Gilbert, Duke of Lorraine

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Giselbert (Gilbert) de Lorraine, Dux de Lotharingia

Nicknames: "Gilbert", "Giselbert", "Gisebert", "Maasgau", "Duc de Lorraine", "von Lothringen", "Lorena", "Gislebert Count of Hainault", "de Lorraine", "Chalon", "Gilbert of /Chalons/", "Duq de Lorraine", "Gilbert /Lorraine/"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Rheims, Champagne-Ardenne, France
Death: Died in Andernach, Mayen-Koblenz, Rheinland-Pfalz, Preussen
Place of Burial: drowned in the Rhine
Immediate Family:

Son of Régnier I "Langhals", comte de Hainaut and Alberade de Mons, duchesse de Basse Lorraine
Husband of Gerberge de Saxe, Reine de Francie Occidentale
Father of Alberade (Aubree) de Lorraine and Gerberga de Lorraine
Brother of Regnier II, count of Hainaut; Symphoriane von der Darnau; Alberade de Hainault; Lorraine Countess of Namur; Balderic and 3 others
Half brother of Adèle de Hainault

Occupation: Dux de Lotharingia (Duke of Lorraine), Comte de Maasgau, Abbé laïc, de Stavelot, de Trèves, Conde de Maasgau e Darnau, Count of Brabant, Count of Hainaut, Greve, COUNT OF DARNAU, Count, Comte de Hesbaye. Duc de lorraine 928., Duke, Duke of Lorraine
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Giselbert (Gilbert) de Lorraine, Dux de Lotharingia

Giselbert II Lotharingia

Parents: Reginald & Alberade

Spouse: Gerberge von Sachsen

Children:

Alberade, married Renaud, comte de Roucy

Halduidis

Henri

Gerberge, married Albert I le Pieux, comte de Vermandois

LINKS

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/LOTHARINGIAN%20%28LOWER%29%20NOBILITY.htm#Giselbertdied939

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilbert,_Duke_of_Lorraine

MEDIEVAL LANDS

Count Reginar [I] & his [second] wife had three children:

1. GISELBERT [II] ([885/900]-drowned in the Rhine, near Andernach 2 Oct 939). Richer records that "Gisleberto eius filio" succeeded on the death of "Ragenerus vir consularis et nobilis cognomento Collo-Longus"[877]. The Miraculæ S. Maximi names "Gisilbertus admodum iuvenis dux", in a passage dated to the early 10th century[878]. Abbot of Stablo 915/925. On the death of Giselbert's father in [915/16], Charles III "le Simple" King of the West Franks refused to install Giselbert as marchio[879]. The Breve Chronicon Epternacense records that “Giselbertus filius eius” succeeded “Reinerus” as abbot of Echternach in 924, although the dating of this passage appears faulty[880]. King Charles III "le Simple" restored Kloster Susteren to the abbey of Prüm by charter dated 19 Jan 916 which names "fidelium nostrorum…Widricus comes palatii, Richuuinus comes, Gislebertus, Matfridus, Beringerius comites, Theodericus comes, Reinherus comes, Erleboldus"[881]. Giselbert rebelled against King Charles III in 918, and sought help from Heinrich of Saxony (later king of Germany). He later opposed Heinrich after his accession in Germany, and maybe planned to install himself as independent ruler in Lotharingia in 920[882]. Richer records that Giselbert was awarded the vacant properties "Traiectum, Iuppilam, Harstalium, Marsnam, Littam, Capræmontem" after he returned to favour[883]. Widukind records that "Isilberhtum…adolescentem" was "nobili genere ac familia antiqua natus" when Heinrich I King of Germany betrothed his daughter to him, maybe dated to [925][884]. Flodoard's Annals record that "Berengarius" captured "Giselbertum" and only freed him after receiving "filiis Ragenarii fratris ipsius Gisleberti" as hostages, after which Giselbert ravaged the lands of "Berengarii, Ragenariique fratris sui et Isaac comitis"[885]. The king's forces under Eberhard [Konradiner] secured Lotharingia's submission to German overlordship in 925[886]. Abbot of St Maximin at Trier 925/934. Created dux in 928 by Heinrich I King of Germany, effectively creating him GISELBERT Duke of Lotharingia. Liutprand names him "Gislebertum Lotharingorum ducem" when recording his marriage[887]. "Gysalbertus dux rectorque S. Traiectenses ecclesie" donated property "Gulisam…in pago [Ardunensi] in comitatu Everhardi" to Trier by charter dated 928, subscribed by "Walgeri comitis, Thiedrici comitis, Cristiani comitis, Folcoldi comitis"[888]. "Heinricus…rex" granted property to the canons of Crespin at the request of "Gisleberti ducis" by charter dated 24 Oct 931[889]. He took part in a campaign of pillaging along the Rhine with Eberhard ex-Duke of Franconia and Heinrich, brother of Otto I King of Germany, and was drowned[890]. Flodoard's Annals record that "Gislebertus…dux et Otho, Isaac atque Theodericus comites" offered the French crown to Louis IV "d'Outremer" King of the West Franks in 939[891]. Regino records that "Gisalbertus" was drowned in the Rhine in 939[892]. m ([928/929]) as her first husband, GERBERGA of Germany, daughter of HEINRICH I King of Germany & his second wife Mathilde [Immedinger] (Nordhausen [913/14]-Reims 5 May 984, bur Abbaye de Reims). Richer records the marriage of "Gisleberto eius filio [Rageneri…Collo-Longus]" and "Heinrici Saxoniæ ducis filiæ Gerbergæ"[893]. Liutprand states that the wife of "Gislebertum Lotharingorum ducem" was "regis sororem"[894]. As her marriage to Giselbert coincided approximately with her husband being created dux, it is assumed that the marriage was arranged as part of the terms confirming Giselbert's submission to King Heinrich. Gerberga married secondly (end 939) Louis IV "d'Outremer" King of France. Flodoard names her "Gerbergam" when recording her second marriage[895]. Her second husband gave her the Abbey of Notre-Dame de Laon in 951, taken from his mother on her second marriage. Abbess of Notre Dame de Soissons in 959[896]. "Gerberga…Francorum regina" donated "alodo…Marsnam in comitatu Masaugo" to Reims Saint-Rémy, confirmed by "comitibus Emmone et Ansfrido", for the souls of "senioris nostri piæ memoriæ Gisleberti suique…patris…et matris Rageneri et Albradæ", by charter dated 10 Feb 968, signed by "Arnulfi comitis…Emmonis comitis, Ansfridi comitis…"[897].

