George Strother Gaines

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George Strother Gaines

Birthplace: Stokes, NC, USA
Death: Died in State Line, Wayne, MS, USA
Place of Burial: Gaines Family Cemetery Wayne County Mississippi
Immediate Family:

Son of James Taylor Gaines and Elizabeth (Strother) Gaines
Husband of Ann Lawrence Gaines and Elizabeth Gaines
Father of George W. Gaines; Henry Lawrence Gaines; Capt Abner Strother Gaines; Francis Young Gaines; Francis Strother Gaines and 1 other
Brother of Elizabeth Strother Gaines; Gen. Edmund Pendleton Gaines; Lucy Gaines; Behethland (Gaines) Lyon; Agnes Gaines and 6 others
Half brother of Martha Gaines and Margaret Gaines

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About George Strother Gaines

George Strother Gaines (1 May 1784 – 21 January 1873) was a leader in the Mississippi Territory and in both states formed from it, Mississippi and Alabama. He was a longtime trader among the Choctaws, and was trusted by them. At their request, he led an expedition to scout the prospective Choctaw lands in the Indian territory before the Choctaws reluctantly agreed to emigrate there.

See also

Gainestown, Alabama, community named in his honor, founded on the site of one of his former trading posts

George Strother Gaines b.5/1/1784 and d.1/21/1873. He married in 1812 Ann Gaines. He was b. in Stokes County, NC and d. at State Line, MS. He was the son of James and Elizabeth (Strother) Gaines. He married his cousin, Ann Gaines, by Young and Ester (Lawrence) Gaines. She was seen as a worthy member of the SC branch of the family. She was b. in SC and d. at "Peachwood State Line, Wayne County, MS. In 1794 George Strother Gaines moved with his parents to go to Sullivan County, TN and remained there until 1805 when he was appointed assistant Indian Factor of the trading house at St. Stephens, one the Tombigbee River.

      He took charge as permanent Factor and continued this occupation for many years. During the 1819 he resigned as Indian Factor and entered business in Demopolis. In 1830 he removed to Mobile to become a successful banker. He served the State Legislature in 1861.



He was the son of James Gaines and his wife, Elizabeth Strother. He started his career in 1805 as an assistant at a government trading house, which he did until 1819. He married Anne Gaines in 1812. In 1821, he owned a four room log house (two rooms up and two rooms down), which were separated by a dogtrot. The house was that portion of current building, where the front door at the port-cochere opens into what was originally the open dogtrot. This rather large log house for its day was located in Marengo County, Alabama. In 1843 it was sold to General Nathan Whitfield, who greatly expanded it into a mansion and gave it the name of "Gaineswood". It is now a National Historic Landmark and when you take a tour of it, the guides tell you that the original logs are inside the walls in at least one place.

From 1825 to 1827, George Strother Gaines was an Indian agent on the Spanish border and was largely responsible for the success of American trade with Spain. He was also a state senator in Alabama at the same time. He was honored when the city of Gainesville, Alabama was named after him. He moved to Mobile, Alabama in 1830 and was a merchant in that city until 1856, at which time he migrated to near State Line, Mississippi. He served as a Mississippi state representative in 1861.

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George Strother Gaines's Timeline

Essex, VA, USA
May 1, 1784
Stokes, NC, USA
Age 27
Age 30
Age 40
Demopolis, AL
Age 42
Age 48
January 21, 1873
Age 88
State Line, Wayne, MS, USA