Gillledadamnáin Eckmarcach Mac Margad, of the Isles
|Also Known As:||"Giola Adhamnan"|
|Birthplace:||Argyll ?, Scotland|
|Death:||Died in Scotland, United Kingdom|
|Occupation:||King of Dublin, Mann and Galloway|
|Managed by:||Michelle Shuma|
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About Gille Adomnan Siol-Cuinn
Gille Adomnan Siol-Cuinn1
- Gillebride mac Gille Adomnan+ 1
- E.Scotland.com, online http://www.electricscotland.com/index.html, Founding of the Clans and the Kings of the Isles.
-------------------- The Lords of the Isles
While there are often only four officially recognized Lords of the Isles, the history of this reign actually stretches back another 7 generations to one Gilledomnan (or Gille Adomnan) who was married to the heiress of Godfrey McFergus, Lord of the Hebrides who died in 853 AD
The McFergus branch of the old royal family had stayed in the Western Isles of Scotland to do battle with the invading Vikings who had begun attacking the Western Isles in 793 A. D.
Gilledomnan took refuge in Ireland to seek military support. While there, his daughter married Harold Gillis, King of Norway in an attempt to bring peace. His son, Gillebride, returned to the coast of Scotland and took shelter in caves near Dunadd (the old center of Dalriadic rule) from which he fought the Vikings. He married a Viking woman and they had a son, Somerled, who was to become one of Scotland's greatest heroes and the progenitor of the Clan Donald and the Lords of the Isles, as well as other Highland Clans.
The Proud History Of Clan Donald
Clan Donald is one of the oldest, and probably the largest and most famous of all the Highland Clans. It's Celtic heritage goes back into antiquity, beyond the 6th Century A.D., to the great clans in what today is Ireland, Conn of the 100 Battles, Cairfre Raida, founder of Dal Raida, in Antrim, Erie, and Colla Uathais. Our Vicking heritage goes back to Ingiald "111 Ruler" and Olaf "Tree_Hewer" in 7th Century Sweden and Norway. All of these traditional blood lines came together in the 12th cenyury Somerled MacGillebride MacGilladamnan, the historic founder of Clann Domhnaill. Our ancestors were regarded as the heads of the ancient race of Conn, and the lineal heirs of the Kings of the Dalriadic Scots.
The clann increased in numbers and territory, forming a number of branches who are, by seniority:
- Clan Ruari, now part of Clanranald and Glengarry
- Clan Alasdair
- Clan Godfrey, now part of Clanranald and Sleat
- Clan Donald South, also known as Dunneyveg and The Glens, or Clann Ian Mhor
- Lochalsh, now part of Sleat
- Clan Donald North or Clan Uisdean, now Sleat
Clan Donald, greatest and largest of the Highland Clans, begins it 's recorded history with Somerled, a descendant of Conn of the 100 Battles and Clan Colla. Somerled's defeat of the Norse King of Man in 1156 gained independance for southwestern Scotland that survived for four hundred years.
The clan takes it's name form Donald, the 3rd Lord of the Isles and grandson of Somerled who lived until 1269. Donald's son was the original "Mac" (meaning "son of"). It was Donald's great-grandson, Angus Og, the 6th Lord of the Isles who sheltered Robert the Bruce at the lowest ebb of his career. Later, leading a small band of Islemen, Angus Og, was instrumental in Bruces defeat of the English at Bannockburn. This battle won independance for Scotland. The recognition of Clan Donald's part in the victory Robert the Bruce proclaimed that Clan Donald would forever occupy the honour position on the right wing of the Scottish Army.
Angus Og's grandson, Donald, the 8th Lord of the Isles, married the heiress of the Eardom of Ross and in 1411 fought the Battle of Harlaw to keep his wife's inheritance from being usurped by the Regent Duke of Albany. His army of 10,000 men included the forces of almost every clan of the Highlands and Isles. All these clans were willing vassals of the Lord of the Isles. They regarded the MacDonald Chiefs as the heads of the ancient "Race of Conn," and lineal heirs of the ancient Kings of the Dalriadic Scots, going back to the 6th century and beyond.
Donald of Harlaw's son and grandson were both Earls of Ross and Lords of the Isles, controlling not only the Hebrides from Islay and Kintyre to the Butt of Lewis, but most of Argyll and the modern County of Inverness, along with the County of Antrim in northern Ireland. The Earldom was lost in 1471, but the Lords of the Isles was not absorbed by Scotland until the middle of the 16th century. A McDonnel (a variation of the surname MacDonald) is still Earl of Antrim.
The power of the clan survived and formed the backbone of the army of the Marquis of Montrose, fighting for the survival of the Stewarts in the 17th century, and, though divided, it was an important factor in the Jacobite Rebellions of the 1700's --------------------
Notes Father of Gille Bride, in his time the ancestral lands had fallen into the hands of norse invaders
Sources [S386] Macdonald genealogy, Roddy Macdonald of the Clan Donald Society of Edinburgh, (http://www.clandonald.org.uk/genealogy.htm), genealogy/d0003/g0000034.html#I0035 (Reliability: 3)
Gille Adomnan Siol-Cuinn's Timeline
Argyll ?, Scotland
Morven, Argyleshire, Scotland
Scotland, United Kingdom