Guy de Brienne, 1st Baron of Bryan, KG

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Guy de Brienne, 1st Baron Bryan, KG

Nicknames: "Brienne", "Briene", "Guy Brien", "Guy Brian", "Guy Brienne", "Guy Bryan", "Guy Bryen", "Guy de Bryan"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Walwyns Castle, Pembrokeshire, Wales
Death: Died in Gloutershire, UK
Place of Burial: Tewkesbury Abbey, Gloustershire, UK
Immediate Family:

Son of Lord Brienne, Baron Chastel, Guy de Brien and Anne (or Alice) Holwey or Hogan
Husband of Joan de Carew and Elizabeth de Montague
Father of Elizabeth de Brienne; Guy Bryan, V; Margaret de Briene; Phillipe de Carew; Sir William Bryan and 4 others
Brother of Joan de Bryan and Anne (Jane) Carey

Occupation: Baron, 1st Baron Bryan, V
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Guy de Brienne, 1st Baron Bryan, KG

Guy has two different Elizabeth Montacute's as wives, they have different birthdates and parents.

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The records that have come to light only refer to the line of primogeniture in matters of land transference. We must presume that all other Cambro-Norman Bryans in Kilkenny and subsequently in Wexford are derivative of this parent stock. Caution is urged in researching this Bryan line, for a common Anglicization of both O’Brien and O’Byrne has periennially been "Bryan/t." It cannot therefore be taken for granted that a North American Byan found not to descend from William Smith Bryan will be a descendant of the Kilkenny Bryans.

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Paraphrased from the "Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom":

Guy served in the wars with Scotland, Flanders, and France, and was made governor St. Briavels castle and warden of the Forest of Dean in 1341. In 1349, being then 30 yers old and upwards, had the temporary custody of the Great Seal in that year. On Nov. 25, 1350, made Baron, Lord Byran by writ directed "Guidoni de Bryan", after which he was constantly entrusted with martial and diplomatic affairs of the highest importance. He sat in parliament. In 1361, he was ambassador to the pope. In 1369, he was admiral of the fleet. ------------------------- Knight of the Garter 1370, Stall 21, became a member of the order of the garter after the death of John Chandos

Guy de Bryan was the son of Guy de Bryan of Tor Bryan, Devon and took part in expeditions against Scotland, in around 1327 and was with Edward III near Stanhope park, Durham, when Douglas on 4 August 1327 tried unsuccessfully to surprise the English camp at night. In July 1330 Guy was described in a proceeding over an argument with his father over the barony and castle of Walwayn in Pembrokeshire as being one of Edward III's valets and of full age. In 1337 Guy was again in Scotland and in 1339 he served in Flanders, and was with the army at Vironfosse and at Ourney St. Benoyt. In 1341 Guy was appointed governor of St. Briavell's castle in Gloucestershire, and warden of the forest of Dean. Guy was the Patron of the Church in Littleton in 1343. Guy fought at the siege of Calais 1345-8 and at the battle of Crecy 1346, he was the kings standard bearer. In May 1347 he was requested by the king to go to Calais, as the English were expecting an attack by the army of king Philip. In 1349 his father died leaving Guy heir to his lands including Laugharne Castle in the town of Laugharne, Carmarthenshire, south Wales. When the chancellor, Ufford resigned in 1349 Guy was intrusted with the temporary custody of the great seal. Guy probably returned with Edward III to England in Autumn 1349. In December 1349 Geoffroi de Chargny tried to take back Calais by a bribe to the governor and Guy de Bryan bore the king's banner when Edward III and Prince Edward fought the French, and was rewarded with a pension of 200 marks on 1 April 1350. In 1350 Guy was was made Lord Bryan and summoned to parliament on 25 November 1350. In 1351 Guy had a charter for free warren in all his lands in Devon, Middlesex, Surrey and Wales, and in Rammesham, Dorset. In 1353, Guy was a commissioner to treat with Louis count of Flanders for the observance of the truce and also in 1350 by the style of "dominus de Lagherne," ambassador to negotiate a treaty of peace with France, he was nominated, with Henry duke of Lancaster and others, ambassador to Rome, to obtain a ratification of it from the pope.

