Pavel Alexandrovich Grand Duke of Russia

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Павел Александрович Рома́нов

Also Known As: "Paul", "Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Ца́рское Село́, Гатчинский уезд, Санкт-Петербургская губерния, Российская Империя
Death: Died in Петроград, Петроградская губерния, Российская СФСР, СССР
Cause of death: shot by the Bolsheviks
Place of Burial: Петропавловская крепость, Санкт-Петербург, Ленинградская область, Росси́йская Федера́ция
Immediate Family:

Son of Alexander II Tsar of Russia and Maria
Husband of Alexandra Georgievna Grand Duchess of Russia and Olga Valerianovna Paley
Father of Maria Pavlovna Romanova; Grand Prince Dmitri Romanov; Vladimir Paley; Irina Paley; Natalia Paley and 3 others
Brother of Grand Duchess Alexandra Alexandrovna of Russia; Tsarevich Nicholas Alexandrovich of Russia; Alexander III Romanov Tsar of Russia; Vladimir Alexandrovich Romanov (Grand Duke); Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich of Russia and 2 others
Half brother of Charlotte Henriette Sophie Jansen; Boris Vladimirovits Romanov; Andrei Vladimirovits Romanov; Jelena Vladimirovna Romanov; Георгий Александрович Юрьевский and 3 others

Managed by: Hannelore Caulk Scheu
Last Updated:

About Pavel Alexandrovich Grand Duke of Russia

Pavel Aleksandrovich Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia

Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich of Russia (Павел Александрович) ( 3 October 1860 N.S. – 30 January 1919 N.S.) was the eighth child of Tsar Alexander II of Russia by his first wife Empress Maria Alexandrovna. His birth was commemorated by the naming of the city of Pavlodar in Kazakhstan. He entered the Russian Army and rose to the rank of General, but was known as a gentle person, religious and accessible to people.

On 17 June 1889, in Saint Petersburg, he married Princess Alexandra of Greece, who bore him two children:

  • 1. Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia (1890–1958)
  • 2. Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich of Russia (1891–1941)

Alexandra died just hours after Dmitri's birth. She had carelessly stepped into a waiting boat, causing premature labour; Dimitri was born in the hours following the accident. Alexandra slipped into a coma and never came out.

Second marriage

In 1893, the young widower became close to a commoner, Olga Valerianovna Karnovich, and years later requested Nicholas II's permission to marry her, but it was refused, and the couple settled in Paris. On 10 October 1902 they were married in an Orthodox church in Livorno, Italy. The Bavarian government granted Olga the title of Countess of Hohenfelsen in 1904, but the marriage caused a scandal in the Russian Court. Paul was dismissed of his military commissions, all his properties were seized, and his brother Grand Duke Sergei was appointed guardian of Maria and Dmitri.

For many years, he lived in exile in France with Olga and the three children they had: Vladimir, who became a remarkable poet, and two girls, Irina and Natalia. Eventually he was pardoned and settled with his family in Tsarskoe Selo. In 1915 the Tsar granted Olga and their children the title of Prince and Princesses Paley with the style of Serene Highness, and their children also became Prince Vladimir Pavlovich Paley and Princesses Irina Pavlovna and Natalia Pavlovna Paley.

World War I

During World War I he was placed in command of the First Corps of the Imperial Guard and later was moved to a new appointment at the Tsar's headquarters. In 1917 he tried to convince the sovereigns to grant a Constitution, but his efforts failed. However, he was one of the few members of the Imperial Family who remained quite close to Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna during the final days of the old régime.

Revolution and death

After the Bolsheviks seized power, he and his family faced a terrible ordeal. Their properties were confiscated, they lived under constant harassment, and in March 1918 his son Vladimir Paley was exiled to the Urals, where he was to be executed on 18 July 1918 in a mineshaft near Alapayevsk.

In August, 1918, he was arrested and taken to prison in Saint Petersburg. His health, already bad, declined sharply, and his wife did all she could to have him released. Her efforts were useless: on 29 January 1919, Paul was moved to St. Peter and St. Paul Fortress, and in the first hours of the following day he was shot there, along with his cousins Grand Dukes Dimitry Konstantinovich, Nikolay Mikhailovich and Georgy Mikhailovich.

They were buried in a mass grave in the Fortress, the Bolsheviks having refused the distraught Princess Paley the right to bury her husband. His body has never been found.

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Pavel Alexandrovich Grand Duke of Russia's Timeline

1860
October 3, 1860
Ца́рское Село́, Гатчинский уезд, Санкт-Петербургская губерния, Российская Империя
1890
April 18, 1890
Age 29
St. Petersburg, Russia
1891
September 18, 1891
Age 30
село Ильинское, Звенигородский уезд, Московская губерния, Российская империя
1897
January 9, 1897
Age 36
Russia
1897
Age 36
1902
October 10, 1902
Age 42
Livorno,, Italia
1902
Age 41
Leghorn
1903
December 21, 1903
Age 43
Paris, France
1903
Age 42
1905
December 5, 1905
Age 45