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George Dunbar

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Dunbar Castle, East Lothian, Scotland
Death: Died in UK
Place of Burial: Scotland, UK
Immediate Family:

Son of George Dunbar, 9th Earl of Dunbar & 3rd Earl of March and Christian de Seton, Countess of Dunbar & March
Husband of Margaret and Beatrix
Father of Lady Marjory Dunbar
Brother of Sir David Dunbar of Cockburn; Janet Dunbar of March; Colin Dunbar; Nicholas Dunbar; Columba Dunbar, of Moray and 5 others

Occupation: 10th Earl of Dunbar (Earl of March?)
Managed by: Joanna Helen Roper
Last Updated:

About George Dunbar

George Dunbar, 10th and last Earl of Dunbar/March; knighted 1424, was removed in 1434 from the Earldom & and all Scottish lands by James I of Scotland on the pretext that the 9th Earl's negotiations for allegiance in 1406 were with the Regent, when legally they should have been with the King himself, hence that the Earldom and estates remained forfeited because of the 9th Earl's treason. (The real reason being James's determination to end the power of the only-intermittently loyal Earls ofDunbar once and for all.) The 10th Earl fled to England where he was paid a paltry sum from Scottish sources until his death. James I was rid of an often times disloyal Earldom. [Burke's Peerage] GEORGE (DUNBAR), EARL OF MARCH, or DUNBAR [SCT], son and heir, born about 1370, being about 50 in 1420. He, who was knighted at the Coronation of James I, consented in 1409 (with his father) to the alienation of the Lordship of Annandale to the Earl of Douglas. He was employed in negotiating thefreedom of Jarnes I, whorn he met at Durham, in 1424; on his return to Scotland. He was arrested with the Duke of Albany [SCT], but sat on his trial in May 1425; was in frequent embassies to England, and was, in 1430, one of the sponsors of PrinceJames, afterwards James II. In 1434, however, the King, on the pretence of his holding an Earldom and estates which had been forfeited by his father's treason, whose pardon being by a Regent only (not an actual King) was alleged to be invalid, seized his lands, had the case referred to Parliament, by which it was declared at Perth, 10 January 1434/5, that the Earldom and estates were forfeited. At the same time the King conferred on him "the empty title" of EARL OF BUCHAN, but he never assumed it, and within 10 years it was granted elsewhere. The Earl fled to England, retaining only the Barony of Kilconquhar, co. Fife, held from the Bishop of St. Andrews. He married Beatrice, who died before 1421. On 7 August 1421 he had license to marry Alice, daughter of Sir William HAY, of Yester, but it is uncertain if this marriage ever took place. He died between 1455 and 1457, aged over 80, having had since 9 April 1449 (when he was styled Comes Marchiarum et Dominus de Kilconquhar)anannuity of 400 marks out of the revenues of the Earldom. [Complete Peerage IV:509, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]

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http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SCOTTISH%20NOBILITY.htm#GeorgeDunbardied1420B

GEORGE Dunbar ([1370]-[1455/57]). He succeeded his father in [1420] as 10th Earl of Dunbar. James II King of Scotland seized his lands in 1434 on the pretence of the invalidity of the pardon granted to his father in 1409, confirmed by parliament 10 Jan 1435 when his title and estates were declared forfeited. At the same time, the king conferred on him the empty title of Earl of Buchan which he never used. He fled to England[1488]. m BEATRICE, daughter of --- (-before 1421). [1489]Betrothed (Papal dispensation 7 Aug 1421) to ALICE Hay, daughter of Sir WILLIAM Hay of Locherwort and Yester & his wife Alice [de la Haye of Erroll]. The Papal dispensation for the marriage of "Georgii de Dunbar comitis Marchiarum regni Scotie" and "Halysie Wilhelim de Haya militis quondam domini de Uhestyr nate", issued by Pope Martin V, is dated 7 Aug 1421[1490]. She later married Gilbert de la Haye of Erroll. Earl George & his wife had one child:

  • a) PATRICK Dunbar . Master of the March, a title which he continued to use after his father's attainder[1491]. m ELIZABETH Sinclair, daughter of --- (-[1453/54]). Master Patrick had one illegitimate son by an unknown mistress:

i) PATRICK Dunbar . m (before 1474) JANET Dunbar, daughter and co-heiress of PATRICK Dunbar of Mochrum, co. Wigton & his wife ---.


