About George Breckenridge
From Darryl Lundy's Peerage:
- M, #153125, b. before 1720
- Last Edited=16 Aug 2005
George Breckenridge was born before 1720. He was the son of Alexander Breckenridge and Jane Preston.
Alexander Breckenridge emigrated with his parents to North America arriving on 1728.
1. [S1425] Gloria Hursey, "re: Breckinridge Family," e-mail message to James Baring, 15 August 2005. Hereinafter cited as "re: Breckinridge Family."
The following is copied from a U.S., Sons of the American Revolution Membership Application Application ID:
Descendant: George Breckenridge (b. July 24, 1768 in Southwest Virginia; wife, Elizabeth Cowan, b. in Pennsylvania, February 14, 1779; m. in Bourbon Co Ky, March(?) 14, 1796) Applicant: James Malcolm Breckenridge (b.1865) Approve d: February 27, 1940
George Breckenridge, applicant’s Revolutionary Ancestor herein, was the oldest child of his parents; his father being a cousin of the first degree to Capt. Alexander Breckenridge & Robert his brother, who were sons of Col. Robert Breckenridge of Augusta & Botetourt Cos. Virginia, by his first wife Sarah Poage; and also first cousin to the children of said Col. Robert Breckenridge by his second wife Letitia Preston, -namely, John Breckinridge, Atty.-General under Jefferson, James Breckenridge, the Virginia statesmen and others.
George Breckenridge accompanied his father Alexander Breckenridge on the removal of the family in 1790 from Washington Co. Va. to Bourbon Co. Kentucky, remained there until about 1806, when he removed with his family to Maury and Williamson Counties, Tennessee, remaining in that State until 1819, when he removed his family to Caledonia, Washington County, Missouri, where he died in 1852. His remains are buried in the Presbyterian Churchyard at Caledonia, and a monument is at his grave. He has many descendants in Tennessee, Missouri and the Western States. Applicant has been informed that records of surveys made by him are frequently to be yet found, wherever he lived, in Virginia, North Carolina and Kentucky, and particularly in Tennessee and in Southeast Missouri; he having actively practiced his profession as surveyor throughout his career. He was elected a member of the Missouri State Legislature and served accordingly for the session of the year 1832-1835, a copy of the Journal of the Seventh General Assembly, begun Nov. 19, 1832, being in possession of the applicant. He died an accidental death at the age of more than 84 years, being thrown by his favorite saddle horse, sustaining internal injuries and dying 24 hours thereafter.
By right of primogeniture, George Breckenridge was the head of the Breckenridge family of the South, (Virginia and Kentucky), as the oldest son of the oldest son of the oldest son (surviving and leaving issue), of Alexander Breckenridge, Emigrant Ancestor, who brought his family from the North of Ireland to Philadelphia and “proved his importation” at Orange Court House, Virginia, May 22, 1740.
From the Preston Papers (originals are with the Virginia State Library)
Footnote for the 25 June 1780 Correspondence from J. Brickinridge at Fort Chiswell to his uncle Col. William Preston:
This family, whose name is spelled, variously, Breckenridge, and Breckinridge, and frequently, in the Augusta records, Brackenridge, is said to have been forced by religious persecution in the reign of Charles II to fly from Ayrshire to the North of Ireland.
Alexander Breckenridge came to America in 1728, remained some years in Pennsylvania, and was in Augusta County, Virginia (then Orange County) in 1738, where he made his first purchase of land. On 21 February 1738, Alexander, George, James, Robert, and Adam Breckenridge entered warrants for 100 acres each with Benjamin Borden. In 1740, Alexander Breckenridge proved in Orange County the "Importation" of himself and family. The names of three of the children are illegible. It is probable that one of them was Adam Breckenridge. In 1751, there is a suit which states that Adam Breckenridge, who was in debt to the plaintiff, had gone to Carolina in 1750. On 16 March 1758, the will of Adam Breckenridge was proved.
On 24 May 1744, Jane, widow of Alexander Breckenridge, relinquished administration on his estate to her eldest son, George Breckenridge.
Alexander and Jane Breckenridge had issue:
- 1. George, on 20 April 1748, there is a reference to his wife Ann. A suit begun by him in August 1747, abated March 1748, on account of her death. He is said to have married Ann Doak. He died in Wythe County 1790.