Count Giselbert [II] & his wife had four children:

a) ALBERADE ([929/30]-). "Mathilde et Alberada" are named as daughters of "Gerberga" in the Continuator of Flodoard, which specifies that Alberade was mother of Ermentrudis but does not name Alberada's husband[898]. Two epitaphs in the church of Saint-Rémy, Marly relate to "Ragenolde" and "Albrada", although neither refers to each other[899]. Bouchard highlights the absence of proof that the husband of Alberade of Lotharingia was Ragenold Comte de Roucy[900]. The parentage of the couple's children is deduced by a combined reading of the different sources which refer to them. However, none of these sources name both parents, so the marriage of Alberade and Ragenold is not without all doubt. Alberade is named in a letter to Poppo of Stablo[901].

m RAGENOLD Comte de Roucy, son of --- (-10 May 967, bur Saint-Rémy). A Viking, he may have been installed originally as military chief at Reims after Artald was restored as archbishop in 946. He constructed a fort at Roucy between 947 and 953, and supported King Lothaire on his expedition to Aquitaine in 955[902].

b) HADUIDIS (before [934]-). The Liber Memoriales of Remiremont records a donation by "Dumnus Gislibertus dux…Dumna Girberga, Ainricus, Haduidis…", undated but dated to [934][903], which suggests that the last two were children of the first two, although this is not without doubt.

[m ---. As mentioned below, nothing is known about the possible husband of Haduidis.]

i) [GUY (-after 991). The Acta Concilii Remensis ad Sanctum Basolum (dated to 991) quotes Bruno Bishop of Langres referring to "…meumque consobrinum comitem Guidonem"[904]. This Comte Guy has not otherwise been identified. If "consobrinus" is used in its strict sense, he must have been the son of Bishop Bruno's maternal aunt. Of these, the sister of Lothaire King of France, uterine sister of bishop Bruno's mother, was Mathilde Queen of Burgundy, who is not known to have had a son named Guy, and in any case her sons would presumably not have been referred to as "comes". Guy is not one of the known sons of Gerberga Ctss de Vermandois, the bishop's maternal aunt of the full blood, and in any case it would presumably only have been Gerberga's oldest son Héribert who would have been called "comes". This leaves only Haduidis as the possible mother of Guy. If this is correct, nothing is known of her marriage.]

c) HENRI (before [934]-[943/45]). The Liber Memoriales of Remiremont records a donation by "Dumnus Gislibertus dux…Dumna Girberga, Ainricus, Haduidis…", undated but dated to [934][905]. [Duke of Lotharingia 943]. Widukind records that "Conrado" was installed as Duke of Lotharingia after the deaths of "Oddone, Lothariorum præside, ac regis nepote Heinrico"[906]. It is suggested that "regis nepote Heinrico" was the son of Giselbert Duke of Lotharingia, and so nephew of Otto I King of Germany. If this is correct, it appears from this passage that he was briefly installed as Duke of Lotharingia before dying soon afterwards.

