Gudrod the Black, King of Man & the North Isles

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Guðrøðr "the Black" Óláfsson, King of Man & the North Isles

Also Known As: "Godfred", "Godfrey", "Gudrød", "Gudrod", "Olafsson", "Olofsson"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Isle of Man, England
Death: Died in Isle of Man, England
Place of Burial: Hebriderna, Iona, Scotland
Immediate Family:

Son of Olaf I "Morsel", King of Man & the Isles and Afreca nic Fergus of Gallloway, Princess of Isle of Man
Husband of N.N., Unknown Wife or Mistress of Gudrod the Black Irsk prinsesse and Finnguala mac Lochlainn
Ex-husband of Ferquhard Ross
Father of Ragnvald III Gudrödsson, King of Mann and the Isles; Olaf the Black of Isle of Man; Ivar Guðrøðarson and Affrica Guðrøðardóttir
Brother of Ingebjörn of Orkney and Godfred 'The Black' of the Isles of Man Olafsson
Half brother of Ragnhildr Óláfsdóttir and Harald Olavsson of Man and the Hebrides

Occupation: King of Man (as Gudrødr IV, 1153) and the North Isles (as Gudrødr II, 1153), King of Dublin 1187, Konge av Suderøyene Man, Konge på isle of Man 1153-1158 og 1164-1187
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Gudrod the Black, King of Man & the North Isles

Occupation King of Isle of Man, England 1153-1158 and 1164-1187

Alias/AKA Gudröd IV

http://bloodroyal.tripod.com/AufrickOfTheIsleOfMan-4.html

--------------------

Gudröd II OLOFSSON

Yrke: Kung på Isle of Man, England 1153-1158 och 1164-1187

Far: Olof I (Bitling) GUDRÖDSSON (1080 - 1153)

Mor: Afreca av GALLOWAY (1099 - 1130)

Född: omkring 1127 England, Isle of Man 1)

Död: 1187-11-10 England, Isle of Man 2)

Begravd: omkring 1187 Skottland, Hebriderna, Iona 3)

Familj med: Okänd hustru

Barn: Ragnvald GUDRÖDSSON (1165 - 1229)

Familj med Finola Mac LOCHLAINN (1150 - 1180)

Vigsel: omkring 1176 4)

Barn: Olof II (the Black) GUDRÖDSSON (1173 - 1237)

Noteringar

Sonen Olav 'Svarte' bör vara född år 1173, eftersom föräldrarna gifter sig år 1176 och då sägs det uttryckligen att sonen Olav var 3 år gammal. (Källa: Chronicle of Man and the Isles)

Begravd på ön Iona, som är en liten helig ö bland inre Hebriderna i västra Skottland. Munken Columba anlade ett kloster på ön 563, vilket raserades av vikingar år 806, men återuppbyggdes. (Källa: May Teistevoll)

This Godred of 1154 in Dublin was, it appears, the same Godred Olafsson (or Godfrey II, King of Man) who married Fionnuala Nic Lochlainn. This raises the very interesting possibility that Fionnuala married Godred soon after the 1154 political collision in Dublin, and that she was (after all!) the daughter of High-King Muircheartach - and not the daughter of one of his sons who succeeded him as King of Cinéal Eoghain. There is every reason to see Fionnuala's marriage as the final seal on an alliance between the Manx family and Clann Lochlainn: it remains for us to figure out when are where this accord was finalised. (Källa: P A MagLochlainn)

In 1154, the Chronicles of Mann state that Godred, King of Mann, was asked by the people of Dublin to be their king. When Murtagh, King of Ireland, heard this, he assembled a host and marched on Dublin with his twin brother, Osiblen. In the ensuing battle, Osiblen was slain. Another translation of this tract calls Osiblen his uterine brother and renders the name of the King of Ireland as Muirchertach. (Källa: P A MagLochlainn)

Kung Isle of Man och Hebriderna 1103-1153 och 1164-1187. (Källa: Regentlängd för Isle of Man)

