Gerberga

public profile

Gerberga's Geni Profile

Records for Gerberga

716 Records

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Gerberga

Birthdate:
Death: Died in Hornbach, Bergstrasse, Hessen, Germany
Immediate Family:

Wife of unknown von Schwaben and Carloman I, King of the Franks
Mother of Childebrand Of Swabia; Syagrius de Herstal; Pepin de Herstal; Ida von Franken; Desiderius' and 1 other

Managed by: Petra Spithost-Douma
Last Updated:

About Gerberga

Gerberga, wife of Carloman I.

Her ancestry is unknown. She has been called a daughter of Desiderius of Lombardy but that confuses her with her sister-in-law Desiderata. Contemporary sources say she was a Frank.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Gerberga (8th century) was the wife of Carloman I, King of the Franks, and sister-in-law of Charlemagne. Her flight to the Lombard kingdom of Desiderius following Carloman's death precipitated the last Franco-Lombard war, and the destruction of the Lombard Kingdom.

Very little is known of Gerberga. Her family and background are otherwise unknown: references to her being a daughter of Desiderius appear to be based upon confusion between herself and her sister-in-law, the Lombard princess Desiderata, who had married Carloman's brother, Charlemagne, as part of a pact between the Franks and the Lombards. [1] That she in fact was a Frank is attested by Pope Stephen III: when the Pope, hearing of the marriage between Desiderata and Charlemagne, wrote a scolding letter to Carloman and Charlemagne, he claimed to the pair that "by your father's (Example: Pepin the Short) explicit order, you were united in marriage to beautiful Frankish women..."[2]

Gerberga bore her husband Carloman two sons, the elder of whom was named Pippin[3], during their marriage. After Carloman died (of a severe nosebleed, according to one source),[4] Gerberga expected her sons to inherit Carloman's realm, and perhaps intended to rule as regent;[5] instead, Charlemagne seized his brother's territory, and Gerberga fled Francia with her sons and Carloman's chief advisor, Autchar, a flight Charlemagne's biographer, Einhard, claimed she had taken "for no reason at all". [6]

However it might have been, Gerberga and her companions fled to Lombardy, where they were given refuge by King Desiderius at Pavia. Desiderius and Carloman had been enemies during the latter's reign, due to the alliance between Desiderius and Charlemagne, with whom Carloman had lived in a state of hostility. Desiderius, however, had been alienated from Charlemagne by the latter's repudiation of Desiderius' daughter, Desiderata, shortly before, and now moved to give Carloman's family support. He immediately made overtures to Pope Hadrian I, requesting that he crown Carloman's sons as Kings of the Franks, and acknowledge their right to succeed their father.[7]

In 773, Charlemagne invaded Italy, intending to end the threat Desiderius and Gerberga posed towards him. Desiderius was besieged at Pavia, the Lombard capital; Gerberga took refuge with her sons, Autchar, and Desiderius' son Adalgis, at Verona, the strongest of the Lombard cities. Pavia would fall in June 774; Verona had already been taken before that, the citizens being unwilling to give a protracted resistance to the Frankish army, and Gerberga, her children, and Autchar were brought before Charlemagne.[8]

Their fate thereafter is unknown, since there is no further reference to them in Frankish and Papal histories. Some historians, reflecting upon the treatment Charlemagne meted out to other enemies, consider it likely that Gerberga and her sons were tonsured and sent to religious houses, as was the fate of Desiderius and his family.[9] Others consider Charlemagne's exhortations to his own sons in the Divisio Regni, where he orders that none of his sons should harm their sons or nephews, and suggest that he might have had his own treatment of his nephews in mind.[10]

[edit]References

^ Murray, Archibald Callander, and Goffart, Walter A., After Rome's Fall: Narrators and Sources of Early Medieval History.

^ Dutton, Paul, Carolingian Civilisation: A Reader

^ Davis, Raymond (Editor), The Lives of the Eighth Century Popes, p.102 n.76

^ "Cathwulf, Kingship, and the Royal Abbey of Saint-Denis", by Joanna Story, Speculum

^ Riche, Pierre, The Carolingians

^ Einhard, The Life of Charlemagne

^ McKitterick, Rosamond, The Frankish Kingdoms Under the Carolingians

^ Chamberlin, Russell, The Emperor Charlemagne

^ Chamberlin, Russell, The Emperor Charlemagne

^ McKitterick, Rosamond, The New Cambridge Medieval History

--------------------

O nome é apenas provável. Também conhecida pelo nome de Desiderata (putativo) e Ermengarda (inventado por Alessandro Manzoni).

