George Neville, 1st and last Duke of Bedford

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George Neville, Duke of Bedford

Birthdate:
Death: Died
Place of Burial: Sheriff Hutton, North Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir John de Neville, Earl of Northumberland and Isabel Ingoldisthorpe
Brother of Ann Stonor; John Neville; Elizabeth le Scrope; Lady Margaret Neville; Lady Lucy Neville and 4 others
Half brother of son Norreys

Occupation: Duke of Bedford
Managed by: Carole (Erickson) Pomeroy, Vol. ...
Last Updated:

About George Neville, 1st and last Duke of Bedford

George Neville, 1st Duke of Bedford

George Neville, 1st Duke of Bedford (1461 – 4 May 1483) was an English nobleman, whose birth made him a candidate for the status of a great magnate; his failure to achieve this was largely a result of the political failure of his father and uncle.

He was the son of John Neville, Earl of Northumberland (and later Marquess Montagu), a nephew of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick. George's mother was Isobel Ingoldsthorpe, only daughter and heiress of Sir Edmund Ingoldsthorpe and Joan Tiptoft.

At birth George was the likely or possible heir to a large estate. Most definite was the property of his father's earldom, his mother's Ingoldsthorpe estates, and the more modest jointure of his parents. The latter two were by themselves sufficient to support a baron. He was also heir presumptive (after his father) to the Neville estates of his uncle, the Earl of Warwick. These were entailed to heirs male and the earl had only daughters. Finally, George was likely to inherit (after his mother and grandmother) a third share of the Tiptoft property held by his childless great-uncle the Earl of Worcester. These inheritances altogether would yield around 4,000 pounds a year, which compares favourably with the 4,500 pounds annual income of the Duke of Clarence, the greatest magnate of the time.

George Neville was made Duke of Bedford in 1470, as the intended husband of Elizabeth of York. The title had lain unused since John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford, died on 14 September 1435.[1] However, his father and his uncle (the Earl of Warwick) rebelled against King Edward IV the following year and were slain. An act of attainder was never passed against them, but George received no inheritance from them or from his maternal ancestors. An act of parliament in 1475 gave the Neville inheritance in the north of England to Richard, Duke of Gloucester, husband of one of Warwick's daughters.[2] George had a half-interest in the estates of his maternal grandfather, Sir Edmund Ingoldsthorpe, and his maternal grandmother, Joan Tiptoft, who was sister and heiress of John Tiptoft, 1st Earl of Worcester.[3]

Shortly before he came of age in 1478 he was deprived of the title by act of parliament, ostensibly for lack of money to maintain the style of a duke.[2] The title was subsequently given to the infant George Plantagenet of York, the 3rd son of King Edward IV.

From: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Neville,_1st_Duke_of_Bedford

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  • George Neville, 1st and last Duke of Bedford1
  • M, #14510, b. circa 1461, d. 4 May 1483
  • Last Edited=18 Jan 2011
  • Consanguinity Index=0.92%
  • George Neville, 1st and last Duke of Bedford was born circa 1461.2 He was the son of Sir John Neville, 1st and last Marquess of Montagu and Isabel Ingaldesthorpe.1 He and Elizabeth Plantagenet were engaged.2 He died on 4 May 1483, unmarried.2 He was buried at Sheriff Hutton, Yorkshire, England.3
  • He was styled as Lord Nevill.4 He was created 1st Duke of Bedford [England] on 5 January 1469/70, because he was about to marry Princess Elizabeth, eldest daughter of King Edward IV.2 He succeeded to the title of 2nd Marquess of Montagu [E., 1470] on 14 April 1471.5 He succeeded to the title of 2nd Lord Montagu [E., 1461] on 14 April 1471.5 He was deposed as Duke of Bedford, Marquess of Montagu and Lord Montagu, by Parliament, supposedly because he lacked the means to support his titles, after the attainder of his father in March 1477/78.2
  • Citations
  • [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume XII/2, page 846. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
  • [S8] BP1999 volume 1, page 16. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S8]
  • [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 73.
  • [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 72.
  • [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume IX, page 93.
  • From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p1451.htm#i14510

