Gerold, count in Kraichgau and Anglachgau

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Gerold, Graf im Kraichgau und Anglachgau

Also Known As: "Gerold of Vinzgouw", "Gerold von Anglachgau", "Vintzgau", "Gerold I of Swabia", "Gerald", "Geroud", "Vinzgau", "Duke Of Allemania Gerold I or Gerald I or Childebrand or Desiderius I Of Swabia", "count of Swabia duke of Allemania"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Anglachgau (within present Baden-Württemberg), Schwaben, Frankish Empire (present Germany)
Death: Died in Frankish Empire (present Germany)
Cause of death: Killed in a battle against the Avars
Immediate Family:

Son of Unknown Father of Gerold and Unknown Mother of Gerold
Husband of Imma - Emma, Herzogin von Schwaben and Gisele, Abbess of Chelles
Father of Ermentrude von Nagolzgau; Gerold II "der Jüngere" in der Baar; Hildegard of Vinzgouw, wife of Charlemagne; Megingoz in Alemannien; Udalrich I, Graf im Breisgau and 8 others

Occupation: Count in Kraichgau and Anglachgau, Margrave of the Avarian March, Prefect of Bavaria, Evêque de Mayence, 777 - 784 Graf im Kraichgau und im Anglachgau, Count of Kraichgau, Count of Anglachgau, Duke of Swabia, Duke of Swambia, Count of Vintzgau
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Gerold, count in Kraichgau and Anglachgau

His ancestry is unknown.

  • Some scholars speculate on onomastic grounds that he might have been a son of Gerold of Mayenne.
  • Gérold Ier de Vintzgau at French Wikipedia cites Pierre Riché for the suggestion that he was son of one Agilulf perhaps son of Théodon, who was son of another Agilulf. Pierre Riche, The Carolingians , Table V: Families of Bavaria and Alemannia.
  • Alternatively, he might have been son of Hado von Vintzgau and Gerniu of Swabia. This Hado was a relative of Agilulf. Gérold Ier de Vintzgau at French Wikipedia, Gerold von Anglachgau at German Wikipedia (visited Dec. 29, 2012) lists no parents, but a previous version apparently listed Hado of Vintzgouw and Gerniu of Swabia.

Ben M. Angel's summary:

Relationships:

Parents and siblings:

  • An unknown Frankish noble
  • Unknown mother
  • No known siblings

Spouse:

  • Imma von Alemannia (d. 798)

Children:

  • 1. Gerold II (d. 799), Prefect in Bavaria (796-799), m. to an unknown wife.
  • 2. Udalrich I (d. 824), Graf im Alpgau, Breisgau, Hegau, Thurgau, on the north bank of Bodensee, and Alsace.
  • 3. Udo (d. before 798)
  • 4. Hildegard de Vinzgouw (758 - 783), third wife of Charlemagne
  • 5. Megingoz (d. after 808)
  • 6. Adrianus (d. before 821) Comte d'Orleans, m. Waldrade von Wormsgau (d. after 824)
  • 7. Erbio (d. 793)

Basic information and justifications:

Birth: c. 730 - from Mittelalter Genealogie (English Wikipedia suggests c.725) Location unknown (offspring of an unknown Frankish nobleman)

Wedding: Date and location unknown. Only known birthdate is that of Hildegard in 758, she being fourth known child. A reasonable guess would be 750. Location is probably in Alemannia, but this is speculative.

Death: 798, from FMG. Location suggested to be Isenburg, presumably in Alemannia.

Occupation: Graf in Kraichgau, Anglachgau, Westbaar, and possibly Alsace.

Alternate names: Some English sources still insist on Gerold of Vinzgouw, though he held no land in any such named territory. His area of origin is unknown - ethnicity is Frankish.

---------------------------

From the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy page on Swabian Nobility: http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SWABIAN%20NOBILITY.htm#GeroldUdalrichingerMImma

GEROLD .

Graf im Kraichgau [Udalrichinger].

m IMMA, daughter of NEBE [Hnabi] Duke of Alemannia & his wife Hereswint --- (-798).

"Imma" daughter of "Nebe" is named by Thegan[300]. Her marriage is suggested by Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris which names "Hildigardam [wife of Charles I King of the Franks] quæ erat de cognatione Gotefridi ducis Alamannorum" and specifies that she was Imma's daughter[301].

The Annales Alamannici record the death in 798 of "Imma"[302].

Graf Gerold & his wife had seven children:

a) GEROLD [II] (-killed in battle 1 Sep 799, bur Augia).

  • An epitaph to “quondam comitem…Geroldum” records that “cui regina soror, Ludovici…genitrix, Hildegardis erat”[303]. "Dudo" donated "Sytinga marca in pago Bertoldesbara" to the monastery of St Gallen by charter dated 11 Apr 786 subscribed by "Dirodhario comite, Geroldo comite, Birtilone comite, Bertoldo comite"[304]. "Ceroldus comes" donated property "in pago Perihtilinpara" to the monastery of St Gallen, referring to "meus infans", by charter dated 3 May 786 subscribed by "Imma genitrix, Perihtilone comite"[305]. "Cozbertus" donated property "in Peratholtipara in villa…Priari" to the monastery of St Gallen by charter dated 24 Jan 790 subscribed by "Geraldo comite"[306].
  • Prefect in Bavaria 796.
  • Benefactor of Reichenau and St Gallen.
  • He was killed in battle against the Avars[307]. The Annales Alamannici record that "Kerolt" was killed in 799[308]. The Annales Fuldenses record that "Geroldus Baioariæ præfectus" was killed in 799 fighting the "Hunis"[309]. Gerold is recorded as "defuerat soboles, pariterque defuit heres"[310]. The Epitaphium Geroldi Comitis records the death in battle "Sep…Kal" of "Geroldi"[311]. The Annales Laurissenses Continuatio records that "Geroldus comes Baioariæ prefectus" was killed in battle against the Avars and was buried "in Augia" in 799[312].
  • m ---. The name of Gerold's wife is not known.
  • Graf Gerold [II] & his wife had one child (d. after 3 May 786).

b) UDALRICH [I] (-[824]).

