Gunnor, Duchess of Normandy

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Gunnor de Crépon

Nicknames: "Gunnora", "Gunnor", "Gonnor", "Gunvor", "Gundra", "Gunner D'Arques", "Gunhild D'Arques", "Gunhild Haraldsdatter", "Countess of Normandy; Emma of France", "Dutchess of Normandy Gonnor (Gunnora) De Crepon of Danemark"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Arque or Rouen, Haute-Normandie, France
Death: Died in Normandie, France
Place of Burial: Normandie, France
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Herbastus de Crépon (Fictitious) and Wife of Herbastus de Crépon
Wife of Richard I "the Fearless" of Normandy and Richard I, 'The Fearless', Duke of Normandy
Mother of William HIESMES; Sir William of Hiesmes, De Hiesmes; Richard II, duc de Normandie; Mauger, Count of Corbeil; Robert d'Evreux, Archbishop of Rouen and 5 others
Sister of Herfast de Crépon; Unknown de Coutances; Sainsfrida Seinfrie de Crépon, wife of forrester; Aveline de Crépon, Osbern's wife; ? sister of Gunnora mother of Beatrice de Crépon and 6 others
Half sister of Gonner De Crepon; Thyra Haraldsdotter and Herbastus Prince of Denmark de Crepon

Occupation: Duchess of Normandy (after marriage to Richard around 990), Fact 2: Duchess of Bretagne, (Herbastusdotter), Duchess of Normandy, Duchess Consort Gunnora of Normandy (989 - Nov. 20, 996), AKA "Gunnor", Dutchess of Normandy, Duchess, Lady, Lady of Denmark
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Gunnor de Crépon

Parents unknown, but often pretended to be a fictitious Herbastus de Crepon. See Todd A. Farmerie, Robert de Torigny and the family of Gunnor, Duchess of Normandy (Dec. 1996).

According to Robert de Torigny, she was a virgin living with her married sister Senfrie when Duke Richard of Normandy became enamored of Senfrie. Senfrie managed to substitute Gunnora, who became mistress, and later wife, of Duke Richard of Normandy. Gunnora then used her influence to arrange good marriages for her sisters Wevia and Aveline and for her nieces whom he leaves unnamed.

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Gunnor, wife of Richard 'Sans-Peur'.

Of Norse origin, but NOT descendant of Harald Blåtann (Harold Bluetooth). Read below.

Parents: Herbastus 'the Dane' de Crépon and his wife (Josceline)

Spouse: Richard 'Sans-Peur'

Children:

1. Richard II 'le Bon', Duke of Normandy (966)

2. Robert, Archbishop of Rouen, Count of Evreux, died 1037.

3. Mauger, Earl of Corbeil, died after 1033.

4. Robert Danus, died between 985 and 989

5. (unknown)

6. Emma (Ælfgifu) of Normandy (c. 985-1052) wife of two kings of England.

7. Hawise (Havoise) married Geoffroi de Bretagne

8. Maud of Normandy, wife of Odo II of Blois, Count of Blois, Champagne and Chartres

LINKS

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/NORMAN%20NOBILITY.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gunnora,_Duchess_of_Normandy

and in French: http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gunnor_de_Normandie

http://xpda.com/family/default.htm?page=deCrepon-Gunnora-ind00830.htm

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MEDIEVAL LANDS

Chapter 1. EARLY NORMAN FAMILIES of VIKING ORIGIN

A. FAMILY of GUNNORA, mistress of RICHARD I Comte de NORMANDIE

Four sisters and one brother, parents not known, presumably of Viking origin:

1. SAINSFRIDA [Senfrie] . She and her three sisters, as well as their husbands, are named by Robert de Torigny[3]. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Seufriam" as sister of "Gunnor uxor…Richardi Normannis ducem"[4]. Guillaume de Jumièges records that "la femme d'un sien forestier…Sainfrie" rejected the advances of Richard I Comte [de Normandie] and sent her sister Gunnor to his bed in her place[5]. m ---. The name of Sainsfrida's husband is not known. Sainsfrida and her husband had one child:

a) JOSCELINE . The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Iosceline" as daughter of "Seufriam"[6]. Josceline, her husband and her mother are named in a letter of Ives Bishop of Chartres to Henry I King of England dated 1114 which explains the consanguinity between the king and Hugues de Châteauneuf, who wanted to marry one of the king's illegitimate daughters[7]. m ROGER [I] Seigneur de Montgommery, son of ---.

2. GUNNORA ([950]-5 Jan 1031).

She and her three sisters, as well as their husbands, are named by Robert de Torigny[8]. It appears from Dudo de Saint-Quentin and Robert de Torigny[9] that Gunnora was Richard I's mistress before she married him. According to William of Jumièges, she was "of noble Danish origin"[10].

According to Robert de Torigny, the marriage took place to legitimise Richard and Gunnora's son Robert to permit his appointment as Bishop of Rouen[11]. The necrology of Saint-Père-en-Vallée records the death "Non Jan" of "Gonnoridis…comitissa Normannie"[12]. m ([before 989]) as his second wife, RICHARD I “Sans Peur" Comte [de Normandie], son of GUILLAUME Comte [ de Normandie] & his first wife Sprota --- (Fécamp [932]-20 Nov 996, bur Fécamp).

3. HERFAST . Guillaume de Jumièges names "Herfast, frère de la comtesse Gunnor" when recording the murder of his son Osbern[13]. m ---. The name of Herfast's wife is not known. Herfast & his wife had two children:

a) OSBERN de Crépon (-murdered Vandreuil 1038). "Duke Richard [II]" donated property to the abbey of Mont Saint-Michel by charter dated to [1026], subscribed by "…Osbernus filius Arfast, Ranulfus frater eius"[14]. "…Osbe filius Herfasti…" witnessed the charter dated to [1030] under which Robert II Duke of Normandy confirmed rights of Mont Saint-Michel[15]. Steward (dapifer) of Guillaume II Duke of Normandy. "Osberni dapifer" witnessed the donation of "Erchembaldus vicecomes" dated [1030/35] and the donation of "Gulbertus filius Erchemboldus vicecomitis" dated after 1035[16]. He was strangled by Guillaume de Montgommery[17]. Guillaume de Jumièges records that "Osbern, intendant de la maison du prince [Guillaume II Duke of Normandy] et fils d'Herfast" was murdered at Vandreuil in the early years of the duke's reign by "Guillaume fils de Roger de Montgomeri"[18]. m EMMA d'Ivry, daughter of RAOUL d'Ivry Comte de Bayeux & his wife --- (-after [1067]). She is named as mother of Guillaume and Osbern in the donation to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen, dated to 1038 or after, which they made jointly for the soul of their father "Osbern cognomento Pacifici"[19]. "Emma matre eorum [Willelmi et Osberni]" witnessed a charter dated 1038 or after[20]. "Emma Osberni dapiferi uxore" is named as "dominis mei" with her two sons in the undated charter of Ansfredus[21]. "Emmæ matris eius" signed a charter of "Erchenbaldo filio Erchenbaldi vicecomitis", dated to [1067], immediately after "Willelmi filii Osberni"[22]. Osbern & his wife had three children:

i) GUILLAUME FitzOsbern (-killed in battle Cassel, Flanders 22 Feb 1071, bur Abbaye de Cormeilles). Guillaume de Jumièges names "Guillaume fils d'Osbern, proche parent du duc Guillaume", recording that he built the monasteries at Lire and Corneilles[23]. He is named as brother of Osbern, son of Emma, in his donation to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen dated 1038 or after, made jointly with his mother and brother[24]. "Willelmi filii Osberni" witnessed two charters dated 1035 or after and 1038 or after[25]. "…Guillelmi filii Osberni…" witnessed the charter dated 1054 under which Guillaume II Duke of Normandy confirmed the donation of "terram…Sancta Columba…dedit Niellus clericus" to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel[26]. "…Willelmi filii Osberti, Rotgerii de Monte Golmerii, Richardis vicecomitis Abrinchensis…" witnessed the charter dated [1055/56] under which Guillaume II Duke of Normandy "in pago…Constantino, villam…Flotomannum" to Saint-Florent de Saumur[27]. "…Guillelmus filius Osberti…Guillelmus filius Guillelmi filiii Osberti…" witnessed the charter dated to [1060] under which Guillaume II Duke of Normandy granted "Brenerias" to the abbey of Bayeux[28]. "Willelmus filius Osberti…" witnessed the charter dated 29 Aug 1060 under which "milite…Richardo…fratribus Willelmo…atque Balduino" donated "Gausberti Villa" to Chartres Saint-Père[29]. The Chronique de Normandie, based on le Roman de Rou, records that William I King of England made "le Conte Rogier de Montgomery et Guillaume le filz Osber" his two "Marechaulx d´Engleterre" after the conquest of England[30]. "Willelmi filii Osberni" signed a charter of "Erchenbaldo filio Erchenbaldi vicecomitis" dated 1067 or after[31]. "Willelmus comes filius Osberni dapiferi" made a donation to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen dated 1068[32]. He was rewarded for his part in the conquest of England with estates in the Isle of Wight and county of Hereford, thereby becoming Earl of Hereford.

- EARLS of HEREFORD.

ii) OSBERN (-1101). He is named as brother of Guillaume, son of Emma, in his donation to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen dated 1038 or after, made jointly with his mother and brother[33]. "Osberni frater eius [Willelmi]" witnessed a charter dated 1038 or after[34]. Chancellor of England. Bishop of Exeter 1072[35].

iii) EMMA . "Emma conjux eius" donated land belonging to the castle of Vernon to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen jointly with her husband, dated 1066[36]. Guillaume de Vernon, his son Hugues and his wife Emma donated property to Rouen Holy Trinity, confirmed in the charter dated to [1067][37]. Her parentage is confirmed by a charter of Carisbrooke Priory, Isle of Wight which names “Johannem et Ricardum” as the two sons of “Willielmum filium Osberni marescallum…comitem Herefordiæ” who predeceased their father, and records that their inheritance went to “Ricardo de Rivers, nepoti prædicti Willielmi filii Osberni, tunc comiti Exoniæ”[38]. m GUILLAUME de Vernon, son of HUGUES de Vernon & his wife ---.

b) RAINULF . "Duke Richard [II]" donated property to the abbey of Mont Saint-Michel by charter dated to [1026], subscribed by "…Osbernus filius Arfast, Ranulfus frater eius"[39].

4. WEWA . She and her three sisters, as well as their husbands, are named by Robert de Torigny[40]. Guillaume de Jumièges names "Gueuve et Aveline" as two sisters of Gunnor, recording that the former married "Turulfe de Pont-Audemer, son of Torf"[41]. The Genealogia Fundatoris of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire records that the (unnamed) sister of ”Gunnora comitissa Normanniæ” married “Turulpho de Ponte-Adomaro”[42]. m THOROLD de Pont-Audemer, son of [TORF & his wife ---] (-after 1040).