- 2. Col. Robert was a justice of Augusta in 1751, etc., sheriff 1753, was one of the first trustees of Staunton in 1761, removed to what was later Botetourt County and when that county was formed in 1769-1770, was one of the first justices and lieutenant colonel of militia. Various papers preserved among the Augusta Record show that he was in active service on the frontier, 1759-1761. In 1779, his heirs received bounty land for his services, in 1756 comannding a company attached to the First Virginia Regiment, and also under Col. Andrew Lewis against the Shawnese. He married 1stly Mary, daughter of Robert Poague of Augusta (mentioned as his wife in 1752) and 2ndly Lettice, daughter of John PReston. Col. Robert Breckenridge died in Botetourt County in 1772.
- 3. James...
From Bill Putnam's information on the Breckenridge Family:
UPDATED JULY 4, 2010
THE BRECKENRIDGE FAMILY
The Breckenridge Family was Scotch-Irish. Like so many such families they were originally from Scotland and went to Ulster or Northern Ireland in the 1600s and early 1700s. When that area proved not to be the Promised Land, they, along with thousands of others, packed up and sailed to Philadelphia in order to join Penn's Colony and the freedoms and opportunities that it afforded.
I will use the spelling of Breckenridge, although all of the early Pennsylvania documents used the more phonetic spelling of Brackenridge.
I have found the following reference in a book titled HISTORIC FAMILIES OF KENTUCKY:
On the 22nd day of May in 1740, fourteen heads of families appeared in the Orange County, Virginia Court House (Augusta County, Virginia not having been then established, and the territory being embraced in that of Orange) to
prove their importation.' The first of these was Alexander Breckenridge, who made oath that he had imported himself and John, George, Robert, Smith and Letitia Breckenridge, from Ireland to Philadelphia, and from thence to this colony (Virginia), at his own charges.
While I have no firm proof, I believe that this Alexander Breckenridge was one of the original Scotch Irish immigrant brothers who brought their families to the shores of America. Our line descends from another brother, Robert Breckenridge and his son, James Breckenridge. The following was taken from a history written by John Knott of Hannibal, Missouri on February 26, 1900.
Robert Breckenridge, father of James Breckenridge, was born in Scotland; and with his two brothers came to America and then separated. Robert settled in Pennsylvania and his brothers settled in Virginia and Kentucky.
I have information on both Alexander and Robert Breckenridge, but I do not know who the other brother was.
I will start this family history with what I know about the two brothers that came to America, Alexander and Robert. They were born in Scotland and moved as children to Northern Ireland like so many others. Life there was not much better than it was in Scotland and the sons traveled to America like many other Scotch-Irish accepting William Penn's invitation to come to the lands of the new world.
Alexander Breckenridge came to America from Northern Ireland sometime in the 1730s and arrived in the Port of Philadelphia. The family was originally Scotch. I do not know if Alexander was born in Scotland or in Ulster. He arrived with his family and three sons, John, Robert and George. According to an affirmation statement made in Orange County, Virginia in 1740 Robert's wife, Letitia Preston was with them at that time.
You also have to keep in mind that the entire northwestern portion of Virginia and the entire states of West Virginia and Kentucky were included in Orange and later Augusta County, Virginia. The
swearing-in' in 1740 took place near Stanton, Virginia. It would appear that the family remained in Southwestern Virginia for a period in what is now Botetourt County, Virginia.
From We Relate's "Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia" page for surnames between A and E:
Alexander Breckenridge, (Beverley Manor SW, two tracts of 245 & 112 acres, 1742), (b. abt. 1670 Scotland, d. bef. 23 Sept. 1743, Augusta County), married Jane Preston, sister of John Preston of the Calfpasture)
George Breckenridge (Beverley Manor SW, 540 acres in Beverley Manor, 17 Oct. 1747 from Chalkley's, corner of land of George & Robert Breckenridge (761 acres acquired in 1742)), (b. abt. 1722, County Derry, Ireland, d. bef. 29 Sept. 1790, Wythe County, Virginia), son of Alexander Breckridge and Jane Preston.
James Breckenridge (1742, # of acres not listed) (b. 1724, d. perhaps 1744, shortly after acquiring land). James was also a son of Alexander Breckenridge and Jane Preston.