On the 24 November 1355, Guy was ordered to prepare, with forty men-at-arms, against the Scots who had taken Berwick and in 1356, he took part in the army that retook Berwick. In May 1357, by the style of dominus de Chastel Gawayn, one of the king's councillors, "he was a party to the truce concluded with Scotland. In 1360 Guy was with the English army near Paris and was one of the four barons who were sent to the French capital to swear, in Edward's name, to to the observance of the treaty of Chartres. Guy had, with three colleagues, the custody of Calais upon the king's return to England and, in October 1360, swore, at Calais, with the prince Edward the fulfilment of the articles of peace. In 1361 Guy purchased both the manor and the advowson of Haselbury at Easter for 300 marks, also 1361 he was again ambassador to the pope. In 1362 Guy received an annual payment of 200 marks from Edward III for his valour in carrying the royal standard in a battle at Calais. In 1364 the Edward III confirmed him in fee the manor of Northam, Devon. Guy bought Woodsford Castle near Dorchester, Dorset in 1367 and is thought to have built there the 'grand apartment' and lesser lodgings. In 1369 Guy was made, admiral of the fleet and served the year, under the duke of Lancaster in Normandy. On 6 February 1369-70, Guy was appointed admiral of the fleet in the parts westward. In 1371 Guy was in command of a flotilla of English ships that encountered ships under the Flemmish flag, led by Jan Peterson, and after a battle of 3 hours with many losses on both sides, the English captured 25 ships.

After the death of John Chandos on 1 st January 1370, he was elected into the Order of the Garter, and filled the eleventh stall on the Sovereign's side, where his plate still remains. Robes were issued to him in 1371, 1373, 1375 to 1378, 1383 and 1387 to 1389. In 1372 John de Erlegh (VI) sold the manor of Somerton-Erleigh in the hundred of North Petherton, Somerset (and the advowson of the chapel) to Richard Brice and his wife, Edith who passed it to Guy. Guy served against the French during the reign oh Richard II, and was in the expedition made to Ireland, with Edward Mortimer, Earl of March.

The church of Slapton (which the family endowed) in Devon has stained glass from the de Bryan family and Guy founded a collegiate chantry in 1373 near the church for a rector, five fellows, and four clerks, but all that remains is a ruined 80ft tower. Thomas, son of Thomas Fort of Llanstephan, was charged with having harboured one John de Ispannia of Castile "as a servant to ride with him," and shewn him all the secrets of all the castles of South Wales. Fort was pardoned in 1389 and Fort's brother, John, was also charged, and pardoned, with harbouring this Spaniard and also pardoned for scaling the castle walls of Laugharne and breaking into Guy de Brian's money chest. Laugharne castle is situated between the two rivers Corran & Taf and owing to its proximity to the former it was previously known as the Castle of Abercorran.

Towards the end of his life Sir Guy had built in Tewsbury Abbey a magnificent tomb chest carrying his effigy and bearing on its sides representations of his shield. Guy de Bryan is shown in the act of sheathing or, drawing, his sword, the arms and hands of the figure, and the sword have long since disappeared. The figure was originally richly painted and the over-garment was coloured with his arms and traces of some paint still remains on the tomb canopy, which is said to be 'garter blue'. Guy de Bryan was not buried in Tewksbury but was laid to rest in Slapton.

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Guy de Brienne, 1st Baron of Bryan, KG's Timeline

1311
June 1, 1311
Walwyns Castle, Pembrokeshire, Wales
1320
1320
Age 8
(Unknown), Wales
1321
1321
Age 9
Laugharne, Carmarthan, Wales
1340
1340
Age 28
Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire, Wales, United Kingdom
1349
1349
Age 37
Somersetshire, England
1350
July 1350
Age 39
1358
June 1, 1358
Age 47
Buckinghamshire, England
1378
1378
Age 66
1379
1379
Age 67
1380
1380
Age 68