5. [AVELINE] . She and her three sisters, as well as their husbands, are named by Robert de Torigny[43]. Guillaume de Jumièges names "Gueuve et Aveline" as two sisters of Gunnor, the latter married to Osbern de Bolbec[44]. On the other hand, the Genealogia Fundatoris of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names ”Turketillus…frater…Turulphi, cuius filius Hasculfus d´Harcourt” married “aliam sororem…comitissæ Gunnoræ” by whom he was father of “duos…filios…Walterum de Giffard primogenitum…”[45]. As noted under Giffard, another primary source indicates that the wife of "Osbernus Giffardus" (assumed to refer to Osbern de Bolbec given that his son used the name Giffard) was named Hawise[46]. It is not known whether Osbern was married twice or whether all the sources cited refer to the same person, one or other mistaking the name.

m [as his first wife,] OSBERN de Bolbec, son of ---.

6. [--- . It is not known which brother or sister of Gunnor was the parent of Beatrice.]

a) BEATRIX . Guillaume de Jumièges records that one of the nieces of Gunnor, mistress of Richard I Comte [de Normandie], married "le père du premier Guillaume de Warenne"[47]. "Rodulf de Warenne" sold property to the abbey of Holy Trinity, Rouen by charter dated to [1055], signed by "eiusdem Rodulfi de Guarethna, Beatricis uxoris eius…"[48].

m as his first wife, RODULF de Warenne, son of --- .

Richard & his second wife had eight children (legitimated [before 989] by the subsequent marriage of their parents):

1. RICHARD (-23 Aug 1026, bur Fécamp). Guillaume de Jumièges names (in order) "Richard, Robert, Mauger" as three of the five sons of Duke Richard and Gunnora[98]. He succeeded his father in 996 as RICHARD II "le Bon/l'Irascible" Comte de Normandie. Duke of Normandy [1015].

- see below.

2. ROBERT (-1037). Guillaume de Jumièges names (in order) "Richard, Robert, Mauger" as three of the five sons of Duke Richard and Gunnora, recording in a later passage that Robert succeeded Hugues as Archbishop of Rouen[99]. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Robertus archiepiscopus Rothomagensis" as brother of "dux Normannie Richardus II"[100]. He is named brother of Duke Richard II by Orderic Vitalis[101]. Comte d'Evreux. Bishop of Rouen 989, after his parents married to legitimise him in order to regularise his appointment[102]. An agreement between the abbots of Jumièges and Bougeuil concerning an exchange of land in Poitou, by charter dated [13 Apr/4 Apr] 1012, is subscribed by "Richardus…filius Ricardi principi magni…Robertus archiepiscopus…ecclesie Rotomagensis et Vuillelmus et Malgerus fratres Richardi comitis…"[103]. He quarrelled with his nephew Robert II Duke of Normandy and took refuge in France. Robert of Torigny records the death in 1037 of "Robertus…archiepiscopus Rothomagensis"[104].

- COMTES d'EVREUX.

3. ROBERT ["Danus"] (-12 Aug [985/89]). Robert of Torigny names "Ricardum…qui ei successit et Robertum postea archiepiscopum Rothomagensium et Malgerium comitem Curbuliensem, aliosque duos" as the sons of "Ricardi primi ducis Normanniæ" and Gunnora[105]. Houts names one of the unnamed sons Robert "Danus" but does not give her source[106]. The necrology of Saint-Père-en-Vallée records the death "II Id Aug" of "Robertus puer filius comitis Richardi"[107].

4. MAUGER (-[1033/40]). Guillaume de Jumièges names (in order) "Richard, Robert, Mauger" as three of the five sons of Duke Richard and Gunnora[108]. Robert of Torigny names "Ricardum…qui ei successit et Robertum postea archiepiscopum Rothomagensium et Malgerium comitem Curbuliensem, aliosque duos" as the sons of "Ricardi primi ducis Normanniæ" and Gunnora[109]. An agreement between the abbots of Jumièges and Bougeuil concerning an exchange of land in Poitou, by charter dated [13 Apr/4 Apr] 1012, is subscribed by "Richardus…filius Ricardi principi magni…Robertus archiepiscopus…ecclesie Rotomagensis et Vuillelmus et Malgerus fratres Richardi comitis…"[110]. Comte de Corbeil, by right of his wife.

- COMTES de MORTAIN et de CORBEIL.

5. son . Robert of Torigny names "Ricardum…qui ei successit et Robertum postea archiepiscopum Rothomagensium et Malgerium comitem Curbuliensem, aliosque duos" as the sons of "Ricardi primi ducis Normanniæ" and Gunnora[111]. No reference has been found to the name of this son.

6. EMMA ([985]-Winchester 14 Mar 1052, bur Winchester Cathedral). Guillaume de Jumièges names Emma as one of the three daughters of Duke Richard and Gunnora[112]. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Emma Anglorum regina" as sister of "dux Normannie Richardus II"[113]. Emma was described by Henry of Huntingdon as "Emma Normanorum gemma"[114], although it is not known whether this was a particular indication of her beauty or mere hyperbole. She was known as ÆLFGIFU in England[115]. Her first husband sent her to her brother's court in Normandy in 1013 after the invasion of Svend King of Denmark[116]. She was living in Normandy in 1017 when King Æthelred's successor King Canute proposed marriage to her. Roger of Wendover records the marriage in Jul 1018 of "Cnuto" and "ducem Ricardum…Emmam sororem suam et regis Ethelredi relictam"[117]. After the death of her second husband, she continued to live at Winchester. After the election of her step-son as regent in early 1036, it was recognised that she would continue to live there to look after the interests of her son Harthacnut who had nominally succeeded his father as King of England and Denmark but was still absent in Denmark. It is likely that she encouraged her sons by her first husband, Edward and Alfred, to join her, Alfred being captured and murdered during the visit. After Harold was recognised as king of England in 1037, Queen Emma was expelled and took refuge at Bruges[118]. She commissioned the Encomium Emmæ Reginæ from a Flemish convent at Saint-Omer, maybe St Bertin's, designed to promote her son Harthacnut's claim to the English throne. Harthacnut joined her in Bruges in early 1040, and after the death of King Harold, they returned together to England. After the accession of Edward "the Confessor", her son by her first husband, Emma appears to have supported the rival claim of Magnus King of Norway[119]. Whatever the truth of this, King Edward did confiscate her property in 1043 according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle[120]. She seems to have spent the last years of her life in retirement in Winchester[121]. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records the death of "Ælfgifu Emma, the mother of king Edward and of king Harthacnut" in 1052[122].

m firstly (betrothed 1000, 1002[123]) as his [second/third] wife, ÆTHELRED II King of England, son of EDGAR "the Peacable" King of England & his second wife Ælfthryth ([966]-London 23 Apr 1016, bur Old St Paul's Cathedral).

m secondly (2 or 31 Jul 1017) CANUTE King of England, son of SVEND I "Tveskæg/Forkbeard" King of Denmark & his first wife Šwiętosława [Gunhild] of Poland ([995]-Shaftesbury, Dorset 12 Nov 1035, bur Winchester Cathedral). King of Denmark 1018, King of Norway 1028.

7. HAVISE (-21 Feb 1034). Guillaume de Jumièges names Hadvise, wife of "Geoffroi comte des Bretons", as the second of the three daughters of Duke Richard and Gunnora, and in a later passage records her marriage after the death of her father[124]. A charter dated 1008 records that, after the death of "Gaufrido comite Britanniæ", "filii eius Alanus et Eudo cum matre eorum Hadeguisia" restored the abbey of Saint-Méen[125]. "…Aduise matre eorum comitum…" signed the charter dated to [1013/22] under which "Alanus et Egio Britannorum monarchi" founded the priory of Livré "in pago Redonensi"[126]. The Chronico Kemperlegiensi records the death "1034 IX Kal Mar" of "Haduisa comitissa Britanniæ, vidua Gauffridi"[127].

m (996) GEOFFROY I Duke of Brittany, son of CONAN I "le Tort" Duke of Brittany & his wife Ermengarde d'Anjou ([980]-20 Nov 1008).

8. MATHILDE (-[1005]). Guillaume de Jumièges names Mathilde wife of "le comte Odon" as the third of the three daughters of Duke Richard and Gunnora, specifying in a later passage that her husband was "Eudes comte de Chartres" when recording their marriage after the death of her father, her dowry being half the castle of Dreux given to her by her brother Duke Richard II, and her death without children "quelques années après"[128].

m ([1003/04]) as his first wife, EUDES II Comte de Blois, son of EUDES I Comte de Blois & his wife Berthe de Bourgogne [Welf] ([982/83]-15 Nov 1037).

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WIKIPEDIA

Gunnora or Gunnor (c. 936–1031) was the wife and consort of Richard I of Normandy. Her parentage is unknown, earliest sources reporting solely that she was of Danish ancestry and naming siblings including brother Herfast de Crepon who is sometimes erroneously given as her father.

She was living with her sister Seinfreda, the wife of a local forester, when Richard, hunting nearby, heard of the beauty of the forester's wife. He is said to have ordered Seinfreda to come to his bed, but the lady substituted her unmarried sister, Gunnora. Richard, it is said, was pleased that by this subterfuge he had been saved from committing adultery, and the two became lovers. Gunnora long acted as Richard's mistress or wife by more danico, but when Richard was prevented from nominating their son Robert to be Archbishop of Rouen, the two were married, making their children legitimate in the eyes of the church.

Gunnora, both as mistress and duchess, was able to use her influence to see her kin favored, and several of the most prominent Conquest-era Norman magnates, including the Montgomery, Warenne, Mortimer, Vernon/Redvers, and Fitz Osbern families, were descendants of her brother and sisters.

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French wikipedia states that Robert Danus (Danois) and Robert d'Evereux (archbishop) is the same person

Children of Richard I Normandy and Gunnor de ' Crepon

1. Emma Normandy, b. abt. 987 Aethelred II England & Emma Normandy

2. Richard II ' Normandy, b. abt. 958 Richard II ' Normandy & Judith of' Brittany

3. Beatrix ' Turenne, b. abt. 980 ? & Beatrix ' Turenne

4. Godfrey de ' Brione, b. 953 Godfrey de ' Brione & Hawise de ' Guines

5. Robert de ' Normandy, b. abt. 965 Robert de ' Normandy & Havlive de ' Rouen

Other Marriages for Richard I Normandy:

Richard I Normandy & Unknown' Concubine

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From http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/NORMAN%20NOBILITY.htm

GUNNORA ([950]-5 Jan 1031). She and her three sisters, as well as their husbands, are named by Robert de Torigny[8]. It appears from Dudo de Saint-Quentin and Robert de Torigny[9] that Gunnora was Richard I's mistress before she married him. According to William of Jumièges, she was "of noble Danish origin"[10]. According to Robert de Torigny, the marriage took place to legitimise Richard and Gunnora's son Robert to permit his appointment as Bishop of Rouen[11]. The necrology of Saint-Père-en-Vallée records the death "Non Jan" of "Gonnoridis…comitissa Normannie"[12]. m ([before 989]) as his second wife, RICHARD I “Sans Peur" Comte [de Normandie], son of GUILLAUME Comte [ de Normandie] & his first wife Sprota --- (Fécamp [932]-20 Nov 996, bur Fécamp).

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From http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/NORMANDY.htm#RichardIdied996B

m secondly ([before 989]) GUNNORA, daughter of --- ([950]-5 Jan 1031). Guillaume de Jumièges records the marriage of Duke Richard and "Gunnor, issue d'une très-noble famille danoise" soon after the death of his first wife[89]. According to Robert de Torigny, the marriage took place to legitimise Richard and Gunnora's son Robert to permit his appointment as Bishop of Rouen[90]. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Gunnor" as the wife of "dux Normannie primus Richardus"[91]. It appears from Dudo de Saint-Quentin that Gunnora was Richard I's mistress before she married him. "Duke Richard [II]" donated property to the abbey of Mont Saint-Michel by charter dated to [1024/26], subscribed by "…Gonnor matris comitis…"[92]. Robert of Torigny records the death in 1030 of "Gunnor comitissa uxor primi Ricardi"[93]. The necrology of Saint-Père-en-Vallée records the death "Non Jan" of "Gonnoridis…comitissa Normannie"[94].

Richard & his second wife had eight children (legitimated [before 989] by the subsequent marriage of their parents):

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http://xpda.com/family/default.htm?page=deCrepon-Gunnora-ind00830.htm

From Gesta Normannorum Ducum, Rogert de Torigni's autographed redaction (trans. van Houts):

"Because we have refered to Countess Gunnor on account of Rogerde Montgomery's mother, her niece, I should like to write down the story as reported by people of old of how Gunnor cane to be Duke Richard's wife. One day when Duke Richard was told of the celebrated beauty of the wife of one of his foresters, who lived at a place called Equiqueville near the town of Arques, he deliberately went hunting there in order to see for himself whether the report he had learned from several folk was true.While staying in the forester's house, the duke was so struck by the beauty of his wife's face that he summoned his host to bring his wife, called Sainsfrida, that night to his bed chamber. Very sadly the man told this to Sainsfrida, a wise woman, who comforted him by saying that she would send in her place her sister Gunnor, a virgin even more beautiful than her. And thus it happened. Once the duke perceived the trick he was delighted that he had not committed the sin of adultery with another man'swife. . . ."

Apart from Sainsfrida, Gunnor had two sisters, Wevia and Duvelina. The latter (Duvelina)*, with the help of thecountess, who was a very wise woman, married Turulf of Pont-Audemer. He was the son of someone called Torf, after whome several towns are called Tourville to the present day.Turulf's brother was Turketil, father of Ansketil of Harcourt.Turulf had by his wife Humphrey of Vieilles, father of Roger of Beaumont. The third of Countess Gunnor's sisters (Wevia)* married Osbern de Bolbec, by whom she bore the first Walter Giffard, and then Godfrey, father of William of Arques. . . ."

  • The original manuscript, of which several copies survive, did not further identify these sisters, other than as "the latter"and "the third". This resulted in a certain degree of confusion, since Duvelina is actually named third, but had already been described as "the latter". However, in Robert's autographed copy, he has specifically inserted their names, which removes all ambiguity. Thus we have Sainsfrida married to the unnamed forester of (St. Vaast d') Equiqueville, Wevia married to Osbern de Bolbec, and Duvelina married to Turulf de Pont-Audemer.

There have been many requests for information on the various Normanrelationships compiled by Robert de Torigny. This is an attempt tosummarize and harmonize several recent works on some of the lines:

Elisabeth M C van Houts. Robert of Torigni as Genealogist. in Studiesin Medieval History presented to R. Allen Brown, p.215-33.

Kathleen Thompson. The Norman Aristocracy before 1066: the Example ofthe Montgomerys. in Historical Research 60:251-63.

K S B Keats-Rohan. Aspects of Torigny's Genealogy Revisited. inNottingham Medieval Studies 37:21-7.

Robert de Torigny, writing after the Norman Conquest, recorded thegenealogical traditions which tied many of the Norman nobility to thefamily of Gunnor, first mistress of Richard I, then Duchess ofNormandy. He reported the tradition that Richard had become infatuatedwith the wife of one of his foresters, but being the pious wife, shesubstituted her sister Gunnor, much to everyone's satisfaction. Heproceded to name the siblings of Gunnor, and also indicated the shehad numerous nieces, who are left unnamed, but whose marriages anddescendants are provided.

The genealogical information contained in his account has at varioustimes been praised and condemned, but recent opinion seems to favorthe view that, while minor errors abound, the genealogies accuratelyrepresent a tradition of shared descent that may account for the rapidrise of these nobles.

The parentage of Gunnor and her siblings is unknown. While somesources call her father Herfastus, this was in fact the name of herbrother. She has also been claimed as daughter of the Danish royalfamily, but there is no evidence for this, and the context of hercoming to the attention of Richard I and the family's subsequent riseto power militates against her being a royal daughter. Douglas argued(in a 1944 English Historical Review article on the family of WilliamFitz Osbern), based on the donations of brother Arfast to themonastery of St. Pere, that the root of the family was in the Cotetinregion of Normandy, but van Houts has suggested that the Cotetin landwas granted to Arfast, rather than inherited by him. Thus we are leftwith the more ambiguous statements of Torigny and others that she wasa member of a Norman family of Danish origins.

The only known brother of Gunnor was Arfast/Herfast, of whom we gainwhat little insight we have from a trial of heretics conducted by KingRobert II of France. Arfast testified that he had pretended to jointhe sect, all the better to denounce them when the time arose. Helater donated lands to the monastery of St. Pere, to which he retired.He had at least two sons: Osbern, who was steward to the later Dukes, and was murdered by William de Montgomery while defending the youngDuke William; and Ranulf, known from charters. Osbern maried a nieceof Richard I (the daughter of his half-brother) and by her was thefather of the Conquest baron William Fitz Osbern.

Gunnor had at least three sisters, of which the oldest appears to havebeen Senfria (Seinfreda), who was wife of the (unnamed) forester fromthe area of St. Vaast d'Equiqueville, and it was her charms which aresaid first to have attracted the attentions Duke Richard I. Sheappears to have had at least one daughter, Joscelina, wife of Hugh deMontgomery. (Torigny makes Joscelina daughter of another sister, Wevia, but a contemporary of Torigny, in demonstrating thegenealogical impediment to a marriage of a bastard of Henry I to aMontgomery descendant specifically calls Joscelina's mother Senfria, and the inheritance by the Montgomerys of large holdings suggests thatJoscelina was a significant coheiress to her parents, which does notmatch Wevia's family where the two sons would be expected to acquiremost of the family land.) Hugh de Montgomery and Joscelina had a sonRoger, but contrary to Torigny's statements, he was not the Conquestbaron of that name, but instead his father. By a wife possibly namedEmma, Roger had: Hugh; Roger (who married Mabel of Belleme and playeda significant role in pre-Conquest Normandy); William (who murderedcousin Osbern); Robert, and Gilbert.

Duvelina, a second sister of Gunnor, married Turulf de Pont Audemer, son of a Norman founder Torf, and uncle of the first of the Harcourts.They had at least one son, Humphrey de Vielles, who in turn was fatherof Roger de Beaumont, another Conquest-era baron.

Wevia, the only other sister of Gunnor named by Torigny, marriedOsbern de Bolbec (who is otherwise unknown to history). They had atleast two sons: Walter Giffard, ancestor of the EnglishGiffard/Gifford families, and also, through a daughter, of the Clarefamily; and Godfrey, whose son William de Arques had two daughters andco-heiresses.

Torigny indicates that Gunnor had numerous nieces, naming thedescendants of several of them, but usually not naming the niecesthemselves or their parents. As has already been seen with nieceJoscelina, the accounts of these families are more difficult toharmonize with other available sources.

One niece is said to have married Nicholas de Bracqueville, and tohave had William Martel and Walter de St. Martin. As to Martel, thereseems to have been a connection to Bracqueville, since Hawise, daughter of Nicholas married Hugh de Wareham, son of a Grippo. Hughhad a brother Geoffrey Martel, but beyond this no recent analysisprovides any insight as to the descent of the later Martels. Walter deSt. Martin is even more of a problem, since elsewhere Torignyincorrectly makes him brother of William de Warenne, but the ancestrygiven there is clearly false. Thus it is not clear that Torigny knewthe exact connection of Walter, and there is no evidence to helpclarify his true origins.

A second niece is said to have married Richard, vicomte of Rouen (whowas son of Tesselin). He had a son Lambert of St. Saens, whose sonHelias married a bastard daughter of Robert II of Normandy. (If theconnection here given is correct, then these two were within theprohibited degree, which may throw doubt on the relationship, orsimply suggest that the relationship did not come to light at thetime.) Based on later interactions between Montgomery and Warenne(thought to be related to this branch) it has been speculated thatthis niece was sister of Joscelina, which is possible but unsupported.

It appears to be through this family that the relationship of two moreNorman barons come into play, but not exactly as Torigny presents it.He shows yet another niece marrying Ranulph de Warenne, and by himhaving William de Warenne and Roger de Mortimer. This is clearlyuntrue, because Roger appears to have been a generation older thanWilliam. The solution appears to be that Torigny (as he had done withthe Montgomerys) compressed two people, a father and son of the samename, into one individual. Ranulph de Warenne (I) appears to havemarried Beatrice, sister of Richard, vicomte of Rouen, and thussister-in-law of one of Gunnor's nieces (thus it would appear thatthis family actually does not descend from a relative of Gunnor's, butis genealogically linked to some of her descendants) and had sons:Roger (de Mortimer) and Ranulph de Warenne (II), who in turn wasfather of another Ranulf (III) and of William de Warenne.

Finally, Torigny states that a niece married Osmund de Centumvillis, vicomte of Vernon, and had a son Fulk de Alnou, and a daughter whoseson was Baldwin de Reviers. Much debate has focussed on the attempt toidentify these men, but in the latter case, clearly a connection tothe Reviers/Vernon Earls of Devon is intended. The precise nature of the relationship is more difficult to pin down. It would seem that the first Earl Richard de Reviers and his brother Hugh were sons of a Baldwin, who had brothers Richard de Vernon (app. d.s.p.) and WilliamFitz Hugh de Vernon. (William, who was perhaps a uterine half-brother, had by wife Emma a son Hugh, often confused with the brother of EarlRichard. It is this error that has led to the statement that Emma wast he relative of Gunnor, which derives from a set of relationships hypothesized in Complete Peerage (CP, under Devon) and predicated onher being mother of Hugh, brother of Earl Richard, an untrue relationship, and on Richard being nephew of William Fitz Osbern, which is discussed below.) If Baldwin, father of Earl Richard, was the same as the grandson of Osmund de Centumvillis this would complete the picture, but one more relationship invites comment. Earl Richard issaid by an early source, cited by CP, to be nephew of William FitzOsbern. If the stated connection with vicomte Osmund is correct, then Baldwin de Reviers would have been too closely related to William FitzOsbern to have married his sister. (An alternative solution, that the wife of vicomte Osmund was sister of William Fitz Osbern, and hence grandniece of Gunnor, is chronologically impossible.) I suspect thatthis tradition records the memory that William Fitz Osbern was anolder male relative of Richard, rather than a precise genealogical relationship.

The work of Robert de Torigny thus provides a valuable source for the genealogical origins of the immediate pre-Conquest Norman aristocracy.When it has been possible to compare the information with other sources, some inconsistancies are found, but it is unclear whetherthese represent errors of Robert, or inaccuracies in the genealogical traditions he was recording. In most cases, an in-depth study of the available material has enabled modern historians to satisfactorillyreconstruct the descents from Gunnor's family and provide arepresentation of the true relationships among these early Norman families.

--------------------------------

MERGE NOTES

Gunnor of Danemark de Crépon


Daughter Of Fulk d'Aunou, Baldric "the Teuton" (Seigneur) de Courcy, Harald* "Blåtand" Gormsson af Danmark, Harald "Bluetooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark, H De Crepon and 53 othersFulk d'Aunou, Baldric "the Teuton" (Seigneur) de Courcy, Harald* "Blåtand" Gormsson af Danmark, Harald "Bluetooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark, H De Crepon, Conan I de Rennes, Herbastus I de Crépon, I, Unknown, Herbastus De Crepon, Unknown,,Forester of Arques, the Hugh, Herbastus(Herfa- De Crepon, Herbastus De Crepon, Herfastus DE CREPON, Segefred Le Denois Count of Guisnes, Herbastus DE CREPON, N. N. d'Aunou, Rolf, King Harald GOMSSON OG DANEMARK (OF DENMARK) , Harold, VIII, Herbastus Crepon, Harald, Herfast de Crépon,d'Arques, Herbastus de Crepon, Mrs De Crepon, Mrs De Crepon, Gyrid Olafsdotter, Queen Of Denmark, Mrs-Herbastus CREPON, Gunhild Olafsdatter, Mrs Crepon, Mrs Crepon, Beatrice Le Goz, Mrs. DE CREPON, Cyrid Sweden, Mrs De Crepon, Mrs De Crepon, Gunhilda Sweden, Sweden, Unknown Gunhilda, Hadway, Beatrice le Crepon, Cynthia De Crepon, Gunhild De Crepon, ?, Gunnhild Olafsdottir, Cyride Of Sweden, Gunhild Olafsdatter, Gunnhild DeCrepon, Mrs De Crepon, Elstrude of Flanders, Mrs-Herbastus CREPON, NN (perhaps Josceline) de Crépon, married Herbastus I NOT HER SON, Queen Gynrinthe OLAFSDATTER OG DANEMARK (OF DENMARK) , Mrs-Herbastus De Crepon, Cyrid, Unknown de Crêpon, Gunhild De Crepon, G Crepon and Gunhild

Wife Of Richard I "The Fearless", Duke of Normandy, Gilbert Brionne, Count, Gilbert Crispin, Hugh Capet Magnus "DUKE" of France, RICHARD DUKE of NORMANDIE and 5 othersRichard I "The Fearless", Duke of Normandy, Gilbert Brionne, Count, Gilbert Crispin, Hugh Capet Magnus "DUKE" of France, RICHARD DUKE of NORMANDIE, Jarl, Hugh DeMortimer, Gilbert Brionne, Gilbert Crispin, Count of Brionne and Robert D Evereux

Mother Of Richard II, duc de Normandie, Robert Rouen, II, Havoise / Hedwige de NORMANDY, Richard Normandy, Richard Fitz Gilbert, de Tonbridge, Earl de Clare and 183 othersRichard II, duc de Normandie, Robert Rouen, II, Havoise / Hedwige de NORMANDY, Richard Normandy, Richard Fitz Gilbert, de Tonbridge, Earl de Clare, Baldwin FitzGilbert, Hesilia de Brionne Crispin, Emma Crispin, Gilbert Crespin, Bec, Hesilia Crispin, Muriella De Normandie, Ælfgifu de Normandie (NOT Emma de Warenne), Frederina, Mauger De Mortagne, Count De Corbeil, Count De Mortagne, Beatrix de Normandie, Viscountess of Normandie, Abbess of Montvilliers, of Emma, Count Mauger, Count Robert, Archbishop Rouen, Elise Crispin, Elfrida Ordgar, Richard Fitz Gilbert de Clare, Gilbert De Tellieres, William de Braose, 1st Lord Bramber, Baldwin de Brionne, 1st Fitzgilbert, Baldwin DE MOELS, Milo DE BAR-SUR-SEINE, Osbert DE CAILLY, Robert De Normandie, Judith Le Goz (De Montalier), Ann Fitzgilbert, Gilbert Crispin, William Crispin, Robert Crispin, Emma Crispin, Milo Crispin, Geoffrey de Brionne, Not Gunnor's son, wife unknown, Hawise De Normandy, Ermengarde Normandy, of Normandy, Malgar de Mortain, XXX de Guerlenc, Félicia de Normandie, Mahaud Normandie, Havoise Normandie, Beatrice Normandie, Herbert De Eudes, Ralph de Ivry, ( Count de Ivry ), Gilbert NORMANDY, Mr Normandy, Monstreull Guillaume, Count Fitzrichard, Guillaume Hieme, Matilda De Normandy, Robert Archbiship, Roger De Mortimer, Senfrie De Crepon, Duke Richard, Monstreull Guillaume, Guillaume Hieme, Robert Archbiship, Roger De Mortimer, Senfrie De Crepon, Sporta Normandy, * Hieme, Emma of Normandy, Queen of the English, Count Bishop, Papia II de Normandie, II, Matilda de Normandy, Countess de Blois-Chartres, Robert Danus, William of Eu, Robert d'Evreux, Archevêque de Rouen, [ Archbishop of Rouen ], Mahaud Champagne, Hawise Bretagne, Béatrix Normandy, Fredesende DeNormandy, MURIELLA Normandy, Matilda Normandy, Senfrie CREPON, Rollo Normandy, Fressenda Normandy, Mauger DeNormandie, Fredesende DeNormandy, Judith DeMontanolier, Emma Normandy, Judith DeMontanolier, Muriella DeNormandy, William De Normandy, Hedwig, Count Godfrey, Robert D'EVEREAUX, Archbishop, Mr Normandy, Mahaud Blois, Havoise Bretagne, Beatrix Turenne, Matilda, Living, * Normandy, Duchess Bretagne, Mrs. Hautville, Margaret de Normandy, Princess, Robert De normandie, Count Godrey of Brionne and Eu, Mauger of Corbeil, Beatrice of Normandy, Matilda of Normandy, Hedwig 'Hawise' of Normandy, William, Comte d'Eu, Robert D Evereux, Count Geoffroy FitzRichard de Brienne D'EU, Robert De NORMANDIE, Mahaud, Robert Archbishop of Rouen, Mauger de Normandy, Earl of Corbeil, Beatrice De NORMANDIE, Robert NORMANDIE, Mahaud NORMANDIE, Havoise NORMANDIE, Bbeatrice NORMANDIE, Matilda, Godfrey Eu, Robert d'Evereux, Godfrey Eu, Muriella De Normandy, Geoffrey Capet, Brionne, HedwigHavoise De Normandy, Robert Rouen, [Archbishop of], Robert Normandy, Mr. Normandy, Mr. Normandy, Havoise Bretagne, [Duchess of], Beatrix Turenne, [Viscountess of], Robert II of Rouen, William Normandy, Mauger de Mortain (Count de Corbeil), Mauger De NORMANDIE, Richard Duke,,Normady, Muriella DeNormandy, William Normandy, Muriella DeNormandy, Ealdgyth, Judith DeMontanolier, Mauger Corbeil, Geoffrey Normandy, Fredesende DeNormandy, Hawise Normandy, Fredesende DeNormandy, Maud Normandy, Hedwig Normandy, Robert D Evereux, Robert Evreux, Long Guillaume I, William DeEu, Hawise Normandy, Emma Normandy, Ealdgyth, Judith DeMontanolier, Mauger Corbeil, Geoffrey Normandy, Fredesende DeNormandy, Hawise Normandy, Fredesende DeNormandy, Maud Normandy, Hedwig Normandy, Robert Evreux, Long Guillaume I, Emma Normandy, William Hiesmes, Beatrix of Hainault, Havoise De NORMANDIE, Hawise De Normandy, Robert of Normandy (Archbishop, 1 Count d'Ervreux), Maud of Normandy (Countess of Blois), Unknown, Hedwig Normandy, Havoise de Normandie, Beatrice of Normandy (Viscountess), Fredesende De Normandy, Guillaume d'Exmes,d'Hiemois,des Hiesmes,d'Eu,de Normandie, Mauger de Normandie,de Corbeil, Béatrix de Normandie, Judith de Normandie,de Montéroulier,de Montanolier, Hawise of Normandy (Duchess of Brittany), Mathilde de Normandie, Frésende de Normandie, Richard Fitz Gilbert, Earl de Clare, Hesila de Malet and Roger de Candiæ

Sister Of Seinfreda de Crépon, Herfast (Herbastus) II de Crépon, II, Lady Wevia de Crépon, Gonnor CREPON, Duvelina de Crepin and 70 othersSeinfreda de Crépon, Herfast (Herbastus) II de Crépon, II, Lady Wevia de Crépon, Gonnor CREPON, Duvelina de Crepin, Senfrie CREPON, HERFASTUS daughter, Avelina DeCrepon, Duceline, Sainsfrida De Crepon, Thyre Haraldsdatter, Wevie DECREPON, Sigrid Haraldsdottir av Halland, Avelina Fitzrichard de Crepon, Svend* Tveskæg, I, Thyra Haraldsdatter, Duvelina Unknown, Woerta (Wevia) de Crepon, NN St Martin-Normandy, Wevia De Crepon, Duceline De Crepon, Osbert De Bolbec, Lord, Sveyn Haraldsson, Danemark, Herfast De Crepon, Avelina De Crepon, Woerta de CREPON, Senfrie (Sainfrie) De CREPON, Håkon HARALDSSON, Avelina CREPON, Wevia CREPON, Senfrie CREPON, Herfast De Crepon, Unknown, Wevia De Crepon, Daughter De Crepon, Daughter, Avelina, Senfrie, Wevia(Wewa) De Crepon, Daughter De Crepon, Daughter, Herfast, Avelina, Gunhild Haraldsdatter, Erik Hring Haraldsen, Sibell De Crepon, Mistake, Osburn DeCrépon, Avelina Crepon, Gunhilda DeCrepon, Hildouin Crepon, Dovelina Crepon, Mrs DeStMARTIN, Béatrix DeCrépon, Gundrada DeCrepon, Senfrie de Crepon, Sibell deCrepon, Wevia deCrepon, Senfrie deCrepon, Herfast DeCrepon, NN de Crepon, Duceline, Crepon, Avelina, Avelina de Crepon, "Daughter", Wevia, Duvelina, Senfrie, Herfastus de Varenne, Wevia de Varenne, Aveline de Varenne, Sainfric de Varenne, Seuffrie de Crépon, Béatrice de Crépon, Wava de Crépon and Duvelina de Crépon