George Breckenridge & Robert Breckenridge (Beverley Manor SW, 761 acres, 1742, corner of land of George Breckenridge (540 acres acquired in 1747)) George Breckenridge and Col. Robert Breckenridge were brothers, both sons of Alexander Breckenridge and Jane Preston.
From We Relate's page on George Breckenridge:
- b. 1722 Derry County, Ireland
- d. BEF 29 SEP 1790 Wythe County, Virginia
Parents and Siblings
- F. Alexander Breckenridge, ABT 1670 - bef 1743
- M. Jane Preston, ABT 1690 - ABT 1743
- m. AFT 1720
- 1. John Breckenridge, 1712 - bet 1740
- 2. Sarah Breckenridge, 1714 - 1791
- 3. Col. Robert Breckenridge, ABT 1720 - 1772
- 4. George Breckenridge, 1722 - BEF 1790
- 5. James Breckenridge, 1724 - 1744
- 6. Adam Breckenridge, 1726 - 1758
- 7. Smith Breckenridge, 1728 - 1744
- 8. Letitia Breckenridge, 1730 - 1749
Spouse and Children
- H. George Breckenridge, 1722 - BEF 1790
- W. Anne Doak, 1720-1723 - Bef 1786
- m. 1742
- 1. Jane Breckenridge, ABT 1742 - AFT 1838
- 2. Robert Breckenridge, ABT 1743 - 1814
- 3. Alexander Breckenridge, 1743 - BEF 1813
- 4. Elizabeth Breckenridge, ABT 1745 - 1815
- 5. John Breckenridge, ABT 1745 - 1824
- 6. Sarah Breckenridge, ABT 1753 - AFT 1820
- 7. Letitia Breckenridge, ABT 1755 - ABT 1755
Spouse and Children
- H. George Breckenridge, 1722 - BEF 1790
- W. Agnes Watson
- m. 26 SEP 1786
Name George Breckenridge
- Gender Male
- Alt Birth ABT 1718 County Derry, Ireland
- Birth 1722 Derry County, Ireland
- Marriage 1742 Augusta County, Virginia, USA to Anne Doak
- Marriage 26 SEP 1786 Montgomery County, Virginia, USA to Agnes Watson
- Death BEF 29 SEP 1790 Wythe County, Virginia
George Breckenridge was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia
George Breckenridge's land
- Beverley Manor SW, 300 acres (part of 761 acres deeded to Robert and George Breckenridge), 1742; and
- 540 acres acquired in 1747
Image (to be) redrawn as estimated from a copyrighted map on display at:
Acquisition of Land from Orange County, Virginia Records:
- Pages 67-70. 25-26 Nov. 1742. William Beverley, Esq. of Essex County to George and Robt. Breckenridge of Orange County. Lease and release; for £25 current money. 761 acres in Beverley Manor... by the South River... George Breckenridge to have 300 acres on the north west and the remainder to Robt. Breckenridge. (signed) Wm. Beverley. Wit: James Patton, John Lewis, Samll. Gray. 27 9ber [Nov]. 1742. Acknowledged by William Beverley, Esq. [Orange County Virginia Deed Book 7, Dorman, pg. 42].
Acquisition of Land from Chalkley's:
- Page 389.--17th October, 1747. Wm. Beverley to George Brackenridge, £15.12.0; 540 acres in Beverley Manor; corner to Alexander Brackenridge; corner to David Mitchell. Teste: Robert Alexander, John Fulton, Robert Ramsey. Proved by Alexander and Ramsey, 18th November, 1747.
- Page 374.--17th August, 1773. Edward ( ) Breden and Elisabeth ( ) to George Breakinridge, of Fincastle County, tract formerly conveyed by George to Mathew Erwin. (Note: George Breckenridge was in Fincastle County by 1773, and apparently re-aquired his old tract).
Disposition of Land from Chalkley's:
- Page 12.--8th February, 1745-6. George and Robert Brackenridge to Sameel Wilson, £50, 461 acres in Beverley Manor, part of 761 acres deeded to vendors by Beverley 26th day November, 1742; to George, 300 acres and Robert, the remainder. Deed recorded in Orange. Corner to George's land. Witnesses, John Smith, John Branham, Jr.; John McMaster. Acknowledged by grantors, 10th Feburary 1745.
