Gideon Granger, 4th Postmaster General (1767 - 1822)

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Birthplace: Suffield, Connecticut, United States
Death: Died in United States
Managed by: Cindy McCraine (Swarthout)
Last Updated:

About Gideon Granger, 4th Postmaster General

Gideon Granger Jr. was the fourth Postmaster General of the U.S. under Thomas Jefferson. He held that office for 13 years, 8 under Jefferson, and 5 under James Madison and was one of the eight original purchasers of the Western Reserve. Like his father was educated at Yale. The Rev Ebenezer Gay Jr supervised his preparation for college. And he graduated from Yale in 1787. He then entered the practice of law, at one time operated a law school in Suffield, CT. and then became active in politics. In 1792 he was elected to the Connecticut State Legislature to represent Suffield. He held the position until he left to go to Washington as President Jefferson's Postmaster General. He continued to maintain his home in Suffield. The gossips enjoyed a clacking satisfaction when it was revealed that he sired a "Wood Colt" by a young New Haven Girl. After Washington he moved into New York State and settled in Canandaigua where he had a large property.

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~worths/king/pg13rkent1.html

Gideon Granger (July 19, 1767 – December 31, 1822) was an early American politician and lawyer. He was the father of Francis Granger.

Born in Suffield, Connecticut, Granger attended and graduated from Yale University and became a lawyer. He was considered a brilliant political essayist. Using the pseudonyms Algernon Sydney and Epaminondas many of his writings, defending Jeffersonian principles, were published in many pamphlets.

He was a member of the Connecticut General Assembly and ran unsuccessfully for the United States Congress in 1798. A staunch supporter of Thomas Jefferson's, Granger was appointed to his cabinet at the start of his term in 1801 as Postmaster General. He served in this post until 1814 when Jefferson's successor, James Madison, replaced him. He is the longest serving Postmaster General as of 2007.

After leaving Washington, D.C., Granger settled in Canandaigua, New York where he built a homestead that would be "unrivaled in all the nation" from which he could administer the many land tracts he had acquired further to the west which today it is a museum. He became a member of the New York Senate and continued to be influential in politics and law including being a key figure in the Erie Canal project.

Ill health forced him to retire early in 1821 and he died the next year on December 31, 1822. He was interned in Woodlawn Cemetery in Canandaigua.

-------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gideon_Granger

Gideon Granger (July 19, 1767 – December 31, 1822) was an early American politician and lawyer. He was the father of Francis Granger.

Born in Suffield, Connecticut, Granger attended and graduated from Yale University and became a lawyer. He was considered a brilliant political essayist. Using the pseudonyms Algernon Sydney and Epaminondas many of his writings, defending Jeffersonian principles, were published in many pamphlets.

He was a member of the Connecticut House of Representatives and ran unsuccessfully for the United States Congress in 1798. A staunch supporter of Thomas Jefferson's, Granger was appointed as Postmaster General at the start of his term in 1801. He served in this post until 1814 when Jefferson's successor, James Madison, replaced him. He is the longest serving Postmaster General as of 2007.

After leaving Washington, D.C., Granger settled in Canandaigua, New York, where he built a homestead that would be "unrivaled in all the nation" from which he could administer the many land tracts he had acquired further to the west which today it is a museum. He became a member of the New York Senate and continued to be influential in politics and law including being a key figure in the Erie Canal project.

Ill health forced him to retire early in 1821 and he died the next year on December 31, 1822. He was interred in Woodlawn Cemetery in Canandaigua.

-------------------- From the Suffield Library Website :

GIDEON GRANGER, JR. (1767-1822) A Suffield native who went on to national prominence as Postmaster General of the United States under President Jefferson, Gideon Granger served Connecticut as a leader in the Republican minority, Like his father before him, he was a graduate of Yale (1787). He was admitted to the bar in 1789 and married Mindwell Pease, sister of Seth Pease, in 1790. Two years later he was elected to the Legislature where he served for nine years. He played an important role in the adoption of the Common School Law of 1795. Granger’s political articles were published in Hartford’s “American Mercury” under a pseudonym since they espoused opposing views of the rule of “Standing Orders” by the Federalist majority.

        Although his campaign for Congress in 1798 was unsuccessful, Jefferson rewarded his support by appointing Granger Postmaster General in 1801, a post he held until retired by President Madison in 1814. Resuming his law practice in the state of New York, Gideon Granger became interested in the Erie Canal Project. He served in the Senate of that state in 1820-21 after which his health began to fail. He died in 1822. 
http://www.suffield-library.org/localhistory/granger.htm
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Gideon Granger, 4th Postmaster General's Timeline

1767
July 19, 1767
Suffield, Connecticut, United States
1787
1787
Age 19
New Haven, CT, USA

Graduated Yale

1789
1789
Age 21
New Haven, CT, USA
1790
January 14, 1790
Age 22
Suffield, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
November 22, 1790
Age 23
Suffield, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
1792
December 1, 1792
Age 25
Suffield, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
1792
Age 24
CT, USA

He played an important role in the adoption of the Common School Law of 1795.

1795
September 11, 1795
Age 28
Suffield, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
1801
1801
- 1814
Age 33
Suffield, CT, USA

He served on Thomas Jefferson's Cabinet as Postmaster General

1820
1820
- 1821
Age 52
Canandaigua, NY, USA

He served as Senator for one term, and his health was failing so he did not serve again. He died in 1822.