Half Sister Of Wevia (Duceline/Avelina) de Crepon, Gonnor De Crepon, Wevia De Harcourt (De Crepon), Gunnora D Aunou, Herbastus Crepon and 93 othersWevia (Duceline/Avelina) de Crepon, Gonnor De Crepon, Wevia De Harcourt (De Crepon), Gunnora D Aunou, Herbastus Crepon, Lady Wevia de Crépon, Svend* Tveskæg, I, Wevie Crepon, Mr., Wiva De Crepon, Gunnora de Crepon, Gonnor Crepon, Duchess, Wevia Crepon, Herfast, Senfrie, Avelina, Avelina Aveline, Sainsfrida De Crepon, Herfast (Herbastus) II de Crépon, II, Herbastus De Harcourt (De Crepon), Avelina Fitzrichard de Crepon, Aveline De Bolebec, H De Crepon, Avelina De Bolebec, Herfast De Crepon, Gunnora DE NORMANDY, Daughter Herfastus, wevia de crepon, Avelina DeCrepon, Herfast CREPON, Senfrie CREPON, Osbern de Crépon, Hugh de Talbot, Constance de Clare-Brionne-FitzGodfrey, Thyra Haraldsdatter, Gunhilda Unknown, Princess Of Denmark, Hagen -, Herbastus DeCrepon, Erik Hring Haraldsen, Svend I King of Denmark, Gunhild Haraldsdatter, Håkon HARALDSSON, Svend, King Of Denmark, Norway And England, Gunhild Haraldsdatter, Sigrid Haraldsdottir av Halland, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark Norway, Kong Svend 1 Tveskaeg af Danmark, Svend Tveskæg, Gunhild Princess of Denmark, King Sven I tveskãgg (king Sweyn of Forkbeard of England, Thyra Haraldsdatter, Gunhild -, Seinfreda de Crépon, Richard Neville, Nicholas Basquerville, Hasinsa Courcy, Fulk d'Aunou, Fulk d'Aunou, Gaultier / Walter de Warenne, Lord of St. Martin, Gunnora De Anjou, Robert, Courcy, Wevia deCrepon, Gonnor Normandy, Senfrie Crepon, Avelina Crepon, Judith de Rennes, Consort Duchesse de Normandie, Papia of Normandy, Eleanor (Princess) of Normandy, Juthael PORHOET, Hurnod De Bretagne, Herleve De Brittany, Count Rennes, William Poincius (Duke) of Normandy, Hernod Of Brittany, Alan Brittany, Godfrey, Duc De Bretagne, Conan of Brittany, Herfast of Brittany, Geoffrey Berengar, Geoffrey Anjou, Geoffroi deBretagne, Geoffrey Brittany, Hurnodius Rennes, Fulbert deFalaise, Herleve DeBrittany, Uvrod, Geoffrey Taillefer, Hernod Brittany, Judicael DeBretagne, Hurnod DeBretagne, Guillaume DeNormandy, Judicael DeBretagne, Judicael DeRennes, Alan Brittany, Catuallon, Alan Bretagne, Thyra de Danemark and Svend de Danemark

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Managers Flemming Funch, Patrick Monnig, "Skip" Bremer, Desiree "Dez" Rogers and 130 othersFlemming Funch, Patrick Monnig, "Skip" Bremer, Desiree "Dez" Rogers, Matt Palmer, Rachel Lehman Groessel, Jan-Cedric HANSEN, Jonathon Neil, Ted King, Ernesto Álvarez Uriondo, L Foxvog, Ofir Friedman, Pablo Romero Guerrero, Poul Rahbek, Holly Allen, Lars Söderström, William Waesche, Jr., Robert Hults, Paul Kiraly, Denise Puckett, Tara van Brederode, Peter Breed, Robert "Cook" Awalt, Shauna Warriner, Jason Buis, Enrique Caballero Peraza, Robert Turner, Robert Lockwood, Nancy Fetterly, Michael Dolan, Sr., Beth Gern, Kefa / Qefa (Peter) ALBERS, William Sowers, III, David Cash, Jr., Marilyn Haslem, Lena Larsson, Fernando Menendez Behety, Susanna Engberg Barnevik, Jeff Wigley, Crystal Wriser, Marsha Gail (Kamish) Veazey, Wayne Davy, Eva Bratvold, Sierra Maciorowski, James McCullough, Jr., (No Name), Hendrik du Plessis, V, Nathan De Graw, Fred Barnfield, David MacArthur, MANAGER TO BE DELETED, Per Åge Serigstad, John Edwards, Patrick Gunnels, Charles Weaver, Jr., Lúcia Pilla, Bo Garsteen, Ron Franklin, Virginia Travis, Jerry Daniel Peardon, Arthur Jackson, James Frederick Pultz, Andrew Emery Hegedus, Sherry Klein, Philip Castleman, Tammy Swingle (Tucker), Laura Rail, Jaco Strauss, Myrna Huthmacher, Sheri Smith, Douglas Nimmo, Nancy Sands, Brandt Gibson, Peter Jay, Steve Poland, Kristin Valenti, David Robert Wooten, Caren Currier, Thomas M. Clifford, Vada McNicol, Gwyneth MCNEIL, Erin Spiceland, Noel Bush, Ian Francis Hoyle, Messina Burke, Ken Mullins, Claus Valentin Buschardt, Lorna (Lund) Collins, Christina, Eric ANDERSON, Chris Duben, Terje Berger, Ollie Sirmons, John W. Buschman, Håkon Bjordal Vinje, William Adam Raby, JON THOGMARTIN, Christine Gard, William Oetting, Jeff Gentes, Jason Scott Wills, Joyce Tharp, David Goldfarb, Christian PERKS, Thomas Björnberg, Stephen Tillia, John P. Lukavic, Mimi Arcala [ACTIVE USER], Daniel B Williams, Larry S. Roach, Scott Johnson, Martin Eriksen, Arthur Whittaker, Grant Meadors, Dennis Harold Cloukey, Marilyn Seaward (Murrin), Jacqueli (Jacki Earl-Rigney) Finley, Kurt Bestor, Damon Eisenach, Shelley Chrystal Mactyre, Peter Dutton, Jr., Bjørn P. Brox, Scott Randell, David S Beckman, Scott Hibbard, Nancy Ferguson, Connie Barrow, Kirsten Rose Leman, Rick Pfeiffer, Donald W. Sherman, Jr., Janice Weeks Hollenczer, Paul Holman, Lori Wilke and Geoffrey Trowbridge

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Gunnora or Gunnor (c. 936–1031) was the wife and consort of Richard I of Normandy. Her parentage is unknown, earliest sources reporting solely that she was of Danish ancestry and naming siblings including brother Herfast de Crepon who is sometimes erroneously given as her father.

She was living with her sister Seinfreda, the wife of a local forester, when Richard, hunting nearby, heard of the beauty of the forester's wife. He is said to have ordered Seinfreda to come to his bed, but the lady substituted her unmarried sister, Gunnora. Richard, it is said, was pleased that by this subterfuge he had been saved from committing adultery, and the two became lovers. Gunnora long acted as Richard's mistress or wife by more danico, but when Richard was prevented from nominating their son Robert to be Archbishop of Rouen, the two were married, making their children legitimate in the eyes of the church.

Gunnora, both as mistress and duchess, was able to use her influence to see her kin favored, and several of the most prominent Conquest-era Norman magnates, including the Montgomery, Warenne, Mortimer, Vernon/Redvers, and Fitz Osbern families, were descendants of her brother and sisters.

Richard and Gunnora were parents to six children:

Richard II "the Good", Duke of Normandy (966)

Robert, Archbishop of Rouen, Count of Evreux, died 1037.

Mauger, Earl of Corbeil, died after 1033.

Robert Danus, died between 985 and 989

Emma of Normandy (c. 985-1052) wife of two kings of England.

Maud of Normandy, wife of Odo II of Blois, Count of Blois, Champagne and Chartres

Preceded by

Emma of Paris Duchess consort of Normandy

989 - 996 Succeeded by

Judith of Brittany

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gunnora,_Duchess_of_Normandy"

--------------------

Gunnora or Gunnor (c. 936–1031) was the wife and consort of Richard I of Normandy. Her parentage is unknown, earliest sources reporting solely that she was of Danish ancestry and naming siblings including brother Herfast de Crepon who is sometimes erroneously given as her father.

She was living with her sister Seinfreda, the wife of a local forester, when Richard, hunting nearby, heard of the beauty of the forester's wife. He is said to have ordered Seinfreda to come to his bed, but the lady substituted her unmarried sister, Gunnora. Richard, it is said, was pleased that by this subterfuge he had been saved from committing adultery, and the two became lovers. Gunnora long acted as Richard's mistress or wife by more danico, but when Richard was prevented from nominating their son Robert to be Archbishop of Rouen, the two were married, making their children legitimate in the eyes of the church.

Gunnora, both as mistress and duchess, was able to use her influence to see her kin favored, and several of the most prominent Conquest-era Norman magnates, including the Montgomery, Warenne, Mortimer, Vernon/Redvers, and Fitz Osbern families, were descendants of her brother and sisters.

Richard and Gunnora were parents to six children:

Richard II "the Good", Duke of Normandy (966)

Robert, Archbishop of Rouen, Count of Evreux, died 1037.

Mauger, Earl of Corbeil, died after 1033.

Robert Danus, died between 985 and 989

Emma of Normandy (c. 985-1052) wife of two kings of England.

Maud of Normandy, wife of Odo II of Blois, Count of Blois, Champagne and Chartres

Preceded by

Emma of Paris Duchess consort of Normandy

989 - 996 Succeeded by

Judith of Brittany

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gunnora,_Duchess_of_Normandy"

Categories: 930s births | 1031 deaths | Dukes of Normandy | Women of medieval France | Viking Age women

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Gunnora, Duchess of Normandy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

Gunnora or Gunnor (c. 936–1031) was the wife and consort of Richard I of Normandy. Her parentage is unknown, earliest sources reporting solely that she was of Danish ancestry and naming siblings including brother Herefast de Crepon who is sometimes erroneously given as her father.

She was living with her sister Seinfreda, the wife of a local forester, when Richard passed by hunting. He is said to have approached Seinfreda with amorous intentions, but the lady rejected his advance, suggesting that her unmarried sister Gunnor might prove more receptive. They became lovers, Gunnor first acting as his mistress and eventually marrying him.

They were parents to six children:

Richard II "the Good", Duke of Normandy (966)

Robert, Archbishop of Rouen, Count of Evreux, died 1037.

Mauger, Earl of Corbeil, died after 1033; his alleged grandson (or perhaps great-grandson) was Robert Fitz Hamon, an important Anglo-Norman baron.

Robert Danus, died between 985 and 989

Emma of Normandy (c. 985-1052) wife of two kings of England.

Maud of Normandy, wife of Odo II of Blois, Count of Blois, Champagne and Chartres

This biography of a French peer or noble is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gunnora%2C_Duchess_of_Normandy"

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gunnora%2C_Duchess_of_Normandy

--------------------

Gunnora or Gunnor (c. 936–1031) was the wife and consort of Richard I of Normandy. Her parentage is unknown, earliest sources reporting solely that she was of Danish ancestry and naming siblings including brother Herefast de Crepon who is sometimes erroneously given as her father.

She was living with her sister Seinfreda, the wife of a local forester, when Richard passed by hunting. He is said to have approached Seinfreda with amorous intentions, but the lady rejected his advance, suggesting that her unmarried sister Gunnor might prove more receptive. They became lovers, Gunnor first acting as his mistress and eventually marrying him.

Note:

   President Rutherford Hayes is a descendant
   !Sources: RC 24, 89, 166, 168, 222; Kraentzler 1153, 1156, 1174, 1180,1194, 1211, 1432, 1443; A. Roots 121E; Coe; Norr; Onslow; Pfafman; Davis. Roots: (Danish wife) Gunnor, died 1027 or 1031, daughter of forester of Arques. K. calls her Gonnor de Crepon. Norr: Gunnor (Gunora),(952)-1031.
   Onslow in "The Dukes of Normandy and Their Orgin" says: "Richard I heard about a charming woman married to the superintendent of forests at Secheville near Arques. Richard visited Secheville, met the forester's beautiful wife, Sainfrida, and "had the impudence to suggest to her husband that he should be allowed to make her better acquaintance."The poor man was much perturbed and went in trouble to his wife. The lady had no mind to become the mistress of the Duke, but her morals were not so rigid as to prevent her from making capital our of the situation for her family. Sainfrida had three sisters, Gunnor, Adelina and Veva (Wevia), and a brother named Herfast. Gunnor was a very pretty girl and by no means particular. Sainfrida told her husband to pretend to fall in with the Duke's proposals and give Richard facilities to pay her a visit. But when Richard arrived, Gunnor took Sainfrida's place. The Duke did not discover the trick until the following day; but so delighted was he with Gunnor that not only did he forgive Sainfrida, but thanked her for having saved him from mortal sin! The result was that Gunnor became his wife by Danish custom and eventually the mother of a numerous family, the eldest of which was Richard II of Normandy."
   Gunnor apparently had children by Richard before they were married and before his marriage to Emma. Evidently the Richard-Gunnor union was legitimized later. RC 166 says Gunnor's father was Herbastus de Crepon, Forester of Arques (in Denmark). Were there two foresters, the father of Gunnor and Sainfrida and also the husband of Sainfrida? Or did the story become tangled over the years? Coe spells name Gunore.
   !Davis: Gonnor, daughter of a forester of Sauqueville in Britanny. Second wife of Richard I. She married (2) Eperleng, "farmer" of the mills of Pitres.
   !Wingate, John. _William the Conqueror_, genealogical tables and notes.Gunnor was the sister of Herfast of Denmark. She was the mistress, or wife "by the Danish custom" of Richard I, Duke of Normandy, and married him after the death of his wife, Emma. She had both legitimate and illegitimate children by Richard.
   !Douglas, David C. _William the Conqueror_: The Norman Impact Upon England_. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1964; page 145. He calls Gunnor the sister of Herfast and the aunt of Osbern, the steward of William the Conqueror's father, Duke Robert.
   !Stuart,Roderick W. _Royalty for Commoners_. 2nd Edition. Baltimore, MD:Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., 1992; lines 89-1 and 166-33.
   !Norr, Vernon M._Some Early English Pedigrees_, page 60, generation 38,and page 23a. States that Richard I had issue by and later md (2) (afterAgnes died) Gunora, b. 952, d. 1031; sister of a forester's wife whomRichard desired but who tricked him with her younger sister. 5. Ancestral File (AFN:9HMD-WL). One line givesher birth date as "abt 935" and only refers to her as "Concubine 1". She is also shown with the following other parents in the Ancestral File (AFN:FLGR-TL): Herbastus/DE CREPON/ (AFN:FLGR-SF) and Herbastus De C /MRS./

--------------------

Gunnora or Gunnor (c. 936–1031) was the wife and consort of Richard I of Normandy. Her parentage is unknown, earliest sources reporting solely that she was of Danish ancestry and naming siblings including brother Herefast de Crepon who is sometimes erroneously given as her father.

She was living with her sister Seinfreda, the wife of a local forester, when Richard passed by hunting. He is said to have approached Seinfreda with amorous intentions, but the lady rejected his advance, suggesting that her unmarried sister Gunnor might prove more receptive. They became lovers, Gunnor first acting as his mistress and eventually marrying him.

They were parents to six children:

Richard II "the Good", Duke of Normandy (966)

Robert, Archbishop of Rouen, Count of Evreux, died 1037.

Mauger, Earl of Corbeil, died after 1033.

Robert Danus, died between 985 and 989

Emma of Normandy (c. 985-1052) wife of two kings of England.

Maud of Normandy, wife of Odo II of Blois, Count of Blois, Champagne and Chartres

--------------------

Gunnora, Duchess of Normandy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Gunnora or Gunnor (c. 936–1031) was the wife and consort of Richard I of Normandy. Her parentage is unknown, earliest sources reporting solely that she was of Danish ancestry and naming siblings including brother Herefast de Crepon who is sometimes erroneously given as her father.

She was living with her sister Seinfreda, the wife of a local forester, when Richard passed by hunting. He is said to have approached Seinfreda with amorous intentions, but the lady rejected his advance, suggesting that her unmarried sister Gunnor might prove more receptive. They became lovers, Gunnor first acting as his mistress and eventually marrying him.

They were parents to six children:

Richard II "the Good", Duke of Normandy (966)

Robert, Archbishop of Rouen, Count of Evreux, died 1037.

Mauger, Earl of Corbeil, died after 1033; his alleged grandson (or perhaps great-grandson) was Robert Fitz Hamon, an important Anglo-Norman baron.

Robert Danus, died between 985 and 989

Emma of Normandy (c. 985-1052) wife of two kings of England.

Maud of Normandy, wife of Odo II of Blois, Count of Blois, Champagne and Chartres

--------------------

Gunnora, Duchess of Normandy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 (Redirected from Gunnora)

Jump to: navigation, search

Gunnora or Gunnor (c. 936–1031) was the wife and consort of Richard I of Normandy. Her parentage is unknown, earliest sources reporting solely that she was of Danish ancestry and naming siblings including brother Herfast de Crepon who is sometimes erroneously given as her father.

She was living with her sister Seinfreda, the wife of a local forester, when Richard, hunting nearby, heard of the beauty of the forester's wife. He is said to have ordered Seinfreda to come to his bed, but the lady substituted her unmarried sister, Gunnora. Richard, it is said, was pleased that by this subterfuge he had been saved from committing adultery, and the two became lovers. Gunnora long acted as Richard's mistress or wife by more danico, but when Richard was prevented from nominating their son Robert to be Archbishop of Rouen, the two were married, making their children legitimate in the eyes of the church.

Gunnora, both as mistress and duchess, was able to use her influence to see her kin favored, and several of the most prominent Conquest-era Norman magnates, including the Montgomery, Warenne, Mortimer, Vernon/Redvers, and Fitz Osbern families, were descendants of her brother and sisters.

Richard and Gunnora were parents to six children:

   * Richard II "the Good", Duke of Normandy (966)
   * Robert, Archbishop of Rouen, Count of Evreux, died 1037.
   * Mauger, Earl of Corbeil, died after 1033.
   * Robert Danus, died between 985 and 989
   * Emma of Normandy (c. 985-1052) wife of two kings of England.
   * Maud of Normandy, wife of Odo II of Blois, Count of Blois, Champagne and Chartres

--------------------

Gunnora, Duchess of Normandy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

Gunnora or Gunnor (c. 936–1031) was the wife and consort of Richard I of Normandy. Her parentage is unknown, earliest sources reporting solely that she was of Danish ancestry and naming siblings including brother Herefast de Crepon who is sometimes erroneously given as her father.

She was living with her sister Seinfreda, the wife of a local forester, when Richard passed by hunting. He is said to have approached Seinfreda with amorous intentions, but the lady rejected his advance, suggesting that her unmarried sister Gunnor might prove more receptive. They became lovers, Gunnor first acting as his mistress and eventually marrying him.

They were parents to six children:

Richard II "the Good", Duke of Normandy (966)

Robert, Archbishop of Rouen, Count of Evreux, died 1037.

Mauger, Earl of Corbeil, died after 1033; his alleged grandson (or perhaps great-grandson) was Robert Fitz Hamon, an important Anglo-Norman baron.

Robert Danus, died between 985 and 989

Emma of Normandy (c. 985-1052) wife of two kings of England.

Maud of Normandy, wife of Odo II of Blois, Count of Blois, Champagne and Chartres

This biography of a French peer or noble is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.

--------------------

Ella vivía con su hermana Seinfreda, la esposa de un guardabosque local, cuando Ricardo, que estaba de caza en la zona, oyó acerca de la belleza de la esposa del guardabosque. Ordenó entonces que Seinfreda fuera a su lecho, pero la dama se hizo sustituir por su hermana soltera, Gunnora. Se dice que Ricardo, al enterarse, se vio complacido, ya que por ese subterfugio él se salvó de cometer adulterio. Así fue que Ricardo y Gunnora se hicieron amantes. Ella durante mucho tiempo actuó como la amante o esposa de Ricardo, a la manera danesa, pero cuando Ricardo fue impedido de nombrar a su hijo Roberto Arzobispo de Ruán, la pareja contrajo matrimonio, a fin de hacer a sus hijos legítimos a los ojos de la Iglesia.

Gunnora, tanto como amante como duquesa, fue capaz de usar su influencia para favorecer a sus familiares directos, y varios de los más prominentes Normandos de la época de la conquista de Inglaterra eran de hecho descendientes de sus hermanos y hermanas.

--------------------

Wikipedia:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gunnora

Normandy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 (Redirected from Gunnora)

Jump to:navigation, search

Gonnor de crepon.jpg

This article does not cite any references or sources.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2006)

Gunnora or Gunnor (c. 936–1031) was the wife and consort of Richard I of Normandy. Her parentage is unknown, earliest sources reporting solely that she was of Danish ancestry and naming siblings including brother Herfast de Crepon who is sometimes erroneously given as her father.

She was living with her sister Seinfreda, the wife of a local forester, when Richard, hunting nearby, heard of the beauty of the forester's wife. He is said to have ordered Seinfreda to come to his bed, but the lady substituted her unmarried sister, Gunnora. Richard, it is said, was pleased that by this subterfuge he had been saved from committing adultery, and the two became lovers. Gunnora long acted as Richard's mistress or wife by more danico, but when Richard was prevented from nominating their son Robert to be Archbishop of Rouen, the two were married, making their children legitimate in the eyes of the church.

Gunnora, both as mistress and duchess, was able to use her influence to see her kin favored, and several of the most prominent Conquest-era Norman magnates, including the Montgomery, Warenne, Mortimer, Vernon/Redvers, and Fitz Osbern families, were descendants of her brother and sisters.

Richard and Gunnora were parents to six children:

   * Richard II "the Good", Duke of Normandy (966)
   * Robert, Archbishop of Rouen, Count of Evreux, died 1037.
   * Mauger, Earl of Corbeil, died after 1033.
   * Robert Danus, died between 985 and 989
   * Emma of Normandy (c. 985-1052) wife of two kings of England.
   * Maud of Normandy, wife of Odo II of Blois, Count of Blois, Champagne and Chartres

Preceded by

Emma of Paris Duchess consort of Normandy

989 - 996 Succeeded by

Judith of Brittany

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gunnora,_Duchess_of_Normandy"

Categories: 930s births | 1031 deaths | Duchesses of Normandy | Women of medieval France | Viking Age women

Hidden categories: Articles lacking sources from October 2006 | All articles lacking sources

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--------------------

Jump to: navigation, search

Gunnora or Gunnor (c. 936–1031) was the wife and consort of Richard I of Normandy. Her parentage is unknown, earliest sources reporting solely that she was of Danish ancestry and naming siblings including brother Herefast de Crepon who is sometimes erroneously given as her father.

She was living with her sister Seinfreda, the wife of a local forester, when Richard passed by hunting. He is said to have approached Seinfreda with amorous intentions, but the lady rejected his advance, suggesting that her unmarried sister Gunnor might prove more receptive. They became lovers, Gunnor first acting as his mistress and eventually marrying him.

Source: Wikipedia

--------------------

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Gunnora (or Gunnor) (c. 936 – 1031) was the wife and consort of Richard I of Normandy. Her parentage is unknown, earliest sources reporting solely that she was of Danish ancestry and naming siblings including brother Herfast de Crepon who is sometimes erroneously given as her father.

She was living with her sister Seinfreda, the wife of a local forester, when Richard, hunting nearby, heard of the beauty of the forester's wife. He is said to have ordered Seinfreda to come to his bed, but the lady substituted her unmarried sister, Gunnora. Richard, it is said, was pleased that by this subterfuge he had been saved from committing adultery, and the two became lovers. Gunnora long acted as Richard's mistress or wife by more danico, but when Richard was prevented from nominating their son Robert to be Archbishop of Rouen, the two were married, making their children legitimate in the eyes of the church.

Gunnora, both as mistress and duchess, was able to use her influence to see her kin favored, and several of the most prominent Conquest-era Norman magnates, including the Montgomery, Warenne, Mortimer, Vernon/Redvers, and Fitz Osbern families, were descendants of her brother and sisters.

--------------------

from http://familytrees.genopro.com/Azrael/ind04412.htm

Gonnor was born in 945 in Normandie. Gonnor's father was Herbastus de Crepon Arque and her mother was Gunnhild Olafsdottir. Her paternal grandparents were Herfast de Crepon Arque and <Unknown>; her maternal grandparents were Olof (Mitkg) Bjornsson and Ingeberg Thrandsdottir. She was the oldest of three children. She had two sisters named Senfrie (Eva) and Avelina. She had a half-brother and a half-sister, named Forkbeard and Nevia.

Gonnor's family with Duke of Normandy Richard (San Peur, The Fearless) Normandy I:

They had three sons and three daughters, named The Good, Robert, Hedwig, Mauger, Emma and Matilda.

Richard (The Good) Normandy II was born in 963 in Normandy, France. He died at age 63 on August 28th, 1026 in Fecamp, Seine Inferieure, France. His burial was in Fecamp, Seine Inferieure, France.

Robert de Normandie was born in 965 in Normandie. He died at age 72 in 1037.

Hedwig of Normandy was born in 973 in Normandy, France.

She died at age 61 years on February 21st, 1034.

Mauger de Corbeil was born in 974 in Normandy, France. He died at age 66 in 1040 in Corbeil, Marne, Champagne, France.

Emma Normandy was born in 982 in Normandie. She died at age 70 on March 6th, 1052.

Matilda of Normandy was born in 990. She died at age 25 in 1015.

--------------------

Gunnora or Gunnor (c. 936–1031) was the wife and consort of Richard I of Normandy. Her parentage is unknown, earliest sources reporting solely that she was of Danish ancestry and naming siblings including brother Herefast de Crepon who is sometimes erroneously given as her father.

She was living with her sister Seinfreda, the wife of a local forester, when Richard passed by hunting. He is said to have approached Seinfreda with amorous intentions, but the lady rejected his advance, suggesting that her unmarried sister Gunnor might prove more receptive. They became lovers, Gunnor first acting as his mistress and eventually marrying him.

They were parents to six children:

Richard II "the Good", Duke of Normandy (966)

Robert, Archbishop of Rouen, Count of Evreux, died 1037.

Mauger, Earl of Corbeil, died after 1033.

Robert Danus, died between 985 and 989

Emma of Normandy (c. 985-1052) wife of two kings of England.

Maud of Normandy, wife of Odo II of Blois, Count of Blois, Champagne and Chartres

--------------------

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gunnora

--------------------

Gunnora (or Gunnor) (c. 936 – 1031) was the wife and consort of Richard I of Normandy. Her parentage is unknown, earliest sources reporting solely that she was of Danish ancestry and naming siblings including brother Herfast de Crepon who is sometimes erroneously given as her father.

She was living with her sister Seinfreda, the wife of a local forester, when Richard, hunting nearby, heard of the beauty of the forester's wife. He is said to have ordered Seinfreda to come to his bed, but the lady substituted her unmarried sister, Gunnora. Richard, it is said, was pleased that by this subterfuge he had been saved from committing adultery, and the two became lovers. Gunnora long acted as Richard's mistress or wife by more danico, but when Richard was prevented from nominating their son Robert to be Archbishop of Rouen, the two were married, making their children legitimate in the eyes of the church.

Gunnora, both as mistress and duchess, was able to use her influence to see her kin favored, and several of the most prominent Conquest-era Norman magnates, including the Montgomery, Warenne, Mortimer, Vernon/Redvers, and Fitz Osbern families, were descendants of her brother and sisters.

Richard and Gunnora were parents to six children:

   * Richard II "the Good", Duke of Normandy (966)
   * Robert, Archbishop of Rouen, Count of Evreux, died 1037.
   * Mauger, Earl of Corbeil, died after 1033.
   * Robert Danus, died between 985 and 989
   * Emma of Normandy (c. 985-1052) wife of two kings of England.
   * Maud of Normandy, wife of Odo II of Blois, Count of Blois, Champagne and Chartres

--------------------

Gunnor de Crepon was the "Danish wife" of Richard I "Sans Peur", Leader of the Normans of Rouen, son of Guillaume "Longue-Épée", Princeps Nortmannorum and "Sprota," before 961. She married him (in a Christian wedding) after 968.

Gunnor died in 1031 at age 95 years.

Gunnor was our ancestor through two distinct descent lines--one through her son Robert and the other through her daughter Hawise, each of whom was independently our ancestor.

See "My Lines"

( http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/p338.htm#i5196 )

from Compiler: R. B. Stewart, Evans, GA

( http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/index.htm )

--------------------

Gunnora, Duchess of Normandy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 (Redirected from Gunnora)

Jump to: navigation, search

Gunnora or Gunnor (c. 936–1031) was the wife and consort of Richard I of Normandy. Her parentage is unknown, earliest sources reporting solely that she was of Danish ancestry and naming siblings including brother Herefast de Crepon who is sometimes erroneously given as her father.

She was living with her sister Seinfreda, the wife of a local forester, when Richard passed by hunting. He is said to have approached Seinfreda with amorous intentions, but the lady rejected his advance, suggesting that her unmarried sister Gunnor might prove more receptive. They became lovers, Gunnor first acting as his mistress and eventually marrying him.

They were parents to six children:

   * Richard II "the Good", Duke of Normandy (966)
   * Robert, Archbishop of Rouen, Count of Evreux, died 1037.
   * Mauger, Earl of Corbeil, died after 1033; his alleged grandson (or perhaps great-grandson) was Robert Fitz Hamon, an important Anglo-Norman baron.
   * Robert Danus, died between 985 and 989
   * Emma of Normandy (c. 985-1052) wife of two kings of England.
   * Maud of Normandy, wife of Odo II of Blois, Count of Blois, Champagne and Chartres

--http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gunnora

--------------------

She associated with Richard I "Sans Peur", comte de Rouen, before 961. This common law marriage was solemnized after 968 when Gunnor married Richard in a Christian ceremony (thereby legitimizing their children).

She died in 1031 at age 95 years. -------------------- She associated with Richard I "Sans Peur", comte de Rouen, before 961. This common law marriage was solemnized after 968 when Gunnor married Richard in a Christian ceremony (thereby legitimizing their children).

She died in 1031 at age 95 years. -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gunnora,_Duchess_of_Normandy -------------------- Gunnora (or Gunnor) (c. 936 – 1031) was the wife and consort of Richard I of Normandy. Her parentage is unknown, earliest sources reporting solely that she was of Danish ancestry and naming siblings including brother Herfast de Crepon who is sometimes erroneously given as her father.

She was living with her sister Seinfreda, the wife of a local forester, when Richard, hunting nearby, heard of the beauty of the forester's wife. He is said to have ordered Seinfreda to come to his bed, but the lady substituted her unmarried sister, Gunnora. Richard, it is said, was pleased that by this subterfuge he had been saved from committing adultery, and the two became lovers. Gunnora long acted as Richard's mistress or wife by more danico, but when Richard was prevented from nominating their son Robert to be Archbishop of Rouen, the two were married, making their children legitimate in the eyes of the church.

Gunnora, both as mistress and duchess, was able to use her influence to see her kin favored, and several of the most prominent Conquest-era Norman magnates, including the Montgomery, Warenne, Mortimer, Vernon/Redvers, and Fitz Osbern families, were descendants of her brother and sisters.

Richard and Gunnora were parents to several children:

   * Richard II "the Good", Duke of Normandy (966)
   * Robert, Archbishop of Rouen, Count of Evreux, died 1037.
   * Mauger, Earl of Corbeil, died after 1033.
   * Robert Danus, died between 985 and 989
   * Emma of Normandy (c. 985-1052) wife of two kings of England.
   * Maud of Normandy, wife of Odo II of Blois, Count of Blois, Champagne and Chartres
   * Hawise of Normandy, wife of Geoffrey I of Brittany

-------------------- GONNOR (GUNHILDA) DE CREPON, daughter of HERBATUS DE CREPON. She was born 936 in Normandy, France, and died 1031 in France. -------------------- Gunnora av NormandieFra Wikipedia, den frie encyklopedi Gå til: navigasjon, søk Gunnora eller Gunnor (ca 936 – 1031) var hustru til Rikard I av Normandie. Hennes bakgrunn er ukjent, og den tidligste kilden forteller kun at hun var av dansk opprinnelse og navngir hennes slektninger, blant annet broren Herefast de Crepon som noen ganger blir feilaktig oppgitt for å være hennes far. Hennes bror Herefast kan ha vært involvert i en kontroversiell rettssak angående kjetteri i forbindelse med katarenes tro.

Hun levde sammen med sin søster Seinfreda, hustruen til en lokal skogsmann da Rikard passert mens han var på jakt. Det er blitt sagt at han ønsket å ta Seinfreda til sengs, men at hun avviste hans tilnærmelser og foreslo heller at det var mer respektabelt om han henvendte seg til hennes ugifte søster Gunnora. Rikard tok da Gunnora som sin elskerinne og som han til sist kom til å gifte seg med.

Hans barn med Gunnora var:

Richard II, hertug av Normandie, også kalt for «Rikard den gode» Robert, erkebiskop av Rouen, greve av Evreux, død 1037. Mauger, jarl av Corbeil, død etter 1033. Robert Danus, død mellom 985 og 989. Emma av Normandie, død 1052, dronning av England to ganger. Hawise av Normandie, hustru til Geoffrey I, hertug av Bretagne. Maud av Normandie, hustru til Odo II av Blois, greve av Blois, Champagne og Chartres. -------------------- Gunnor and Richardthe Fearless had at least 9 children, many of whom were born before his 1st marriage to Emma of Paris. Emma died within two years of her marriage to Duke Richard. After Emma died, Richard returned to Gunnor and married her, thereby legitimizing their children. -------------------- Her ancestry is provided elsewhere on this chart.

Gonnor's father was Herbastus de Crepon Arque and her mother was Gunnhild Olafsdottir. Her paternal grandparents were Herfast de Crepon Arque and <Unknown>; her maternal grandparents were King of Sweden Olof (Mitkg) Bjornsson and Ingeberg Thrandsdottir. She had two sisters named Senfrie (Eva) and Avelina. She had a half-brother and two half-sisters, named Forkbeard, Thyra and Nevia --------------------

Gonnor de Crepon   

Gonnor was born in year 0945 in Normandie.1 Gonnor's father was Herbastus de Crepon Arque and her mother was Gunnhild Olafsdottir. Her paternal grandparents were Herfast de Crepon Arque and <Unknown>; her maternal grandparents were Olof (Mitkg) Bjornsson and Ingeberg Thrandsdottir. She was the oldest of three children. She had two sisters named Senfrie (Eva) and Avelina. She had a half-brother and a half-sister, named Forkbeard and Nevia.

Gonnor's family with Duke of Normandy Richard (San Peur, The Fearless) Normandy I They had three sons and three daughters, named The Good, Robert, Hedwig, Mauger, Emma and Matilda.

Richard (The Good) Normandy II

The Good was born in year 0963 in Normandy, France.2 He died, at the age of 63 years, on August 28th, 1026 in Fecamp, Seine Inferieure, France. His burial was in Fecamp, Seine Inferieure, France.3 3

Robert de Normandie

Robert was born in year 0965 in Normandie.2 Birth Notes B: Abt. 965 He died, at the age of 72 years, in year 1037.4

Hedwig of Normandy

Hedwig was born in year 0973 in Normandy, France.5 Birth Notes B: Abt. 973 She died, at the age of 61 years, on February 21st, 1034.6

Mauger de Corbeil

Mauger was born in year 0974 in Normandy, France.7 He died, at the age of 66 years, in year 1040 in Corbeil, Marne, Champagne, France.7

Emma Normandy

Emma was born in year 0982 in Normandie.2 Birth Notes B: Abt. 982 She died, at the age of 70 years, on March 6th, 1052.8

Matilda of Normandy

Matilda was born in year 0990.6 Birth Notes B: Abt. 990 She died, at the age of 25 years, in year 1015.6

1 http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=tamer&id=I6124 2 http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=tamer&id=I6123 3 http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=jdp-fam&id=I5826 4 http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=PED&db=jdp-fam&id=I6357&style=TABLE 5 http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=jdp-fam&id=I9644 6 http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=PED&db=jdp-fam&id=I24101&style=TABLE 7 http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=tamer&id=I17527 8 http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=jdp-fam&id=I5866

Source<<.http://familytrees.genopro.com/azrael/ind04412.htm>> ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Pedigree Resource File

name: Gonnora /de Crepon/

gender: Female

birth: ABT 0936

                Arque, Normandy, France 

death: 1031

                        France 

Parents: father: Herbastus /de Crepon Arque/

mother: Gunnhild /Olafsdottir/

Marriages (1) spouse: Richard I /of Normandy/

Show children (7)

Submission

submitter: sdenton1078127

submission date: 14 Jun 2004

submission id: MM77-BKQ

person count: 3,113

Source Citation

"Pedigree Resource File," database, FamilySearch (http://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.2.1/SY9Y-LVG : accessed 14 February 2012), entry for Gonnora /de Crepon/.

Source Information:. https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.2.1/SY9Y-LVG

The Pedigree Resource File is a collection of lineage-linked names submitted by users of FamilySearch. The information displayed in the file includes the notes and sources in the submission. No merges, corrections, or additions are made to the data submitted to the Pedigree Resource File. Users can draw from this database for help with their family history research.

-------------------- See:

  1. http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/25067072/person/12798620299
  2. http://www.andinia.com/articles/leaders_and_leadership/a06132.shtml

-------------------- About Gunnora (Gunor) of Crêpon, Duchess of Normandy Parents unknown. According to Robert de Torigny, she was a virgin living with her married sister Senfrie when Duke Richard of Normandy became enamored of Senfrie. Senfrie managed to substitute Gunnora, who became mistress, and later wife, of Duke Richard of Normandy. Gunnora then used her influence to arrange good marriages for her sisters Wevia and Aveline and for her nieces whom he leaves unnamed. -------------------- Parents unknown. According to Robert de Torigny, she was a virgin living with her married sister Senfrie when Duke Richard of Normandy became enamored of Senfrie. Senfrie managed to substitute Gunnora, who became mistress, and later wife, of Duke Richard of Normandy. Gunnora then used her influence to arrange good marriages for her sisters Wevia and Aveline and for her nieces whom he leaves unnamed. -------------------- Iflg Vikipedia var Harald Blåtann ikke hennes far. Hun skal ha vært datter av en lokal forstmann i Normandie. Etternavnet endret til Crepon.

-------------------- All that is known of Gunnora's parentage is that she belonged to a family who had settled in the Pays de Caux.[2] Robert of Torigni wrote she was a forester's daughter from the Pays de Caux and according to Dudo of Saint-Quentin she was of noble Danish origin.[3] Gunnora was probably born c. 950.[4] Her family held sway in western Normandy and Gunnora herself was said to be very wealthy.[5] Her marriage to Richard I was of great political importance, both to her husband[a] and her progeny.[6] Her brother, Herfast de Crepon, was progenitor of a great Norman family.[5] Her sisters and nieces[b] married some of the most important nobles in Normandy.[7]

Robert of Torigni recounts a story of how Richard met Gunnora.[8] She was living with her sister Seinfreda, the wife of a local forester, when Richard, hunting nearby, heard of the beauty of the forester's wife. He is said to have ordered Seinfreda to come to his bed, but the lady substituted her unmarried sister, Gunnora. Richard, it is said, was pleased that by this subterfuge he had been saved from committing adultery and together they had three sons and three daughters.[c][9] Unlike other territorial rulers, the Normans recognized marriage by cohabitation or more danico. But when Richard was prevented from nominating their son Robert to be Archbishop of Rouen, the two were married, "according to the Christian custom", making their children legitimate in the eyes of the church.[9]

Gunnora attested ducal charters up into the 1020s, was skilled in languages and was said to have had an excellent memory.[10] She was one of the most important sources of information on Norman history for Dudo of St. Quentin.[11] As Richard's widow she is mentioned accompanying her sons on numerous occasions.[10] That her husband depended on her is shown in the couple's charters where she is variously regent of Normandy, a mediator and judge, and in the typical role of a medieval aristocratic mother, an arbitrator between her husband and their oldest son Richard II.[10]

Gunnora was a founder and supporter of Coutances Cathedral and laid its first stone.[12] In one of her own charters after Richard's death she gave two alods to the abbey of Mont Saint-Michel, namely Britavilla and Domjean, given to her by her husband in dower, which she gave for the soul of her husband, and the weal of her own soul and that of her sons "count Richard, archbishop Robert, and others..."[13] She also attested a charter, c. 1024–26, to that same abbey by her son, Richard II, shown as Gonnor matris comitis (mother of the count).[14] Gunnora, both as wife and countess,[d] was able to use her influence to see her kin favored, and several of the most prominent Anglo-Norman families on both sides of the English Channel are descended from her, her sisters and nieces.[10] Gunnora died c. 1031.[4]

Family[edit]

Richard and Gunnora were parents to several children: Richard II "the Good", Duke of Normandy[15] Robert, Archbishop of Rouen, Count of Evreux, died 1037[15] Mauger, Count of Corbeil[15] Emma of Normandy (c. 985–1052), married first to Æthelred, King of England and secondly Cnut the Great, King of England.[15] Hawise of Normandy, wife of Geoffrey I, Duke of Brittany[15] Maud of Normandy, wife of Odo II of Blois, Count of Blois, Champagne and Chartres

-------------------- There is more than one line of thinking regarding Gunnora's forebears. One line, more mythical, connects her to Gorm Haraldsson, King of Danes, as his granddaughter, through her father, Herbastus de Crepon, while another, more humbly, has her as the daughter of Herbastus of Crepon, a Danish forester, later to become Danish knight and Norman Baron.{but here the traces of her ancestry end} What is fact is that at first she was the "Dane-law wife" of Richard I de Normandy, overlapping his brief Norman marriage to Emma Capet. Their marriage was later "legitimized" after the death of Emma in 967 or 968. Since Emma had no sons, Gunnora's sons inherited title and property.

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Gunnor, Duchess of Normandy's Timeline

936
November 21, 936
Arque or Rouen, Haute-Normandie, France
958
958
Age 21
Aquitaine, France
960
960
Age 23
962
962
Age 25
France
963
963
Age 26
France
964
964
Age 27
Évreux, Haute-Normandie, France
965
965
Age 28
974
974
Age 37
Normandie, France
980
980
Age 43
Falaise, Calvados, Lower Normandy, France
980
Age 43
Rouen, Seine-Inferieure, Normandy, France