  • The Gesta Karoli names "Oudalrico" as "fratri magnæ Hildigardæ"[314]. "Uodalrichi comitis" donated property "in pago Alsacinse…" to Fulda by charter dated 31 Mar 778 which names "Imma genetrix [sua]"[315].
  • Graf im Alpgau und Breisgau 780/81.
  • Graf im Hegau 787/91.
  • Graf im Thurgau 787. "Ruadkerus" donated property "in inferiore Lengiuuanc et in Entingas" to the monastery of St Gallen by charter dated 26 Aug 798 "sub Odalrico comite"[316].
  • Graf on the north bank of Bodensee 805/17. "Uodalrichus [comes]" donated property "in pago Alsacinse in villa…Heinhain" to Fulda for the soul of "germani mei Uotoni" by charter dated 1 May 803[317]. The Traditiones Fuldenses record the donation of “Vdalrih comes de Alsatia” of property “in Scastolfesheim” for the soul of “Ottone fratre suo”[318].
  • Graf in Alsace 817. Udalrich's four sons subscribed a charter dated 803[319].
  • m ---. The name of Udalrich's wife is not known.
  • Graf Udalrich [I] & his wife had [five] children: Bebo (fl 803), Gerold III (d. after 826), Udalrich II (fl 800-803), Rotbert/Ruadbert/Robert (d. 817, bur. Lindau, Graf in Thurgau, north bank of Bodensee, Argengau, and Linzgau), and Hidda (m. Hunfrid, Marchese in Istria and Graf in Ratien)

c) UDO (-[before 798]).

  • 788. "Uodalrichus [comes]" donated property "in pago Alsacinse in villa…Heinhain" to Fulda for the soul of "germani mei Uotoni" by charter dated 1 May 803[325]. The Traditiones Fuldenses record the donation of “Vdalrih comes de Alsatia” of property “in Scastolfesheim” for the soul of “Ottone fratre suo”[326].

d) HILDEGARD (758-Thionville, Moselle 30 Apr 783, bur Metz, église abbatiale de Saint-Arnoul).

  • Einhard refers to Hildegard as "de gente Suavorum"[327]. Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names her "Hildigardam quæ erat de cognatione Gotefridi ducis Alamannorum" and specifies that she was the daughter of Imma[328].
  • The Annales Laurissenses record the death "783 pridie Kal Mai" of "Hildegardis regina" and her burial "iuxta urbem Mettensem in basilica apostolorum et beati Arnulfi"[329]. She died from the after effects of childbirth, according to the epitaph of her daughter Hildegarde[330]. Paulus Diaconus wrote an epitaph to "Hildegardis regina"[331].
  • m (Aix-la-Chapelle 771 before 30 Apr) as his second wife, CHARLES I King of the Franks, son of PEPIN "le Bref" King of the Franks & his wife Bertrada [Berta] "au Grand Pied" (near Aix-la-Chapelle 2 Apr 748-Aix-la-Chapelle 28 Jan 814, bur Aix-la-Chapelle, Chapelle Sainte-Marie). He was crowned CHARLES I “Charlemagne” Emperor of the Romans in 800.

e) MEGINGOZ .

  • The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 784/85.

f) [ADRIANUS .

  • Adrian is named as son of Gerhard in a charter dated 793 which also names his germanus Erbio[332].] same person as…? ADRIANUS (-before 10 Nov 821). No proof has so far been found which confirms this co-identity. However, the name Adrianus was unusual at that time which indicates that it may be correct.
  • m WALDRADA, daughter of --- (-after 15 Feb 824). "Uualtrat relicta Adriani" donated property "in castello Pingi in pago Wormacense" to Fulda by charter dated 10 Nov 821 with the consent of "Votoni comitis"[333]. "Uualtrat et Voto" donated property "in pago Wormacense in castello Pingna" to Fulda by charter dated 15 Feb 824, subscribed by "Albrichi comitis"[334].
  • Adrianus & his wife had two children: Odo (d. after 15 February 824) and Wiltrud.

g) [ERBIO (-before 793).

  • Adrian is named son of Gerhard in a charter dated 793 which also names his germanus Erbio[340].]

References:

  • [300] Thegani Vita Hludowici Imperatoris 2, MGH SS II, p. 591.
  • [301] Thegani Vita Hludowici Imperatoris 2, MGH SS II, p. 590-1.
  • [302] Annales Alamannici 798, MGH SS I, p. 48.
  • [303] RHGF V, p. 399.
  • [304] Württembergisches Urkundenbuch I, 32, p. 32.
  • [305] Württembergisches Urkundenbuch I, 33, p. 34.
  • [306] Württembergisches Urkundenbuch I, 37, p. 39.
  • [307] ES XII 24.
  • [308] Annales Alamannici 799, MGH SS I, p. 48.
  • [309] Annales Fuldenses 799, MGH SS I, p. 352.
  • [310] Walahfrid Viso Wettini, line 816, quoted in Jackman, D. C. (1997) Criticism and Critique, sidelights on the Konradiner (Oxford Unit for Prosopographical Research), p. 126.
  • [311] Tituli Sæculi VIII, X Epitaphium Geroldi comitis, MGH Poetæ Latini ævi Carolini I, p. 114.
  • [312] Annales Laurissenses Continuatio usque ad a. 829 Auctore Einhardo 799, MGH SS I, p. 186.
  • [314] Monachi Sangallensis Gesta Karoli I.13, MGH SS II, p. 736.
  • [315] Dronke, E. F. J. (ed.) (1850) Codex Diplomaticus Fuldensis ("Fulda") 61, p. 38.
  • [316] Württembergisches Urkundenbuch I, 51, p. 54.
  • [317] Fulda 178, p. 100.
  • [318] Dronke, E. F. J. (ed.) (1844) Traditiones et Antiquitates Fuldenses (Fulda) ("Traditiones Fuldenses"), I Ex codice Eberhardi monachi, 3, 10, p. 3.
  • [319] Codex diplomaticus Fuldensis no. 178, cited in Jackman (1997), p. 125.
  • [325] Fulda 178, p. 100.
  • [326] Traditiones Fuldenses, I Ex codice Eberhardi monachi, 3, 10, p. 3.
  • [327] Einhard 18, p. 453.
  • [328] Thegani Vita Hludowici Imperatoris 2, MGH SS II, p. 590-1.
  • [329] Annales Laurissenses 783, MGH SS I, p. 164.
  • [330] Pauli Gesta Episcop. Mettensium, MGH SS II, p. 267.
  • [331] Pauli Diaconi Carmina, XXII Epitaphium Hildegardis reginæ, MGH Poetæ Latini ævi Carolini I, p. 58.
  • [332] Codex Laureshamensis, no. 936, cited in Jackman (1997), p. 126.
  • [333] Fulda 395, p. 178.
  • [334] Fulda 429, p. 192.
  • [340] Codex Laureshamensis, no. 936, cited in Jackman (1997), p. 126.

----------------------

From the English Wikipedia page on Gerold of Vinzgouw: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerold_of_Vinzgouw

Gerold of Vinzgouw (also Vintzgau or Anglachgau; c. 725 – 799) was an Alamannian nobleman, serving the Frankish King as Margrave of the Avarian March and Prefect of Bavaria. Gerold played a significant role in the integration of Bavaria into the Frankish Kingdom.

Being related to the family of the Agilolfings, he was appointed Prefect of Bavaria after the deposition of Duke Tassilo III in 788. In 784 generous donations to the monastery of Lorsch by Gerold and Emma are recorded.

In 799 he fell in a battle against the Avars, a short while after his son Eric was killed by the treachery of the same. He was succeeded by his surviving sons Gerold II and Udalrich I.

Marriage and issue

In 757, he married Emma (730–789), daughter of Hnabi, Duke of Alamannia. They had the following:

  • 1. Eric of Friuli
  • 2. Adrian, Count of Orléans, father of Odo I, Count of Orléans
  • 3. Gerold
  • 4. Udalrich
  • 5. Hildegard, who in 771 married King Charlemagne.

Through Udalrich, Gerold is reckoned as the founder of the family of the Udalrichings.

References

The Royal Ancestry Bible Royal Ancestors of 300 Colonial American Families by Michel L. Call (chart 2002) ISBN 1-933194-22-7

--------------------

birth: 710 or 725

--------------------

Född: Abt 727

 of, Aachen, Rhnlnd, Prussia 

Family: 1 Emma (Imma) of Swabia

Children:

 • Hildegarde of Swabia, [Emps/The West]

-------------------- B: Abt. 730 P: Swabia, Germany Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

D: Aft. 779 General Notes

  1. Occupation: Duke D'Allemanie, De Souabe/Count D'Anglachau,De Linzgau
  2. Education: Perfect Bavaria
  3. Note: Title: Royalty for Commoners, by Stuart
  4. Note: Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
  5. Note: Page: 50-13
  6. Note: Text: father of Hildegarde (wife of Charlemagne)
  7. Note: Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
  8. Note: Page: 182-4
  9. Note: Text: Count in the Anglachau 779

--------------------

Differences between the English Wikipedia page and the German and French Wikipedia pages for this individual seem to indicate that the English writer had the information confused. Gerold I was not the Margrave that died fighting the Avars, but was his father. The Margrave is his son, Gerold II the Younger.

Gerold I was born c.725, and he did marry Emma (Imma), daughter of Hnabi, Duke of Alamannia. According to the English Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerold_of_Vinzgau

Marriage and issue

In 757, he married Emma (730–789), daughter of Hnabi, Duke of Alamannia. They had the following:

  • 1. Eric of Friuli
  • 2, Adrian, Count of Orléans, father of Odo I, Count of Orléans (our ancestor)
  • 3. Gerold II
  • 4. Udalrich
  • 5. Hildegard, who in 771 married King Charlemagne

. Through Udalrich, Gerold is reckoned as the founder of the family of the Udalrichings.

---

From the French Wikipedia page on Geold I de Vintzgau: http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/G%C3%A9rold_Ier_de_Vintzgau

Gérold Ier de Vintzgau[1] (v.725-†v.786), fils de Hado de Vintzgau et Gerniu de Suevie, comte de Vintzgau.[réf. nécessaire]

Unions et descendance [modifier]

Il épouse Emma d'Alémanie (?- † 798), fille de Nebe. Dont :

  • 1. Hildegarde (758 - † 783), épouse de Charlemagne.
  • 2. Udalrich ou Odalric, comte en Alsace.
  • 3. Gérold († 799), préfet en Bavière.
  • 4. Probablement aussi (filiation incertaine) : Adrien († après le 10 novembre 821), comte d’Orléans, comte palatin, épouse Waldrade.

Notes et références

1.↑ Généalogie succincte de Gérold sur le site FMG [archive]

In English:

Gerold I of Vintzgau (c.725-c.786) is the son of Hado of Vintzgau and Gerniu de Suevie, Comte de Vintzgau.

