Geoffroy I, duc de Bretagne

Is your surname de Bretagne?

Research the de Bretagne family

Geoffroy I, duc de Bretagne's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Related Projects

Geoffroy I de Bretagne

Nicknames: "Geoffrey"
Birthdate:
Death: Died
Place of Burial: Bretagne, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Conan I le Fort, duc de Bretagne and Ermangarde d'Anjou, Duchess of Bretagne
Husband of Havoise de Normandie
Father of Eudes comte de Penthièvre; Alain III, duc de Bretagne; Adela de Bretagne; Eudes, comte de Penthievre; Evenus and 2 others
Brother of Judith de Bretagne; Catuallon de Bretagne; Hernod de Bretagne and Judicaël, comte de Porhoët
Half brother of Alain Glanderius and Judicaël

Occupation: Hertig av Bretagne 992-1008, Duke Of Brittany, Duque da Bretanha, Comte de Rennes et de Bretagne, duc de Bretagne (992-1008), comte de Rennes (992), Duke of Brittany, Duc, de Bretagne, Comte, de Rennes, Duke of Brittany 992 - Nov. 20, 1008, Herttua
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Geoffroy I de Bretagne

Geoffroy Duc de Bretagne

Parents: Conan 'le Tort' de Bretagne & Ermengarde

Spouse: Havise de Normandie

Children:

1. Alain de Bretagne

2. Evenus

3. Eudes, Comte de Penthievre

4. Adela

LINKS

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/BRITTANY.htm#_Toc216697268

MEDIEVAL LANDS

GEOFFROY de Bretagne, son of CONAN I "le Tort" Duke of Brittany & his wife Ermengarde d'Anjou ([980]-20 Nov 1008). His parentage is confirmed by the Chronico Sancti Michaelis which records that "Gaufridus Dux Britanniæ filius Conani filii Juhelli Berengarii" died in 1008 "dum pergeret Romam causa orationis"[136]. He succeeded his father 992 as GEOFFROY I Duke of Brittany. Guillaume de Jumièges records that comte Geoffroy died on the return journey from a pilgrimage to Rome, having left his two sons under the protection of Richard II Duke of Normandy[137]. A charter dated 1026 recalls that "Gaufridus, Conani Curvi filius" was killed "apud Concuruz prelium"[138]. The Chronicon Kemperlegiense records the death "dum pergeret Romam" in 1008 of "Gauffridus Dux Britanniæ filius Conani filii Iuhaëlis Berengarii"[139].

m (996) HAVISE de Normandie, daughter of RICHARD I "Sans-Peur" Comte [de Normandie] & his second wife Gunnora --- (-21 Feb 1034). Guillaume de Jumièges names Hadvise, wife of "Geoffroi comte des Bretons", as the second of the three daughters of Duke Richard and Gunnora, and in a later passage records her marriage after the death of her father[140]. A charter dated 1008 records that, after the death of "Gaufrido comite Britanniæ", "filii eius Alanus et Eudo cum matre eorum Hadeguisia" restored the abbey of Saint-Méen[141]. "…Aduise matre eorum comitum…" signed the charter dated to [1013/22] under which "Alanus et Egio Britannorum monarchi" founded the priory of Livré "in pago Redonensi"[142]. The Chronico Kemperlegiensi records the death "1034 IX Kal Mar" of "Haduisa comitissa Britanniæ, vidua Gauffridi"[143].

Duke Geoffroy I & his wife had four children:

1. ALAIN de Bretagne ([997]-poisoned Montgommery 1 Oct 1040). A charter dated 1026 recalls that "Gaufridus, Conani Curvi filius" was killed "apud Concuruz prelium", stating that "quo defuncto, Alanus filius eius…renum patris suscipiens", witnessed by "Alanus comes…Heudo frater eius"[144]. Guillaume de Jumièges names "Alain et Eudes" as the two sons of Geoffroy and Havise[145]. He succeeded his father in 1008 as ALAIN III Duke of Brittany. The Chronicon Kemperlegiense records that "Alanus filius eius" succeeded "Gauffridus Dux Britanniæ filius Conani filii Iuhaëlis Berengarii" in 1008[146]. A charter dated 1008 records that, after the death of "Gaufrido comite Britanniæ", "filii eius Alanus et Eudo cum matre eorum Hadeguisia" restored the abbey of Saint-Méen[147]. "Alanus et Egio Britannorum monarchi" founded the priory of Livré "in pago Redonensi" by charter dated to [1013/22], signed by "…Aduise matre eorum comitum, Rivalloni vicarii, Triscanni…"[148]. "Alanus Britannice gentis dux atque princeps" founded the abbey of Saint-Georges de Rennes by charter dated to [1028/30], witnessed by "Eudo meus germanus, Gozolinus vicecomes, Rivallonis vicarius, Alanus Cornugallie comes…"[149]. Orderic Vitalis states that Duke Alain was "poisoned in Normandy by the Normans"[150]. The Chronicon Britannico records the death in 1040 of "Alanus Comes Redonensis", another manuscript specifying that "Alanus Dux Britanniæ" died "Kal Apr"[151]. m (1018) as her first husband, BERTHE de Blois, daughter of EUDES II Comte de Blois et de Chartres & his second wife Ermengarde d'Auvergne (-[11/13] Apr 1085). Her parentage and both her marriages are recorded to by Orderic Vitalis[152]. The Chronicon Kemperlegiense records that "Alanus filius eius" succeeded "Gauffridus Dux Britanniæ filius Conani filii Iuhaëlis Berengarii" and married "Bertham filiam Odonis Comitis Carnotensis"[153]. The Flandria Generosa names "Berta comitissa" daughter of "altera Ermengardis comitissa", when outlining the basis for the consanguinity between Baudouin VII Count of Flanders and his wife [Hawise] de Bretagne which constituted grounds for the couple's separation[154]. She married secondly (after 14 May 1046) Hugues IV Comte de Maine (-26 Mar 1051). The Actus pontificum Cenomannis records that Bishop Gervais arranged the marriage of "Hugonem…Herberti filium" and "Bertam…Alani Britannorum comitis olim coniugem"[155]. Her second marriage is confirmed by the Chronicon Ruyensis Cœnobii which records the death in 1062 of "Herbertus Cenomannensium Comes et frater uterinus Conani ducis"[156]. "Berta comitissa Alani Redonensis ducis uxor" donated property to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé, for the souls of "filie nostre Hadeuis comitisse Hoelis ducis Britannie conjugis et…filiorum suorum, meorum…nepotum Alani et Mathie", by charter dated 1075, signed by "Alanus nothus filius Conani comitis…familiars comitisse Haduis neptis mee…"[157]. The Chronicon Britannico records the death in 1084 of "Bertha Comitissa mater Conani"[158]. The Chronicon Britannico Alter records the death in 1085 of "Bertha religiosa Comitissa", stating that she restored "Monasterium S. Melanii"[159]. The necrology of Chartres cathedral records the death "II Id Apr" of "Berta comitissa"[160]. The Chronicon Ruyensis Cœnobii records the death in 1085 of "Berthæ comitissæ"[161]. The Chronicon Kemperlegiensis records the death "Kal Jun" in 1085 of "Bertha Comitissa Britanniæ, mater Conani Ducis, soror Fulconis"[162], although no other record has been found which confirms that Berthe had a brother named Foulques. Mistress (1): ---. The name of Duke Alain's mistress is not known. Duke Alain III & his wife had two children:

a) CONAN de Bretagne (-[Anjou] 11 Dec 1066). His parentage is confirmed by the necrology entry which names his mother (see below), read together with the sources which confirm his mother's marriage. He succeeded his father in 1040 as CONAN II Duke of Brittany, but was deprived by his uncle Eudes. He retaliated, captured Eudes and imprisoned him in chains, confirming himself as duke in 1057[163]. "Abbatissa…Addela…soror…Alani Britannie ducis" issued a charter dated 1050, before "Conanum comitem…eius nepotem", relating to the rights of the abbey of Saint-Georges de Rennes[164]. The Breton/Norman war of 1064/65 was triggered by the rebellion of Rivallon [I] de Dol, who was supported by Guillaume II Duke of Normandy. Robert of Torigny records the death in 1066 of "Conanus dux Britanniæ"[165]. The Chronicon Britannico records the death in 1066 of "Conanus dux Britanniæ filius Alani"[166]. Another manuscript of the Chronicon Britannico names "Comes Britannorum Conanus iuvenis et maliciosus" when recording that he attacked Anjou and died there in 1066[167]. The necrology of Chartres cathedral records the death "III Id Dec" of "Conanus Britannorum comes", stating that "Berta comitissa mater eius" donated property for his soul[168]. Conan had one illegitimate son by an unknown mistress:

i) ALAIN (-after 1075). "Alanus nothus filius Conani comitis" witnessed the charter dated 1075 under which "Berta comitissa Alani Redonensis ducis uxor" donated property to Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé, for the souls of "filie nostre Hadeuis comitisse Hoelis ducis Britannie conjugis et…filiorum suorum, meorum…nepotum Alani et Mathie"[169].

b) HAVISE de Bretagne (-19 Aug 1072). The Flandria Generosa names "Havisis Namnetensis comitissa" as daughter of "Berta comitissa", when outlining the basis for the consanguinity between Baudouin VII Count of Flanders and his wife [Hawise] de Bretagne which constituted grounds for the couple's separation[170]. The Chronicon Briocensi records the marriage of "Hasevisiam sororem…Conani Ducis" and "Hoellus Dux"[171]. Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated to before 1072 under which "Constancius" donated property to the abbey of Redon with the consent of "Jedear uxore mea" and affirmed by "Hoel comes et Haduis comitissa, Alanus et Mathias et Eudo filii eorum"[172], read together with another passage in the Flandria Generosa which names "comes Alanus" as son of "Havisis Namnetensis comitissa"[173]. She was heiress of her brother Conan II Duke of Brittany in 1066. The necrology of Chartres cathedral records the death "XIV Kal Sep" of "Haduisis filia Berta comitisse"[174]. The Chronicon Universum in the cartulary of Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé records the death in 1072 of "Hadeuguis comitissa"[175]. m (1066) HOËL V Comte de Nantes, de Cornouaïlle, et de Léon, son of ALAIN "Caignart" Comte de Cornouaïlle & his wife Judith de Nantes (-13 Apr 1084).

Duke Alain III had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1):

c) GEOFFROY (-St Courentin 25 Oct 1084). The Historia sancti Florentii Salmurensis records the donation by "comes Brittaniæ Goffredus cognomento Bastardus cum…uxoris suæ Bertæ", undated[176]. His parentage is suggested by the charter dated 1050 relating to the abbey of Saint-Georges de Rennes witnessed by "Comes Eudo et nepos eius Gaufridus, Robertus vicecomes et frater eius Eudo…Guichomarus filius Alani vicecomitis…"[177]. The Chronicon Britannico Alter records that "Gaufredus Comes bastardus" was captured in 1084 "apud Redonensem urbem"[178]. The Chronicon Kemperlegiensis records that "Gaufridus Comes Redonensis nothus" died in captivity in 1084 "apud Sanctum Courentinum…XXV Oct"[179]. m BERTHE, daughter of ---. The Historia sancti Florentii Salmurensis records the donation by "comes Brittaniæ Goffredus cognomento Bastardus cum…uxoris suæ Bertæ", undated[180].

2. EVENUS [Linzoël] de Bretagne ([997/98]-after 1037). The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.

3. EUDES de Bretagne (-Cesson 1079, bur Saint-Brieuc). Guillaume de Jumièges names "Alain et Eudes" as the two sons of Geoffroy and Havise[181]. A charter dated 1008 records that, after the death of "Gaufrido comite Britanniæ", "filii eius Alanus et Eudo cum matre eorum Hadeguisia" restored the abbey of Saint-Méen[182]. "Alanus et Egio Britannorum monarchi" founded the priory of Livré "in pago Redonensi" by charter dated to [1013/22], signed by "…Aduise matre eorum comitum, Rivalloni vicarii, Triscanni…"[183]. A charter dated 1026 recalls that "Gaufridus, Conani Curvi filius" was killed "apud Concuruz prelium", recalling that "quo defuncto, Alanus filius eius…renum patris suscipiens", witnessed by "Alanus comes…Heudo frater eius"[184]. "Alanus Britannice gentis dux atque princeps" founded the abbey of Saint-Georges de Rennes by charter dated to [1028/30], witnessed by "Eudo meus germanus, Gozolinus vicecomes, Rivallonis vicarius, Alanus Cornugallie comes…"[185]. Eudes appears to have ruled Brittany jointly with his brother until the death of their mother in 1034. Following disputes with his brother, a division of territories was agreed, Eudes taking the dioceses of Dol, Saint Malo, Saint Brieuc and Tréguier, at which time he can be said to have become Comte de Penthièvre. "Manigenius…miles" founded the priory of Saint-Cyr-lès-Rennes and donated it to Tours Saint-Julien by charter dated 23 May 1037, subscribed by "Alanus dux…Eudonis fratris Alani ducis Britannorum, Gotzelini vicecomitis, Rualentis domini Doli…"[186]. After the death of his brother in 1040, Eudes seized Brittany and excluded his nephew, succeeding as EUDES I Duke of Brittany. According to Orderic Vitalis, Eudes ruled the country "freely without acknowledging any lord for 15 years"[187]. However, his nephew retaliated, captured Eudes and imprisoned him in chains[188].