- Page 23.--10th February, 1745-6. George and Robert Brackenridge to David Doack, £42, Virginia money; 300 acres in Beverley Manor, being the tract George now lives on. Ackonwledged by both, 10th February, 1745-6. (Note: George Breckenridge married Ann Doak).
- Page 100.--17th June, 1746. George Brackenridge, yeoman, to Samuel Lusk, farmer, £18 current money Virginia; 200 acres on south side Middle River of Shanando; William Anderson's line; corner to Jno. Finley. Witnesses, John and Robert Christian, James Trimble. Acknowledged, 18th June, 1746, and Ann released dower.
- Page 135.--15th February, 1748. George Brackenridge to Mathew Erwin (# of acres not listed). Corner Samuel Lusk. Teste: John Francis, James Patterson, Robt. Alexander.
- Page 179.--17th May, 1749. (# of acres not listed) - George Brackenridge to Robert Brackenridge.
- Page 370.--17th November, 1756. George Breckinridge, of Albemarle, to John Steel, £55, 230 acres in Beverley Manor, cor. Thos. Beard. Teste: Samuel Steel,' Wm. Read, John Erwin. (Note: it appears George had moved to Albemarle County prior to 1756).
Records of George Breckenridge in Orange County, VA
- Pages 325-26. Bond of George Brackenridge unto Jane Brackenridge. for £500. 24 May 1744.
Whereas Alexr. Brackenridge dec. (father of the above bound George Brackenridge) on his death bed declared that he intended to give his sons Adam Smith and James Brackenrige each a pice [sic] of land to wit to Adam Brackenridge four hundred acres, to Smith three hundred acres and to James one hundred and twelve acres, then died without a will in writing and whereas the above bound George Brackenridge heir at law of the said deceased (to whom administration is granted on the relinquishment of the said Jane Brackenridge widow of the deceased and mother of the above bound George) is willing to comply with the declaration made by his said father, now he binds himself to Jane Brackenridge in behalf of her said sons Adam, Smith and James Brackenridge who are under age. (signed) George Brackenridge. Wit: Philip Clayton, James Porteus. 24 May 1744. Acknowledged. [Orange County Virginia Will Book 1, 1735-1743, Dorman, pg. 60].
Records of George Breckenridge in Augusta County, VA From Chalkley's:
- Page 107.--18th February, 1747. Commission to Robert Coningham, John Wilson, and Robert Campbell, to examine Ann, wife of George Brackenridge, who is unable to travel to the Court House. She releases dower in D. B. 1. p. 11, 5th May, 1748.
- Page 280.--.12th August, 1747. Wm. Beverley, of Essex, to James Lynn £_____; 538 acres in Beverley Manor on South River, Shanando; Samuel Doah's land; Patrick Campbell's land; Brownlee's land; George Brackenridge's land. Teste: Robt. Davis, Jno. Mitchell, W. Russell. Proved by all witnesses, 19th August, 1747.
- Page 64.--14th September, 1747. David Steele's will--Farmer, son Robert, plantation; wife; son, Nathaniel; daughters, Martha Teas, Isabella McCluer, 5 shillings; daughters, Rebecka, Jannet. Executors, Samuel Doak and Robert Ramsey; refused to execute. Teste: Wm. Steel, Geo. Brakenridge, Robert Alexander. Proved, 18th November, 1747, by Brakenridge and Alexander.
- Page 552.-- (abt. 1747) - Same as to George Breckinridge's deed.
- Page 24.--Wm. Beverley to Nathaniel Steel, Beverley Manor; corner John Teat and Geo. Brackenridge, Jno. Lockhart and Ramsey, David Steel, James Fulton, 17th June, 1748.
- Page 379.--29th November, 1749. Robert Turk, and Margaret, to James Hamilton, 284 acres in Beverley Manor, Robert Patrick's line. On South River Shannadore. Margaret, wife of Robert Turk. Delivered: Joseph Teas, November, 1754. Teste: George Breckenridge, Daniel Davison, Francis Beaty.
- Page 446.--21st September, 1750. John Greer's vendue. Sold to John Lockhart. John Roseman, Sarah Lynn, John Teat, John Mitchell, Christopher Kelly, George Breckinridge, Thos. Scott, James Lynn, Thos. Teat, Francis Beaty, John Mitchell.
