William the Great, Count of Burgundy

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Guillaume I 'Le Grand' de Bourgogne, comte palatin de Bourgogne

Also Known As: "Guillaume Tetchardie", "Count Palatin of Burgundy", "William", "Guillaume III", "comte de Bourgogne. Guillaume II", "comte de Bourgogne & Macon"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Bourgogne, France
Death: Died in Besançon, Franche-Comté, France
Place of Burial: Cathedral de St-Jean, Besançon, Franche-Comté, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Renaud I, comte palatin de Bourgogne and Adeliza, comtesse de Bourgogne
Husband of Étiennette de Bourgogne and Étiennette von Longwy, Comtesse de Bourgogne
Father of Hugues de Bourgogne, archevêques de Besançon; Renaud, comte Palatine de Bourgogne; Etienne I de Bourgogne, comte de Mâcon et de Vienne; Ermentrude of Burgundy; Sibylle, duchesse consort de Bourgogne and 11 others
Brother of Gui de Brionne; Sir Peter Gunter of Burgundy; Hugh Viscount de Bourgogne; Henry; Ranulph II N.N. and 4 others

Occupation: Count of Burgundy (1057-1087) and Mâcon (1078-1085.), Conde Paladino da Borgonha, Conde de Borgoña y Mâcon (1057-1087), Greve, Count of Amous, Count of Burgundy, Count of Burgundy & Mâcon (1057-1087)., COUNT OF BURGUNDY, Count, comte de Bourgogne
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About William the Great, Count of Burgundy

Guillaume I was Count Palatin of Burgundy (Comte Palatin de Bourgogne). See http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liste_des_comtes_palatins_de_Bourgogne.

William I, Count of Burgundy

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_I,_Count_of_Burgundy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

William I (1020 – 12 November 1087), called the Great (le Grand or Tête Hardie, "the Rash") was Count of Burgundy and Mâcon from 1057 to 1087. He was a son of Renaud I and Adelaide, daughter of Richard II, Duke of Normandy. William was the father of several notable children, including Pope Callistus II.

In 1057, he succeeded his father and reigned over a territory larger than that of the Franche-Comté itself. In 1087, he died in Besançon and was buried there in the cathedral of St John.

William married a woman named Stephanie.[1]

They had many children:

  1. * Renaud II, William's successor, died on First Crusade
  2. * Stephen I, successor to Renaud II, Stephen died on the Crusade of 1101
  3. * Raymond, married (1090) Urraca, the reigning queen of Castile
  4. * Guy of Vienne, elected pope, in 1119 at the Abbey of Cluny. as Calixtus II
  5. * Sybilla (or Maud), married (1080) Eudes I of Burgundy
  6. * Gisela of Burgundy, married (1090) Humbert II of Savoy and then Renier I of Montferrat
  7. * Adelaide
  8. * Eudes
  9. * Hugh III, Archbishop of Besançon
  10. * Clementia married Robert II, Count of Flanders and was Regent, during his absence
  11. * Stephanie married Lambert, Prince de Royans (d.1119)
  12. * Ermentrude, married (1065) Theodoric I
  13. * (perhaps) Bertha wife of Alphonso VI of Castile

Preceded by Renaud I Count of Burgundy 1057 – 1087 Succeeded by Renaud II

Note

  1. ^ She was identified as the daughter of Adalbert, Duke of Lorraine in an article by Szabolcs de Vajay in Annales de Bourgogne, XXXII:247-267 (Oct-Dec 1960), but the author subsequently made an unqualified retraction of this claim in "Parlons encore d'Etiennette" in Prosopographica et Genealogica, vol. 3: Onomastique et Parenté dans l'Occident medieval, K. S. B. Keats-Rohan and C. Settipani, eds. (2000), pp. 2-6.

References

   * Portail sur Histoire Bourgogne et Histoire Franche-Comté, Gilles Maillet.
   * FMG on William I, Comté de Burgundy

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Guillaume Ier de Bourgogne dit Guillaume le Grand ou Tête Hardie (1020-1087) comte de Bourgogne, comte de Mâcon et père du Pape Calixte II

Biographie

Né le 1020, fils du comte Renaud Ier de Bourgogne et d'Adélaïde de Normandie (fille du duc Richard II de Normandie).