d) GERBERGA ([935]-after 7 Sep 978). Settipani names her as the wife of Comte Albert, and gives her parentage, but does not cite the primary source on which this is based. A list of members of the Cathedral of Paris lists (in order) "Albertus comes, Girberga comitissa, Harbertus, Otto, Lewultus, Girbertus, Gondrada, Ricardus, Harbertus comes…", the first four individuals named apparently being Comte Albert, his wife and three sons, and the last named maybe his brother or nephew[907]. The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage more precisely has not yet been identified.

m ([949/54]) [as his second wife,] ALBERT [I] Comte de Vermandois, son of HERIBERT [II] Comte de Vermandois & his wife Adela [Capet] (-8 Sep 987).

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WIKIPEDIA

Gilbert or Giselbert (c.890 – 2 October 939) was the duke of Lotharingia (or Lorraine) until 939.

The beginning of the reign of Gilbert is not clear. A dux Lotharingiae is mentioned in 910 and this may have been Gilbert. Lotharingia sided with Charles III in 911, who was deposed in West Francia in 922 by Robert but remained king in Lotharingia, from where he tried to reconquer West Francia until being imprisoned in 923.

In 925, Gilbert swore fealty to King Henry the Fowler of Germany as duke of Lotharingia. Gilbert married Henry's daughter Gerberge by 930. For whatever reason, Gilbert rebelled when Henry died in 936 and changed allegiance to the king of France, where the king had less authority.

Gilbert managed to be practically independent for three years until he was defeated by the army of king Otto I of Germany in 939 at the Battle of Andernach. Gilbert was made prisoner, and succeeded in fleeing but drowned while trying to cross the Rhine. Lorraine was given to Henry I, Duke of Bavaria.

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Gilbert or Giselbert (c.890 – 2 October 939) was the duke of Lotharingia (or Lorraine) until 939.

In 925, Gilbert swore fealty to King Henry the Fowler of Germany as duke of Lotharingia. Gilbert married Henry's daughter Gerberge by 930. For whatever reason, Gilbert rebelled when Henry died in 936 and changed allegiance to the king of France, where the king had less authority. Gilbert managed to be practically independent for three years until he was defeated by the army of king Otto I of Germany in 939 at the Battle of Andernach. Gilbert was made prisoner, and succeeded in fleeing but drowned while trying to cross the Rhine. Lorraine was given to Henry I, Duke of Bavaria

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Gilbert, Duke of Lorraine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Gilbert or Giselbert (c.890 – 2 October 939) was the duke of Lotharingia (or Lorraine) until 939.

The beginning of the reign of Gilbert is not clear. A dux Lotharingiae is mentioned in 910 and this may have been Gilbert. Lotharingia sided with Charles III in 911, who was deposed in West Francia in 922 by Robert but remained king in Lotharingia, from where he tried to reconquer West Francia until being imprisoned in 923.

In 925, Gilbert swore fealty to King Henry the Fowler of Germany as duke of Lotharingia. Gilbert married Henry's daughter Gerberge by 930. For whatever reason, Gilbert rebelled when Henry died in 936 and changed allegiance to the king of France, where the king had less authority. Gilbert managed to be practically independent for three years until he was defeated by the army of king Otto I of Germany in 939 at the Battle of Andernach. Gilbert was made prisoner, and succeeded in fleeing but drowned while trying to cross the Rhine. Lorraine was given to Henry I, Duke of Bavaria.

Reginar, Duke of Lorraine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Family

By his wife Hersinda (or Alberada), who predeceased him, Reginar left the following children:

Gilbert, Duke of Lorraine

Reginar II, Count of Hainaut

Balderic, Bishop of Utrecht

Frederick, Archbishop of Mainz

a daughter, possibly named Symphoria, who married Berengar, Count of Namur

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GISELBERT [II ] ([ 880 ]- drunkna i Rhen , nära Andernach 2 oktober 939

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http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giselbert_von_Lothringen

Giselbert von Lothringen

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Giselbert von Lothringen (* um 890; † 2. Oktober 939) war ab 928 Herzog von Lothringen.

