Gradlon Mawr "The Great" ap Conan, King of Brittany (330 - 434) MP

‹ Back to ap Conan surname

Is your surname ap Conan?

Research the ap Conan family

Gradlon Mawr "The Great" ap Conan, King of Brittany's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Birthplace: Cornwall,England
Death: Died in England
Occupation: Roy de Bretagne, Gradlon the Great, King of Brittany
Managed by: Joseph Kinner Harmon
Last Updated:

About Gradlon Mawr "The Great" ap Conan, King of Brittany

Gradlon Mawr, 'King' of Brittany

(born c.AD 330)

(Welsh-Erbin, Latin-Urbanus, English-Urban)

The eldest son of Conan Meriadoc by his second wife, St. Darerca, though known as Gradlon the Great in Brittany, but was mostly called Urban outside his kingdom. In his youth, when he was a pagan, Gradlon is said to have fallen deeply in love with a beautiful half-woman/half-fairy. Unfortunately however, he later offended this mysterious creature by converting to Christianity and seeking the counsel of St. Gwenole. The fairy fled from Gradlon across a torrential river, warning him not to follow. The brave Breton, however, plunged headlong into the swirling waters after her. The fairy was forced to save his life, but spurned him nevertheless and hated him all the more for having made her admit that she loved him still.

The so-called ' King' - probably a governor - took quickly to the new religion. While out hunting, one day, he became separated from his entourage and found himself lost in the great Forest of Menez-Hom. Almost dead from exhaustion and hunger, he eventually stumbled across the hermitage of St. Cornetin (now built upon by Plomodiern). St. Corentin kept a marvellous fish from which he cut a slice to sustain him every day. The fish would be found miraculously whole again in the morning. The saint happily shared his meal with the Breton King and he was thus brought back to health. As a reward for his hospitality, Gradlon made St. Corentin the first Bishop of Cornouaille.

The King's first fairy-love returned, in later years, to possess the mind of Gradlon's daughter, Dahut, who thence became the most wicked of Breton women. She built a castle over the River Argent in the Huelgoat Forest, to which a different suitor was invited every night. Each was given a black mask to wear so he could not look upon Dahut's face. Then the revelries began. At the end of a thoroughly enjoyable evening, however, hidden springs would shoot out from the mask and strangle the wearer! Dahut would then have the body thrown into the nearby forest caves.

Gradlon's main power-base was Cornouaille and his capital was the beautiful city of Caer Ys which stood in, what is now, the Bay of Douarnenez. It was a low lying city with a large dyke to keep back the sea. Gradlon kept the key to the sluice gates hung around his neck at all times. One night, however, the evil Dahut stole the key while her father was sleeping and slipped away to open the gates in some sort of sadistic game. The raging sea immediately invaded the city. Gradlon awoke with barely enough time to jump on his horse and race ahead of the torrential waves. Spying his daughter in the streets, and being unaware of her crimes, he just managed to pull her up behind him. On they rode ahead of the waves until they reached higher ground where St.Gwenole was waiting. "Cast off the demon that is riding behind you!" he cried, but Gradlon did not understand the saint. So Gwendole pushed Dahut into the sea himself, and immediately the waves were calm once more.

Gradlon made his new capital at Corspotium (Quimper), where his statue can be seen in front of the Cathedral. It is said that the bells of the churches of Ys can still be heard on stormy nights at sea. Upon Gradlon's death, he was succeeded by his son, Salomon I; followed by his grandson, Aldrien.

Generally considered legendary.

King of Brittany Gradlon Mawr ap Cynan Meriadoc of Brittany

b. circa 330

Father King of Brittany Erbin ap Cynan Meriadoc of Britain1

    King of Brittany Gradlon Mawr ap Cynan Meriadoc of Brittany established his first power-base in Cornouaille and his capital was the beautiful city of Caer Ys which stood in, what is now, the Bay of Douarnenez.2 He was half-brother of Erbin, King of Brittany.1 He made his new capital at Corspotium (Quimper), where his statue can be seen in front of the Cathedral.2 He was born circa 330. The eldest son.2 He was the son of King of Brittany Erbin ap Cynan Meriadoc of Britain.1 King of Brittany Gradlon Mawr ap Cynan Meriadoc of Brittany married Tigridia of Ireland before 355.2 King of Brittany Gradlon Mawr ap Cynan Meriadoc of Brittany was the predecessor of Prince of Dumnonée Guitol ap Gradlon of Brittany; Prince of Domnonée.1 King of Brittany Gradlon Mawr ap Cynan Meriadoc of Brittany was the successor of King of Brittany Erbin ap Cynan Meriadoc of Britain; King of Vannetais.1 King of Vannetais at Brittany between 400 and 434.1 King of Brittany Gradlon Mawr ap Cynan Meriadoc of Brittany died. Upon Gradlon's death his Kingdom appears to have been divided amongst his sons in the usual Celtic manner. Saloman, as the eldest son, took the Breton heartland of Cornouaille and the over-kingship, while Guitol became the first Prince of Domnonée.2

Family

Tigridia of Ireland b. circa 330

Children

High King of Brittany Salomon I ap Gradlon of Brittany+ b. c 355, d. 4462

Prince of Dumnonée Guitol ap Gradlon of Brittany+ b. c 3592

Citations

[S640] History Files, online http://homepages.tesco.net/~plk33/plk33/history.htm

[S266] EBK, online http://freespace.virgin.net/david.ford2/… -------------------- Gradlon Mawr (the Great) King of Brittany

Born : Abt. 330

Died : 434

Age : 104

Father Conan Meriadog King of Brittany and Dumnonia

Mother Dareca of Queen of Brittany and Dumnonia

Marriage - Tigridia of Ireland Queen of Brittany

Children Abt. 355 - Salomon I King of Brittany 

Abt. 359 - Gwidol ap Gradlon Prince of Domnonée

Forrás / Source:

http://www.american-pictures.com/genealogy/persons/per08905.htm#0

view all 11

Gradlon Mawr "The Great" ap Conan, King of Brittany's Timeline

330
330
Cornwall,England
355
355
Age 25
Cornwall, England
357
357
Age 27
359
359
Age 29
Britain
360
360
Age 30
366
366
Age 36
421
421
Age 91
After the death of father, preferred a heritage in forest of Nevet to the throne
434
434
Age 104
England
????
????