Gerberga, countess of Macon

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Gerberge de Châlon

Also Known As: "Geberge", "Gerberga", "Gerberge", "de Châlon", "de Macon"
Birthplace: Mâcon, Ain, Rhone-Alpes, France
Death: Died in Chatau De Pouilly, Pouilly-Sur-Saone, Bourgogne, France
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Lambert d'Autun, Comte de Chalon; Lietald II, Count of Macon and Adélaïde de Chalon, wife of Lambert d'Autun and Geoffroy I d'Anjou
Wife of Adalbert II, King of Italy and Henri I le Grand, duc de Bourgogne
Mother of Otto Guillaume I, comte de Bourgogne et de Mâcon; Gisela of Italy; Willibrig, Coun Of Sundgau; Arduino degli Anscarici; Gilberto degli Anscarici and 3 others
Sister of Mahaut de Châlon, dame de Donzy; Elizabeth de Chalons; Hugh I, Count of Chalon and Bishop of Auxerre; Ermentrude of Autun and Aelis Countess of Macon
Half sister of Mathinle de Chalons; Maud d'Autun (de Chalones) and Maurice d'Anjou, Comte d'Anjou

Occupation: Countess de Borgoña, Contesse de Dijon, Count de Macon, de Nevers, Otto William, Countess of Macon
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Gerberga, countess of Macon

Gerberga de Mâcon

most likely the daughter of Lambert d'Autun, Count of Chalon (though this theory is not without problems--see below)

married first, Adalbert II King of Italy and by him had a son, Otto-Guillaume and perhaps a daughter, Williburg who married Liutaud, graf im Sundgau

married second Henri (Eudes) I Duke of Burgundy (Bourgogne) who adopted her son Otto-Guillaume

---------------------- NOBILITY.htm

Son of Robert (Vicomte d'Autun, Vicomte de Dijon) and Ingletrude.

LAMBERT (-22 Feb 979). [m firstly ---. There is no evidence that Comte Lambert had a first wife before he married Adelais. However, if Gerberge was Lambert's daughter (which is far from certain, as explained below), it is extremely unlikely from a chronological point of view that her mother could have been Adelais.]

m [secondly] as her first husband, ADELAIS, daughter of --- (-after 18 Oct 984).

Comte Lambert & his [first] wife had [one possible child]:

a) [GERBERGE ([945]-11 Dec [987/991]). ...Considerable doubt therefore appears to subsist concerning this origin of Gerberge, although no alternative can so far be proposed ... m firstly (before [960/62]) ADALBERTO II King of Italy, son of BERENGARIO II King of Italy [Ivrea] & his wife Willa of Burgundy ([932/936]-Autun [972/975]). m secondly ([973]) [as his first wife,] HENRI Duke of Burgundy, son of HUGUES "le Grand" Duc des Francs & his third wife Hedwig of Germany ([948]-Château de Pouilly-sur-Saône 15 Oct 1002). ...

Her name and her two marriages are confirmed by the Chronicle of Saint-Bénigne, interpolated into the Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines, which names "Guilelmum Ottonem et eius matrem Gerbergam" when recording that her son was adopted by his mother's second husband "dux Burgundie Henricus"[96].

Her birth date is estimated from the estimated birth date of her son in [960/62]. The Vita of Hugues Comte de Chalon refers to his (unnamed) sister as having married the Duke of Burgundy[97]. Chronologically, this refers most probably to Duke Henri who died in 1002, although the original of the document has not yet been consulted to check whether the wording supports this conclusion.

Gerberge's origin has not yet been corroborated in the other primary sources so far consulted. The Vita appears to indicate that she was Gerberge, daughter of Lambert Comte de Chalon, but this raises several problems if it is correct.

Firstly, on the death without direct heirs in 1039 of her supposed brother Hugues Comte de Chalon, the county was inherited by the comparatively obscure children of his younger sister Mathilde, apparently ignoring the superior claims of Gerberge's own numerous descendants, among whom were the powerful counts palatine of Burgundy who, one would have thought, would not have missed the opportunity of acquiring another county. Rodulfus Glaber does record that "Hugo filius Lanberti Cabilonensis comitis…episcopus Autissioderi" was an opponent of "Willemus, Henrici ducis priuignus, Adalberti Longobardorum ducis filius"[98], which could explain why Bishop Hugues favoured his nephew by his younger sister to succeed to his county. Nevertheless, after the bishop's death, his past opposition to Comte Otto-Guillaume may have provided an excuse for his son to intervene in the Chalon succession if he had a legitimate claim.