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  • Sir John Neville, Earl of Northumberland, Marquess of Montague, Lord Neville de Montagu, Sheriff of Northumberland1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20
  • M, #22106, b. circa 1431, d. 14 April 1471
  • Father Sir Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, Lord Monthermer, Constable of Pontefract Castle & Portchester Castle, Great Chamberlain of England, Joint Chamberlain of the Exchequer, Lord Chancellor3,7,21,15,22 b. c 1401, d. 31 Dec 1460
  • Mother Alice Montagu3,7,21,15,22 b. c 1406, d. bt 3 Apr 1462 - 9 Dec 1462
  • Sir John Neville, Earl of Northumberland, Marquess of Montague, Lord Neville de Montagu, Sheriff of Northumberland was born circa 1431 at of Shenley Hall in Shenley, Hertfordshire, England.2,7,15 He Knighted by King Henry VI. on 25 December 1449 at Greenwich, Kent, England.15 He married Isabel Ingoldsthorpe, daughter of Sir Edmund Ingoldsthorpe and Joan Tiptoft, on 25 April 1457; They had 1 son (George, Duke of Bedford) and 5 daughters (Anne, wife of Sir William Stonor; Elizabeth, wife of Thomas, 6th Lord Scrope of Masham, & of Sir Henry Wentworth; Margaret, wife of Sir John Mortimer, of Sir Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk; & of Robert Downes, Gent; Lucy, wife of Sir Thomas FitzWilliam, & of Sir Anthony Browne; & Isabel, wife of William Huddleston, Esq., & of Sir William Smyth).2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,13,14,15,16,17,18 Sir John Neville, Earl of Northumberland, Marquess of Montague, Lord Neville de Montagu, Sheriff of Northumberland died on 14 April 1471 at Battle of Barnet, Barnet, Middlesex, England; Buried at Bisham Priory, Berkshire.2,7,15,18
  • Family Isabel Ingoldsthorpe b. c 1441, d. 20 May 1476
  • Children
    • Anne Neville+2,23,6,7,24,14,15 b. c 1459, d. c 5 Nov 1486
    • Elizabeth Neville+25,2,7,10,15,17 b. 1464, d. Sep 1517
    • Margaret Neville26,2,4,7,12,15,20 b. 1466, d. 31 Jan 1528
    • Lucy Neville+2,7,9,11,13,15,19 b. c 1468, d. 25 Mar 1534
    • Isabel Neville+27,2,7,15 b. c 1470, d. 12 Oct 1516 or 12 Nov 1517
  • Citations
  • [S6782] Unknown author, Plantagenet Ancestry of 17th Century Colonists, by David Faris, p. 38, 194/5; Wallop Family, p. 585; The Royal Descents of 500 Immigrants, by Gary Boyd Roberts, p. 155.
  • [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 200-201.
  • [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 510-511.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 298-299.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 350-351.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 55.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 453-454.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 163.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 225-226.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 237-238.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 51-52.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 227-228.
  • [S6] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 179.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 431.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. III, p. 393-394.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 125.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 218.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 268-269.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 657.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, p. 206-207.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 161-162.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 123-124.
  • [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 691-692.
  • [S6] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 295.
  • [S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. IX, p. 93, notes.
  • [S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. XII/1, p. 458, notes.
  • [S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. IX, p. 94, notes.
  • From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p736.htm#i22106

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  • RICHARD Neville, son of RALPH Neville Earl of Westmoreland & his second wife Joan Beaufort (1400-killed in battle Wakefield 30 Dec 1460, bur Bisham). A mid-15th century manuscript names "Johannam minorissam, Ricardum, Katherinam ducissam Norfolchie, Henricum mortuum, Thomam dominum de Seymour, Cuthbertum mortuum, Alienoram uxorem comitis Northumbrie, Robertum episcopum Dunelmie, Willelmum dominum de Fauconberge, Annam comitssam Staffordie, Johannem mortuum, Georgium dominum de Latymer, Ceciliam ducissam Eboraci, Edwardum dominum de Bergeny" as the children of "Radulphus dominus de Neuill et comes Westmorlandie" and his wife "Johanna filia Johannis ducis Lancastrie uxor secunda"[1895]. He was allowed the title Earl of Salisbury from 1428. The will of "Richard Neville Earl of Salisbury", dated 10 May 1458, chose burial “in the priory of Bustelsham in the county of Berks”, required “the covenants of marriage of Thomas my son with Maud Lady Willoughby his wife be fully performed, according to the agreement made between me and Ralph Lord Cromwell...that the marriage covenants made for the marriage of Catherine my daughter with the son and heir apparent of William Lord Harrington, the son of William Lord Bonville”, names “my mother Joan late Countess of Westmoreland, and my father Ralph late Earl of Westmoreland”, bequeathed property to “my eldest son Richard Earl of Warwick...my son George...my daughter Alice...my daughter Eleanor...my daughter Katherine...my daughter Margaret...my daughter the Countess of Arundel...my brother Lord William Fauconberg...Alice my wife Countess of Salisbury”[1896].
  • m (Feb 1421 or before) ALICE de Montagu, daughter of THOMAS de Montagu Earl of Salisbury & his first wife Eleanor de Holand of Kent (-[3 Apr/9 Dec] 1462). A mid-15th century manuscript records that "Ricardum Neuille comitem Sarum" married "Alesia comitissa Sarum et heres"[1897]. She succeeded her father in 1428 as Ctss of Salisbury. The will of "Richard Neville Earl of Salisbury", dated 10 May 1458, bequeathed property to “my eldest son Richard Earl of Warwick...my son George...my daughter Alice...my daughter Eleanor...my daughter Katherine...my daughter Margaret...my daughter the Countess of Arundel...my brother Lord William Fauconberg...Alice my wife Countess of Salisbury”[1898].
  • Richard & his wife had twelve children:
    • 1. .... etc.
    • 6. JOHN ([1431]-killed in battle Barnet 14 Apr 1471, bur Bisham Abbey). A mid-15th century manuscript names "Johanna comitissa Arundelie, Alienora comitissa Warwici, Ricardus filius prim, ---, Johannes de Neuille, Georgius de Neuille clericus, Alesia…Alienora, Radulphus mortuus apud Shirefhoton sepultus, Katherina…Robertus mortuus apud Midelham sepultus" as the children of "Ricardum Neuille comitem Sarum" and his wife "Alesia comitissa Sarum et heres"[1913]. He was summoned to parliament 23 May 1461, whereby he is held to have become Lord Montagu. He was created Marquess of Montagu 25 Mar 1470. m (25 Apr 1457) as her first husband, ISABEL Ingaldesthorpe, daughter of EDWARD Ingaldesthorpe of Borough Green, Cambridgeshire & his wife Joan Tiptoft of Worcester (1441-20 May 1476, bur Bisham). She married secondly (25 Apr 1472) William Norreys. John & his wife had seven children:
      • a) GEORGE ([1460/61]-4 May 1483). He was created Duke of Bedford 5 Jan 1470. He succeeded his father in 1471 as Marquess of Montagu. He was degraded of all his titles Mar 1478.
      • b) JOHN (-young).
      • c) ANNE (-before 1486). m as his second wife, WILLIAM Stonor, son of --- (-1494).
      • d) ELIZABETH (1464-[13 Jul 1517/9 Dec 1521]). m firstly (before 1477) THOMAS Le Scrope Lord Scrope of Masham, son of THOMAS Le Scrope Lord Scrope & his wife Elizabeth de Greystoke ([1459]-23 Apr 1493, bur London, Black Friars). m secondly (licence 22 Oct 1494) HENRY Wentworth of Nettlestead, Suffolk, son of --- (-1500, bur Newton Abbey, Lincolnshire).
      • e) MARGARET (1466-[1527/28]). m firstly THOMAS Horne, son of ---. m secondly (1492) JOHN Mortimer, son of --- (-1504). m thirdly ([12 Nov 1504/7 Feb 1507], marriage declared void 1507, and by Papal Bull 12 May 1528) as his first wife, CHARLES Brandon, son of WILLIAM Brandon & his wife Elizabeth Bruyn ([1484]-The Palace, Guildford, Surrey 22 Aug 1545, bur St George’s Chapel, Windsor). He was created Viscount Lisle 1513, and Duke of Suffolk 1514.
      • f) LUCY (1468-1554). m firstly THOMAS FitzWilliam, son of --- (-1497). m secondly ANTONY Browne, son of ---.
      • g) ISABEL ([1470]-). m firstly WILLIAM Huddleston of Millom, Cumberland, son of ---. m secondly WILLIAM Smith of Elford, Staffordshire, son of ---. m thirdly RANULPH Dacre of Carlisle, son of ---.
    • 7. .... etc.
  • From: http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISH%20NOBILITY%20MEDIEVAL1.htm#RichardNevilleSalisburydied1460B

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George Neville, 1st and last Duke of Bedford's Timeline

1461
1461
1483
May 4, 1483
Age 22
????
Sheriff Hutton, North Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom