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About George Gardiner

George sailed in the ship "Fellowship" of Bristol, and arrived in Boston June 29, 1637. In October, 1638, he was residing on Aquedneck Island,R.I. ...In 1662 he acquired by deed from one of the Narragansett sachems, a tract measuring five by one and one-half miles in the"Narragansett Country".

His parents were Father: Michael GARDNER b: 1552 and Mother: Margaret BROWNE b: 1562 both of England.

Another of George's sons was Benoni GARDINER, born before 1645.

On I found that NATHANIEL GARDNER, s of Benoni Gardiner, of Kingston (see GARDNER of Narragansett formerly of Collynbyn Hall), of South Kingston, Rhode Island, and Providence Plantation; b 1674.

George Gardiner was evidently an educated man and took an active part in the affairs of the Colony. He was admitted an inhabitant of Newport in 1638. In 1640 he was present "att the Generall Courte of election," and from that time until his death, about 1677, his name often appears in the State records.

Some time, not far from 1640, George Gardiner married Herodias (Long) Hicks. She made the statement that she had been married to John Hicks, in London, without the knowledge of her friends, when between thirteen and fourteen years of age. Soon after coming to R.I., Hicks deserted her, going to New Amsterdam, or as she expressed it, "to the Dutch," taking with him most of the property left to her by her mother. Her marriage to George Gardiner was rather irregular in form, to say the least, consisting of going before some friends and declaring themselves husband and wife. As she was a Quaker, and a fanatic at that, cheerful walking from Newport to Boston, with a young child in her arms, to receive a whipping at the post for her religious beliefs, possibly she would not consent to be married after any established forms. She later divorced George and Married John Porter - a very wealthy man. George then married Lydia Ballou, a daughter of Robert and Susannah.


  1. The Gardiners of Narragansett: being a genealogy of the descendants of George Gardiner, the colonist, 1638.  By Caroline E. Robinson. Ed. with notes and index by Daniel Goodwin.  Published 1919 by The Editor in Providence, R.I . Page 2.


Came from Eng on ship "Fellowship" in 1637.

Married 1st Sara Slaughter, 2nd Herodias Long, 3rd Lydia Ballou

New England Families, RI Edition, p 253.

George Gardner was immigrant ancestor & founder of family in RI. He was native of Eng but in 1/3 decade of 17th century he came to America. It is doubtful he was son or grandson of Sir Thomas Gardner, knight. Tradition has it, though, he was youngest son of Joseph Gardner, son of Sir Thomas Gardner. He is 1st of record in RI, in 1638, when he was admitted an inhabitant of Island of Aquidneck. He received grant of 58 acres of land in 1640. He was made freeman Mar 16 1641, & following yr served as constable & sr sgt. He was ensign in 1644. He con't to rise in prominence in colony, & in 1662, was elected to office of commissioner. He died in King's Co, RI in 1679.


George Gardiner sailed on "Fellowship" from Bristol (Eng) w/wife, Sarah (Sloughter) & 3 sons, Edward, Robert & Benoni. Voyage was tragic for George--wife (Sarah) & 2 older sons, Edward & Robert, died during passage. George arrived in Boston 29 Jun 1637 & settled in Newport, RI 1 Sep 1638 where he bought 6 sq mi of land from Narragansett Indians. He served as delegate to Gen'l Court of RI in 1662. Publication titled "Gardners of Narragansett" by Goodwin, 1919, provides add'l info about family. After arrival in America, Herodius (Long) Hicks became common law wife of George. At age 14, Herodius had been married to John Hicks in Eng with whom she came to America. She was deserted by her husband (Hicks) who went away to the Dutch, carrying with him most of the estate sent to her by her mother. After becoming George's wife, Herodius traveled from Newport to Weymouth 11 May 1658 with 6 month old child (Rebecca) to appear before religious body. Afterward, she was taken to Boston where she appeared before Gov Endicott who sentenced her to be whipped 10 lashes w/3-fold knotted whip. Thereafter, she was confined to prison for 14 days. She endured this punishment after long & difficult journey about 60 mi through wilderness almost impossible for man. George married his 3rd wife, Lydia Ballou. Lydia was dtr of Robert Ballou, early settler of Boston, MA & Portsmouth, RI. Robert Ballou died in 1668 in Portsmouth. George Gardiner died in 1677 after which in 1678, Lydia Ballou Gardiner married William Hawkins & had 3 more children. Lydia died in 1722. George had 16 children by his 3 wives as follows:

By 1st wife, Sarah: 1) Edward, 2) Robert, 3) Benoni.

By 2nd wife, Herodius: 4) Henry, b c1645; d 26 Apr 1744; 5) George, d 1724; 6) William, b c1651, d 1711; 7) Nicholas, b 1654; d 1712; 8) Dorcas, b 1656; 9) Rebecca, child carried by Herodius to Boston; 10) Samuel.

By 3rd wife, Lydia: 11) Joseph, 12) Lydia, 13) Mary, 14) Peregreene, 5) Robert, 16) Jeremiah, b c1676.

George Gardiner was educated & took active part in affairs of Colony. He was admitted inhabitant of Newport in 1638. In 1640 he was present "at the General Court of election," & from that time until death, c1677, his name often appears in State records. In Colonial records name is spelled Gardner, or Gardener, until 1670, when we find it occasionally Gardiner. After 1780 name is indexed as "Gardner," or "Gardiner." In Burke's Commoners many families are given as Gardner, & as many more Gardiner. But as family arms have a curious similarity, evidence points to common ancestor.

He arrived in Boston Mass. in ship "Fellowship" June 29th, 1637. in 1638 he was settled at Aquidneck, RI. Of Newport in 1640. Senior Sargeant 1641,42. Ensign 1644, commissioner 1662. Of Kingstown 1671.
George Gardner, after his 1st wife died, lived with Herodias Long HIcks. It was either a common law marriage OR a Quaker marriage, that part is undefined. They had six or seven kids together. George Gardner and Herodias Long Hicks parted ways so Herodias could marry a "wealthy land owner." George Gardner then went on to marry Ludia Ballon and they had six or seven more children.

It is unknown if George Gardner's son (Born 1650, married to Sabetha) was Herodias Long HIcks' or Ludia Ballon's son.

1638- Admitted an inhabitant of Newport, RI.

1639, December 17- Admitted a freeman of Newport, RI.

1641, March 16- Freeman.

1642- Constable and Sergeant.

1644- Ensign.

1662- Commissioner.

Herodias (Long) Hicks was his common law wife for 18-20 years. They had six or seven children. Her lawful husband, John Hicks divorced her after she had lived with George Gardiner for 9 years and had 5 or 6 children. George and Herodias legally separated on 3 May 1665 by order of the General Assembly. They were each fined 20 pounds and ordered "from henceforth they presume not to lead soe scandolose a life, lest they feel the extremest penalty that either is or shall be provided in such cases."

Circa 1665- He married Lydia Ballou.

Born in Middlesex, England on 1620 to Michael Gardiner and Margaret Browne. George married Lydia Ballou and had 5 children. George married Herodias Long and had 8 children. George married Sarah Slaughter and had 3 children. He passed away on 22 Oct 1677 in Kingstown, Rhode Island, USA. ______________________________________________________________________________________

GEORGE GARDINER: b.____, d.1677. Admitted to the island of Aquidneck (Newport) where he purchased 58 acres of land. Present at General Court of Elections. Freeman, Constable, Senior Sergeant, Ensign, Commissioner and Juryman. Sharon W. Tetreault (12th gen.)/HERODIAS (LONG-HICKS) GARDINER: b.____, d.____. Delivered her religious testimony at Weymouth, for which she was carried to Boston, before Governor John Endicott who sentenced her to be whipped with ten lashes and held in prison 14 days. Petitioned her husband, George Gardiner, before the Assembly: having lived with her husband 18 or 20 years and by him had many children, desired of the Assembly, "The estate and labor he had of mine, he may allow it me and house upon my land I may enjoy without molestation and that he may allow me my child to bring up, with maintenance for her and that he be restrained from troubling me more."

Photo location: Family Court, Newport, Rhode Island.

Reference: The Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island, John Osborne Austin, Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, 1969 (Originally published in Albany, New York, 1887.). ______________________________________________________________________________________

George Gardiner came to Rhode Island and was admitted an inhabitant of Aquidneck in 1638. In 1639 he was made a Freeman of Newport, where he came to hold various town positions. From Cutter's

The first record of him is in RI, in 1638, when he was admitted an inhabitant of Island of Aquidneck. He received grant of 58 acres of land in 1640. He was made freeman Mar 16 1641, & following yr served as constable & sr sgt. He was ensign in 1644. He con't to rise in prominence in colony, & in 1662, was elected to office of commissioner.

There are many reasons to believe he was not the same "George Gardiner" as married Sara Slaughter in England, so I have removed that relationship. See article about it here:

"George Gardiner first appears in Portsmouth in 1638, nothing certain is known about him prior to this. He cmnmenced to live with Herodias (Long) Hieks about 1644. She was born about 1624. He was separated from her in May 1665 and married secondly about 1665-6 Lydia Ballou. He died about 1677 and certainly before 14 June 1678, leaving a will now lost."

"Accordingly, until more evidence, both of a positive and negative nature, is forthcoming, no critical genealogist can accept the identification of George Gardiner, son of the Rev Michael Gardiner, with George Gardiner of Newport, as proved."

Children of George and Herodias:

   1. Benoni born 1643-45 and about 1644.
   2. Henry born 1645-7 and about 1646.
   3. George born about 1649.
   4. William born about 1652.
   5. Nicholas born about 1654.
   6. Dorcas born about 1656.
   7. Rebecca born about 1658. 

1639, December 17- Admitted a freeman of Newport, RI.

1641, March 16- Freeman.

1642- Constable and Sergeant.

1644- Ensign.

1662- Commissioner.

Was there a second wife - Susan Hazard?

view all 54

George Gardiner's Timeline

February 15, 1599
Greenford Magna, Middlesex, England
February 15, 1599
February 15, 1599
Greenford, London, England, United Kingdom
February 15, 1599
Greenford, Middlesex, England
Age 25
Rhode Island, USA
March 29, 1630
Age 31
March 29, 1630
Age 31
Clerkenwell, London, Middlesex, England, (Present UK)
Age 31
London, England
Age 33
Age 37
Middlesex, England