Olaf was killed in 1154 at Ramsey. Now, Chronicle says that his son Godred had, just before that, gone to Norway to King Inge; made himself his man and, next autumn, on his return, put in at Orkney, 'and all the chiefs of the Isles, hearing that he had come, were delighted'. He was in fact a connection. Godred from there came to Man, and turned out his cousins who had killed his father Olaf; blinded two of them, killed the third this maintaining a connection with Orkney at that date I think in harmony with my general view of Olaf´s connection with the family of the Saint. (Källa: Frances Coakley)

Källor

1) Erling Dolenius, Frösön

2) Stewart Baldwin, England (webbplats)

3) Directory of Royal Genealogical Data, Hull, England

4) Chronicle of Man and the Isles (webbplats)

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Under år 1153 kung Olave (Bitling) dödades på fest i den heliga apostlarna Petrus och Paulus. I följande hösten Godred, kom hans son, från Norge med fem skepp och sätta in på Orkneyöarna. Alla cheferna bland öarna var gladdes när de hörde om hans ankomst, och montering tillsammans, enhälligt valt honom för sin konung. Godred kom sedan till Man beslagtog tre söner Harold, och att hämnas sin faders mord, som tilldelas dem död de förtjänade. En annan historia är att han sticka ut ögonen på två av dem och satte den tredje till döden. (Chronicle of Man och Sudreys)

Efter ETT ÅR sjöslag 1156 delades Söderöarna Jag Två Delar and Hebriderna bildade rike ETT EGET MED Islay SOM Centrum. (Nordisk Vikingaguide, sid 189, G. Lars Holmblad)

Under år 1176, John de Courcy dämpad Ulster. Samma år Vivian, kardinal legaten av det apostolic se, kom till människan, och i utövandet av sitt ämbete orsakade Godred att vara förenat i laglig äktenskap med sin fru, dotter (Finola) av MacLoughlin, son till Muinrough, kung av Irland, som var mor till Olave då tre år gammal. De var gifta med Silvanus, abbot i Rivaulx. (Chronicle of Man och Sudreys)

Under år 1187, den 10 november, Godred, kung av öarna, dog på ön St Patrick, i Man. I början av nästa sommar hans kropp flyttades till ön heter Lona (ETT Kloster In Inre Hebriderna). Han lämnade tre söner, Reginald, Olave, och Ivar. Reginald, då en fullvuxen ung man, var frånvarande i öarna. Olave, men ändå en mycket ung pojke, bosatt i Man. (Chronicle of Man och Sudreys)

Godred under sitt liv hade utsett Olave att lyckas med riket, för arv tillhörde honom rätt, eftersom han var född i lagligt äktenskap, och hade bjudit alla människor of Man att utse Olave kung efter sin egen död, och bevara okränkbara sin trohetsed. Hur någonsin, efter döden av Godred skickade invånarna på Isle of sina budbärare till öarna för Reginald, och gjorde honom till konung, eftersom han var en man av energi och mognare ålder. Ty de fruktade svagheten i Olave, för han bara var en pojke tio år gammal, och de ansåg att en person, som på grund av sitt anbud ålder, visste inte hur man direkt själv, skulle ha varit helt oförmögen att regera sina undersåtar. Detta var anledningen till att folk Man utsåg Reginald kung. (Chronicle of Man och Sudreys)

In the year 1153 King Olave (Bitling) was slain on the feast of the holy apostles Peter and Paul. In the following autumn Godred, his son, came from Norway with five ships, and put in at the Orkneys. All the chiefs of the Isles were rejoiced when they heard of his arrival, and assembling together, unanimously elected him for their king. Godred then came to Man, seized the three sons of Harold, and, to avenge his father's murder, awarded them the death they deserved. Another story is that he put out the eyes of two of them, and put the third to death. (Chronicle of Man and the Sudreys)

Efter ett sjöslag år 1156 delades Söderöarna i två delar och Hebriderna bildade ett eget rike med Islay som centrum. (Nordisk Vikingaguide, sid 189, Lars G. Holmblad)