1057 il succède le 3 septembre 1057 à son père qui décède. Guillaume Ier de Bourgogne et ses fils aînés Renaud II de Bourgogne puis Étienne Ier de Bourgogne, sont des comtes de Bourgogne très puissants, régnant sur des terres dépassant largement les limites du puissant et vaste comté de Bourgogne. Ils sont vassaux contre leur gré de l'empire germanique suite au testament du roi Rodolphe III de Bourgogne mort en 1032 et à la guerre de succession de Bourgogne (1032-1034).

1039 l'archevêque de Besançon, Hugues Ier de Salins, devient l'homme de confiance favori du nouvel empereur germanique, Henri III du Saint-Empire (neveu du précédent). L'empereur accorde alors une certaine autonomie franche et le droit de s'auto-administrer par son propre gouvernement au comté de Bourgogne dont il est nommé chancelier et récompensé très largement pour sa totale et très dévouée collaboration et pour ses services de vassal à son suzerain.

1043 l'empereur germanique Henri III vient à Besançon, pour se fiancer avec Agnès d'Aquitaine, nièce du comte Renaud Ier de Bourgogne, et fille du duc Guillaume V d’Aquitaine. Pour cette occasion, l’archevêque de Besançon, Hugues Ier de Salins, obtient des droits régaliens sur la ville de Besançon (droits juridiques, politiques, fiscaux et économiques ... ) Il est nommé prince de l’empire germanique (rang maximum avant empereur) et règne en souverain sur la cité lui et ses futurs successeurs avec l'empereur et le pape Grégoire VII pour seuls supérieurs. Il échappe au pouvoir des comtes de Bourgogne

1076 l'empereur germanique Henri IV du Saint-Empire s'oppose aux pouvoirs absolus du pape Grégoire VII et se voit excommunié par le Vatican ce qui le discrédite profondément dans l'Europe profondément chrétienne où le pape a un grand pouvoir sur les têtes couronnées d'alors. C'est le début de la lutte de pouvoir entre l'empereur germanique et le Vatican (querelle des Investitures).

1078 le comte Guy II de Mâcon se fait moine à l'Abbaye de Cluny et cède son titre et ses terres à son cousin Guillaume Ier de Bourgogne.

1085 Guillaume Ier de Bourgogne s’affirme comme le personnage le plus important du comté de Bourgogne et met la main sur le pouvoir ecclésiastique après le décès des puissants archevêques de Besançon, Hugues Ier de Salins et Hugues II en y faisant ordonner ses fils Hugues III de Bourgogne archevêque et Guy de Bourgogne (futur Pape sous le nom de Calixte II) administrateur du diocèse de son frère.

1087 il décède à Besançon à l'age de 67 ans et est inhumé à la cathédrale Saint-Étienne, remplacée au XVIIIe siècle par la Cathédrale Saint-Jean, où furent transférées les sépultures des comtes de Bourgogne.

Ses fils Renaud II de Bourgogne et Étienne Ier de Bourgogne lui succèdent et meurent en croisade en Terre Sainte, suivis en cela par leur frère Raymond de Bourgogne, roi de Leon et de Galice, ce qui affaiblira grandement le pouvoir de leur famille.

