Godefroi the Captive, count of Ardennes

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Godefroi I «le Captif» d'Ardennes, comte d'Ardennes

Also Known As: "o Velho ou o Prisioneiro", "Gottfried "der Gefangene", "Gottfried de Verdun", "Godfrey the Old de Verdun", "Godefroi le Captif", "Godefroy d'Ardenne", "the Captive", "Godefred of Eenham", "Gottfrid den Fångna"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Verdun, Meuse, Lorraine, France, 927/937/954
Death: Died in Ghent, Flemish Region, Belgium
Place of Burial: Sint-Pietersabdij, Ghent, Flemish Region, Belgium
Immediate Family:

Son of Gozelo I von Bidgau, comte des Ardennes; Gozelo von Lorraine; Uda von Metz and Uda of Metz
Husband of Mathilde of Saxony, countess of Flanders
Father of Bonne Adelaide de Verdun, Duchess of Lorraine; Gerberge de Verdun, comtesse; Hermann, comte de Verdun et d'Enham; Godefroy de Verdun; Gonzelon I the Great, duke of Lorraine and 6 others
Brother of Adalberon, évêque de Reims; Reginar des Ardennes; Heinrich von Bidgau and Geberga von Ardenne

Occupation: Comte d'Ardennes and de Verdun, Markgraaf van Ename en Antwerpen, Gouwgraaf van de Bidgouw en de Methingouw, Conde de Bidgau, Hainaut e Methingau, COUNT OF VERDUN AND ARDENNES
Managed by: Jocelynn Elaine Oakes
Last Updated:

About Godefroi the Captive, count of Ardennes

He was Count of Ardennes, Verdun (965), and Mainault (Hainault?) (973- 995), Count in Bidgau (943) and Methingau (960), and Margrave of Antwerp and Eenam. He was called Godefroi le Vieux (the Old) and Godefroi the Captive.

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http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Godfried_van_Verdun

Godfried van Verdun, bijgenaamd de Gevangene (930- 3/4 september 996/1005), graaf van Verdun, markgraaf van Ename en Antwerpen, gouwgraaf van de Bidgouw en de Methingouw, was een zoon van Gozelo van de Ardennen en Uda van Metz. Zijn broer was Adalbero van Reims. Hij huwde in 963 met Mathildis van Saksen (937-1008), dochter van Herman Billung en weduwe van graaf Boudewijn III van Vlaanderen, en werd vader van:

Frederik (±970-1022), geestelijke, graaf van Verdun

Godfried de Kinderloze (-1023), hertog van Neder-Lotharingen

Adalbero (-988/989), bisschop van Verdun

Herman van Ename (-1029), graaf van Brabant en graaf van Verdun

Gozelo (-1044), hertog van Neder- en Opper-Lotharingen

Ermengarde (-1042), gehuwd met Otto I van Zutphen (Hammerstein)

Ermentrudis, gehuwd met heer Arnulf I van Florennes-Rumigny

(onder voorbehoud: Gerberga, gehuwd met graaf Folmar I van Metz)

De bijnaam De Gevangene wordt afgeleid door het feit, dat Godfried de aanval koos tegen de Franken, maar bij Verdun werd hij verslagen door Heribert de Jongere en gevangen gezet in 985. Als Hugo Capet koning wordt krijgt Godfried gratie in 987, maar zou pas in 990 zijn vrijgekomen. Godfried zou begraven zijn in de St.Pieter te Gent.

--------------------

Godfrey I, Count of Verdun

Godfrey I (died 1002), called the Prisoner or the Captive, sometimes the Old, was the count of Bidgau and Methingau from 959 and the count of Verdun from 963 to his death. In 969, he obtained the margravate of Antwerp and Ename. Between 974 and 998, he was also the count of Hainault and Mons.

He was the son of Gozlin, Count of Bidgau and Methingau, and Oda of Metz. He was the brother of Adalberon, Archbishop of Reims, who crowned Hugh Capet the king of France.

He was the founder of the House of Limburg or House of Ardennes-Verdun, a cadet branch of the House of Ardennes. He was always loyal to the Ottonians, whom he was related through his maternal grandmother.