Secondly, considering the likely birth date of her son, Gerberge's first marriage must have taken place while her husband and father-in-law were still reigning kings of Italy. They were under continuous pressure from Otto I King of Germany and it is likely that Adalberto's marriage could have brought additional political support. It is not clear how the relatively obscure count of Chalon could have provided this.

Thirdly, after the death in 978 of Lambert Comte de Chalon, and his widow's second marriage to Geoffroy I Comte d'Anjou, no record has been found in the primary sources so far consulted of Henri Duke of Burgundy intervening to prevent Comte Geoffroy taking control of the county of Chalon, which would seem the likely course of action if his wife was the deceased count's oldest child.

Fourthly, Gerberge's estimated birth date creates serious chronological problems if she was the daughter of Lambert's only known wife Adelais. Considerable doubt therefore appears to subsist on this origin of Gerberge, although no alternative can as yet be proposed if we are to respect the wording of the Vita.

The necrology of Auxerre cathedral records the death 11 Dec of "Gerberga comitissa uxor Henrici ducis"[99].

Adalberto & his wife had [two] children:

a) GUGLIELMO d´Ivrea ([960/62]-Dijon 21 Sep 1026). Rodulfus Glaber names "Willemus, Henrici ducis priuignus, Adalberti Longobardorum ducis filius" and records that, as a boy, he was secretly stolen from the land of the Lombards and restored to his mother with no small cunning by a certain monk[538]. "Einricus…imperator" confirmed the property of the abbey of Fruttuaria, referring to property donated by "Otto qui et Vuillielmus comes filius Adalberti nepos Berengarii regis", by charter dated 1014[539]. It is assumed from this that he was imprisoned as a child by Emperor Otto I in Italy after his father and paternal grandfather were deposed as kings of Italy. The Chronicle of Saint-Bénigne, interpolated into the Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines, names "Guilelmum Ottonem et eius matrem Gerbergam" when recording that he was adopted by his mother's second husband "dux Burgundie Henricus"[540]. He adopted the name OTHON-GUILLAUME. He succeeded as OTHON [I] Comte de Mâcon, by right of his first wife. - COMTES de MÂCON.

b) [WILLIBIRG. Jackman suggests[541] that the mother of Hunfried canon at Strasbourg was the daughter of Adalberto associate King of Italy. He bases this on onomastic reasons, in particular the importation of the Ivrean name Berengar into the family of Liutold and the use of "Willa" among the ancestors of Adalbert King of Italy. However, another origin is suggested by the necrology of Zwiefalten which records the death "XIV Kal Dec" of "Unruoch proavus Liutoldi comitis"[542]. If this great grandfather were the father of Willibirg, it may also explain how the name Berenger entered the family, assuming Unruoch was related to the Unruochingi Counts of Friulia. m LIUTOLD Graf im Sundgau, son of KONRAD Duke of Swabia [Konradiner] & his wife Richlint of Germany.]


The family of Adalbert d'ITALIE and Gerberge de MÂCON

[133809] ITALIE (d'), Adalbert (Bérenger II & Willa d'ARLES [133836]), vice-roi d'Italie

  • married about 955

MÂCON (de), Gerberge (Létald Ier & ..)

     1) Othon-Guillaume, comte de Bourgogne, Nevers, Mâcon, Beaune et Oscheret, married about 975 Ermentrude de REIMS et COUCY

Bibliographie : Le Sang de Charlemagne; Histoire de la maison royale de France (Père Anselme)


Adalbert of Italy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

he retired with his wife Gerberga to Burgundy, where he died at Autun sometime between 971 and 975. His widow married Otto-Henry, Duke of Burgundy, and his son, Otto-William, inherited through his stepfather the county of Burgundy and is thus the forefather of the Free Counts and the Hohenstaufen emperors. -------------------- There is no agreement about the identity of her mother. Winkhaus shows Ermengarde, Moriarty shows Berthe, and ES shows either Berthe or Richilde.

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Gerberga, countess of Macon's Timeline

Mâcon, Ain, Rhone-Alpes, France
Age 12
[alternate birth date]
Age 18
Lombardia, Italia
Age 30
Este, Tuscany, Italy
Age 32
Age 50
Nevers, Nievre, Bourgogne, France
December 11, 991
Age 51
Chatau De Pouilly, Pouilly-Sur-Saone, Bourgogne, France
Age 51
January 8, 1993
Age 51