In the year 1176, John de Courcy subdued Ulster. In the same year Vivian, Cardinal legate of the apostolic See, came to Man, and in the discharge of his office caused Godred to be united in lawful marriage with his wife, the daughter (Finola) of MacLoughlin, son of Muinrough, King of Ireland, who was mother of Olave then three years old. They were married by Silvanus, Abbot of Rivaulx. (Chronicle of Man and the Sudreys)

In the year 1187, on the 10th of November, Godred, King of the Isles, died in the Island of St. Patrick, in Man. In the beginning of the following summer his body was removed to the Island called lona (ett kloster på inre Hebriderna). He left three sons, Reginald, Olave, and Ivar. Reginald, then a full grown young man, was absent in the Isles. Olave, yet a very young boy, resided in Man. (Chronicle of Man and the Sudreys)

Godred during his life had appointed Olave to succeed to the kingdom, for the inheritance belonged to him by right, because he was born of lawful wedlock; and had commanded all the people of Man to appoint Olave king after his own death, and preserve inviolate their oath of allegiance. How ever, after the death of Godred, the Manxmen sent their messengers to the Isles for Reginald, and made him king, because he was a man of energy and of riper age. For they dreaded the weakness of Olave, for he was but a boy ten years old, and they considered that a person, who on account of his tender age, knew not how to direct himself, would be wholly incapable of governing his subjects. This was the reason why the people of Man appointed Reginald king. (Chronicle of Man and the Sudreys)

http://www.espell.se/saga/pba6ad4d5.html -------------------- Occupation King of Isle of Man, England 1153-1158 and 1164-1187

Alias/AKA Gudröd IV

--------------------

Gudröd II OLOFSSON

Yrke: Kung på Isle of Man, England 1153-1158 och 1164-1187

Far: Olof I (Bitling) GUDRÖDSSON (1080 - 1153)

Mor: Afreca av GALLOWAY (1099 - 1130)

Född: omkring 1127 England, Isle of Man 1)

Död: 1187-11-10 England, Isle of Man 2)

Begravd: omkring 1187 Skottland, Hebriderna, Iona 3)

Familj med: Okänd hustru

Barn: Ragnvald GUDRÖDSSON (1165 - 1229)

Familj med Finola Mac LOCHLAINN (1150 - 1180)

Vigsel: omkring 1176 4)

Barn: Olof II (the Black) GUDRÖDSSON (1173 - 1237)

Noteringar

Sonen Olav 'Svarte' bör vara född år 1173, eftersom föräldrarna gifter sig år 1176 och då sägs det uttryckligen att sonen Olav var 3 år gammal. (Källa: Chronicle of Man and the Isles)

Begravd på ön Iona, som är en liten helig ö bland inre Hebriderna i västra Skottland. Munken Columba anlade ett kloster på ön 563, vilket raserades av vikingar år 806, men återuppbyggdes. (Källa: May Teistevoll)

This Godred of 1154 in Dublin was, it appears, the same Godred Olafsson (or Godfrey II, King of Man) who married Fionnuala Nic Lochlainn. This raises the very interesting possibility that Fionnuala married Godred soon after the 1154 political collision in Dublin, and that she was (after all!) the daughter of High-King Muircheartach - and not the daughter of one of his sons who succeeded him as King of Cinéal Eoghain. There is every reason to see Fionnuala's marriage as the final seal on an alliance between the Manx family and Clann Lochlainn: it remains for us to figure out when are where this accord was finalised. (Källa: P A MagLochlainn)

In 1154, the Chronicles of Mann state that Godred, King of Mann, was asked by the people of Dublin to be their king. When Murtagh, King of Ireland, heard this, he assembled a host and marched on Dublin with his twin brother, Osiblen. In the ensuing battle, Osiblen was slain. Another translation of this tract calls Osiblen his uterine brother and renders the name of the King of Ireland as Muirchertach. (Källa: P A MagLochlainn)

