George Howard, Governor

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George Howard

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Annapolis, MD, USA
Death: Died
Place of Burial: Old St Pauls Cemetery, Baltimore, MD, USA
Immediate Family:

Son of Col. John Eager Howard and Margaret Oswald Howard
Husband of Prudence Howard
Father of Priscilla Ridgely Post and Margaret Elizabeth Post
Brother of John Eager Howard, Jr.; Benjamin Chew Howard; William Howard; Julianna Elizabeth McHenry; James Howard and 3 others

Occupation: 22nd Governor of the State of Maryland
Managed by: Joel Scott Cognevich
Last Updated:

About George Howard

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Howard_(Governor_of_Maryland)

George Howard (November 21, 1789 – August 2, 1846) was the 22nd Governor of the State of Maryland in the United States from 1831 to 1833. Howard was well known as a fervent anti-Jacksonian during his term in office. He was the only son of a governor to have been elected governor.


Biography


He was born on November 21, 1789, in the Governor’s Mansion in Annapolis, the second son of Gov. John Eager Howard (1752–1827) and Margaret Oswald "Peggy" Chew. The family later lived at "Belvedere" in Baltimore County, Maryland where he was educated by tutors. On December 26, 1811, he married Prudence Gough Ridgely, a daughter of Gov. Charles Carnan Ridgely (1760–1829) of Hampton and Priscilla Dorsey (1762–1814). Priscilla descended from the Dorsey family of Maryland; one of the original families of Maryland and founders of Anne Arundel County, Maryland. They received "Waverly" near Woodstock, Maryland as a wedding gift from his father. They had fourteen children (nine boys and five girls).


At "Waverly," he led the life of a country gentleman and farmer. He was elected a member of the Governor’s Council in January 1831 and worked closely with his predecessor Daniel Martin. When Gov. Martin died in July 1831, Howard, as President of the Council, succeeded him, taking the oath of office on July 22 of that year. When Martin’s unexpired term ended in January 1832, the Maryland General Assembly elected Howard for a full-year term, receiving 64 of the 82 ballots cast. He advocated the establishment of a State Bank, opposed the doctrine of nullification, was a foe of lotteries, and urged the endowment of Maryland colleges.


Howard retired to "Waverly" following the end of his term. He served as a presidential elector in 1836 and 1840, when he supported the Whig candidate. He died at his home on August 2, 1846, and was probably buried first in the family burial ground at "Waverly." His remains were later removed to the Western Cemetery. His body was again removed, but its present resting place is unknown. He is believed to be buried in the Howard family vault at Old Saint Paul's Cemetery in Baltimore, Maryland, where his father John Eager Howard is also buried. Howard left "Waverly" to his wife, Prudence. She died the following year and willed the estate to the couple's oldest son, George, Jr.


George Howard was painted by C. Gregory Stapko. His wife, Prudence Dorsey, was painted by Philip Tilyard. Her portrait can be found in the collection of Hampton National Historic Site HAMP 5662.

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George Howard (1789-1846) MSA SC 3520-1453

Governor of Maryland, 1831-1833 (Whig)

Born: November 21, 1789 in Annapolis1 Father: John Eager Howard2 Mother: Peggy Oswald (Chew) Howard3 Marriage: December 26, 1811 to Prudence Gough Ridgely4 Children: eight sons and five daughters including Eugene Post, John Eager, Charles Ridgely, William Waverly, Margaret Elizabeth, George5 Education: received private tutoring6 Religious Affiliation: Episcopalian7 Positions held:

           Executive Council, 1831 
           Governor of Maryland, 1831-1833 
           State Director, Bank of Baltimore, ca. 1833 
           Presidential elector, Anne Arundel County, 1836, 18407 

Died: August 2, 1846 at "Waverly," near Woodstock, Howard County9 Burial: St. Paul's Cemetery, Baltimore10 http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/001400/001453/html/1453bio.html

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The following essay is taken from Frank F. White, Jr., The Governors of Maryland 1777-1970 (Annapolis: The Hall of Records Commission, 1970), 101-104. "GEORGE HOWARD, 'one of the best executives the state ever had,' was born on November 21, 1789, in the Governor’s Mansion in Annapolis, the second son of John Eager and Peggy (Chew) Howard.1 He was the only governor to have been born there and the only son of a governor to have been elected governor. During his father’s term he lived in Annapolis. Later, the family lived at 'Belvedere' in Baltimore County, where he was educated by tutors. Partly because of his father’s political ideologies, George Howard should have adopted Federalist-type beliefs, but when he took office he did so as an Anti-Jacksonian.

"On December 26, 1811, he married Prudence Gough Ridgely, a daughter of Governor Charles Ridgely of Hampton. As a wedding gift from John Eager Howard, they received 'Waverly' a tract of land located near Woodstock in present day Howard County. They had a large family.