Leben [Bearbeiten]

Giselberts Vater war Reginar I. von Hennegau, der ein Sohn Giselberts, des Grafen im Maasgau, und einer namentlich nicht bekannten Tochter Kaisers Lothar I. war. Von Giselberts Bruder Reginar II. stammten die späteren Grafen von Hennegau, Grafen von Flandern, Grafen von Löwen, Herzöge von Niederlothringen bzw. Brabant und die Landgrafen von Hessen ab. Die Familie Giselberts wird als Reginare bezeichnet.

Sein Vater Reginar I. besaß umfangreiche Eigengüter im Hennegau, Haspengau und in den Ardennen. Seit 894/895 bekämpfte er den König von Lothringen Zwentibold, der ein unehelicher Sohn von Arnulf von Kärnten war und von diesem als König von Lothringen eingesetzt und unterstützt wurde. Nach dem Tod Arnulfs von Kärnten erkannte die lothringische Opposition unter Führung Reginars I. den minderjährigen, ostfränkischen König Ludwig das Kind an.

Im Jahr 911 wurde der in Lothringen unbeliebte Konrad I. ostfränkischer König. Reginar I. forderte den westfränkischen König Karl III. den Einfältigen auf, nach Lothringen zu kommen. Karl wurde bald danach zum König von Lothringen gewählt und Reginar I., der schon 915 verstarb, erhielt den Titel marchio. Seine Grafentitel und Lehen wurden an seinen Sohn Giselbert vererbt. Karl der Einfältige setzte jedoch in den karolingischen Stammland Lothringen Wigerich als Pfalzgrafen ein.

Giselbert von Lothringen wollte für sich die Machtfülle seines Vaters beibehalten. Es gelang ihm durch großzügige Vergabe von Kirchenbesitz, Gefolgsleute um sich zu sammeln. Seit 920 trug er den Titel princeps von Lothringen und stand im offenen Machtkampf mit Karl dem Einfältigen. Auslöser dieses Machtkampfes war der Streit bei der Neubesetzung des Bischofsamtes von Lüttich. 922/923 wurde Karl der Einfältige gestürzt, die karolingischen Anhänger in Lothringen wechselten zum ostfränkischen König Heinrich I. Als Grund gilt das Erhoffen wirksamerer Schutzmaßnahmen gegen die Ungarn- und Wikingerraubzüge. Heinrich I. gelang es, Giselbert von Lothringen für sich zu gewinnen. In den Jahren von 923 bis 925 wurde Lothringen von den Ostfranken erobert und in den Jahren 926 bis 928 war Eberhard von Franken Herzog von Lothringen.

928 wurde Giselbert Herzog von Lothringen und heiratete im gleichen Jahr Gerberga, die älteste Tochter von Heinrich I. und Mathilde. Aus dieser Ehe entstammten Heinrich und Gerberga. Heinrich war als Minderjähriger von 940 bis zu seinem Tod im Jahr 944 Herzog von Lothringen. Giselberts Tochter Gerberga (* wohl 935; † nach 7. September 978) heiratete 949 Adalbert I. (Albert), den Grafen von Vermandois, einen Sohn Heriberts II..

Während der Herrschaft Heinrichs I. verhielt sich Giselbert loyal. 939 wollte Giselbert sich jedoch dem neuen westfränkischen König Ludwig IV. (Karolinger) anschließen. Er schloss sich der Rebellion von Heinrich, dem jüngeren Bruder Ottos I., und Eberhards von Franken an. Nach der Schlacht von Andernach am 2. Oktober 939 ertrank Giselbert auf der Flucht im Rhein. Ludwig IV. erreichte das Schlachtfeld zu spät und konnte nicht mehr eingreifen.

Auf den Rückzug nahm Ludwig IV. Giselberts Witwe Gerberga mit und heiratete sie 940. Aus dieser Ehe entstammten der spätere westfränkische König Lothar und Karl, Herzog von Niederlothringen (ein ostfränkisch/deutsches Lehen). Die Reginare (die Nachkommen Reginars II.) verloren ihren Einfluss in Lothringen. Erst nach dem Tod des letzten männlichen Karolingers, Otto von Niederlothringen (Karls Sohn), im Jahr 1012 erlangten sie ihre Macht in Niederlothringen zurück.

Richer, ein Mönch von Saint Remy, charakterisiert Giselbert von Lothringen wie folgt: Er ist kühn, unbeständig, verschwenderisch, gierig nach fremden Gut und streitsüchtig. Er redet doppelsinnig, er fragt verfänglich, er antwortet zweideutig, er stiftet oft und gern Verwirrung und Missgunst.