Kung Isle of Man och Hebriderna 1103-1153 och 1164-1187. (Källa: Regentlängd för Isle of Man)

Olaf was killed in 1154 at Ramsey. Now, Chronicle says that his son Godred had, just before that, gone to Norway to King Inge; made himself his man and, next autumn, on his return, put in at Orkney, 'and all the chiefs of the Isles, hearing that he had come, were delighted'. He was in fact a connection. Godred from there came to Man, and turned out his cousins who had killed his father Olaf; blinded two of them, killed the third this maintaining a connection with Orkney at that date I think in harmony with my general view of Olaf´s connection with the family of the Saint. (Källa: Frances Coakley)

Källor

1) Erling Dolenius, Frösön

2) Stewart Baldwin, England (webbplats)

3) Directory of Royal Genealogical Data, Hull, England

4) Chronicle of Man and the Isles (webbplats)

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Under år 1153 kung Olave (Bitling) dödades på fest i den heliga apostlarna Petrus och Paulus. I följande hösten Godred, kom hans son, från Norge med fem skepp och sätta in på Orkneyöarna. Alla cheferna bland öarna var gladdes när de hörde om hans ankomst, och montering tillsammans, enhälligt valt honom för sin konung. Godred kom sedan till Man beslagtog tre söner Harold, och att hämnas sin faders mord, som tilldelas dem död de förtjänade. En annan historia är att han sticka ut ögonen på två av dem och satte den tredje till döden. (Chronicle of Man och Sudreys)

Efter ETT ÅR sjöslag 1156 delades Söderöarna Jag Två Delar and Hebriderna bildade rike ETT EGET MED Islay SOM Centrum. (Nordisk Vikingaguide, sid 189, G. Lars Holmblad)

Under år 1176, John de Courcy dämpad Ulster. Samma år Vivian, kardinal legaten av det apostolic se, kom till människan, och i utövandet av sitt ämbete orsakade Godred att vara förenat i laglig äktenskap med sin fru, dotter (Finola) av MacLoughlin, son till Muinrough, kung av Irland, som var mor till Olave då tre år gammal. De var gifta med Silvanus, abbot i Rivaulx. (Chronicle of Man och Sudreys)

Under år 1187, den 10 november, Godred, kung av öarna, dog på ön St Patrick, i Man. I början av nästa sommar hans kropp flyttades till ön heter Lona (ETT Kloster In Inre Hebriderna). Han lämnade tre söner, Reginald, Olave, och Ivar. Reginald, då en fullvuxen ung man, var frånvarande i öarna. Olave, men ändå en mycket ung pojke, bosatt i Man. (Chronicle of Man och Sudreys)

Godred under sitt liv hade utsett Olave att lyckas med riket, för arv tillhörde honom rätt, eftersom han var född i lagligt äktenskap, och hade bjudit alla människor of Man att utse Olave kung efter sin egen död, och bevara okränkbara sin trohetsed. Hur någonsin, efter döden av Godred skickade invånarna på Isle of sina budbärare till öarna för Reginald, och gjorde honom till konung, eftersom han var en man av energi och mognare ålder. Ty de fruktade svagheten i Olave, för han bara var en pojke tio år gammal, och de ansåg att en person, som på grund av sitt anbud ålder, visste inte hur man direkt själv, skulle ha varit helt oförmögen att regera sina undersåtar. Detta var anledningen till att folk Man utsåg Reginald kung. (Chronicle of Man och Sudreys)

In the year 1153 King Olave (Bitling) was slain on the feast of the holy apostles Peter and Paul. In the following autumn Godred, his son, came from Norway with five ships, and put in at the Orkneys. All the chiefs of the Isles were rejoiced when they heard of his arrival, and assembling together, unanimously elected him for their king. Godred then came to Man, seized the three sons of Harold, and, to avenge his father's murder, awarded them the death they deserved. Another story is that he put out the eyes of two of them, and put the third to death. (Chronicle of Man and the Sudreys)