- COMTES de PENTHIEVRE.

4. ADELA de Bretagne (-1067). "Abbatissa…Addela…soror…Alani Britannie ducis" issued a charter dated 1050, before "Conanum comitem…eius nepotem", relating to the rights of the abbey of Saint-Georges de Rennes[189]. The Chronicon Ruyensis Cœnobii records the death in 1067 of "Adela Abbatissa Conani Ducis amita"[190]. Abbess of Saint-Georges at Rennes.

--------------------------

http://www.deloriahurst.com/deloriahurst%20page/1431.html

--------------------

Wikipedia:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geoffrey_I_of_Brittany

Geoffrey I, Duke of Brittany

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 (Redirected from Geoffrey I of Brittany)

Jump to: navigation, search

This article does not cite any references or sources.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (September 2007)

Geoffrey I of Rennes (980 – November 20, 1008) was duke of Brittany, from 992 to his death. He was son of Duke Conan I and Ermengarde of Anjou, whose parents were Geoffrey I of Anjou and Adele of Meaux.

He married Hawise of Normandy, daughter of Richard I of Normandy.

[edit] Issue

Geoffrey and Hawise had:

   * Alan III his successor
   * Eudes, Count of Penthievre
   * Evenus
   * Emma married Ives, Vicomte de Cotentin.

[edit] See also

   * Dukes of Brittany family tree

Preceded by

Conan I Duke of Brittany Succeeded by

Alan III

--------------------

Geoffrey I, Duke of Brittany

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Geoffrey I of Rennes (980 – November 20, 1008) was duke of Brittany, from 992 to his death. He was son of Duke Conan I and Ermengarde of Anjou, whose parents were Geoffrey I of Anjou and Adele of Meaux.

He married Hawise of Normandy, daughter of Richard I of Normandy and an unknown mistress.

[edit]Issue

Geoffrey and Hawise had:

Alan III his successor

Eudes, Count of Penthievre

Evenus

Emma married Ives, Vicomte de Cotentin.

--------------------

Geoffrey's mother is Conan's first wife (name not known).

From Cokayne's "Complete Peerage", in the article on Richmond:

"In the 11th century and the early part of the 12th the rulers of Brittany styled themselves indifferently "Duke" or "Count"; thereafter "Duke" became the rule. The English chancery, however, as also the Papal

and French, continued to use the older style of "Count". In the present article the term "Duke" has been used throughout in order to avoid confusion with the comital style applied to other members of the

family."

Per Galliou and Jones' "The Bretons", when Geoffrey departed for Rome on

a pilgrimige from which he never returned, he left his sons, ALAIN and EUDES under the protection of RICHARD II, DUKE OF NORMANDY (RIN 1306), who also proffered assistance during the last Viking attack on the duchy in 1013-14. Later, under ROBERT I (RIN 1323) (1027-35), relations between Brittany and Normandy deteriorated, but were eventually patched up.

References: [AR7],[PlantagenetA],[ES],[Weis1],[Theroff],[RFC], [YorkshireV]

--------------------

Geoffrey I of Rennes (980 – November 20, 1008) was duke of Brittany, from 992 to his death. He was son of Duke Conan I and Ermengarde of Anjou, whose parents were Geoffrey I of Anjou and Adele of Meaux.

He married Hawise of Normandy, daughter of Richard I of Normandy and an unknown mistress.

From www.wikipedia.org at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geoffrey_I,_Duke_of_Brittany

--------------------

Father of Robert, Lord of Breherval is said to be Eudes, Soverign Duke of Britanny.

-A General and Heraldic Dictionary of The Peerages- pg 317 (John Burke: 1831)

--------------------------------------------------------------------

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geoffroi_Ier_de_Bretagne

Geoffroi Ier de Bretagne

Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.

Aller à : Navigation, rechercher

Cet article est une ébauche concernant le Duché de Bretagne.

Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?) selon les recommandations des projets correspondants.

Geoffroi Ier de Bretagne

Duc de Bretagne

Règne

992-1008

Titre complet Duc de Bretagne

Prédécesseur Conan Ier

Successeur Alain III

Héritier Alain III Red crown.png

Autres fonctions

Comte de Rennes

Période

992 - 1008

Président {{{président1}}}

Président(s) de la République {{{président de la république1}}}

Monarque

Gouverneur général {{{gouverneur1}}}

Président(s) du Conseil {{{président du conseil1}}}

Prédécesseur Conan Ier

Successeur Alain III

Période

-

Président {{{président2}}}

Président(s) de la République {{{président de la république2}}}

Monarque

Gouverneur général {{{gouverneur2}}}

Prédécesseur

Successeur

{{{fonction3}}}

Période

{{{début fonction3}}} - {{{fin fonction3}}}

Président {{{président3}}}

Président(s) de la République {{{président de la république3}}}

Monarque {{{monarque3}}}

Gouverneur général {{{gouverneur3}}}

Prédécesseur {{{prédécesseur3}}}

Successeur {{{successeur3}}}

{{{fonction4}}}

Période

{{{début fonction4}}} - {{{fin fonction4}}}

Président {{{président4}}}

Président(s) de la République {{{président de la république4}}}

Monarque {{{monarque4}}}

Gouverneur général {{{gouverneur4}}}

Prédécesseur {{{prédécesseur4}}}

Successeur {{{successeur4}}}

{{{fonction5}}}

Période

{{{début fonction5}}} - {{{fin fonction5}}}

Président {{{président5}}}

Président(s) de la République {{{président de la république5}}}

Monarque {{{monarque5}}}

Gouverneur général {{{gouverneur5}}}

Prédécesseur {{{prédécesseur5}}}

Successeur {{{successeur5}}}

{{{fonction6}}}

Période

{{{début fonction6}}} - {{{fin fonction6}}}

Président {{{président6}}}

Président(s) de la République {{{président de la république6}}}

Monarque {{{monarque6}}}

Gouverneur général {{{gouverneur6}}}

Prédécesseur {{{prédécesseur6}}}

Successeur {{{successeur6}}}

{{{fonction7}}}

Période

{{{début fonction7}}} - {{{fin fonction7}}}

Président {{{président7}}}

Président(s) de la République {{{président de la république7}}}

Monarque {{{monarque7}}}

Gouverneur général {{{gouverneur7}}}

Prédécesseur {{{prédécesseur7}}}

Successeur {{{successeur7}}}

{{{fonction8}}}

Période

{{{début fonction8}}} - {{{fin fonction8}}}

Président {{{président8}}}

Président(s) de la République {{{président de la république8}}}

Monarque {{{monarque8}}}

Gouverneur général {{{gouverneur8}}}

Prédécesseur {{{prédécesseur8}}}

Successeur {{{successeur8}}}

{{{fonction9}}}

Période

{{{début fonction9}}} - {{{fin fonction9}}}

Président {{{président9}}}

Président(s) de la République {{{président de la république9}}}

Monarque {{{monarque9}}}

Gouverneur général {{{gouverneur9}}}

Prédécesseur {{{prédécesseur9}}}

Successeur {{{successeur9}}}

{{{fonction10}}}

Période

{{{début fonction10}}} - {{{fin fonction10}}}

Président {{{président10}}}

Président(s) de la République {{{président de la république10}}}

Monarque {{{monarque10}}}

Gouverneur général {{{gouverneur10}}}

Prédécesseur {{{prédécesseur10}}}

Successeur {{{successeur10}}}

Biographie

Décès 1008

Père Conan Ier

Conjoint(s) Havoise de Normandie

Descendance Alain III

Eudon

Adèle

Duc de Bretagne

Geoffroi Ier Bérenger (décédé en 1008), fils de Conan Ier, comte de Rennes et duc de Bretagne, et d'Ermengarde, fille de Geoffroy Ier d’Anjou, fut comte de Rennes et duc de Bretagne de 992 à 1008.

Sommaire

[masquer]

   * 1 Bibliographie
         o 1.1 Mariage et descendance
   * 2 Annexes
         o 2.1 Notes et références
         o 2.2 Bibliographie

Bibliographie [modifier]

Geoffroi Ier est l'héritier du duché de Bretagne et du comté de Rennes à la mort de son père Conan Ier en 992. Après avoir vaincu en 994 le jeune comte Judicaël de Nantes, il oblige ce dernier à venir lui rendre hommage. Il prend alors en 995 le titre de duc de Bretagne. Pour assurer son pouvoir sur le Nantais, après les morts simultanées en 1004 de l’évêque Hervé et du comte Judicaël de Nantes, il fait élire un chevalier rennais comme nouvel évêque de Nantes : Gauthier II (1004-1041).

Geoffroi Ier meurt le 20 novembre 1008 en revenant d’un pèlerinage à Rome sur le tombeau des apôtres[1].

Mariage et descendance [modifier]

Geoffroi Ier épouse en 1003 Havoise de Normandie, fille de Richard Ier de Normandie. De cette union naquit :

  1. Alain III (né en 997), duc de Bretagne à la mort de son père en 1008.
  2. Eudon (né en 999), comte de Penthièvre et régent de Bretagne au nom de son neveu mineur Conan II
  3. Adèle (décédée en 1067), première abbesse de Saint-Georges de Rennes en 1032.

Annexes [modifier]

Notes et références [modifier]

  1. ↑ Selon Histo.S Florentii Saumur l’épervier (ou le faucon) du duc aurait tué la poule d’une femme et cette dernière en grande colère jeta une pierre à la tête du duc qui eut le temps de faire son testament puis mourut sur le coup

Bibliographie [modifier]

   * André Chédeville & Noël-Yves Tonnerre La Bretagne féodale XIe ‑ XIIIe siècle. Ouest-France Université Rennes (1987) (ISBN 2727200122).
   * Arthur de La Borderie Histoire de Bretagne: Tome troisième Le duc Geoffroi Ier p. 3-5. Réédition Joseph Floch Imprimeur Éditeur à Mayenne (1975).

Dernière modification de cette page le 22 août 2010 à 18:43.

--------------------

Geoffrey I of Rennes (980 – November 20, 1008) was duke of Brittany, from 992 to his death. He was son of Duke Conan I and Ermengarde of Anjou, whose parents were Geoffrey I of Anjou and Adele of Meaux.

He married Hawise of Normandy, daughter of Richard I of Normandy and an unknown mistress. It was by this marriage that all subsequent descendent's would be related to William the Conquer. Hawise was William's half sister.

Dynastic alliance with Normandy

Duke Geoffrey I of Brittany entered into a dynastic alliance with Duke Richard II of Normandy in a diplomatic double marriage between the two houses by 1003. The church-sanctioned marriage ceremonies were held at Mont St-Michel on the Breton-Norman border; with Geoffrey I marrying Hawise, Richard II's sister; and Richard II marrying Judith, Geoffrey I's sister.[1] However, the death of Geoffrey I in 1008 allowed for Richard II to intervene directly in Brittany during the minority of his nephew, Alan III, Duke of Brittany, against rebellious counts who would take advantage of a youthful duke.[1] The guardianship would be recipicated later when Alan III was named as one of the primary guardians of William of Normandy, when William's father Robert I, Duke of Normandy went on pilgramage to Jerusalem and died while returing in 1035. By designating Alan III as a guardian of William, Robert I was "involving a close family member who would not compete with his heir".[1]

In his guardianship of Duke William, Duke Alan III was allied with Count Gilbert and Robert, Archbisop of Normandy, William's uncles.[1] However, when Archbishop Robert died in 1037 instability surfaced. Alan III countered the instability by reinforcing the power of the Norman ducal house by providing Robert I's two youngest brothers with land and title.[1] However, by October 1, 1040, Alan III was poisioned to death while besieging a rebel castle in Vimoutiers. Tension increased in Normandy following Alan III's death, with Count Gilbert dying shortly thereafter.[1] A rival faction in the guardianship emerged, one that would intervene in Brittany, suppressing Alan III's heir from claiming his inheritance.

At around eight years of age, Conan II succeeded his father as Duke of Brittany, with the ducal regency entrusted to Alan's brother Eudes, Count of Penthièvre.[2] However, by the time Conan reached his majority at age sixteen, around 1048, Eudes of Penthièvre refused to relinquish his power. During the dynastic conflict between uncle and nephew, Count Hoèl V of Cornwall and Nantes supported Eudes in suppressing Conan's inheritance. Eudas was Hoèl's brother-in-law as he was married to Hoel's sister Agnes of Cornwall. By 1057 Conan captured and imprisoned Eudes of Penthièvre, with Conan coming to terms with Hoèl of Cornwall later that year.[2]

Breton and Norman rivalry

Conan faced numerous threats posed by the pro-Norman faction in Brittany, including revolts sponsored by William, Duke of Normandy.[3] William supported challengers to Conan's authority, encouraging them to rebel against the Breton duke, his cousin. William continued courting the family of Eudes of Penthièvre, who was imprisoned. In response, Conan promoted his own legitimate claim as Duke of Normandy, as the Catholic church began preferring legitimate heirs born in church-sanctioned marriage over out-of-wedlock issue.[4]

The 1064–1065 War between Brittany and Normandy was sparked after Duke William supported Rivallon I of Dol's rebellion against Conan II.[2] In 1065, Before his invasion of Anglo-Saxon England, William of Normandy warned his rivals in Brittany and Anjou to abstain from any attacks on his duchy, on the grounds that his mission bore the papal banner.[3] However, Conan II rebuffed the warning and declared that he would press any advantage against William.[4]

