
Age 48
Shere, Surrey, England