Efter ett sjöslag år 1156 delades Söderöarna i två delar och Hebriderna bildade ett eget rike med Islay som centrum. (Nordisk Vikingaguide, sid 189, Lars G. Holmblad)

In the year 1176, John de Courcy subdued Ulster. In the same year Vivian, Cardinal legate of the apostolic See, came to Man, and in the discharge of his office caused Godred to be united in lawful marriage with his wife, the daughter (Finola) of MacLoughlin, son of Muinrough, King of Ireland, who was mother of Olave then three years old. They were married by Silvanus, Abbot of Rivaulx. (Chronicle of Man and the Sudreys)

In the year 1187, on the 10th of November, Godred, King of the Isles, died in the Island of St. Patrick, in Man. In the beginning of the following summer his body was removed to the Island called lona (ett kloster på inre Hebriderna). He left three sons, Reginald, Olave, and Ivar. Reginald, then a full grown young man, was absent in the Isles. Olave, yet a very young boy, resided in Man. (Chronicle of Man and the Sudreys)

Godred during his life had appointed Olave to succeed to the kingdom, for the inheritance belonged to him by right, because he was born of lawful wedlock; and had commanded all the people of Man to appoint Olave king after his own death, and preserve inviolate their oath of allegiance. How ever, after the death of Godred, the Manxmen sent their messengers to the Isles for Reginald, and made him king, because he was a man of energy and of riper age. For they dreaded the weakness of Olave, for he was but a boy ten years old, and they considered that a person, who on account of his tender age, knew not how to direct himself, would be wholly incapable of governing his subjects. This was the reason why the people of Man appointed Reginald king. (Chronicle of Man and the Sudreys)

http://www.espell.se/saga/pba6ad4d5.html -------------------- 1153 blev han kung över Man. Han hade gjort många erövringar och regerade nu över ett stort rike, inkluderande Dublin. Han hade tre söner. Reginald, som var äldst, var son till Gudrods älskarinna. Det var yngst sonen, Olof, som hade rätten till tronen men han var bara 10 år när fadern,Gudrod, avled och därför blev Reginald (Rangvald) satt på tronen. 1152 skickades han till Norge för att betala skatt och att visa sin respekt för kungen. --------------------

INGIBJÖRG . Orkneyinga Saga names “Harald…Smooth-Tongue and two daughters…Ingibjorg…Margaret” as the children of Earl Hakon and his mistress Helga, adding that Ingibjörg married “Olaf Tit-Bit King of the Hebrides”[947].

m [as his second wife], OLAV Bitling King of Sodor and Man 1097-1098 and 1103-1153, son of ---.

Olav & his wife had one child: (Cawley's Medlands)

i) GODROD . His parentage is deduced from the Orkneyinga Saga which records that the mother of “Rognvald Godrodarson, King of the Hebrides” was “Ingibjorg, Earl Hakon Paulsson´s daughter”[948].

m ---. The name of Godrod´s wife is not known.

Godrod & his wife had one child: (Cawley's Medlands)

(a) RAGNVALD Godradarson . King of Man and the Isles. Orkneyinga Saga records that the mother of “Rognvald Godrodarson, King of the Hebrides” was “Ingibjorg, Earl Hakon Paulsson´s daughter”[949]. William "the Lion" King of Scotland sold Caithness to him after the battle of Wick in 1198. He lost Caithness to Harald [II] Maddadsson Jarl of Orkney in 1200. (Cawley's Medlands)

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Gudrod the Black, King of Man & the North Isles's Timeline

1124
1124
Isle of Man, England
1154
1154
- 1187
Age 30
Isle of Man
1154
- 1187
Age 30
Isle of Man
1165
1165
Age 41
Isle of Mann
1173
1173
Age 49
Isle of Man, England
1175
1175
Age 51
Isle of Man
1176
1176
Age 52
1176
Age 52
They were married by Silvanus, Abbot of Rivaulx. (Chronicle of Man and the Sudreys)
1187
November 10, 1187
Age 63
Isle of Man, England
December 1187
Age 63
Hebriderna, Iona, Scotland