Gonzelon I the Great, duke of Lorraine

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Gonzelon "le Grand" de Verdun, duc de Lorraine

Also Known As: "Gothelo", "Gozelo", "Gonzelo"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Verdun, Meuse, Lorraine, France
Death: Died in Verdun, Meuse, Lorraine, France
Place of Burial: Abdij van Munsterbilzen, Munsterbilzen, Flemish Region, Belgium
Immediate Family:

Son of Godefroi the Captive, count of Ardennes and Mathilde of Saxony, countess of Flanders
Husband of Barbe de Lebarton; Urraca Princess of Italy de Lombardía-Ivrea and Ermengarde / Adelaide, comtesse de Lower Lorraine
Father of Ada (Oda) de Lorraine; Gonzelo II, duc de Basse-Lorraine; Regelindis de Namur; Pope Stephen IX; <private> and 1 other
Brother of Bonne Adelaide de Verdun, Duchess of Lorraine; Gerberge de Verdun, comtesse; Hermann, comte de Verdun et d'Enham; Godefroy de Verdun; Irmgard, comtesse de Verdun and 5 others
Half brother of Arnulf II the Young, count of Flanders and Berthe de Flanders, Countess Of Flanders

Occupation: Margrave of Antwerp 1008, Count of Verdun, Duke of Lower Lorraine (Brabant) 1023, Duke of (Upper) Lorraine 1033
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Gonzelon I the Great, duke of Lorraine

Gothelo or Gozelo (c. 967 – 19 April 1044), called the Great, was the duke of Lower Lorraine from 1023 and of Upper Lorraine from 1033. He was also the margrave of Antwerp from 1005 (or 1008) and count of Verdun. Gothelo was the youngest son of Godfrey I, Count of Verdun, and Matilda Billung, daughter of Herman, Duke of Saxony. On his father's death, he received the march of Antwerp and became a vassal of his brother, Godfrey II, who became duke of Lower Lorraine in 1012. He succeeded his brother in 1023 with the support of the Emperor Henry II, but was opposed until Conrad II forced the rebels to submit in 1025. When the House of Bar, which ruled in Upper Lorraine, became extinct in 1033, with the death of his cousin Frederick III, Conrad made him duke of both duchies, so that he could assist in the defence of the territory against Odo II, count of Blois, Meaux, Chartres, and Troyes (the later Champagne).

In the Battle of Bar on 15 November 1037, Gothelo dealt a decisive blow to Odo, who was trying to creating an independent state between France and Germany. Odo died in the battle.

Gothelo died on 19 April 1044 and is buried in the Abbey Church of Bilsen. His son Godfrey succeeded in Upper Lorraine, but the Emperor Henry III refused to give him the duchy of Lower Lorraine as well. When Godfrey showed disagreement with the imperial decision, Henry III threatened to pass the duchy to Godfrey's incompetent brother Gothelo. This caused a long rebellion in Lotharingia between the allies of Godfrey (the counts of Flanders and Leuven) and imperial forces (1044-1056).

The name of Gothelo's wife is not known. He had the following children:

Godfrey the Bearded, duke of Upper Lorraine

Gothelo, duke of Lower Lorraine

Frederick, later Pope Stephen IX

Regilinda, married Albert II, Count of Namur

Oda, married Lambert II, Count of Leuven

Matilda, married Henry I, Count Palatine of Lotharingia -------------------- Gothelo or Gozelo (c. 967 – 19 April 1044), called the Great, was the duke of Lower Lorraine from 1023 and of Upper Lorraine from 1033. He was also the margrave of Antwerp from 1005 (or 1008) and count of Verdun. Gothelo was the youngest son of Godfrey I, Count of Verdun, and Matilda Billung, daughter of Herman, Duke of Saxony. On his father's death, he received the march of Antwerp and became a vassal of his brother, Godfrey II, who became duke of Lower Lorraine in 1012. He succeeded his brother in 1023 with the support of the Emperor Henry II, but was opposed until Conrad II forced the rebels to submit in 1025. When the House of Bar, which ruled in Upper Lorraine, became extinct in 1033, with the death of his cousin Frederick III, Conrad made him duke of both duchies, so that he could assist in the defence of the territory against Odo II, count of Blois, Meaux, Chartres, and Troyes (the later Champagne).

In the Battle of Bar on 15 November 1037, Gothelo dealt a decisive blow to Odo, who was trying to creating an independent state between France and Germany. Odo died in the battle.

Gothelo died on 19 April 1044 and is buried in the Abbey Church of Bilsen. His son Godfrey succeeded in Upper Lorraine, but the Emperor Henry III refused to give him the duchy of Lower Lorraine as well. When Godfrey showed disagreement with the imperial decision, Henry III threatened to pass the duchy to Godfrey's incompetent brother Gothelo. This caused a long rebellion in Lotharingia between the allies of Godfrey (the counts of Flanders and Leuven) and imperial forces (1044-1056).

The name of Gothelo's wife is not known. He had the following children:

Godfrey the Bearded, duke of Upper Lorraine

Gothelo, duke of Lower Lorraine

Frederick, later Pope Stephen IX

Regilinda, married Albert II, Count of Namur

Oda, married Lambert II, Count of Leuven

Matilda, married Henry I, Count Palatine of Lotharingia --------------------

  1. Name: Godfrey DE LORRAINE
  2. Given Name: Godfrey
  3. Surname: De Lorraine
  4. Sex: M
  5. Birth: Abt. 1006 in Lorraine, France
  6. Death: 24 Dec 1069
  7. Note: Alias: The /Bearded/

Father: Gonzelon I DE LORRAINE b: Abt. 969 in Verdun, Meuse, France

Mother: Urracca ITALY b: 964 in Italy

Marriage 1 Beatrix DE LORRAINE b: Abt. 1015 in Lorraine, France

Children

  1. Has Children Ida DE BOUILLON b: Abt. 1030 in Lorraine, France
  2. Has Children Bertram DE VERDUN b: 1065 in Farnham Royal, Buckinghamshire, England
view all 24

Gonzelon I the Great, duke of Lorraine's Timeline

967
967
Verdun, Meuse, Lorraine, France
990
990
Age 23
Lorraine, France
997
997
Age 30
Lorraine, France
998
998
Age 31
Lorraine, France
1000
1000
Age 33
Verdun, Meuse, Lorraine, France
1003
1003
Age 36
Verdun, Meuse, Lorraine, France
1019
1019
Age 52
Count of, Lower Lorrain, Upper Lorrain, 1034
1019
Age 52
Count of, Lower Lorrain, Upper Lorrain, 1034
1019
Age 52
Count of, Lower Lorrain, Upper Lorrain, 1034
1020
1020
Age 53
Lorraine, France