"George Howard appears not to have been too prominent in public affairs prior to his election as governor. Instead he led the life of a country gentleman and farmer. His only other public office was his membership on the Governor’s Council to which he was elected in January 1831. Howard greatly admired his predecessor Daniel Martin, with whom he worked closely, and consequently, the two had become friends because of this association. When Governor Martin died in July 1831, Howard, as President of the Council, succeeded him, taking the oath of office on July 22 of that year, and accepting the office reluctantly even though he felt Martin’s death imposed upon him duties which he did not feel at liberty to refuse. In his annual message to the General Assembly in 1831, he eulogized his predecessor in these words: 'Since your last annual session, a melancholy and unexpected event has devolved upon me, the discharge of the duties of chief magistrate of our state. His excellency, the late Governor Martin, at a period of life, where he might reasonably have anticipated a long career of usefulness, was, in the wisdom of providence, suddenly withdrawn from the distinguished station which he filled with great honor to himself and advantage to the public. No citizen deplored [p. 102] his loss more than myself. The virtuous and manly cast of his character was necessarily felt by all who approached him, and, especially appreciated, by those who, like his councillors, saw his true spirit in friendly and confidential intercourse. This bereavement imposed on me, public duties from the due execution of which I did not feel myself at liberty to retire, and I am sure that the indulgence and kindness of my countrymen will extend to me every allowance which so unexpected an occurrence demands.'2

"When Martin’s unexpired term ended in January 1832, the General Assembly elected Howard for a full-year term. Of the eighty-two ballots cast, George Howard received sixty-four. Howard’s first concern after his election was for the welfare of his family. In his letter of acceptance he reported 'that indisposition in my family prevents me from designating an earlier day than Wednesday the 11th instant for my appearance at the seat of government. I propose to be in readiness to qualify on that day.'3 He was not, however, sworn in until January 16 of that year.

"Howard accomplished much during his short governorship in the areas of internal improvements, African colonization, and public education even though his administration was marked by his bitter Anti-Jacksonianism. Howard advocated the establishment of a State Bank since 'the present Chief-Magistrate of our country having been re-elected by the voice of the people, his known and declared hostility to the Bank of the United States leaving the fate of that institution no longer doubtful, I deem it proper for the commercial purposes of Maryland, to point out some means of creating a substitute for the withdrawal of a large bank circulation.'4 Howard later reversed himself and supported the U. S. Bank. Even though he was an uncompromising opponent of Andrew Jackson, he did share the latter’s opposition to nullification which he described as 'a wickedness only to be thought of by desperate men or unfortunate maniacs.'5 After South Carolina had transmitted its nullification document, he told the Legislature that he felt that “the doctrines of South Carolina, I conscientiously believe, will be rejected by the unanimous voice of people of Maryland. The doctrine of nullification, I hold to be perfectly untenable.'6

Howard was a foe of lotteries, feeling that they constituted 'a system of gambling which, although licensed, is extremely prejudicial.' He hoped there would shortly be an end “to a system tending to demoralize the people, and which often offers an incentive to corruption and fraud.'7

"Howard took a deep interest in public education by urging the endowment of Maryland colleges. He further advocated 'the propriety of devoting part of the funds of the State to the ample endowment of a sufficient number of colleges for the education of our youth, thereby preventing [p. 103] the necessity of sending a vast quantity of treasure to other states for the purpose.'8

"During his administration, Governor Howard noted the intense rivalry between the canal and the railroad in the area between Point of Rocks and Harper’s Ferry. Had both of these internal improvement companies considered the needs of the State, there would have been a place for both of them in Frederick County, but they did not do so. Howard castigated the canal company officials for preventing the railroad from going though the locality where friction had developed. 'The Directors of the canal company . . . have thus thwarted the express wishes of the State, equally interested in both works,' he declared, 'and for no other evident reason, than from a determined hostility to another work which they have chosen to consider in the light of a formidable rival.' He went on to point out that he had not 'the slightest fear that the Rail-Road will not reach its ultimate destination.'9

"In 1832, Charles Carroll of Carrollton, the last surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence died. The General Assembly adopted resolutions eulogizing him and commemorating his services and patriotism. In noting the event, Governor Howard extolled him as the last of the Revolutionary War patriots who had lived to see the nation 'engaged in a second war [with England] not only without tarnishing, but which resulted in greatly augmenting our national glory. . . . He had lived to see us marching with gigantic strides to the attainment of the legitimate objects of government—the prosperity and happiness of the people.'10

"Howard held many slaves, but he was receptive to the movement to colonize free Negroes in Africa. He hoped that the plan would lead to favorable results. 'The prosecution of this system,' he told the Legislature, 'may probably at some distant day, tend to the restoration of the whole of our colored population, to the land of their forefathers.'11

"In his message of January 13, 1833, to the Legislature, he asked that he not be considered as a candidate for re-election. 'In making this declaration, I do it with deep humility. . . . I have not the vanity to suppose, that such a declaration would be necessary, but as custom seems to have fixed the period of re-election to the extent of the legal term of qualification, I may be allowed to think, that the partiality of some friends would wish my continuance in office. In taking leave of you, permit me to return you my thanks for the high honor you have conferred upon me, and condemn me for not saying, that throughout my administration, I have acted with a single eye to the advancement of the honor, dignity and prosperity of the state.'12

"Howard retired to 'Waverly' following the end of his term. He emerged only to serve as a presidential elector in 1836 as well as in 1840, [p. 104] when he supported the Whig candidate. He died at his home on August 2, 1846 at the age of fifty-seven. He was probably buried first in the family burial ground at Waverly, but later, his remains were removed to the Western Cemetery, and still later, his body was again removed, but its present resting place is unknown. Members of the Howard family believe him to have been buried in the Howard family vault in Old St. Paul’s Cemetery where his father John Eager Howard is also buried.

"He left an estate valued at nearly $11,000, including twenty-two slaves."13

http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/001400/001453/html/1453extbio.html

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George Howard, Governor's Timeline

1789
November 21, 1789
Annapolis, MD, USA
1814
July 13, 1814
Age 24
Baltimore, Maryland, United States
1816
August 7, 1816
Age 26
Baltimore, Maryland, United States
1846
August 2, 1846
Age 56
1964
May 16, 1964
Age 56
November 21, 1964
Age 56
1966
February 16, 1966
Age 56
????
????
Baltimore, MD, USA