- Page 505.--19th August, 1751. James Lynn, architectus, to Samuel Braford, 269 acres in Beverley Manor; corner Andrew Lynn; corner Brownlee; corner George Breckinridge (Sarah, wife of James). Teste: Jno. Mitchell, Saml. Doack, Andrew Lynn.
- Page 402.--28th November, 1751. George Breckinridge's bond as administrator of James Connelley, with sureties Robt. McClenachan, Ro. Breckinridge.
- Page 484.--23d March, 1753. James Connerley's appraisement by Joseph Kennedy, John Maxwell, James Campbell. Vendue by George Breckinridge, administrator.
- Page 385.--21st August, 1754. James Miller, taylor, and Cathorine, to Jones Henderson. farmer, £35, 3 tracts--first containing 112 acres purchased by said Miller of Andrew Mitchell and Mary which was conveyed to Mary before her marriage with Andrew by George Breckenridge and Ann, by the name of Mary Coningham; the second containing 57 acres purchased by James of David Stewart; the third containing 43 acres purchased by James of Beverly. Delivered to George Bigham, March, 1757.
- Page 165.--3d June, 1755. Saml. Wilson, plantationer, to Robt. Wilson, farmer, £55, 461 acres in Beverley Manor, part of 761 acres granted by Beverley to Geo. and Rob. Breckinridge, 26th November, 1742, and said 461 acres were sold by Geo. and Ro. to Saml., 8th February, 1745; corner David Doak.
- Page 468.--Commission from Augusta to Wm. Harris, Wm. Cabell, Jr., and Wm. Dinguid to take acknowledgment of Anne, wife of Geo. Breckinridge, of Albemarle, to deed, 17th November, 1756, George to Jno. Steel, dated 10th June, 1757. Executed 11th August, 1757.
- Page 538.--Land conveyed by Beverley to Alexander Breckinridge, recorded in Orange, and by Alexander's decease intestate became vested in his eldest son and heir, George Breckinridge, who conveyed same to Robert Breckenridge 17th May, 1749, and by Robert and Lettice, his wife, to Stephen Loy. 21st October, 1765. (Note; this proves George as the eldest son of Alexander Breckenridge and brother of Robert Breckenridge).
- Page 145.--24th February, 1768. Elizabeth Erwin ( ) to Edward Braden, £45, 200 acres formerly conveyed from George Breckenridge to Mathew Erwin, 15th February, 1748, and devised to Elizabeth by Mathew; corner Samuel Lusk. Teste: James Bell, John Francis. Delivered: Elizabeth Erwin, 27th July, 1772.
- Page 5.--17th November, 1772. John Alexander and Mary to David Humphress in Beverley Manor. First sold by Beverley to George Breckinridge and by him transferred to David Doak. Delivered: David Humphries, 24th November, 1774.
Alverta Brown Martin in her "Our Grandfathers," Inglewood, CA 1968, says Sarah's parents, George and Ann (Doak) Breckenridge, were married in 1742 when George lived in Albemarle County (St. Anne's Parish). Ann died in 1748; George moved to Augusta County in 1763, then on to Wythe County, where he died in 1790. His will, proved 29 September 1790, named daughter Sary Findley. She received 1/6 of "the remainder part of my household and kitchen furniture with all my stock sold." (Wythe Co., VA WB 1:1)
Alverta Brown claims he was living in the vicinity of George Breckenridge, his wife's parents, when he and Sarah were married in 1777. Montgomery County records do confirm there was a Robert Finley in the area. On 6 September 1777, both Robert Finley and George Breckenridge appeared on John Montgomery's list of persons who took the Oath of Allegiance (Kegley, "Militia of Montgomery County," p. 53)
May have been born in 1714
Will dated 3 May 1790; proved on 29 Sep 1790.
George Breckenridge's Timeline
County Cavan, Ulster, Ireland
Augusta County, Province of Virginia
May 16, 1743
Augusta County, Province of Virginia
Augusta County, Province of Virginia, (Present USA)
Augusta or Albemarle County, Province of Virginia
Augusta County, Province of Virginia
Albemarle County, Province of Virginia
September 29, 1790
Montgomery County (Present Wythe County), Virginia, United States