--------------------

Gerberga (8th century) was the wife of Carloman I, King of the Franks, and sister-in-law of Charlemagne. Her flight to the Lombard kingdom of Desiderius following Carloman's death precipitated the last Franco-Lombard war, and the destruction of the Lombard Kingdom.

Very little is known of Gerberga. Her family and background are otherwise unknown: references to her being a daughter of Desiderius appear to be based upon confusion between herself and her sister-in-law, the Lombard princess Desiderata, who had married Carloman's brother, Charlemagne, as part of a pact between the Franks and the Lombards. [1] That she in fact was a Frank is attested by Pope Stephen III: when the Pope, hearing of the marriage between Desiderata and Charlemagne, wrote a scolding letter to Carloman and Charlemagne, he claimed to the pair that "by your father's [i.e. Pepin the Short] explicit order, you were united in marriage to beautiful Frankish women..."[2]

Gerberga bore her husband Carloman two sons, the elder of whom was named Pippin[3], during their marriage. After Carloman died (of a severe nosebleed, according to one source),[4] Gerberga expected her sons to inherit Carloman's realm, and perhaps intended to rule as regent;[5] instead, Charlemagne seized his brother's territory, and Gerberga fled Francia with her sons and Carloman's chief advisor, Autchar, a flight Charlemagne's biographer, Einhard, claimed she had taken "for no reason at all". [6]

However it might have been, Gerberga and her companions fled to Lombardy, where they were given refuge by King Desiderius at Pavia. Desiderius and Carloman had been enemies during the latter's reign, due to the alliance between Desiderius and Charlemagne, with whom Carloman had lived in a state of hostility. Desiderius, however, had been alienated from Charlemagne by the latter's repudiation of Desiderius' daughter, Desiderata, shortly before, and now moved to give Carloman's family support. He immediately made overtures to Pope Hadrian I, requesting that he crown Carloman's sons as Kings of the Franks, and acknowledge their right to succeed their father.[7]

In 773, Charlemagne invaded Italy, intending to end the threat Desiderius and Gerberga posed towards him. Desiderius was besieged at Pavia, the Lombard capital; Gerberga took refuge with her sons, Autchar, and Desiderius' son Adalgis, at Verona, the strongest of the Lombard cities. Pavia would fall in June 774; Verona had already been taken before that, the citizens being unwilling to give a protracted resistance to the Frankish army, and Gerberga, her children, and Autchar were brought before Charlemagne.[8]

Their fate thereafter is unknown, since there is no further reference to them in Frankish and Papal histories. Some historians, reflecting upon the treatment Charlemagne meted out to other enemies, consider it likely that Gerberga and her sons were tonsured and sent to religious houses, as was the fate of Desiderius and his family.[9] Others consider Charlemagne's exhortations to his own sons in the Divisio Regni, where he orders that none of his sons should harm their sons or nephews, and suggest that he might have had his own treatment of his nephews in mind.[10]

[edit] References

  1. ^ Murray, Archibald Callander, and Goffart, Walter A., After Rome's Fall: Narrators and Sources of Early Medieval History.
  2. ^ Dutton, Paul, Carolingian Civilisation: A Reader
  3. ^ Davis, Raymond (Editor), The Lives of the Eighth Century Popes, p.102 n.76
  4. ^ "Cathwulf, Kingship, and the Royal Abbey of Saint-Denis", by Joanna Story, Speculum
  5. ^ Riche, Pierre, The Carolingians
  6. ^ Einhard, The Life of Charlemagne
  7. ^ McKitterick, Rosamond, The Frankish Kingdoms Under the Carolingians
  8. ^ Chamberlin, Russell, The Emperor Charlemagne
  9. ^ Chamberlin, Russell, The Emperor Charlemagne
 10. ^ McKitterick, Rosamond, The New Cambridge Medieval History
view all 14

Gerberga's Timeline

730
730
750
750
768
768
Age 18
768
Age 18
768
Age 18
Nice, Provence, Europe
770
770
Age 20
770
Age 20
771
771
Age 21
771
Age 21
Hornbach, Bergstrasse, Hessen, Germany
1993
January 7, 1993
Age 21