Mariages et enfants

Il se marie en secondes noces entre 1049 et 1057 avec Étiennette. Il a eu les enfants suivants1 : Eudes. Son père fait une donation à la cathédrale de Besançon en 1087 pour le repos de son âme. Renaud II († 1097 en croisade), comte de Bourgogne. Guillaume2. Ermentrude mariée en 1065 à Thierry Ier, comte de Montbéliard ,d'Altkirch et de Ferrette. Guy administrateur de l'Archevêché de Besançon puis élu 160 ème pape en 1119 sous le nom de Calixte II. Étienne Ier (†1102 à Ascalon) comte de Bourgogne. Sybille épouse en 1080 Eudes Ier, duc de Bourgogne Raymond de Bourgogne († 1107 en Espagne) marié en 1090 à Urraque Ire, reine de Castille et de Léon. Hugues († 1103). Gisèle mariée en 1090 à Humbert II, comte de Savoie Clémence (1078 † 1129) mariée en 1092 à Robert II, comte de Flandre, puis vers 1125 à Godefroid Ier, duc de Brabant. Étiennette, épouse le Lambert François, de Valence seigneur de Royans. Berthe († 1097) épouse en 1093 Alphonse VI (1040 † 1109), roi de Castille et de Léon.

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guillaume_Ier_de_Bourgogne

--------------------

Savoie (Savoy) is a region of southeastern France that extends from Lake Geneva to the Isère River and borders on the Italian frontier. Its command of the western Alpine passes into Italy enhances its strategic importance. Savoy was the original domain of the Savoy dynasty, which ruled Italy from 1861 to 1946.

Savoy's early Celtic inhabitants were conquered by the Romans in 121 BC. During the 5th century AD the Burgundians gained control of the region, which passed in 534 to the Frankish kingdom of Burgundy. Savoy came under the suzerainty of the Holy Roman emperor in 1033. Count Humbert I aux Blanches Mains (the Whitehanded), founder of the House of Savoy and a vassal of the German emperor, then controlled much of the region. He settled in Chambéry and began extracting exorbitant tolls from neighboring kings who wanted to march through the pass. By the 14th century, this powerful kingdom included Nice, the Jura, Piedmonte, and Geneva.

The Savoy dukes increasingly favored their Italian lands, particularly since generations of French monarchs had expressed military designs on Savoy, which was largely French-speaking. The dukes transferred their capital to Piedmonte in 1563. France annexed Savoy in 1792, but it was restored to the House of Savoy in 1815. In 1860, however, after a plebiscite, the region was returned to France, and the French acquiesced to the rule of the House of Savoy over a kingdom in north central Italy.

Ivrea is a town and commune of the province of Turin in the Piedmont region of northwestern Italy. Situated on the road leading to the Aosta Valley (part of the medieval Via Francigena), it straddles the Dora Baltea and is regarded as the centre of the Canavese area. Ivrea lies in a basin that, in prehistoric times, formed a great lake. The town first appears in history as a cavalry station of the army of the Roman Empire, founded in 100 BC and set to guard one of the traditional invasion routes into northern Italy over the Alps. The Latin name of the town was Eporedia. The Cathedral of Ivrea.

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, Ivrea became seat of a duchy under the Lombards (6th-8th centuries). Alessandro Manzoni in his Adelchi, names one duke Guinigi of Ivrea, chosen by king Desiderius as defender of Pavia. Under the Franks (9th century), Ivrea was a county capital. In the year 1001, after a period of disputes with bishop Warmund, ruler of the city, Arduin conquered March of Ivrea. Later he became King of Italy and set a dynasty that lasted until the 11th century, when the city switched again to the bishops' suzerainty.

The following century Ivrea became a free commune, but succumbed in the first decades of the 13th century. In 1238 Emperor Frederick II put it under his domains. Later Ivrea was disputed between the bishops, the marquis of Monferrato and the House of Savoy. In 1356 Ivrea was acquired by Amadeus VI of Savoy. With the exception of the brief French conquest at the end of the 16th century, Ivrea remained under Savoy until 1800: on May 26 of that year Napoleon Bonaparte entered the city along with his victorious troops, establishing control that ended in 1814 after his fall.

Burgundy (French: Bourgogne; German: Burgund) is a region historically situated in modern-day France and Switzerland.

History

Burgundy was inhabited in turn by Celts, Romans (Gallo-Romans), and in the 4th century assigned by Romans to the Burgundians, a Germanic people, who settled there and established their own kingdom. This Burgundian kingdom was conquered in the 6th century by the Franks who continued the kingdom of Burgundy under their own rule.

Later, the region was divided between the Duchy of Burgundy (west of Burgundy) and the County of Burgundy (east of Burgundy). The Duchy of Burgundy is the more famous of the two, and the one which reached historical fame. Later, the Duchy of Burgundy became the French province of Burgundy, while the County of Burgundy became the French province of Franche-Comté, literally meaning free county.

The modern-day administrative région of Bourgogne comprises most of the former Duchy of Burgundy.

The Burgundians were one of the Germanic peoples who filled the power vacuum left by the collapse of the western half of the Roman Empire. In A.D. 411, they crossed the Rhine and established a kingdom at Worms. Amidst repeated clashes between the Romans and Huns, the Burgundian kingdom eventually occupied what is today the borderlands between Switzerland, France, and Italy. In 534, the Franks defeated Godomar, the last Burgundian king, and absorbed the territory into their growing empire.

Burgundy's modern existence is rooted in the dissolution of the Frankish Empire. When the dynastic succession was settled in the 880s, there were four Burgundies:

  1. the Kingdom of Upper (Transjurane) Burgundy around Lake Geneva,
  2. the Kingdom of Lower Burgundy in Provence, and
  3. the Duchy of Burgundy west of the Saône
  4. the County of Burgundy east of the Saône

The two kingdoms of Upper and Lower Burgundy were reunited in 937 and absorbed into the Holy Roman Empire under Conrad II in 1032, as the Kingdom of Arles. The Duchy of Burgundy was annexed by the French throne in 1477. The County of Burgundy remained loosely associated with the Holy Roman Empire (intermittently independent, whence the name "Franche-Comté"), and finally incorporated into France in 1678, with the Treaties of Nijmegen.

During the Middle Ages, Burgundy was the seat of some of the most important Western churches and monasteries, among them Cluny, Citeaux, and Vézelay. During the Hundred Years' War, King John II of France gave the duchy to his younger son, rather than leaving it to his successor on the throne. The duchy soon became a major rival to the French throne, because the Dukes of Burgundy succeeded in assembling an empire stretching from Switzerland to the North Sea, mostly by marriage. The Burgundian territories consisted of a number of fiefdoms on both sides of the (then largely symbolic) border between the Kingdom of France and the Holy Roman Empire. Its economic heartland was in the Low Countries, particularly Flanders and Brabant. The court in Dijon outshone the French court by far, both economically and culturally. In Belgium and in the south of the Netherlands, a 'Burgundian lifestyle' still means 'enjoyment of life, good food, and extravagant spectacle'.

In the late 15th and early 16th centuries, Burgundy provided a power base for the rise of the Habsburgs, after Maximilian of Austria had married into the ducal family. In 1477 at the battle of Nancy during the Burgundian Wars the last duke Charles the Bold was killed in battle and Burgundy itself taken back by France. After the death of his daughter Mary her husband Maximilian moved the court first to Mechelen and later to the palace at Coudenberg, Brussels, and from there ruled the remnants of the empire, the Low Countries (Burgundian Netherlands) and Franche-Comté, then still an imperial fief. The latter territory was ceded to France in the Treaty of Nijmegen of 1678. -------------------- Note: Stephanie was identified as the daughter of Adalbert, Duke of Lorraine in an article by Szabolcs de Vajay in Annales de Bourgogne, XXXII:247-267 (Oct-Dec 1960), but the author subsequently made an unqualified retraction of this claim in "Parlons encore d'Etiennette" in Prosopographica et Genealogica, vol. 3: Onomastique et Parenté dans l'Occident medieval, K. S. B. Keats-Rohan and C. Settipani, eds. (2000), pp. 2-6.

References Portail sur Histoire Bourgogne et Histoire Franche-Comté, Gilles Maillet. FMG on William I, Comté de Burgundy

The family of Guillaume Ier dit Tête Hardie de BOURGOGNE and Étiennette de LONGWY-METZ [133896] BOURGOGNE (de), Guillaume Ier dit Tête Hardie (Renaud Ier & Adelaïs dite Judith de NORMANDIE [133897]), comte de Bourgogne

  • married about 1040, from France ? (France)

LONGWY-METZ (de), Étiennette (Adalbert II & Clémence de FOIX [134959]) 1) Étienne, comte de Mâcon, married Béatrix d'ALSACE 2) Gisle ou Gisèle, married about 1090 Humbert II de SAVOIE

Bibliographie : Histoire de la maison royale de France (Père Anselme); Le Sang de Charlemagne; Europaische Stammtafeln

http://www.francogene.com/quebec--genealogy/133/133896.php

-------------------- En 1057, sucedió a su padre y reinó sobre un territorio más grande que el del Franco Condado. -------------------- Guillermo II de Borgoña, hijo de Guillermo I de Borgoña y Stephanie de Longwy, nació después del año 1040. Murió el 11-XI-1087. Casó hacia 1064 con Estefanía de Barcelona, hija de Ramón Berenguer I, conde de Barcelona (ver Condes de Barcelona). Tuvieron por hijos a Raimundo de Borgoña, conde de Galicia-Coimbra (c.1065, casado con Urraca de Castilla: ver Reyes de Castilla), y a Gisela de Borgoña (c.1074, casada con Humberto II de Saboya: ver Casa de Saboya). --------------------

--------------------

  William Tetehardie, Comte de Bourgogne died on 11 November 1087.
    William Tetehardie, Comte de Bourgogne gained the title of Comte de Bourgogne.

Child of William Tetehardie, Comte de Bourgogne and Stephanie de Barcelona

   * Raimond, Duc de Bourgogne+ d. 26 Mar 1107

http://thepeerage.com/p383.htm#i3830

Guillaume I "Tête hardie", comte de Bourgogne & de Vienne also went by the name of William I "the Great" of Burgundy. Also called Graf von Burgund Wilhelm I von Burgund German.2 Also called comte de palatin Bourgogne Guillaume II "le Grand" de Bourgogne.3 He was related to Pope Callistus II of the Roman Catholics; per Funk and Wagnalls, the fifth son of Count William of Burgundy.4 Guillaume I "Tête hardie", comte de Bourgogne & de Vienne was related to Pope Callistus II of the Roman Catholics; per the Catholic Encyclopedia, said to be the son of Count William of Burgundy, and both by his father's and mother's side was closely connected with nearly all the royal houses of Europe.5 Guillaume I "Tête hardie", comte de Bourgogne & de Vienne was the father of Pope Callistus II of the Roman Catholics; per a 1960 article by Szabolcs de Vajay, thought to be the son of Etiennette/Estefania/Stephanie, wife of William, Count of Burgundy.6 Guillaume I "Tête hardie", comte de Bourgogne & de Vienne was born circa 1024. 1040? He was the son of Renaud I, comte de Bourgogne and Alix de Normandie. Guillaume I "Tête hardie", comte de Bourgogne & de Vienne was the successor of Renaud I, comte de Bourgogne; Count of Burgundy. Guillaume I "Tête hardie", comte de Bourgogne & de Vienne married Etiennette de Barcelona in 1043.7 Count of Burgundy between 1057 and 1087. Guillaume I "Tête hardie", comte de Bourgogne & de Vienne was the predecessor of Raymond, comte de Bourgogne; Count of Burgundy. Guillaume I "Tête hardie", comte de Bourgogne & de Vienne died on 12 November 1087.

descendant of Charlemagne: http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/ui13.htm#a1304 -------------------- Gifts

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Michael Hungate merged a duplicate profile for William I, Count of Burgundy. Jul 6 
Michael Hungate added William I, Count of Burgundy to the Tree. Jul 6 

William I, Count of Burgundy (1020 - 1087)

Birthdate: 1020

Death: Died 1087

Immediate Family:

Son of Adélaide and Reginald I, Count of Burgundy

Husband of Stephanie de Longwy

Father of Raymond of Burgundy, Pope Callixtus II, Gisela of Burgundy, Countess of Savoy and Sibylla of Burgundy


Added by: Michael Hungate on July 06, 2008

Managed by: Michael Hungate

About

William I (1020 – 1087), called the Great (le Grand or Tête Hardie, "the Rash") was Count of Burgundy and Mâcon from 1057 to 1087. He was a son of Renaud I and Adelaide, daughter of Richard II of Normandy. William was the father of several notable children, including Pope Callistus II.

In 1057, he succeeded his father and reigned over a territory larger than that of the Franche-Comté itself. In 1087, he died in Besançon and was buried there in the cathedral of St John.

William married a woman named Stephanie.

They had several children:

Renaud II, William's successor, died on First Crusade

Stephen I, successor to Renaud II, Stephen died on the Crusade of 1101

Raymond, married (1090) Urraca, the reigning queen of Castile

Guy of Vienne, elected pope, in 1119 at the Abbey of Cluny. as Calixtus II

Sybilla (or Maud), married (1080) Eudes I of Burgundy

Gisela, married (1090) Humbert II of Savoy and then Renier I of Montferrat

Adelaide

Bertha wife of Alphonso VI of Castile

Eudes

Hugh III, Archbishop of Besançon

Clementia married Robert II, Count of Flanders and was Regent, during his absence

Stephanie married Lambert, Prince de Royans (d.1119)

Ermentrude, married (1065) Thierry I of Montbéliard

-------------------- See http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/25067072/person/12798613156 -------------------- William I (1020 – 12 November 1087), called the Great (le Grand or Tête Hardie, "the Rash") was Count of Burgundy and Mâcon from 1057 to 1087. He was a son of Renaud I and Adelaide, daughter of Richard II, Duke of Normandy. William was the father of several notable children, including Pope Callistus II.

In 1057, he succeeded his father and reigned over a territory larger than that of the Franche-Comté itself. In 1087, he died in Besançon and was buried there in the cathedral of St John. -------------------- William I, Count of Burgundy


Portrait in the cathedral of St John of Besançon.William I (1020 – 1087), called the Great (le Grand or Tête Hardie, "the Rash") was Count of Burgundy and Mâcon from 1057 to 1087. He was a son of Renaud I and Adelaide, daughter of Richard II of Normandy. William was the father of several notable children, including Pope Callistus II.

In 1057, he succeeded his father and reigned over a territory larger than that of the Franche-Comté itself. In 1087, he died in Besançon and was buried there in the cathedral of St John.

William married a woman named Stephanie.

They had many children:

Renaud II, William's successor, died on First Crusade

Stephen I, successor to Renaud II, Stephen died on the Crusade of 1101

Raymond, married (1090) Urraca, the reigning queen of Castile

Guy of Vienne, elected pope, in 1119 at the Abbey of Cluny. as Calixtus II

Sybilla (or Maud), married (1080) Eudes I of Burgundy

Gisela, married (1090) Humbert II of Savoy and then Renier I of Montferrat

Adelaide

Bertha wife of Alphonso VI of Castile

Eudes

Hugh III, Archbishop of Besançon

Clementia married Robert II, Count of Flanders and was Regent, during his absence

Stephanie married Lambert, Prince de Royans (d.1119)

Ermentrude, married (1065) Thierry I of Montbéliard

-------------------- Guilliaume l. le Grand oder Guillaume l. Tête Hardie war graf von Burgund und Mâcon. Er war der Sohn von Graf Rainald l. aus den Haus Burgund-Ivera und Adelheid von Normandie aus dem Haus der Rolloniden.

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William the Great, Count of Burgundy's Timeline

1020
1020
Bourgogne, France
1047
1047
Age 27
Normandie, France
1049
1049
Age 29
France
1052
1052
Age 32
Bourgogne, France
1057
1057
Age 37
Count of, BURGUNDY, , France
1057
Age 37
Count of, BURGUNDY, , France
1057
Age 37
Count of, BURGUNDY, , France
1060
1060
Age 40
Dijon, Cote d'Or, Bourgogne, France
1060
Age 40
Burgundy,France
1060
Age 40
Bourgogne,,,France