George Washington Campbell (1769 - 1848) MP

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Birthplace: Lairg, Highland, UK
Death: Died in Nashville, TN, USA
Occupation: Secretary of State, USA
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About George Washington Campbell

George Washington Campbell, a Representative and a Senator from Tennessee; born in the parish of Tongue, Sutherlandshire, Scotland, February 9, 1769; immigrated with his parents to North Carolina in 1772; taught school; graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in 1794; studied law while teaching; admitted to the bar in North Carolina and commenced practice in Knoxville, Tenn.; elected as a Democratic Republican to the Eighth, Ninth, and Tenth Congresses (March 4, 1803-March 3, 1809); chairman, Committee on Ways and Means (Tenth Congress); one of the managers appointed by the House of Representatives in January 1804 to conduct the impeachment proceedings against John Pickering, judge of the United States District Court for New Hampshire, and in December of the same year against Samuel Chase, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States; judge of the State supreme court of errors and appeals 1809-1811; elected as a Democratic Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Jenkin Whiteside and served from October 8, 1811, to February 11, 1814, when he resigned; appointed Secretary of the Treasury in the Cabinet of President Madison and served from February to October 1814, when he resigned because of ill health; again elected as a Democratic Republican to the United States Senate and served from October 10, 1815, until his resignation, effective April 20, 1818; chairman, Committee on Finance (Fifteenth Congress); Minister to Russia 1818-1821; member of the French Spoliation Claims Commission in 1831; died in Nashville, Tenn., February 17, 1848; interment in the City Cemetery.

Book: http://www.archive.org/stream/georgewashington00jord/georgewashington00jord_djvu.txt

-------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_W._Campbell

George Washington Campbell (February 9, 1769 – February 17, 1848) was an American statesman who served as a U.S. Representative, Senator, Tennessee Supreme Court Justice, U.S. Ambassador to Russia and the 5th United States Secretary of the Treasury from February to October 1814.


Biography


Born in Tongue, Highland, Scotland, he immigrated as a young lad to North Carolina in 1772 with his parents. He graduated from the College of New Jersey (which is now Princeton University) in 1794[1] and began studying law. He was admitted to the bar in North Carolina and began practicing in Knoxville, Tennessee.


U.S. House


He was elected to the United States House of Representatives as the Representative from Tennessee's at-large congressional district in 1803. He served in the House from 1805–1809, in the 8th, 9th, and 10th Congresses). During the 10th Congress, he was the chairman of the Ways and Means Committee. He was also one of the managers appointed in 1804 to conduct the impeachment hearings for John Pickering, judge of the United States District Court for the District of New Hampshire, and later in the same year, the impeachment hearings against Samuel Chase, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.


He left Congress in 1809 to become judge of the Tennessee Supreme Court, serving until 1811.


U.S. Senate and ambassadorship


He served as a United States Senator from Tennessee twice, once from 1811 to 1814, having been elected to fill the seat of Jenkin Whiteside, and again from 1815 to 1818. His first service was from October 8, 1811 to February 11, 1814, when he resigned to accept appointment as the United States Secretary of the Treasury. He returned to the Senate on October 10, 1815. He served as the first chairman of the Senate Finance Committee and its predecessor from December 4, 1815, until his resignation from the Senate on April 20, 1818; on this occasion to accept appointment as United States Ambassador to Russia, a position he held from 1818-1821. Campbell served as a member of the French Spoliation Claims Commission in 1831.


Secretary of the Treasury


Appointed Secretary of the Treasury by James Madison, he faced national financial disorder brought on by the War of 1812. Congress had failed to recharter the First Bank of the United States after its charter expired in 1811, and appropriations for the war were unavailable, so Campbell had to convince Americans to buy government bonds. He was forced to meet to lenders terms, selling government bonds at exorbitant interest rates. In September, 1814 the British occupied Washington, D.C. and the credit of the government was lowered even further. Campbell was unsuccessful in his efforts to raise money through additional bond sales and he resigned that October after only eight months in office, disillusioned and in bad health.


He died in 1848 and is buried at Nashville City Cemetery in Nashville, Tennessee.


Campbell County, Tennessee, is named in his honor.

-------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_W._Campbell

George Washington Campbell (February 9, 1769 – February 17, 1848) was an American statesman who served as a U.S. Representative, Senator, Tennessee Supreme Court Justice, U.S. Ambassador to Russia and the 5th United States Secretary of the Treasury from February to October 1814.

http://tennesseeencyclopedia.net/entry.php?rec=188

-------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_W._Campbell

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George Campbell, U.S. Sen. and Sec'y of the Treasury's Timeline

1769
February 8, 1769
Lairg, Highland, UK
1814
1814
Age 44
1819
1819
Age 49
TN, USA
1820
1820
Age 50
St. Petersburg, Russia
1848
February 17, 1848
Age 79
Nashville, TN, USA
????
????
Nashville City Cemetery