George Sackville-Germain (Germaine), 1st Viscount Sackville
Son of Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset and Elizabeth, Duchess of Dorset
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About George Sackville-Germain (Germaine), 1st Viscount Sackville
George Germain, 1st Viscount Sackville PC (26 January 1716 – 26 August 1785), known as Lord George Sackville until 1770 and as Lord George Germain from 1770 to 1782, was a British soldier and politician who was Secretary of State for America in Lord North's cabinet during the American War of Independence. His ministry received much of the blame for Britain's loss of thirteen American colonies. His issuance of detailed instructions in military matters, coupled with his failure to understand either the geography of the colonies or the determination of the colonists, may justify this conclusion. He had two careers. His military career had distinction, serving in the War of the Austrian Succession, the Seven Years War including at the decisive Battle of Minden, and commanding the 20th Foot at the Battle of Culloden, but ended with a court martial. His political career ended with the North ministry after the loss of the American colonies.