Glaphyra Comana (deceased)

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Birthdate:
Birthplace: Comana, (Asia Minor), Turkey
Death: Died in Comana, (Asia Minor), Turkey
Managed by: Douglas Nimmo
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About Glaphyra Comana

Glaphyra (Greek: Γλαφύρα) was a Hetaera [1] (also known as a Courtesan) that lived in the 1st century BC.

Glaphyra was a Greek woman from Cappadocia [2] from obscure origins. Glaphyra was famed and celebrated in antiquity for her beauty, charm [3] as well as she had a reputation for being seductive. [4]

Glaphyra had married a Cappadocian Greek nobleman called Archelaus, the High Priest Ruler of the temple state of Comana, Cappadocia. [5] Archelaus was the High Priest of the Roman Goddess of War, Bellona. Through her marriage to Archelaus, Glaphyra became a ruler of the temple state.

Archelaus' father of the same name had descended from King Mithridates VI of Pontus. [6] Glaphyra bore Archelaus two sons:

  • Archelaus Sisines [7], also known as King Archelaus of Cappadocia who reign from 36 BC until his death in 17 [8]
  • Sisines [9]

In 47 BC the Roman Dictator Gaius Julius Caesar after the conclusion of his military victory against the Triumvir Pompey, deprived and deposed Archelaus of his office of high priest and rule over Comana. [10] Archelaus was replaced by another Greek nobleman called Lycomedes. [11] Pompey was their family patron [12] and it was he that appointed his father as High Priest Ruler of the temple state of Comana. [13] Sometime after Archelaus had died at an unknown date. After the death of Archelaus, Glaphyra remained in Cappadocia with her sons. Glaphyra could be seen as the widow of the dynast of Comana. [14]

Years later, Glaphyra became one of the mistresses to the Roman Triumvir Mark Antony. [15] Antony had fallen in love with her. Through her beauty, Glaphyra had influenced and induced him to designate and install her first son as King of Cappadocia. [16] In 36 BC, Antony removed and executed Ariarathes X of Cappadocia from his throne and installed Archelaus as the successor of Ariarathes X. Glaphyra appeared to be a powerful lady at the Royal Court and internal politics in Cappadocia. [17] Her powerful influence can be demonstrated by contemporary invective about the time of the Battle of Actium in 30 BC, by certain frank and famous verses which Triumvir Octavian composed about Antony. [18]

References

  1. Syme, Anatolica: studies in Strabo p.144
  2. Watkins, A biographical, historical and chronological dictionary, article on Glaphyra
  3. Syme, Anatolica: studies in Strabo p.p.144 & 148
  4. Syme, Anatolica: studies in Strabo p.167
  5. Ancient Library, Archelaus no. 3
  6. Ptolemaic Genealogy, Berenice IV, point 19
  7. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/32710/Archelaus
  8. Dueck, Strabo’s cultural geography: the making of a kolossourgia p.208
  9. Dueck, Strabo’s cultural geography: the making of a kolossourgia p.208
  10. Ancient Library, Archelaus no. 3
  11. Dueck, Strabo’s cultural geography: the making of a kolossourgia p.197
  12. Syme, Anatolica: studies in Strabo p.167
  13. Ancient Library, Archelaus no. 2
  14. Syme, Anatolica: studies in Strabo p.144
  15. Ptolemaic Genealogy, Cleopatra VII
  16. Syme, Anatolica: studies in Strabo p.148
  17. Syme, Anatolica: studies in Strabo p.148
  18. Syme, Anatolica: studies in Strabo p.148

Sources

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glaphyra_(hetaera)

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Glaphyra Comana's Timeline

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Comana, (Asia Minor), Turkey
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Comana, (Asia Minor), Turkey
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Comana, (Asia Minor), Turkey