Gottskálk 'grimmi' Nikulásson, Bishop of Hólar

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Gottskálk 'grimmi' Nikulásson (Gotskalk), Bishop of Hólar

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Jondal, Hordaland, Norway
Death: Died in Capital Region, Iceland
Place of Burial: ?
Immediate Family:

Son of Nicolaus Ragnvaldsson til Brandvig and Herborg Bårdsdatter Mjælberg
Partner of Valgerður Jónsdóttir and Guðrún Eiríksdóttir
Father of Kristín Gottskálksdóttir; Oddur "Norski" Gottskálksson and Gudrun Nilsdottir
Brother of Peter Nilsson på Torsnes; Guttorm Nilsson Torsnes and Astrid Nilsdatter

Occupation: Biskop til Hole, Island, Bisp på Holar, Biskop, Holar, Bisp, Biskop på Hólar, Biskup á Hólum, Biskup á Hólum., ?
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Gottskálk 'grimmi' Nikulásson (Gotskalk), Bishop of Hólar

1496-1520: Biskop i Hólar på Island.

Sources:

Source information:

Biskupa Sögur II, s. 233–234: «Biskup Gottskálk Nikolásson; hans moðir var Herborg Bárðardóttir; hennar systur Gerríður, þeirra föðurbróðir sá er glímdi við jötuninn, og hafði höfuðið yfir D menn».

More about him:

Taken from the site: http://www.san.beck.org/8-5-Scandinavia.html "........ Bishop Olaf Rognvaldsson of Holar engaged in several lawsuits to make his adversaries pay fines, and he died in 1495. His successor Gottskalk Nikolasson lived with a concubine, and he was also rapacious to acquire property for himself and his children.

He was arrogant and came into conflict with leading men. He ordered the lawman Jon Sigmundsson to come before him at Holar and levied heavy fines when he refused. Jon cleared himself of most of the accusations; but he was banned, and his wife was summoned to Holar. She was forced to confess and pay a fine of 300 hundrad. Bishop Gottskalk summoned Jon again and imposed more fines on him. He appealed to the King and the Archbishop, who sent Jon to Bishop Stephan Jonsson of Skalholt. He upheld Gottskalk’s decree, and Jon agreed to pay 200 hundrad and obey the rules.

After Jon was wounded with a knife in Holar, both bishops put him under a ban for refusing to appear again. Jon went to the King who gave him a letter of protection and instructed the Governor of Iceland to make sure he got his estates back. Yet Bishop Gottskalk bribed the Governor and had Jon pushed off a bridge into a river, but Jon was rescued.

Chieftains tried to form a confederation to protect themselves from the aggressive bishops, but the people were too much under their influence. Jon Sigmundsson died in poverty in 1520 the same year as Gottskalk Nikolasson died...."

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