Literatur [Bearbeiten]

   * Gerd Althoff: Die Ottonen. Königsherrschaft ohne Staat. 2., erw. Auflage. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart u.a. 2005, ISBN 3-17-018597-7.
   * Helmut Beumann; Die Ottonen; Verlag W. Kohlhammer Stuttgart Berlin Köln; 4. Auflage 1997; ISBN 3-17-014802-8
   * Rudolf Schieffer; Die Karolinger; Verlag W. Kohlhammer Stuttgart Berlin Köln; 4. überarbeitete und erweiterte Auflage Stuttgart 2006; ISBN 3-17-019099-7.

Normdaten: PND: 138742618 – weitere Informationen

Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 10. Mai 2010 um 17:31 Uhr geändert. -------------------- Gilbert or Giselbert (c.890 – 2 October 939) was the duke of Lotharingia (or Lorraine) until 939.

The beginning of the reign of Gilbert is not clear. A dux Lotharingiae is mentioned in 910 and this may have been Gilbert. Lotharingia sided with Charles III in 911, who was deposed in West Francia in 922 by Robert but remained king in Lotharingia, from where he tried to reconquer West Francia until being imprisoned in 923.

In 925, Gilbert swore fealty to King Henry the Fowler of Germany as duke of Lotharingia. Gilbert married Henry's daughter Gerberge by 930. For whatever reason, Gilbert rebelled when Henry died in 936 and changed allegiance to the king of France, where the king had less authority. Gilbert managed to be practically independent for three years until he was defeated by the army of king Otto I of Germany in 939 at the Battle of Andernach. Gilbert was made prisoner, and succeeded in fleeing but drowned while trying to cross the Rhine. Lorraine was given to Henry I, Duke of Bavaria.

-------------------- Occupation: Duke of Lorraine --------------------

Comte de Hesbaye ,

Duc de Basse-Lotharingie (936) ,

Comte de Hainaut ,

Abbé laïc de Saint-Maximin de Trèves, de Saint-Servais de Maastricht, d'Echternach, de Stavelot et de Malmédy .

Né entre 880 et 890, il meurt noyé dans le Rhin en 939. Il est membre de la famille de Hennegau (Hainaut) -------------------- Gilbert or Giselbert (c.890 – 2 October 939) was the duke of Lotharingia (or Lorraine) until 939.

The beginning of the reign of Gilbert is not clear. A dux Lotharingiae is mentioned in 910 and this may have been Gilbert. Lotharingia sided with Charles III in 911, who was deposed in West Francia in 922 by Robert but remained king in Lotharingia, from where he tried to reconquer West Francia until being imprisoned in 923.

In 925, Gilbert swore fealty to King Henry the Fowler of Germany as duke of Lotharingia. Gilbert married Henry's daughter Gerberge by 930. For whatever reason, Gilbert rebelled when Henry died in 936 and changed allegiance to the king of France, where the king had less authority. Gilbert managed to be practically independent for three years until he was defeated by the army of king Otto I of Germany in 939 at the Battle of Andernach. Gilbert was made prisoner, and succeeded in fleeing but drowned while trying to cross the Rhine. Lorraine was given to Henry I, Duke of Bavaria.

-------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilbert,_Duke_of_Lorraine

http://www.geschichte-online.info/path_inhalt/Lothringen.pdf -------------------- Gilbert (or Giselbert) (c. 890 – 2 October 939) was the duke of Lotharingia (or Lorraine) until 939.

The beginning of the reign of Gilbert is not clear. A dux Lotharingiae is mentioned in 910 and this may have been Gilbert. Lotharingia sided with Charles III in 911, who was deposed in West Francia in 922 by Robert but remained king in Lotharingia, from where he tried to reconquer West Francia until being imprisoned in 923.

In 925, Gilbert swore fealty to King Henry the Fowler of Germany as duke of Lotharingia. Gilbert married Henry's daughter Gerberga of Saxony by 930. For whatever reason, Gilbert rebelled when Henry died in 936 and changed allegiance to Louis IV of France, where the king had less authority. Gilbert managed to be practically independent for three years until he was defeated by the army of king Otto I of Germany in 939 at the Battle of Andernach. Gilbert was made prisoner, and succeeded in fleeing but drowned while trying to cross the Rhine. Lorraine was given to Henry I, Duke of Bavaria.

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Gilbert, Duke of Lorraine's Timeline

846
846
- 863
Count of Darnau
880
880
Rheims, Champagne-Ardenne, France
915
915
- 939
Age 35
924
January 29, 924
Age 44
Lorraine, Moselle, France
930
930
Age 50
Lorraine, France
935
935
Age 55
Lorraine, France
939
October 2, 939
Age 59
Andernach, Mayen-Koblenz, Rheinland-Pfalz, Preussen
939
Age 59
drowned in the Rhine
956
956
Age 59
France
1928
April 14, 1928
Age 59