Ludovico Giovanni de Medici, dalle Bande Nere (1498 - 1526) MP

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Nicknames: "'dalle bande nere'", "the Invincible", "Jean des Bandes Noires"
Birthplace: Forlì, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
Death: Died in Mantova,Mantova,,Italy
Occupation: condottiero
Managed by: Daniel Walton
Last Updated:

About Ludovico Giovanni de Medici, dalle Bande Nere

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giovanni_dalle_Bande_Nere

Giovanni de Medici

M, #3219, b. 6 April 1498, d. 30 November 1526

Last Edited=30 Sep 2005

    Giovanni de Medici was born on 6 April 1498. He was the son of unknown de Medici. ▼1 He married Mary Salviati, daughter of Giacomo Salviati and Lucrezia dei Medici, on 17 November 1516. 

He died on 30 November 1526 at age 28.

    Giovanni de Medici also went by the nick-name of Giovanni 'the Invincible'.

Child of Giovanni de Medici and Mary Salviati

-1. Cosimo I de Medici, Granduca di Toscana+ b. 12 Jun 1519, d. 21 Apr 1574

Source / Forrás:

http://thepeerage.com/p322.htm#i3219

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Giovanni dalle Bande Nere

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Giovanni de' Medici, also known as Giovanni dalle Bande Nere (April 5, 1498 - November 30, 1526) was an Italian condottiero.

Biography

Giovanni was born in the Northern Italian town of Forlì to Giovanni de' Medici (also known as il Popolano) and Caterina Sforza, one of the most famous women of the Italian Renaissance.

From an early age, he demonstrated great interest and ability in physical activity, especially the martial arts of the age: horse riding, sword-fighting, etc. He committed his first murder at the age of 12, and was twice banished from the city of Florence for his unruly behavior. He married Maria Salviati, and had a son, Cosimo (1519-1574), who went on to become Grand Duke of Florence.

Giovanni became a condottiero, or mercenary military captain, in the employ of Pope Leo X (Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici) and underwent his baptism by fire on March 5, 1516 in the war against Francesco Maria della Rovere, duke of Urbino. Giovanni won after 22 days. He thenceforth formed a company of his own, mounted on light horses and specializing in fast but devastating skirmishing tactics and ambushes. In 1520 he defeated several rebel barons in the Marche. The following year Leo X allied with Emperor Charles V against King Francis I of France to regain Milan, Parma and Piacenza; Giovanni was called in under the command of Prospero Colonna, defeating the French at Vaprio d'Adda in November.

As a symbol of mourning for the death of Pope Leo X (December 1, 1521), Giovanni added black stripes to his insignia, whence comes his nick-name, Giovanni dalle Bande Nere (or Giovanni of the Black Bands). In the August 1523 he was hired by the Imperial army, and in January 1524 he defeated the French and the Swiss at Caprino Bergamasco. In the same year another Medici, Giulio di Giuliano, became Pope, and took the name of Clement VII. The new Pope paid all of Giovanni's debt, but in exchange ordered him to switch to the French side of the ongoing conflict. He did not take part in the battle of Pavia, but was soon severely wounded in a skirmish and later had to move to Venice to be cured.

In 1526 the War of the League of Cognac broke out. The League's captain general, Francesco della Rovere, abandoned Milan in the face of the overwhelming superiority of the Imperial army led by Georg von Frundsberg. Giovanni was able to defeat the Landsknechts rearguard at the confluence of the Mincio with the Po River.

[edit]Death

On the evening of November 25 he was hit by a shot from a falconet in a battle near Govérnolo. The ball shattered his leg above the knee and he had to be carried to San Nicolò Po, where no doctor could be found. He was taken to Luigi Gonzaga's palace in Mantua, where the surgeon Abramo, who had cared for him two years earlier, amputated his leg. To perform the operation Abramo asked for 10 men to hold down the stricken condottiero.

Pietro Aretino, eyewitness to the event, recalled in a letter to Francesco Albizi:

«Not even twenty» Giovanni said smiling «could hold me», and he took a candle in his hand, so that he could make light onto himself, I ran away, and shutting [sic] my ears I heard only two voices, and then calling, and when I reached him he told me: «I am healed», and turning all around he greatly rejoiced.[1] »

Giovanni de' Medici died five days later, of septicemia, on November 30, 1526.

[edit]Legacy

Giovanni's premature death metaphorically signaled the end of the age of the condottieri, as their mode of fighting (which emphasized armored knights on horseback) was rendered practically obsolete by the introduction of the mobile field cannon. He is therefore known as the last of the great Italian condottieri. His lasting reputation has been kept alive in part thanks to Pietro Aretino, the Renaissance author, satirist, playwright and "scourge of the princes", who was Giovanni's close friend and accompanied him on some of his exploits.

Later references

A cruiser of the Regia Marina was named after Giovanni delle Bande Nere in 1930.

Ermanno Olmi's 2001 film, Il mestiere delle armi, faithfully follows Giovanni dalle Bande Nere in his last week of life, as he engages in battle with the Imperial forces amidst the cold, damp fields of the Lombard countryside.

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Giovanni de' Medici, also known as Giovanni dalle Bande Nere (April 5, 1498 – November 30, 1526) was an Italian condottiero.

Giovanni was born in the Northern Italian town of Forlì to Giovanni de' Medici (also known as il Popolano) and Caterina Sforza, one of the most famous women of the Italian Renaissance.

From an early age, he demonstrated great interest and ability in physical activity, especially the martial arts of the age: horse riding, sword-fighting, etc. He committed his first murder at the age of 12, and was twice banished from the city of Florence for his unruly behavior, including involvement in the sodomitical rape of a sixteen-year-old boy, Giovanni being about thirteen at the time.[1] He had a son, Cosimo (1519-1574), who went on to become Grand Duke of Florence.

Giovanni became a condottiero, or mercenary military captain, in the employ of Pope Leo X (Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici) and underwent his baptism by fire on March 5, 1516 in the war against Francesco Maria della Rovere, duke of Urbino. Giovanni won after 22 days. He thenceforth formed a company of his own, mounted on light horses and specializing in fast but devastating skirmishing tactics and ambushes. In 1520 he defeated several rebel barons in the Marche. The following year Leo X allied with Emperor Charles V against King Francis I of France to regain Milan, Parma and Piacenza; Giovanni was called in under the command of Prospero Colonna, defeating the French at Vaprio d'Adda in November.

As a symbol of mourning for the death of Pope Leo X (December 1, 1521), Giovanni added black stripes to his insignia, whence comes his nick-name, Giovanni dalle Bande Nere (or Giovanni of the Black Bands). In the August 1523 he was hired by the Imperial army, and in January 1524 he defeated the French and the Swiss at Caprino Bergamasco. In the same year another Medici, Giulio di Giuliano, became Pope, and took the name of Clement VII. The new Pope paid all of Giovanni's debt, but in exchange ordered him to switch to the French side of the ongoing conflict. He did not take part in the battle of Pavia, but was soon severely wounded in a skirmish and later had to move to Venice to be cured.

In 1526 the War of the League of Cognac broke out. The League's captain general, Francesco della Rovere, abandoned Milan in the face of the overwhelming superiority of the Imperial army led by Georg von Frundsberg. Giovanni was able to defeat the Landsknechts rearguard at the confluence of the Mincio with the Po River.

On the evening of November 25 he was hit by a shot from a falconet in a battle near Govérnolo. The ball shattered his leg above the knee and he had to be carried to San Nicolò Po, where no doctor could be found. He was taken to Luigi Gonzaga's palace in Mantua, where the surgeon Abramo, who had cared for him two years earlier, amputated his leg. To perform the operation Abramo asked for 10 men to hold down the stricken condottiero.

Pietro Aretino, eyewitness to the event, recalled in a letter to Francesco Albizi:

«Not even twenty» Giovanni said smiling «could hold me», and he took a candle in his hand, so that he could make light onto himself, I ran away, and shutting [sic] my ears I heard only two voices, and then calling, and when I reached him he told me: «I am healed», and turning all around he greatly rejoiced.[2] »

Giovanni de' Medici died five days later, of septicemia, on November 30, 1526.

Giovanni's premature death metaphorically signaled the end of the age of the condottieri, as their mode of fighting (which emphasized armored knights on horseback) was rendered practically obsolete by the introduction of the mobile field cannon. He is therefore known as the last of the great Italian condottieri. His lasting reputation has been kept alive in part thanks to Pietro Aretino, the Renaissance author, satirist, playwright and "scourge of the princes", who was Giovanni's close friend and accompanied him on some of his exploits.

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Giovanni de' Medici, 'dalle bande nere''s Timeline

1498
April 6, 1498
Forlì, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
1516
1516
Age 17
1519
June 12, 1519
Age 21
Firenze, Firenze, Toscana, Italy
1526
November 30, 1526
Age 28
Mantova,Mantova,,Italy
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