He appears as the new count of Verdun in 963, though already count of Bidgau and Methingau through inheritance since 959. In 974, he became count of Mons, and Hainault jointly with Arnold, Count of Valenciennes, after the fall of Reginar IV. Charles, Duke of Lower Lorraine, was a supporter of Reginar and defeated Godfrey and Arnold at Mons in 976, where the former was captured.

After his release, he was at the side of the Emperor Otto II fighting Lothair of France at Verdun in 985, but he was again taken captive and held several years. He was released in 987 by Hugh Capet, whose political ally Godfrey's family was: Adalberon, Godfrey's brother, having crowned Hugh and Godfrey being an enemy of Charles of Lower Lorraine, Hugh's Carolingian rival.

In 989, he was made prisoner a third time by Herbert III of Vermandois. He was liberated before 995, when he appears at the synod of Mousson. In 998, he lost his Hainault portion (the county of Mons) to Reginar.

In 963, he married Matilda, daughter of Herman, Duke of Saxony, of the Billung family, a widow of Baldwin III of Flanders. He had the following issue:

Frederick (d. 1022), count of Verdun

Godfrey (d. 1023), count of Verdun and duke of Lower Lorraine (1012-1023)

Adalberon (d. 988) , bishop of Verdun (984-988)

Herman of Ename (d. 1024), count of Brabant (retired as a monk in the abbey of Verdun abt. 1020)

Gothelo (d. 1044), margrave of Antwerp, duke of Lower (1023-1044) and later also Upper (1033-1044) Lorraine

Bertram de Verdun, went to England where he held the manor of Farnham Royal in Buckinghamshire.

Ermengarde (d. 1042), married Otto of Hammerstein, count in the Wettergau

Ermentrude, married Arnold de Rumigny (d. 1010), lord of Florennes

probably also an unnamed daughter, married Count Godizo of Aspelt

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född 930-935

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Godfrey I (died 1002), called the Prisoner or the Captive (le Captif), sometimes the Old (le Vieux), was the count of Bidgau and Methingau from 959 and the count of Verdun from 963 to his death. In 969, he obtained the margravate of Antwerp and Ename. Between 974 and 998, he was also the count of Hainault and Mons.

He was the son of Gozlin, Count of Bidgau and Methingau, and Oda of Metz. He was the brother of Adalberon, Archbishop of Reims, who crowned Hugh Capet the king of France.

He was the founder of the House of Limburg or House of Ardennes-Verdun, a cadet branch of the House of Ardennes. He was always loyal to the Ottonians, whom he was related through his maternal grandmother.

He appears as the new count of Verdun in 963, though already count of Bidgau and Methingau through inheritance since 959. In 974, he became count of Mons, and Hainault jointly with Arnold, Count of Valenciennes, after the fall of Reginar IV. Charles, Duke of Lower Lorraine, was a supporter of Reginar and defeated Godfrey and Arnold at Mons in 976, where the former was captured.

After his release, he was at the side of the Emperor Otto II fighting Lothair of France at Verdun in 985, but he was again taken captive and held several years. He was released in 987 by Hugh Capet, whose political ally Godfrey's family was: Adalberon, Godfrey's brother, having crowned Hugh and Godfrey being an enemy of Charles of Lower Lorraine, Hugh's Carolingian rival.

In 989, he was made prisoner a third time by Herbert III of Vermandois. He was liberated before 995, when he appears at the synod of Mousson. In 998, he lost his Hainault portion (the county of Mons) to Reginar.

In 963, he married Matilda, daughter of Herman, Duke of Saxony, of the Billung family, a widow of Baldwin III of Flanders. He had the following issue:

Frederick (d. 1022), count of Verdun

Godfrey (d. 1023), count of Verdun and duke of Lower Lorraine (1012-1023)

Adalberon (d. 988) , bishop of Verdun (984-988)

Herman of Ename (d. 1024), count of Brabant (retired as a monk in the abbey of Verdun abt. 1020)

Gothelo (d. 1044), margrave of Antwerp, duke of Lower (1023-1044) and later also Upper (1033-1044) Lorraine

Bertram de Verdun, went to England where he held the manor of Farnham Royal in Buckinghamshire.