Marriage and children:

He married Emma d'Alemanie (d.798), daughter of Nebe, from whom was born:

  • 1. Hildegarde (758-783), wife of Charlemagne
  • 2. Udalrich or Odalric, Comte d'Alsace
  • 3. Gerold II (d. 799), Prefect de Baviere
  • 4. Probably (parentage is uncertain) Adrien (d. after 10 November 821) Comte d'Orleans, Palatine, whose wife is Waldrada.

----------------------

As to the location of Anglachgau (Vintzgau, Vintzgouw), this is described on the German Wikipeidia page: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglachgau

Der Anglachgau war eine frühmittelalterliche Gaugrafschaft im heutigen Nordbaden. Nach Pierer's Universal-Lexikon von 1857 war es ein "kleiner Gau, an der Kraich und Salza, zwischen Philippsburg und Karlsruhe."[1]

Bezeichnung

Der Name stammt von der Bezeichnung Anglach, den die Alamannen nach der Vertreibung der Römer dem Kinzig-Murg-Fluss zwischen Rastatt und Mannheim gaben. Teilweise ist auch die Bezeichnung Angelgau zu finden[2].

In English:

Anglachgau was an early medieval region in today's Nordbaden. From Pierer's Universal Lexicon of 1857, it was a "small district on the Kraich River below Salza, between Philipsbourg and Karlsruhe." (The Kraich River is described in the same Lexicon as a "right-hand tributary" that has its source near Dertingen in the Black Forest in Wurttemburg, and which ends below Philipsbourg in Baden. The nearest population center shown on maps from the medieval period is Speyer, on the Left Bank of the Rhein.)

The name comes from the word Anglach, which the Alamanni gave to to the Kinzig-Murg River between Rastatt and Mannheim after the expulsion of the Romans. It's also been said to have derived from the name Angel-gau (region of Angels).

--------------------

or of Angiachau 730-799

--------------------

http://www.burnsfamily.org.nz/genealogy/getperson.php?personID=I1655&tree=Burns

--------------------

From http://www.rpi.edu/~holmes/Hobbies/Genealogy/ps04/ps04_338.htm

Geroud is also given as Gerald I, Count of Vingau or "count in the Anglachau 779" (-"Ancestral Roots..." [Balt., 1992], 182-4).

References: [Weis1],[AR7]

--------------------

-Killed in battle against Avars in 799

--------------------

Duke of Swabia

--------------------

From "Mittelalterliche Genealogie im Deutschen Reich bis zum Ende der Staufer": http://www.genealogie-mittelalter.de/geroldonen/gerold_graf_im_kraichgau_+_795.html

Gerold

Graf im Kraich- und Anglachgau

um 730- 784/86

(795 Isenburg)


Sohn des fränkischen Grafen

Gerold war ein Mitglied der fränkischen Reichsaristokratie. Er wird erst seit 777 faßbar.

---

 

Michael Mitterauer: Seite 9-25

"Karolingische Markgrafen im Südosten"

Graf Gerold verband sich durch geschickte Heiratspolitik mit einer Familie, die in der 1. Hälfte des 8. Jahrhunderts in Alemannien über eine besondere Machtstellung verfügte. Er war fränkischer Abkunft. Zusammen mit seiner Gattin Imma schenkte er 784 reiche Besitzungen im Worms-, Lobden-, Anglach-, Uff- und Krainachgau an das Kloster Lorsch. Die Güter lagen hauptsächlich zwischen Worms und Oppenheim sowie zwischen Heidelberg und Bruchsal. Der Amtsbezirk Gerolds umfaßte den Kraich- und Anglachgau. Schon er drang nach Alemannien vor. 779 bis 783 übte er gräfliche Funktionen im nördlichen Teil der Westbaar aus. Vielleicht erwarb er auch Besitz im Elsaß. Seine Rechte in Alemannien sind jedoch sicher nicht ausschließlich auf seine Heirat mit Imma zurückzuführen. Gewiß erleichterte auch ihm, wie vielen anderen fränkischen Großen, die Reichsgewalt das Vordringen in den alemannischen Raum. Graf Gerold dürfte kurz nach 784 gestorben sein.

---

Michael Borgolte

"Die Grafen Alemanniens"


GEROLD (I)

belegt als Lebender 777 V 27, 784 VII 1

belegt als Graf 779 VI 30 - 779/83 VIII 22

Bereich der Bertoldsbaar 779/83 IV 18

---

Belege mit comes-Titel:

CL III Nr. 3617, ? CL III Nr. 3637

Belege ohne comes-Titel:

CL III Nr. 3289, ? Das Verbrüderungsbuch der Abtei Reichenau 115B5

Literatur:

LEICHTLEN, Zähringer 42 -

STÄLIN, Geschichte I 246 A. 3 -

KNAPP, Die Ulriche 18,30 -

DERS., Buchhorner Urkunde 215 -

GLÖCKNER, Lorsch und Lothringen 318 -

DIETRICH, Konradiner 302 -

MAYER, Die Anfänge der Reichenau 328 -

DIENEMANN-DIETRICH, Der fränkische Adel 182-184 -

TFLLENBACH, Der großfränkische Adel 50, 60 -

SCHMID, Familie, Sippe und Geschlecht 10f. -

MITTERAUER, Markgrafen 9f.,16,20 -

WERNER, Adelsfamilien 111f. -

GOCKEL, Königshöfe 183,244f.,275f.,278,283f.,286, 288 mit A. 687 -

SCHULZE, Grafschaftsverfassung 120f.,204 A. 194 -

BERGES, "Gründung der Hildesheimer Kirche" 88 -

BILGERI, Geschichte Vorarlbergs 170 -

WENSKUS, Sächsischer Stammesadel 425-427 -

BORGOLTE, Geschichte der Grafschaften Alemanniens, Kap. V.3, Zusammenfassung

---

Graf Gerold wird durch die urkundliche Überlieferung des Klosters Lorsch als bedeutender Grundherr vor allem im Mittelrheingebiet faßbar. Am 1. Juli 784 schenkten Geroldus et coniux mea Imma der Reichsabtei umfangreiche Güter im Wormsgau, Lobdengau, Anglachgau, Kraichgau und Uffgau (CL II Nr. 1 880; vgl. GENSICKE, Worms-, Speyer- und Nabegau 474f.; SCHAAB, Lobdengau 565,567; DENS., Kraichgau 597; DENS., Rheinebene 586). Kraichgauer Besitz hatten Geroldus comes und seine Gemahlin Imma bereits früher, am 30. Juni 779, an das Nazariuskloster gelangen lassen (CL III Nr. 2310, vgl. SCHAAB, Kraichgau 594); vom folgenden Tag, dem 1. Juli 779, datiert eine Urkunde, die Graf Gerold allein als Schenker im Anglachgau nennt (CL III Nr. 2503). In das Blickfeld dieser Arbeit führen die Lorscher Traditionsnotizen Nrn. 3617 und 3289. Die erstgenannte von ihnen, die an einem 22.8. der Jahre 779 bis 783 ausgestellt wurde, besagt, dass Isenhart in ducatu Alemannorum in uilla Giselstedem schenkte, quidquid Geroldus comes ibidem habere uisus est. Es handelt sich teilweise wohl um den Vollzug der in der anderen Urkunde niedergelegten Schenkung durch Geroldus (...) in pago Alemannorum in Reistodinger marca et in Giselsteder marca (vgl. SEILER, Nördliches Württemberg 628,633 A. 25). Die carta Gerolds trägt das Datum vom 27. Mai 777 und darf deshalb sicher auf den auch 779 belegten Grafen Gerold bezogen werden.

Durch die Lorscher Urkunden 3617 und 3289 ist Gerold keineswegs als gräflicher Amtswalter in Alemannien ausgewiesen; immerhin darf man aber auch Grafenrechte im Bereich von Gültstein (Karte bei BORGOLTE, Kommentar: M 5) und in der Mark von Reistingen bei Herrenberg (dieses M 5, vgl. GOCKEL 289) nicht ausschließen. Eine weitere Lorscher Urkunde scheint Gerold, den gräflichen Grundherrn in Alemannien, dagegen sicher als Verwalter eines Comitats zu belegen. Nach CL III Nr. 3637 schenkte nämlich Wanfrit Güter in Glatten (Karte bei BORGOLTE, Kommentar: 17) und Dornstetten (16), die ausdrücklich in Waltgouue in comitatu Geroldi lokalisiert werden (zur Formel: DIETRICH, Traditionsnotiz, bes. 289f.). Die Urkunde wurde in den Jahren 779-83 (18. April) ausgestellt und bezieht sich auf Liegenschaften südöstlich von Gültstein. Mit dem Grafen im Waldgau könnte also Gerold gemeint sein. Freilich amtierte in derselben Gegend seit mindestens 786 ein anderer GEROLD (II), der für die Identifizierung durchaus ebenfalls in Frage kommt (Vgl. JÄNICHEN, Baar und Huntari 97, danach SCHULZE 204 A. 194; zu dem Gerold-Beleg in W I Nr. 107 s. Art. GEROLD II).

Das neben Glatten als Waldgauort genannte Dornstetten wurde in anderen Urkunden aus derselben Zeit auch im Dorn-, Nagold- und Westergau sowie in der Bertoldsbaar lokalisiert (BORGOLTE, Geschichte der Grafschaften Alemanniens 129). Eine eigene (Gau-) Grafschaft läßt sich - entgegen der Annahme der älteren Forschung (BAUMANN, Gaugrafschaften 136ff., vgl. JÄNICHEN, Baar und Huntari 97, SCHULZE 106,116f.,204 A. 194) - nicht erschließen; der Comitat Gerolds, in dem Glatten und Dornstetten ebenso wie im Waldgau gelegen haben, kann nicht genau beschrieben werden, da in den Quellen für den Norden der Bertoldsbaar nur sehr wenige Grafen überliefert sind (BORGOLTE, Geschichte der Grafschaften Alemanniens, Kap. V. 3).

Der jüngere GEROLD (II) tradierte noch vor Ende des 8. Jahrhunderts an die Bodenseeabteien Reichenau und St. Gallen Besitz, der zum Teil am Neckarbogen bei Horb, also in der Nähe von Glatten und Dornstetten, lag. Eine von Gerold (II) ausgestellte Urkunde unterzeichnete Imma genetrix. Die Forschung betrachtet deshalb zurecht Gerold als Vater des Reichenauer und St. Galler Wohltäters (zuerst LEICHTLEN, vgl. STÄLIN; dann KNAPP und - für die neuere Forschung grundlegend - GLÖCKNER). Mit Imma wird die bei Thegan (Vita Hludowici 590 f. cap. 2) genannte Mutter der Königin Hildegart, die Tochter NEBIs, gleichgesetzt; da Hildegart wohl 757 geboren wurde (ABEL-SIMSON, Jbb. Karl der Große I 449 mit A. 3), muß der Eheschluß Immas mit dem mittelrheinischen Magnaten in die 50-er Jahre fallen. Als weitere Kinder der Imma sind Graf UDALRICH (I) und Voto gesichert. Ein Bruder Immas war Graf RUADBERT (I).

Außer Hildegart, Gerold (II), Udalrich (I) und Volo hat man wiederholt noch weitere Kinder Gerolds und Immas zu erschließen versucht. Zwischen 784 und 795, vielleicht am 25.10.790 (so GOCKEL 243 mit A. 183), schenkte Megingoz in Malsch bei Wiesloch und in Rohrbach bei Heidelberg dem Nazariuskloster Giiter, die genitor meus Geroldus morgens dereliquit (CL II Nr. 791); Megingoz könnte mit Meingoz identisch gewesen sein, der 801 seinen von seinem Bruder Gerholt ererbten Anteil an der Lambert-Basilika in Mainz an Lorsch übertragen hat (CL II Nr. 1974). Als Grundbesitzer im Rhein-Main-Gebiet und als Sohn eines älteren und Bruder eines jüngeren Gerold würde Megingoz in die Generation GEROLDs (II) passen (vgl. GOCKEL 243f.; MITTERAUER 16; SCHMID 10). Wenn die Zuordnung des Megingoz stimmt, gewinnt man für den Tod Gerolds einen Terminus ante quem. Bereits im Juli 793 stellte Adrianus filius Geroldi (...) pro anima Erbionis germani mei für Lorsch eine Schenkungsurkunde über Liegenschaften in Flonheim bei Alzcy aus, die er als Traditum Erbios erhalten hatte (CL II Nr. 936). Adrian und sein Bruder werden aufgrund dieser Urkunde als weitere Söhne (vermutungsweise DIETRICH, Konradiner 302f., SCHMID 1O) oder als Enkel Gerolds (MITTERAUER 11,13) angesehen. Für die erste Lösung könnte sprechen, dass GEROLD (II) nach Walahfrid Strabo, der sich dabei wohl auf den Zeitpunkt des Todes bezieht (799), weder Kinder noch Erben hatte, die Forschung aber mindestens von Erbio glaubt, er habe noch im 9. Jahrhundert gelebt (GOCKEL 245f., MITTERAUER 13 f.).

Zu den nicht sicheren Zeugnissen für Gerold gehört neben den beiden Lorscher Urkunden des Megingoz und des Adrian der Einzeleintrag eines Kerolt im Reichenauer Verbrüderungsbuch (115B5). Kerolt wurde auf der 2. Seite der NOMINA DEFUNCTORUM QUI PRESENS COENOBIUM SUA LARGITATE FUNDAUERUNT von einer nach der Anlage tätigen Hand im Anschluß an Nebi comis, Ruadb(er)t comis vermerkt. Da NEBI mit dem Schwiegervater, RUADBERT (I) mit dem Schwager Gerolds identisch gewesen sein dürften, könnte sich der fragliche Eintrag auf Immas Gemahl beziehen (so auch MAYR; zu dem Gerold-Beleg im Reichenauer Verbrüderungsbuch 114D1 s. Art. GEROLD II).

Gerold hatte sich - folgt man dem Zeugnis Thegans über Imma - mit einer Nachfahrin Herzog Gottfrieds verbunden (s. Art. NEBI). Er selbst wird aufgrund seines Besitzschwerpunkts am Mittelthein als Franke betrachtet (GLÖCKNER, danach DIENEMANN-DIETRICH und die weitere Forschung). Gerold dürfte demnach neben CHANCOR, WARIN und RUTHARD zu jenen "Reichsaristokraten" gehört haben, die im Auftrag der KAROLINGER die Integration Alemanniens ins Frankenteich vorantrieben. Durch die Einheirat in eine herausragende alemannische Familie, die ihm vielleicht auch beträchtliche Güter im Norden der Bertoldsbaar eingebracht hat, trug er zweifellos dazu bei, das unterworfene Volk bald nach dem Gericht von Cannstatt mit der fränkischen Herrschaft auszusöhnen. Diese gemäßigte Politik unterschied sich von der Warins und Ruthards, die durch tiefe Eingriffe in die Verwaltungsstruktur die politische Ordnung Alemanniens von Grund auf zu verändern suchten (BORGOLTE). Im Hinblick auf die Nachkommen Gerolds spricht man heute meistens von den "GEROLDEN" oder "GEROLDINGERN" (MITTERAUER, WERNER, GOCKEL, BERGES, WENSKUS), während früher im Hinblick auf UDALRICH (I) die Bezeichnung "ULRICHE" oder "UDALRICHINGER" gebräuchlich war (so noch BILGERI; zum Problem der Benennung: SCHMID). Neuerdings bemüht sich die Forschung, Verbindungen zwischen den GEROLDEN und den AGILOLFINGERN herzustellen (DIENEMANN-DIETRICH 188f.; WERNER; WENSKUS; s. a. Artt. GEROLD II, NEBT). Dass Gerold der Sohn eines Agilolf war, wie WENSKUS (426) erwogen hat, ist unbeweisbar (GOCKEL 275f.).

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oo Imma, Tochter des Alemannenherzogs Hnabi (Nebi), um 730- nach 784

Imma war die Urenkelin des Herzogs Gotfrid (+ um 708).

Kinder:

1. Gerold -1.9.799 (1.11.799 Isenburg)

2. Udalrich Graf in Pannonien -807 (824 Isenburg)

3. Hildegard: 758-30.4.783 (7.4.783 Isenburg); oo 3. KARL I. DER GROSSE (2.4.747-28.1.8140

4. Roadbert, Graf in den Bodenseegrafschaften

5. Uto (Voto) - vor 803; An das Kloster Fulda schenkte 788 Uto reichen Besitz im Elsaß, vor allem in der Gegend von Straßburg.

6. Megingoz - nach 808

 

7. Adrianus

 

8. Erbo -793

Literatur:

Karl Schmid: Gebetsgedenken und adliges Selbstverständnis im Mittelalter. Ausgewählte Beiträge, Jan Thorbecke Verlag Sigmaringen 1983, Seite 192

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In English:

Gerold, Count in Kraichgau and Anglachgau

730 - 784 / 86

(795 Isenburg)


Son of the Frankish Count

Gerold was a member of the Frankish aristocracy. He obtained power only in 777.

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Michael Mitterauer: page 9-25

"Carolingian Marquis in the Southeast"

Count Gerold skillfully coordinated a political marriage with a family in possession of a special position of power in Alemannia within the first half of the 8th century. He was of Frankish origin. Together with his wife Imma, he donated in 784 wealthy possessions in Wormsgau, Lobdengau, Anglachgau, Uffgau, and Krainachgau to the monastery of Lorsch. The properties were mainly between Worms and Oppenheim and between Heidelberg and Bruchsal. The county that Gerold covered was in the Kraichgau and Anglachgau. Even before he invaded Alemannia after 779-783, he held positions in the northern part of Westbaar. Perhaps he also acquired property in Alsace. His rights in Alemannia, however, are certainly not solely because of his marriage with Imma. He was certainly also supported by the advancement of Frankish power into the Alemannic region. Count Gerold could be expected to have died shortly after 784.

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Michael Borgolte

"The Count Alemannia"


Gerold (I)

Occupied by inheritance: 777 V 27, 784 VII 1

Occupied as appointed Count: 779 VI 30 - 779/83 VIII 22

Area of Bertoldsbaar 779/83 IV 18

Evidence comes to titles:

CL III, No. 3617,? CL III, No. 3637

Evidence comes without Title:

CL III, No. 3289,? The brotherhood book of the Abbey of Reichenau 115B5

Literature:

Leichtle Zähringer 42 -

STÄLIN, History I 246 A. 3 -

KNAPP, The Ulrich 18,30 -.

DERS, Buchhorner certificate 215 -

GLÖCKNER, Lorsch and Lorraine 318 -

DIETRICH, Conradines 302 -

MAYER, The origins of the Reichenau 328 -

DIENEMANN-DIETRICH, The Frankish nobility 182-184 -

TFLLENBACH, the great Frankish aristocracy 50, 60 -

SCHMID, family, clan and sex 10f. -

MITTERAUER, Marquis 9 F -., 16.20

WERNER, noble families 111f. -

GOCKEL, Royal Courts 183,244f.,275f.,278,283f.,286, 288 mit A. 687 -

SCHULZE, County Constitutional 120f.,204 A. 194 -

BERGES, "Establishing the Hildesheimer Church" 88 -

BILGERI, History Vorarlberg 170 -

WENSKUS, Saxon tribal nobility 425-427 -

BORGOLTE, History of the counties of Alemannia, Chapter V.3, summary

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Count Gerold is named in the records of the monastery Lorsch as a renowned major landowner in the Middle Rhine area. On 1 July 784, Geroldus et coniux mea Imma gave to the abbey extensive property in Wormsgau, Lobdengau, Anglachgau, Kraichgau and Uffgau (CL II 1 880; see Gensicke, Worms, Speyer and Nabegau 474f;. Schaab, Lobdengau 565.567; DENS ., Kraichgau 597;. DENS, Rhine Valley 586). Kraichgauer Besitz was in the possession of Geroldus comes and his wife Imma on 30 June 779, when they gave it over to Nazariuskloster (CL III No. 2310, see Schaab, Kraichgau 594) on the following day, 1 July 779, in a document in which Count Gerold alone is listed as the donor of lands in Anglachgau (CL III No. 2503). The focal points of this study were the Lorscher Traditionsnotizen Nrn. 3617 and 3289. The first of these was issued on 22.8. 779-783, and states that in Isenhart in ducatu Alemannorum in uilla Giselstedem schenkte, quidquid Geroldus comes ibidem habere uisus est. This is in part probably to the execution of the other instrument set out in donation by Geroldus (...) in Alemannorum in pago et in Giselsteder Reistodinger marca marca (see SEILER, Northern Württemberg 628.633 A. 25). The carta Gerold bears the date of 27 May 777, and therefore supports the 779 document showing Gerold as count.

Lorsch certificates 3617 and 3289 fail to identify Gerold as holding the county of Amtswalter in Alemannia; after all you'd expect Count rights in Bereich von Gültstein (Map at Borgolte, Comment: M 5) and the Mark von Reistingen bei Herrenberg (this M 5, GOCKEL 289) without exclusion.

Another instrument seems Lorscher Urkunde of Gerold , count landlord in Alemannia, however, which seems to prove him the manager of a comitates. From CL III No. 3637, he gave Wanfrit namely property in Glatten (Map at Borgolte, Comment: 17) and Dornstetten (16), specifically Waltgouue in comitatu Geroldi (for Formel: DIETRICH, Traditionsnotiz, bes. 289f.). The instrument was dated in the years 779-83 (April 18) and was issued for property southeast of Gültstein. Therefore, Gerald meant the county in Waldgau. Of course, another possibility at least after 786 is GEROLD (II), whose identity is also in question (see Jänichen, Baar and Huntari 97, then SCHULZE 204 A. 194; to the document in WI Gerold No 107 s. GEROLD Article II).

The Glatten als Waldgauort was called Dornstetten in other documents from the same period, and Dorn-, Nagold- und Westergau were located in Bertoldsbaar (Borgolte, history of the counties of Alemannia 129). One's own county (Gau) cannot, contrary to the assumption of earlier research (Baumann, Gaugrafschaften 136ff 194th, see Jänichen, Baar and Huntari 97, SCHULZE 106.116 f., 204 A.) - be inherited, and the Comitat Gerold , the Glatten and Dornstetten, as with Waldgau, cannot be described exactly as in the sources, for in the north of Bertoldsbaar very few counties were handed down (Borgolte, history of the counties of Alemannia, Chapter V. 3).

The younger GEROLD (II) handed down before the end of the 8th Century to the abbey of Reichenau and St. Gallen Besitz his holdings at Neckarbogen bei Horb, and also those near to Glatten und Dornstetten. In one document issued by Gerold (II) is a signature by Imma genetrix. The research therefore considers Gerold as the father of the benefactor of Reichenau and St. Gallen (first Leichtle see STÄLIN, then KNAPP and - for the more recent basic research - GLÖCKNER). Imma is considered by the Thegan Vita Hludowici 590 f. cap (2.) "the parent of Queen Hildegart, and equally the daughter NEBIS"; since Hildegart was born probably 757 (ABEL-SIMSON, Jbb. Charlemagne I, 449 with note 3 ), the marriage between Imma and the middle Rhine magnate must have spanned 50 years. Other proven children of Imma include Count Udalrich (I) and Voto. Count RUADBERT (I) was a brother of Imma.

Other than Hildegart , Gerold (II) , Udalrich (I) and Volo, other children of Gerold and Imma are open to discussion. Between 784 and 795, perhaps 25.10.790 (as per GOCKEL 243 with A. 183), Megingoz donated to the Nazariuskloster Giiter the lands of Wiesloch in Malsch and Heidelberg in Rohrbach as the genitor meus Geroldus morgens dereliquit (CL II No. 791); Megingoz could be identified with Meingoz, in 801 he received from his brother Gerholt as inheritance Lambert's Basilica in Mainz (CL II No. 1974). As a landowner in the (present) Rhein-Main area and the son of an elder Gerold and brother of a younger Gerold, Megingoz would fit into the generation of Gerold (II) (see GOCKEL 243f;. Mitterauer 16; SCHMID 10). If this assignment upon Gerold's death to Megingoz is true, then it is a Terminus ante quem. Back in July 793, Adrianus filius Geroldi (...) pro anima Erbionis germani mei für Lorsch a certificate of a gift of property at Flonheim bei Alzcy to Erbios was noted (CL II No. 936). Adrian and his brother are named in this document as are other sons (presumed to be DIETRICH, Conradines 302f., SCHMID 10) or as grandson Gerold (Mitterauer 11,13) is considered. In the first alternative, one could say that GEROLD (II) after Walahfrid Strabo, when considering that his date of death was in 799, had neither children nor heirs, but Erbio believes that he remained alive into the 9th century (GOCKEL 245F., Mitterauer 13 f.).

Two other unproven assertions exist about Gerold: the Lorscher Urkunden of Megingoz and of Adrian in an entry in the Verbrüderungsbuch of Reichenau(115B5). Kerolt was on the 2nd page of the NOMINA DEFUNCTORUM QUI PRESENS COENOBIUM SUA LARGITATE FUNDAUERUNT following Nebi comis, Ruadb (s) t comis was noted. Since Nebi was his father and RUADBERT (I) was his brother, Gerold's entry should have been identical, and raises questions about whom Imma was married (also MAYR; to Gerold document in Reichenau brotherhood book 114D1 see Art GEROLD II).

Gerold was connected to a descendant of Duke Godfrey - Imma, according to Thegan. He became a central figure because of his possession of the Mittelthein als Franke (GLÖCKNER, then DIENEMANN-DIETRICH, and other sources). Gerold was therefore, from CHANCOR, WARIN and Ruthard a well-known Imperial aristocrat that supported the integration of Alemannia into the Frankish realm, on behalf of CAROLINGIANS. By marrying into a prominent Alemannic family, he was substantially beneficial to the north of Bertoldsbaar where he first started rule, and he undoubtedly subjected his people soon after to Frankish rule, leaving his court at Cannstatt to reconcile with that circumstanc. This differed from the moderate policies of Warins and Ruthards, in that he was deeply involved with the management of the political order of Alemannia, and sought to change it from the ground up (Borgolte).

Today, we call the offspring of Gerold as "GEROLDEN" or "GEROLDINGERN" (MITTERAUER, WERNER, GOCKEL, BERGES, WENSKUS), while earlier the offspring of Udalrich (I) were commonly called "ULRICHE" or "UDALRICHINGER" (as yet Bilgeri, the problem of naming: SCHMID). Recently, research efforts found a link between the GEROLDEN and the AGILOLFINGER (DIENEMANN-DIETRICH 188f.; WERNER; WENSKUS; s. a. Artt. GEROLD II, NEBT). That Gerold was the son of an Agilolf as Wenskus (426) has considered, is unprovable (GOCKEL 275f.).

m. Imma, daughter of Hnabi (Nebi, Duke of the Alemanni (730 - 784)

Imma was the great-granddaughter of Duke Gotfrid (d. 708).

Children:

1. Gerold, d. 1.9.799 (1.11.799 Isenburg)

2. Udalrich, Count of Pannonia d. 807 (824 Isenburg)

3. Hildegard - 758-30.4.783 (7.4.783 Isenburg) m. as third wife: I. KARL THE GREAT (2.4.747-28.1.814)

 

4. Roadbert, Count in the Bodensee area

5. Uto (Voto) d. above 803, in 788 Uto donated to the monastery of Fulda Besitz in Alsace, located near Strasbourg.

6. Megingoz d. after 808

7. Adrianus

8. Erbo, d. 793

Literature:

Charles Schmid: remembrance in prayer and noble self-image in the Middle Ages -. Selected papers, Jan Thorbecke Verlag Sigmaringen, 1983, Page 192 -------------------- He was also known as Gerold I Vinzgau, Count of Linzgau.

view all 26

Gerold, count in Kraichgau and Anglachgau's Timeline

725
725
Anglachgau (within present Baden-Württemberg), Schwaben, Frankish Empire (present Germany)
749
749
Age 24
750
4, 750
Age 25
Aachen, , Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany
754
754
Age 29
Anglachgau (within present Baden-Württemberg), Germany
757
May 30, 757
Age 32
Swabia (present Baden-Württemberg), Germany
764
764
Age 39
765
765
Age 40
770
770
Age 45
770
Age 45
Kraichgau (Within present Baden-Württemberg), (Present Germany)
770
Age 45
Wormsgau (near present Worms), Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany