Guido II Margrave of di Spoleto, Kaiser des Heiligen Römischen Reiches (c.855 - 894) MP

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Nicknames: "Guido", "Gui", "Guy"
Birthplace: Spoleto, Perugia, Umbria, Italy
Death: Died in Fiordimonte, Macerata, Marche, Italy
Occupation: Count of Camerino (876), Duke of Spoleto (883-891, as Guido III), King of Italy (891-892, as Guido I), joint King of Italy (892-894), 7th Holy Roman Emperor (891-892), co-Holy Roman Emperor (892-984)
Managed by: Jocelynn Oakes
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About Guido II Margrave of di Spoleto, Kaiser des Heiligen Römischen Reiches

Guido di Spoleto (c800-?), 7th Holy Roman Emperor. He was Count of Camerino (876), Duke of Spoleto (883-891, as Guido III), King of Italy (891-892, as Guido I), joint King of Italy (892-894), 7th Holy Roman Emperor (891-892), and co-Holy Roman Emperor (892-984). According to Moriarty, his ancestry is not well authenticated.

With the death of Carloman, the last legitimate male descendant of Charlemagne in 879, the rivalry for the kingship of Italy became intense. Berengar I, supported by the German faction, at first had the upper hand. After 887 the French faction chose Guido as their candidate. In 883, as Duke of Spoleto, he had revolted against Charles the Fat. Guido was a man of high ambition. He had hopes of claiming the kingship of France and Lorraine in 887. Returning to Italy with a Franco-Burgundian following, he was elected King of Italy in 889 over the then reigning Berenger. He was able to keep Berenger restrained within the confines of his base of support in the northeast of Italy. In 891, Guido took the title of Emperor. He was the first non-Carolingian to do so. His intentions were to be an active ruler, but they were thwarted by by the soon- to-be emperor Arnulf, the illegitimate son of Carloman, who was called into Italy from Germany by Berengar to help him regain the throne. Guido died in 895, leaving his son, Lambert, who had been co-reigning with him since 891, to complete the struggle against Berengar. Lambert died shortly thereafter in 898, leaving the door open for Berengar to regain the throne.

This Guido is the son of Lambert I duke of Spoleto. He succeeded his father as duke of Spoleto in 880 and he warred with the Pope and rebelled to Emperor Charles the Fat. He died two years later (882-883) leaving only a young son (Wido IV). The title of duke passed on to his uncle, Wido II, who united it with the March of Camerino and became king of Italy and emperor.

He was the supposed father of the legendary character, Arnaldo de Baião.

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Second born of Giido I of Spoleto, he followed his brother Lambert I duke of Spoleto in his rebellions against pope and emperor. In 876 he was created Marquis of Camerino. In 882/3 he succeeded his nephew Wido II as duke of Spoleto, becoming the most powerful lord in central Italy. In 888 he bid for the crown of West Francia but abandoned his claim after Odo of Paris was chosen by the magnates; Wido then warred with Berengar of Friuli and was able to be crowned king of Italy in Pavia in 889. In 891 he became the first non-Carolingian emperor.

He died in 894, leaving his crown to his son Lambert II.

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Medlands, Kings of Italy"

GUIDO di Spoleto, son of GUIDO II Duke and Count of Spoleto & his wife Ita of Benevento (855-River Taro 12 Dec 894, bur Parma Cathedral). He became Duke of Camerino in 876, and succeeded his nephew in [882/83] as GUIDO III Duke of Spoleto[672]. He was called to France by nobles opposed to Emperor Charles III "le Gros", and consecrated King of France at Langres by Bishop Gilon in [Jan/Feb] 888. He returned to Italy after the election of Eudes as King of France 29 Feb 888. He was elected GUIDO I King of Italy at Pavia 12 Feb 889, in opposition to Berengario Marchese di Friulia. During this time he transferred the duchy of Spoleto to his great nephew Duke Guido IV. Crowned Emperor at Rome 21 Feb 891 by Pope Stephen V[673]. He died after a blood haemorrhage.

Medlands, Dukes of Spoleto:

GUIDO (855-River Taro 12 Dec 894, bur Parma Cathedral). The Chronica Mon. Casinensis names "Lambertum ducem et fratrem eius Guidonem" in 876[827]. The Gesta regum Francorum names "Wito filius Lantberti" when recording that he proposed himself in 888 as king of "Galliam Belgicam necnon Provinciam"[828]. He became Duke of Camerino in 876, and succeeded his nephew in [882/83] as GUIDO III Duke of Spoleto[829]. He was called to France by nobles opposed to Emperor Charles III "le Gros", and consecrated King of France at Langres by Bishop Gilon in [Jan/Feb] 888. He returned to Italy after the election of Eudes as King of France 29 Feb 888. He was elected GUIDO I King of Italy at Pavia 12 Feb 889, in opposition to Berengario Marchese di Friulia. During this time he transferred the duchy of Spoleto to his [cousin] Duke Guido IV. Crowned Emperor at Rome 21 Feb 891 by Pope Stephen V[830]. "Vuido et Lantbertus…imperatores augusti" granted "cortem…Lemennis in comitatu Bergomensi" to "Cohunradum…patruum ac patruelem nostrum…marchionem…et uxori eius Ermengundi et filiis…eorum", at the request of "Ageltrudim…coniugem nostrum imperatricem augustam", by charter dated 1 May 892[831]. He died after a blood haemorrhage. m ([875/76]) AGELTRUDA of Benevento, daughter of ADELCHIS Prince of Benevento & his wife --- (-after 27 Aug 923). Herimannus names "Angildruda" widow of Guido and mother of Lambert, but does not give her origin[832]. The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. "Vuido…imperator augustus" confirmed earlier donations to the church of Parma by "coniugi nostræ Ageltrudi" by charter dated 21 Feb 891[833]. The Annales Fuldenses name "Ageldrudis vidua Widonis" in 896[834]. A document dated 1 Dec 898 records a peace agreement reached between Berengar King of Italy and "Ageltrudæ relicta quondam Widoni imperatoris" and "filio eius Lamberto [imperatoris]"[835]. Duke Guido & his wife had two children:

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Guido di Spoleto, 7th Holy Roman Emperor's Timeline

837
837
France
855
855
Spoleto, Perugia, Umbria, Italy
876
876
- October, 894
Age 21
Camerino, Italy
880
880
Age 25
883
883
- October, 894
Age 28
Spoleto, Italy
889
February 16, 889
- October, 894
Age 34
Pavia, Lombardia, Italy
891
February 21, 891
- October, 894
Age 36
Roma, Italy
894
December 12, 894
Age 39
Fiordimonte, Macerata, Marche, Italy
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