Ermengarde (d. 1042), married Otto of Hammerstein, count in the Wettergau

Ermentrude, married Arnold de Rumigny (d. 1010), lord of Florennes

probably also an unnamed daughter, married Count Godizo of Aspelt

--------------------

Godfrey I (died 1002), called the Prisoner or the Captive (le Captif), sometimes the Old (le Vieux), was the count of Bidgau and Methingau from 959 and the count of Verdun from 963 to his death. In 969, he obtained the margravate of Antwerp and Ename. Between 974 and 998, he was also the count of Hainault and Mons.

He was the son of Gozlin, Count of Bidgau and Methingau, and Oda of Metz. He was the brother of Adalberon, Archbishop of Reims, who crowned Hugh Capet the king of France.

He was the founder of the House of Limburg or House of Ardennes-Verdun, a cadet branch of the House of Ardennes. He was always loyal to the Ottonians, whom he was related through his maternal grandmother.

He appears as the new count of Verdun in 963, though already count of Bidgau and Methingau through inheritance since 959. In 974, he became count of Mons, and Hainault jointly with Arnold, Count of Valenciennes, after the fall of Reginar IV. Charles, Duke of Lower Lorraine, was a supporter of Reginar and defeated Godfrey and Arnold at Mons in 976, where the former was captured.

After his release, he was at the side of the Emperor Otto II fighting Lothair of France at Verdun in 985, but he was again taken captive and held several years. He was released in 987 by Hugh Capet, whose political ally Godfrey's family was: Adalberon, Godfrey's brother, having crowned Hugh and Godfrey being an enemy of Charles of Lower Lorraine, Hugh's Carolingian rival.

In 989, he was made prisoner a third time by Herbert III of Vermandois. He was liberated before 995, when he appears at the synod of Mousson. In 998, he lost his Hainault portion (the county of Mons) to Reginar.

In 963, he married Matilda, daughter of Herman, Duke of Saxony, of the Billung family, a widow of Baldwin III of Flanders. He had the following issue:

Frederick (d. 1022), count of Verdun

Godfrey (d. 1023), count of Verdun and duke of Lower Lorraine (1012-1023)

Adalberon (d. 988) , bishop of Verdun (984-988)

Herman of Ename (d. 1024), count of Brabant (retired as a monk in the abbey of Verdun abt. 1020)

Gothelo (d. 1044), margrave of Antwerp, duke of Lower (1023-1044) and later also Upper (1033-1044) Lorraine

Bertram de Verdun, went to England where he held the manor of Farnham Royal in Buckinghamshire.

Ermengarde (d. 1042), married Otto of Hammerstein, count in the Wettergau

Ermentrude, married Arnold de Rumigny (d. 1010), lord of Florennes

probably also an unnamed daughter, married Count Godizo of Aspelt --------------------

  1. Name: Gottfried DE VERDUN
  2. Given Name: Gottfried
  3. Surname: De Verdun
  4. Sex: M
  5. Birth: 937 in Lorraine, France
  6. Death: 4 Sep 1005
  7. Title: Comte De Verdun
  8. Note: Alias: Le Captif /Le Vieux/

Father: Gozelo Von Ardennes DE BASSE-LORRAINE b: Abt. 911

Mother: Oda DE METZ b: 910

Marriage 1 Mathilde SAXONY b: Abt. 941 in Saxony, Germany

Children

  1. Has Children Bonne DE ARDENNES b: 958
  2. Has Children Ermentrude DE ARDENNES b: Abt. 959
  3. Has Children Hermann DE VERDUN b: Abt. 967
  4. Has No Children Gottfried I DE LORRAINE b: 968
  5. Has Children Gonzelon I DE LORRAINE b: Abt. 969 in Verdun, Meuse, France
  6. Has Children Frederic DE VERDUN b: Abt. 970
  7. Has Children Irmengarde DE LUXEMBOURG b: Abt. 980
  8. Has Children Gerberge DE VERDUN b: Abt. 985
  9. Has No Children Adalberon DE VERDUN b: Abt. 965

-------------------- The Ardennes-Verdun dynasty, centered on Verdun, dominated Lotharingia in the 11th century.

The founder of the dynasty was Godfrey, known as the Captive. He was a son of Count Gozlin, brother of bishop Adalbero of Metz, and Uda, a daughter of Gerard, Count of Metz, and Uda of Saxony. Godfrey was the brother of Adalbero, Archbishop of Reims. Count Gozlin's parents were Wigeric, count palatine of Lotharingia, and Cunigunde, a granddaughter of Louis II of France.

All descending from Wigeric and Cunigunde, the Ardennes-Verdun dynasty was closely tied to the houses of Ardennes-Bar, Salm and Ardennes-Luxembourg.

Genealogy of the Ardennes-Verdun dynasty[edit]

Genealogy-Ardennes-Bouillon.png

Possessions and titles[edit]

The County of Verdun was given to Godfrey by Emperor Otto I between 944 and 951,[1] and was held by several dynasty members over the following four generations.

The Duchies of Upper and Lower Lorraine were the result of the division of the old kingdom, later duchy of Lotharingia in 959. Following the death of the childless Duke Otto in 1012, Godfrey the Childless was granted the Duchy of Lower Lorraine. Godfrey was succeeded in 1023 by his brother Gozelo, who also became Duke of Upper Lorraine in 1033. Both duchies were in the control of the dynasty until 1046, when the rebellions of Godfrey the Bearded led to the loss of both titles. Godfrey was finally restored to Lower Lorraine in 1065, and passed this on to his son, Godfrey the Hunchback. The Crusader Godfrey of Bouillon was a nephew of Godfrey the Hunchback, and the last of the dynasty to hold the Duchy.

The Castle of Bouillon is first mentioned in 988 in a letter to Godfrey the Captive from his brother Adalberon, Archbishop of Reims. It is believed that this castle, and the estate connected, was an original patrimony of the dynasty.[1] Bouillon was one of the central points of the dynasty's power, and was in their possession until it was sold by Godfrey of Bouillon to cover expenses for the First Crusade

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ardennes-Verdun_dynasty

  • Gottfried (Godefroy) "the Captive" "the Old" Count of Verdun & Bidgau & Ardenne

born about 0930 died after 3 September 1005

father:

  • Gozelon von Ardennes
  • born about 0911 Aachen, Rheinland, Prussia
  • died 18 December 0943

  • mother:
  • *Uda (or Voda) of Metz
  • born about 0915 <Lorraine>
  • died 7 April 0963

  • siblings:
  • unknown

  • spouse:
  • *Mathilde Princess of Saxony
  • born before 0958? Saxony
  • died 25 May 1008
  • married after 0962?

  • children:
  • *Bonne Adelaide Duchess of Lorraine born about 0963? Ardenne, France
  • *Gonzelon I Duke of Lorraine born about 0967 Verdun, Meuse, France died 19 April 1044
  • *Ermintrude von Limburg born about 0965
  • Gottfried I Duke of Lower Lorraine born 0966? <Verdun, Meuse, France> died 11 August 1023
  • Hermann Count of Verdun born about 0965 Verdun, Meuse, France died 28 May 1029
  • *Gerberge de Verdun born 0973
  • *Regilla de Verdun born 0979

biographical and/or anecdotal:

http://www.mathematical.com/ardennegottfried954.html

view all 24

Godefroi the Captive, count of Ardennes's Timeline

930
930
927/937/954
963
963
Age 33
963
Age 33
964
964
Age 34
Verdun, France
965
965
Age 35
965
Age 35
Verdun, Meuse, France
965
Age 35
Verdun, Meuse, Lorraine, France
967
967
Age 37
Verdun, Meuse, Lorraine, France
970
970
Age 40
Estouteville-sur-Mer, Seine-Inferieure, Normandy, France
970
Age 40
Hammerstein, (Now Czarne), Koszalin, Poland