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George Dunbar, 10th Earl of Dunbar1

M, #10499, b. circa 1370, d. between 1455 and 1457

George Dunbar, 10th Earl of Dunbar|b. c 1370\nd. bt 1455 - 1457|p1050.htm#i10499|George Dunbar, 9th Earl of Dunbar|b. c 1336\nd. c 1416|p23105.htm#i231046|Christian de Seton||p21331.htm#i213303|Sir Patrick Dunbar|d. 1356|p26263.htm#i262629|Isabel Randolph||p39239.htm#i392386|Alan de Wyntoun||p26263.htm#i262622|Margaret de Seton||p26256.htm#i262558|

Last Edited=15 Aug 2009

    George Dunbar, 10th Earl of Dunbar was born circa 1370.1 He was the son of George Dunbar, 9th Earl of Dunbar and Christian de Seton.1,2 He married Beatrice (?) in 1421.3 He died between 1455 and 1457.1
    In consequence GEORGE took flight to England, where he was paid a paltry sum from Scottish sources till his death.3 Simultaneously fobbed off with the cosmetic title EARL OF BUCHAN (never assumed by GEORGE and conferred to another person altogether a few years after).3 He gained the title of 10th Earl of Dunbar. He gained the title of 3rd Earl of March. On 7 August 1421 possibly married 2nd c Alice, dau of Sir William Hay of Yester (see TWEEDDALE, M), though the marriage may never have occurred at all.3 In 1424 knighted.3 In 1434 deprived of the Earldom by JAMES I on the pretext that the allegiance renewed by his (the 10th EARL's) f after 1406 had been invalid since negotiated with a Regent rather than King regnant, hence that the Earldom and estates remained forfeited bec.3

Children of George Dunbar, 10th Earl of Dunbar

Janet Dunbar+ d. a 14344

George Dunbar 5

Citations

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume IV, page 509. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1205. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.

[S37] Charles Mosley, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition, volume 1, page 1207.

[S8] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, 2 volumes (Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 1999), volume 1, page 80. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition.

[S37] Charles Mosley, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition, volume 1, page 1285.

-------------------- Source: Family Group Record FamilySearch™ Ancestral File v4.19 - www.familysearch.org

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Husband's Name

George DUNBAR (AFN:ZF3F-4N)  Pedigree  

Born:  Abt 1370  Place:  <Of, Cockburn, Berwickshire, Scotland>   
Christened:    Place:  (40-1420)   
Died:  Bef 1457  Place:     

Father:  George DUNBAR (AFN:9GVX-WG)  Family  
Mother:  Christina SETON (AFN:8J5M-1N)   

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Wife's Name

Beatrix Mrs DUNBAR (AFN:ZF3F-D2)  Pedigree  

Born:  Abt 1372  Place:  Of, Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland   
Died:  Bef 1421  Place:     

Father:    
Mother:    

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Children

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1.  Sex  Name    
 M Patrick DUNBAR (AFN:ZF3F-F7)  Pedigree  

   Born:  Abt 1396   Place:  Of, Kilconquhar, Fifeshire, Scotland   

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2.  Sex  Name    
 M George DUNBAR (AFN:ZF3F-GD)  Pedigree  

   Born:  Abt 1398   Place:  <Of, Kilconquhar, Fifeshire, Scotland>   

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3.  Sex  Name    
 M Archibald DUNBAR (AFN:ZF3F-HK)  Pedigree  

   Born:  Abt 1400   Place:  <Of, Kilconquhar, Fifeshire, Scotland>   

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4.  Sex  Name    
 F Marjorie DUNBAR (AFN:ZF3F-JQ)  Pedigree  

   Born:  Abt 1402   Place:  <Of, Kilconquhar, Fifeshire, Scotland>   

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5.  Sex  Name    
 F Euphemia DUNBAR (AFN:ZF3F-KW)  Pedigree  

   Born:  Abt 1404   Place:  <Of, Kilconquhar, Fifeshire, Scotland>   

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George II, Earl of March

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George de Dunbar, 11th Earl of Dunbar & March[1][2] Lord of Annandale[3] and the Isle of Man[4], (c. 1370 – after 1457) was the last of his family to hold these titles.


[edit] Early life

He was aged about fifty when he succeeded his father, George de Dunbar, 10th Earl of March and Dunbar, (1340-1420). "George de Dunbarre son of the Earl of March" had a Safe-conduct to pass through England with twenty horsemen to go "beyond the seas" and return, dated March 19, 1399. In August 1405 he was Lieutenant of the castle of Cockburnspath, Berwickshire[5], and was engaged in various public transactions during his father's lifetime. In 1390 he obtained from King Robert II a grant of his ward-relief and marriage for the Earldom of March and lordship of Annandale; and he acted as a Commissioner for liberating from English captivity Murdoch, son of the Regent Albany, on December 7, 1411,[6] and in 1415. "George de Dounbar, son and heir of the Earl of the Marches of Scotland" had a further Safe-conduct, with numerous other nobles to travel to England between 1416-1419.[7]

[edit] Ambassador

On August 19, 1423 "George, Earl of March" and his brother Sir Patrick de Dunbar of Beil were named as part of the illustrious embassy sent to negotiate the liberation of King James I of Scotland who had long been a captive in England.[8]

On March 28, 1424, the Earl of March was one of the Conservators of the seven-year truce with England, and had the honour of meeting James I and his consort at Durham upon their return to Scotland. He was also present at their Coronation in Scone on May 24, 1424, when he was knighted.

However the following year the earls of Dunbar and Douglas, with the Duke of Albany, and twenty other feudal barons, were suddenly arrested and confined by order of parliament after accusations of corruption in Scottish affairs during James's absence. Albany and his sons, with his father-in-law the Earl of Lennox were beheaded, but the Earl of Dunbar and most of the other barons were set at liberty, their guilt being less apparent.

In 1427 the earls of Dunbar and Douglas obtained, in London, a truce from King Henry VI of England for two years, which Sir Robert Umfraville, governor of Berwick-upon-Tweed had refused.

George, Earl of March was next employed in negotiating more temporary truces with England in June 1429 and the following January[9]; and officiated as sponsor for King James II of Scotland at Holyroodhouse in October 1430.

[edit] Conspiracy and downfall

In 1434 Dunbar and his son Patrick were twice in England and the usual jealosies of the Crown and opponents in Scotland were aroused, and a plan was hatched to forfeit the Dunbars, the earl being arrested upon his return and confined in Edinburgh Castle, while the Earl of Angus, Chancellor Crichton, and Sir Adam Hepburn of Hailes, were despatched with Letters to the Keeper of Dunbar Castle who immediately surrendered it to the King's authority, Hepburn being left as Constable of the important fortress.

In a parliament which assembled at Perth on January 10, 1435, George, Earl of March, Lord of Dunbar, etc., was accused, not for any treason committed by himself, but for holding his earldoms and estates which were claimed to have been forfeited by his father. the following day "in vain did he plead," says Sir Robert Douglas, "that his father had been pardoned and restored by Albany", and it was answered "that a forfeiture incurred for treason could not be pardoned by a Regent".

The forfeited Earl retired into obscurity in England. A Safe-conduct warrant was signed for "George, Earl of Dunbar, with twenty-four horsemen" at Westminster on October 31, 1435.[10] However it appears he may have been still alive in 1457 when he is mentioned (still as "Earl of March") in a charter to his son, Patrick de Dunbar, of the lands and barony of Kilconquhar, in Fife, held of the Archbishop of St. Andrews as superior.

[edit] Marriages

The Earl is said to have married twice: (1) c. 1390, Beatrix (family unknown), by whom he had his "eldest son", the aforementioned Patrick[11], and in 1421, a dispensation was granted for him to marry as his second wife, Hawise (or Alicia), daughter of Sir William de Hay, Knt., of Locherworth, Peebleshire.[12] The two wives were said to be closely related to each other, and he to them both.

His eldest son, Patrick, of Kilconquhar, Fife, Master of The March, married Elisabeth Sinclair.[13]

Another son, George, entered the church. On February 12, 1433, he was described as "son of the Earl of March, noble on both sides", when he Supplicated the Pope to provide him to the canonry and prebendary of Linton, in the collegiate church of Dunbar at £70 per annum.[14]

[edit] References

1.^ Bain, Joseph, Calendar of Documents relating to Scotland, vol. iv, 1357-1509 and addenda 1221-1435, Edinburgh, 1888, p.xxxii, where he is stated to be the 11th Earl

2.^ Dunbar, Sir Alexander H., Bt., Scottish Kings, Edinburgh, 1899, p.324, where he is given as the 11th earl.

3.^ Brown, Peter, publisher, The Peerage of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1834, p. 145, where he is styled 11th Earl, & it is stated that his father forfeited Annandale.

4.^ Bain (1888), vol. iv, p.175, no.876

5.^ Bain (1888), vol.iv, p.109-145, nos.514 & 701

6.^ Bain (1888), vol.iv, p.164, nos.701 & 813

7.^ Bain (1888), vol.iv, p.179-180, no.894

8.^ Bain (1888), vol.iv, p.188, no.932

9.^ Bain (1888), vol.iv, pps:188/212-3, nos.932 & 1032

10.^ Bain (1888), vol.iv, p.223, no.1086

11.^ Bain (1888), vol.iv, pps:201,206-7, nos.983, 1004, 1009, 1010

12.^ Hedley, W.Percy, Northumberland Families, Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne, 1968, vol.i, p.240

13.^ Hedley, p.240

14.^ Dunlop, Annie I., MacLauchlan, David, & Cowan, Ian B., editors, Calendar of Supplications to Rome 1433-1447, vol.iv, University of Glasgow Press, 1983, p.4, no.17, ISBN 0-852061179-X

Miller, James, The History of Dunbar, Dunbar, 1830, p. 84-89, where he is called 11th Earl of Dunbar & March.

Burke, Sir Bernard, Ulster King of Arms, Burke's Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, London, 1883, p. 606.

[hide]v • d • eGospatricsson Earls in Lothian (Dunbar or March)


Gospatric I · Gospatric II · Gospatric III · Waltheof · Patrick I · Patrick II · Patrick III · Patrick IV · Patrick V · George I · George II



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George Dunbar's Timeline

1370
1370
Dunbar Castle, East Lothian, Scotland
1387
1387
Age 17
East Lothian, Scotland
1434
1434
Age 64
UK
1455
1455
Age 85
UK
????
UK
????
????