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George Clarke's Geni Profile

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George Clarke

Birthplace: Bath, UK
Death: Died
Place of Burial: Chester, Cheshire West and Chester, UK
Immediate Family:

Son of George Clarke and Mary Povey
Husband of Anne Clarke
Father of Mary Clarke and Edward Clarke

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About George Clarke

George Clarke (1676– 12 January 1760) was also known as George Clarke of Hyde. He became Secretary of the Province of New York in 1703. Along with his wife, Anne, he purchased land in Hempstead, Long Island, New York, and built an estate called Hyde Park. He subsequently became acting colonial governor of New York starting in 1736 when William Cosby died and lasting until 1743 when George Clinton arrived to replace Cosby. Clarke then had the post of Lieutenant Governor until 1747. On his return journey to England, with the fortune he had amassed whilst in America, he was captured by a French boat. After a short time he was released. He died in Chester, England, on 12th January 1760, aged 84. He is buried in Chester Cathedral where there is a monument to him.

Lieutenant Governor of the Province of New York for the British Crown. - George Hyde Clarke family papers, 1705-1937.

The first George Clarke of record was born in England in the early 17th century. His grandson, also named George, born 1676, was appointed Secretary of the Province of New York in 1703. In 1724, he and his wife, Anne Hyde, purchased land in Hempstead, Long Island and built an estate named Hyde Park. He was Acting Governor of New York from 1736-1743, and during this time acquired over 120,000 acres of land. George's children did not remain in New York; his eldest son returned to England, two other children had close ties with Jamaica, and another died on an expedition to Oswego in the mid-eighteenth century. In 1806, George Hyde Clarke (b. 1768) settled in New York on lands he and his brother inherited from their grandfather and great uncle. Some of his tenants contested his claim to the land, resulted in a six year legal battle which the U.S. Supreme Court decided in Clarke's favor in 1818 (JACKSON VS. CLARKE). Documents Clarke accumulated concerning this case are included in the collection. In 1817 Clarke purchased land on the north shore of Otsego Lake, near Cooperstown, New York, and engaged architect Philip Hooker to design Hyde Hall. The last years of his life were spent constructing and furnishing Hyde Hall. His son, George Hyde Clarke (b. 1822), was one of the largest landowners in the state, but suffered a reversal of fortune when his crop speculations suddenly failed. He eventually went bankrupt, and Hyde Hall fell into disrepair.

His son, George Hyde Clarke (b. 1858), bought Hyde Hall and became a gentleman farmer. After Clarke's death in 1914, his son, George Hyde Clarke (b. 1889), also became a gentleman farmer, residing at Hyde Hall. In 1963, Hyde Hall and the surrounding 600 acres were purchased by the state, and became Glimmerglass State Park. When plans were made to demolish the mansion, the Friends of Hyde Hall formed to preserve the building, its furnishings, and papers. Hyde Hall is currently maintained by the Friends of Hyde Hall, and is undergoing restoration through funding provided by the New York State Department of Parks and Recreation.

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George Clarke's Timeline

Bath, UK
April 1, 1679
Age 3
Bath, UK
Age 40
New York, USA
January 12, 1760
Age 84
Chester, Cheshire West and Chester, UK