While William plotted to take the English crown, Conan consolidated his authority in Brittany and planned to take advantage of William's absence and invade Normandy.[4] First, however, he needed to neutralize Anjou, another historic rival. Once Anjou was pacified he would advance into Main and then into Normandy.[4] However, during his 1066 siege of Angers, Conan was found dead after donning poisoned riding gloves. Duke William was widely suspected of the assination.[3][4]

Hawise succeeded her brother as hereditary Duchess of Brittany in 1066, and her marriage that year to Hoèl of Cornwall was designed to bring stability by consolidating authority in upper and lower Brittany.

With a nominal pro-Norman faction, represented by the duke-consort Hoèl of Cornwall and the count Eudes of Penthièvre among others, now in control of Brittany, Duke William of Normandy was able to attract Bretons into his expeditionary army for the upcoming campaign to claim the English crown.[1] Most Breton commanders in Duke William's army were the second-sons of Breton lords, such as Alain Le Roux (son of Eudas of Penthièvre). As much as a third of William's non-Norman soldiers were of Breton extraction.

However, the historic rivalry between Brittany and Normandy resurfaced at the close of the 11th century. By 1075 Hoèl returned to the traditional Breton policy of opposing Norman expansion with an alliance with the young king Philip I of France.[1] Ralph de Gael, in exile in Brittany after the unsuccessful 1075 rebellion in England, led incursions into Normandy from his base in Dol.[1] By 1076 King William of England retaliated by leading an army into Brittany to eject Ralph, but was met with a rare defeat by an allied army of Bretons and French forces.[1] In the peace negotiations which followed William offered Hoèl his second daughter Constance in marriage to the Breton heir Alan, though nothing came of the betrothal at the time.

By 1086 Alan IV was forced to abandon his duchy after an invasion launched by William I of England.

However, a peace settlement was reached that same year and in the negotiations that followed Alan IV was forced into marriage with King William I's second daughter Constance of England.[2] The marriage ceremonies may have taken place in Bayeux in Normandy. William of Malmesbury wrote that Constance was unpopular at the Breton court because of her 'sever and conservative' manner.[2] William of Malmesbury also alleged that Alan VI had Constance poisoned to death, but this remained unverified[2] However, Orderic Vitalis wrote that as duchess Constance did all she could to further the welfare of the Bretons, who grieved deeply at her death in 1090.[2]

In 1092 Alan IV donated property to the abbey of Redon by charter, and by 1093 married Ermengarde of Anjou as a political alliance with Fulk IV of Anjou to counter Anglo-Norman influence.[2] With Ermengarde he had a son Geoffrey, who died young, Conan III, and a daughter Hawise (married to count Baldwin VII of Flanders), possibly named after his mother Hawise, Duchess of Brittany.[2]

In 1098 Alan IV joined the First Crusade, leaving Brittany under the regency of his wife Ermegarde of Anjou. Ermengarde ruled from Nantes, rather than Rennes, as it was closer to her home county of Anjou. Alan IV returned from Crusade in 1101.

--------------------

Geoffrey was also called Geoffrey-Berengar.

Geoffroy I, comte de Bretagne, was Duke of Brittany between 992 and 1008.

He married Hawise de Normandie, daughter of Richard I "Sans Peur," leader of the Normans of Rouen, and Gunnor de Crepon, between 996 and 999.

See "My Lines"

( http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/p333.htm#i7824 )

from Compiler: R. B. Stewart, Evans, GA

( http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/index.htm ) -------------------- GEOFFREY was the first to be called Duke of Brittany 992-1008.

He is the ancestor of the Fitz Randolph family in the male line, whereas AVICIA gives a distaff connection to Rolf and the Dukes of Normandy.

Information Source:

1. Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society, Third Series, Vol. II, 1897, p.346. -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geoffrey_I,_Duke_of_Brittany -------------------- GEOFFREY, DUKE OF BRITTANY, married Hawise, daughter of RichardI, DUKE OFNORMANDY, and died in 1008, leaving two sons, Alan andEudon. During their mother's lifetime the two brothers seem tohave been joint rulers of Brittany, but on her death, on 21February 1034, dissensions broke out between them; peace wasrestored by a settlement under which Eudon received a territorycorresponding roughly to the dioceses of Dol, St. Mialo, St.Brieuc and Tr‚guier, reduced in the hands of his successors tothe two last-named dioceses, while Alan retained the rest ofBrittany. After the death of Alan in 1040 Eudon seized thegovernment of Brittany to the exclusion of his nephew Conan, whorecovered it in 1057. Eudon died 7 January 1079. He marriedOrguen, whose parentage is unknown. [Complete Peerage X:779-81,(transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]

----------------------------------------

I will have to research where I picked up that Geoffrey died inNantes (maybe he was one his way to the Holy Lands or on his wayback). The following information, indicating that Geoffrey diedon pilgrimage, came from Curt Hofemann, curt_hofemann@yahoo.com:

Not sure whether you are saying that Weis & CP give the date &place or just the date & that your source of the place is fromelsewhere, but please consider:

... in 1008, Geoffrey of Brittany had likewise set forth onpilgrimage to the Holy Land. [Ref: Wm Conqueror p35]

On Geoffrey's departure in 1008 on the pilgrimage during whichhe died, his two sons Alan III and Eudo, then of tender age,were left under the tutelage of their Norman mother... [Ref: WmConqueror p29]

Prof. Douglas indcates that Geoffrey died either on his wayto/from or in the Holy Land. I am interested to know your sourcefor his place of death. Thanks.

Other info:

Geoffrey of Rennes, who was subsequently count of Brittany [Ref:Wm Conqueror p29]

Count of Bretagne, Rennes [Ref: Turton]

Duke of Brittany [Ref: CP X:779-81, Weis AR7 39:22]

Duke of Brittany 992-1008 [Ref: Tapsell p203] -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geoffrey_I,_Duke_of_Brittany

Geoffrey I, Duke of Brittany

Geoffrey I of Rennes (980 – November 20, 1008) was duke of Brittany, from 992 to his death. He was son of Duke Conan I and Ermengarde of Anjou, whose parents were Geoffrey I of Anjou and Adele of Meaux.

  • He married Hawise of Normandy, daughter of Richard I of Normandy.
  • Issue Geoffrey and Hawise had:
  1. Alan III his successor
  2. Eudes I, co-ruler with his brother till 1034
  3. Evenus
  4. Emma married Ives, Vicomte de Cotentin.

See also Brittany portal http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dukes_of_Brittany_family_tree

-------------------- http://www.celtic-casimir.com/webtree/3/5603.htm

Geoffroi I DE BRETAGNE Duke of Brittany

Born: Abt 972, Rennes, Ille-et-Vilaine, Bretagne, France

Alternate Birth; Abt 980.

Married: 996, Bretagne (Brittany), France

Died: 20 Nov 1008, Nantes, Loire-Atlantique, Anjou/Pays-de-la-Loire, France

Cause of his death was Killed

GEOFFREY, DUKE OF BRITTANY, married Hawise, daughter of Ric hard I, DUKE OFNORMANDY, and died in 1008, leaving two sons , Alan and Eudon. During their mother's lifetime the two br others seem to have been joint rulers of Brittany, but on h er death, on 21 February 1034, dissensions broke out betwee n them; peace was restored by a settlement under which Eudo n received a territory corresponding roughly to the diocese s of Dol, St. Mialo, St. Brieuc and Tréguier, reduced in th e hands of his successors to the two last-named dioceses, w hile Alan retained the rest of Brittany. After the death o f Alan in 1040 Eudon seized the government of Brittany to t he exclusion of his nephew Conan, who recovered it in 1057 . Eudon died 7 January 1079. He married Orguen, whose paren tage is unknown. [Complete Peerage X:779-81, (transcribed b y Dave Utzinger)]

Note: In the chart on X:781, CP notes that it is unsure i f Orguen was mother of Stephen, although CP mentions no oth er wife. AR does indicate that Stephen was son of Agnes, p robably daughter of Alan Canhiart.

Note: According to the chart on CP:781, Geoffrey had two di fferent sons named Alan, Count of Brittany, Lord of Richmon d: Alan "The Red", dsp. 4 Aug 1089 and Alan "The Black", ds p. 1093. He also had possibly elder sons (Geoffrey, d. 2 4 Aug 1093, & Brian, Count of Brittany, held Cornwall, livi ng 1069) and younger sons (William, Robert, & Richard).

view all 17

Geoffroy I, duc de Bretagne's Timeline

980
980
992
992
Age 12
became count of Rennes and 1st duke of Brittany
996
996
Age 16
1000
1000
Age 20
Bretagne, France
1001
1001
Age 21
Penthièvre, Morbihan, Dichy of Bretagne
1001
Age 21
France?
1008
November 20, 1008
Age 28
November 1008
Age 28
Bretagne, France
????
????