Gilbert de Clare, 8th Earl of Gloucester

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Sir Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford, 8th Earl of Gloucester

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Winchcombe Near, Tewkesbury, Gloucester, England
Death: Died in Bannockburn, St. Ninians, Stirlingshire, Scotland
Cause of death: Killed in Battle
Place of Burial: Tewkesbury Abbey, Glouestershire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Gloucester and Joan of Acre, Countess of Gloucester & Hertford
Husband of Maud Matilda de Clare
Father of John de Clare
Brother of Eleanor de Clare, Baroness Despenser; Margaret de Clare, Countess of Gloucester and Elizabeth de Clare
Half brother of Mary de Monthermer, Countess of Fife; Joan de Monthermer, Nun at Amesbury; Baron Thomas de Monthermer II; Llowis Lois De Monthermer; Edward de Monthermer, 3rd Baron Monthermer and 3 others

Managed by: Coby Pharis Randquist
Last Updated:

About Sir Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford, 8th Earl of Gloucester

another possible birth date

11 May 1291

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"Gilbert de Clare, 8th Earl of Gloucester and 7th Earl of Hertford (c. 10 May 1291 – 24 June 1314) was an English nobleman and a military commander in the Scottish Wars. In contrast to most English earls at the time, his main focus lay in the pursuit of war rather than in domestic political strife.

He was the son of Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Gloucester, and Joan of Acre, daughter of Edward I. The older Gilbert died when his son was only four years old, and the younger Gilbert was invested with his earldoms at the young age of sixteen. Almost immediately, he became involved in the defence of the northern border, but later he was drawn into the struggles between Edward II and some of his barons. He was one of the Lords Ordainers who ordered the expulsion of the king's favourite Piers Gaveston in 1311. When Gaveston was killed on his return in 1312, Gloucester helped negotiate a settlement between the perpetrators and the king.

Now one of Edward's strongest supporters, he accompanied the king on a campaign to Scotland in 1314, when several other nobles refused. He was killed at the Battle of Bannockburn on 24 June, under somewhat unclear circumstances. Gloucester was the most prominent of the casualties of the battle, which ended in a humiliating defeat for England. As he had no issue, his death marked the end of the prominent de Clare family. His estates were divided between his three sisters, one of whom was married to the king's new favourite, Hugh Despenser the Younger. Despenser's ruthless expansion of the de Clare lordship of Glamorgan in Wales led directly to the troubles of Edward II's later reign, including a rebellion in the Welsh Marches, the defeat of the Earl of Lancaster at the Battle of Boroughbridge, and eventually the deposition of the king by Roger Mortimer and Queen Isabella in 1326."

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Links:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilbert_de_Clare,_8th_Earl_of_Gloucester

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=85751983

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I4604&tree=EuropeRoyalNobleHous

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I3076&tree=Nixon

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I786&tree=PagetHeraldicBaronag

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I216941&tree=Welsh

http://www.thepeerage.com/p10485.htm#i104848

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Citations / Sources:

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 244.

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume V, page 712. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

[S7] #44 Histoire de la maison royale de France anciens barons du royaume: et des grands officiers de la couronne (1726, reprint 1967-1968), Saint-Marie, Anselme de, (3rd edition. 9 volumes. 1726. Reprint Paris: Editions du Palais Royal, 1967-1968), FHL book 944 D5a; FHL microfilms 532,231-532,239., vol. 2 p. 486.

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 82. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Families.

[S18] Matthew H.C.G., editor, Dictionary of National Biography on CD-ROM (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995), de Clare, Gilbert. Hereinafter cited as Dictionary of National Biography.

[S39] Medieval, royalty, nobility family group sheets (filmed 1996), Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Family History Department. Medieval Family History Unit, (Manuscript. Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1996), FHL film 1553977-1553985..

[S59] #765 The Hundred of Launditch and Deanery of Brisley in the County of Norfolk: Evidences and Topographical Notes from Public Records, Heralds Visitations, Wills, Court Rolls (1877-1879), Carthew, George Alfred, (3 volumes. Norwich: [s.n.], 1877-79 (Norwich: Miller and Leavins)), FHL book 942.61 H2c; FHL microfilm 990,425 item 1., vol. 1 p. 85.

[S74] #550 The history and antiquities of the county of Leicester, Nichols, John, (4 volumes, each in 2 parts. London : Printed by and for J. Nichols, 1795-1815), FHL X book 942.54 H2nic., vol. 2 pt. 1 p. 344.

[S81] #125 The Royal Daughters of England and Their Representatives (1910-1911), Lane, Henry Murray, (2 voulmes. London: Constable and Co., 1910-1911), FHL microfilm 88,003., vol. 1 p. 182.

[S92] Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society for 1952, Editor: Joan Evans, D. Litt., (Printed for the Society by John BEllows LTD., Gloucester Issued November, 1953), vol. LXXI p. 105.

[S106] Royal Genealogies Website (ROYAL92.GED), online ftp://ftp.cac.psu.edu/genealogy/public_html/royal/index.html. Hereinafter cited as Royal Genealogies Website.

[S207] #235 The History and Antiquities of the County of Buckingham (1847), Lipscomb, George, (Four volumes. London: J. & W. Robins, 1847), FHL book Q 942.575 H2Li; FHL microfilms 990,261-99., vol. 1 p. 201.

[S452] #21 The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant (1910), Cokayne, George Edward (main author) and Vicary Gibbs (added author), (New edition. 13 volumes in 14. London: St. Catherine Press,1910-), vol. 1 p. 346; vol. 2 p. 130; vol. 3 p. 244, 257, 434; vol. 4 p. 43, 45, 269; vol. 4 appndx. H chart III; vol. 5 p. 346.

[S673] #1079 A History of Monmouthshire from the Coming of the Normans into Wales down to the Present Time (1904-1993), Bradney, Sir Joseph Alfred, (Publications of the South Wales Record Society, number 8. Five volumes in 13. London: Mitchell, Hughes and Clarke, 1904-1993), FHL book 942.43 H2b., vol. 3 p. 5, 8, 191.

[S2420] #11886 The Golden Grove books of pedigrees (filmed 1970), (Manuscript, National Library of Wales manuscript number Castell Gorfod 7. Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,349-104,351., book 5 p. C624*.

[S2511] Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-century Colonists: the Descent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I, Edward II, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the North American Colonies Before 1701 (2nd ed., 1999), Faris, David, (2nd edition. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1999), FHL book 973 D2fp., p. 56 BURGH:13.

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Gilbert de Clare, 8th Earl of Gloucester's Timeline

1281
February 3, 1281
Munster, Limerick, Ireland
February 3, 1281
Limberick,Mnstr,Ireland
February 3, 1281
Munster, Limerick, Ireland
February 3, 1281
Limberick,Mnstr,Ireland
February 3, 1281
Munster, Limerick, Ireland
February 3, 1281
Munster, Limerick, Ireland
February 3, 1281
Limberick,Mnstr,Ireland
February 3, 1281
Munster, Limerick, Ireland
February 3, 1281
Munster, Limerick, Ireland
February 3, 1281
Munster, Limerick, Ireland