Gideon Wanton, 24th/26th Colonial Governor of Rhode Island

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Gideon Wanton

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Tiverton, Bristol County, Province of Massachusetts
Death: Died in Newport, Newport County, Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations
Place of Burial: Friends Cemetery, Newport, Newport County, Rhode Island, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Joseph Wanton and Ann Durfee
Husband of Mary Wanton
Father of John Gideon Wanton
Half brother of Ann Estes; Gideon Durfee; Thomas Durfee; Job Durfee; Sarah Dennis and 7 others

Occupation: RI Colonial Gov
Managed by: John Denny Dale, Jr.
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Gideon Wanton, 24th/26th Colonial Governor of Rhode Island

Governor of RI 1745, 1747, and 1756

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gideon_Wanton

Gideon Wanton (20 October 1693 - 12 September 1767) was a governor of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations who served for two separate one-year terms. His father was Joseph Wanton, a shipbuilder in Tiverton, and his mother was Sarah Freeborn, the daughter of Gideon and Sarah (Brownell) Freeborn. One of his great grandfathers was William Freeborn, who signed the Portsmouth Compact, becoming a founder of Portsmouth in the Rhode Island colony. Both of Wanton's parents were Quakers, and both were public speakers within the denomination.


Wanton was admitted as a freeman to Newport in 1718, and had an active business life. Being fiscally minded, he was elected to the office of general treasurer in 1733, to which office he continued until 1744. While he was treasurer, his uncle William Wanton was the governor of the colony and his uncle John Wanton was the deputy governor. A big controversy existed in the colony at the time on whether to use paper currency or hard currency (coin). Wanton was an advocate of paper currency, and as treasurer he issued 264,000 pounds in bills of credit.


In 1745 and again in 1747, Wanton was elected as the governor of the colony, each time for a one-year term. During his two short terms the British were fighting the French, and a good part of the war was being carried out in the American colonies. The Wantons were Quakers, who generally abrogated war, but John Bartlett, the editor of the Rhode Island Colonial Records wrote, "although Mr. Wanton was a Quaker, he was a belligerent one, and fully equal to the emergency..." Most of the dealings of his two administrations concerned military and naval affairs such as raising troops, equipping privateers, and supplying war materiel.


Following his terms in office, Wanton kept active mostly in his dealings within the Friends (Quaker) society. He died on 12 September 1767, and was buried in the Friends' Burial Ground, sometimes called Governor's Cemetery, on Tilden Street in Newport.

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Gideon Wanton, 24th/26th Colonial Governor of Rhode Island's Timeline

1693
October 20, 1693
Tiverton, Bristol County, Province of Massachusetts
1718
February 6, 1718
Age 24
1729
1729
Age 35
Newport, RI, United States
1767
September 12, 1767
Age 73
Newport, Newport County, Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations
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Newport, Newport County, Rhode Island, United States