Hans Christian Davidsen (1820 - 1892)

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Birthplace: Kegnaes, Alsen, Sonderborg, Denmark
Death: Died in Mt. Pleasant, Sanpete, UT
Managed by: Della Dale Smith
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Hans Christian Davidsen

The above photo was taken around 1886. Following information was found on a blog about Hans Christian Davidson:

Friday, August 19, 2011, Gwyn Davidson's History of Hans Christian Davidson

Hans Christian Davidson (1820-1892)

(A history collected and annotated by Gwyn D. Davidson, a great-grandson).

I have gathered over the years a slip of paper here, a document there, a picture or snapshot--notes of a conversation had with or by one of my relatives--something about our wonderful ancestor, Hans Christian Davidson and have taken those bits and pieces and tried to weave a short but accurate history about him. It should be noted at the outset, that very little has been written or preserved about this wonderful person. Even less has been left to us about his wife, Anna Marie Jensen. What has been preserved is of great worth to their many descendents.

The sources I have used as a base for this history I have called "Document" for want of a better term, each with an identifying number (#). When a multi page document is used it will be identified as a "Document # with a page #. These can be found at the end of this work.

INTRODUCTION

When Hans Christian Davidsen came as an immigrant in 1858 to America, he used the Danish form of Davidsen, spelled with the letter "e'"(Davidsen). After becoming an American he used the Americanized form (Davidson, spelled with the letter "o"). Hereinafter this history uses the name Davidson, spelled with the letter "o." To avoid redundancy the term or acronym "Hans or Hans C" or "Hans Christian" will often be used in lieu of "Hans Christian Davidson."

Hans Christian Davidson begins his own history by making the following personal statement: "[I] was born in Kekenes a peninsula in Alsen Schleswig, Germany on March 28, 1820. [I] married Anne Maria Jensen, daughter of Thomas Jensen and Catrine Margretha, (Document # 11) of Momark, Alsen, Schleswig, Germany and emigrated to America in 1858. (Doc. # 6, page marked 7)

"I first [located in] Battle Creek (now called Pleasant Grove, Utah County [and] [then] came to Mount Pleasant in Sanpete Co., Utah Territory in April, 1864. At the present writing (1889) we have 9 living children, the two oldest, Hans and Maria were [were] born in Alsen, before we came to America. SOLI DEO GLORIE." (Doc. #6, marked page7)

Hans Davidson also printed the following :

"MY GENEALOGY, AS FAR AS KNOWN TO ME:"

"I, Hans C. Davidson, was the son of Hans Davidson, who was the son of Christen Davidson, who was he son of David Jorgensen. I was born on the peninsula of Kecknes per Alsen Island in the Duchy of Schleswig Holstein in North Prussia, on March 28th, 1820. [I] Was married to Miss Anne Maria Jensen of Moemark, Lysaple Church District on November 2nd, 1852. [I] was baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints on November 16, 1857. [I] emigrated to America and came to Utah in the year 1858." (Ibid)

Mr. and Mrs. Davidson lived in Moemark, for six years, the home town of Anna Marie. During this time two children were born to them- Mary and Hans. He had provided well for his little family in Denmark so that they lived comfortably and had a "nice little home of their own. " (Doc. #5, Pg. 1)

Hans C. Davidson's daughter, Sarah, in writing her father's personal history gives us some interesting sidelights about her father's profession and interests and pursuits. She states that her father was a draftsman, and drew plots of land, valleys and various buildings, and that he was "educated at the University of Copenhagen," that he was a photographer and scientist, a professor of science at the University of Copenhagen, and that he gave lectures . (Doc. # 2, p 1; Doc. #3, p. 1; Doc. #4, p 1; Doc. #5, p. 6).

It is obvious that Hans loved learning, science, and his books. The following statement by his descendant, Jeanette Davidson Hopkinson, states that "...what property and furnishings Hans Christian could not sell prior to emigrating from Denmark he gave away, carrying with him a ship locker filled with books, which were his prized possession." At his death in 1892 a local friend of the family wrote a letter to his son, Lorenzo' asking what he should do about "...his books-- how shall we best divide them?" He carried his books clear across the Atlantic, and over the Great American plains to the Territory of Utah. He loved his books; he read them and studied from then. His books served him well. (Doc. # 13, pg. 1; Doc. # 16)

EMIGRATING TO AMERICA IN 1858

Hans Christian Davidson was born early in the Spring of 1820. His birth was at the very same time that The Prophet Joseph Smith had his miraculous First Vision (Early Spring 1820) which was presented to him by the Eternal Father and his son, Jesus Christ. The Prophet Joseph was instructed by them and in time the true Church of God was organized in America in April, 1830.

Sometime in the year 1857, a missionary elder from America, Elder Ivan N. Iversen from the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints began teaching his wonderful message of the above described vision. He contacted the Hans C. Davidson family and explained to them the truths of the Restored Gospel. Both Hans and his wife Anna Marie were converted to his message and were baptized in November 1857. According to their daughter Lucinda, They were the first converts in their city. (Doc. #1)

The family of Hans Christian Davidson turned against him. He was forced to study his religious books in secret and when not studying them he hid them in a nearby hill. His stash was discovered by the authorities and he was sent to prison where they fed him on a criminal's diet of bread and water. While in prison he asked if he could have a Book of Mormon to read, but his request was denied him. However the prison authorities did allow him a hymnbook to read. Because of his religious beliefs he was ultimately banned from Denmark. (Documents: #1, and #2)

Shortly after the Davidsons' baptism and uniting with the Church, their friends and relatives became very angry with them. They could not understand why these two converts would want leave a comfortable home, and a promising career and their family in Moemark, Denmark and go on what seemed to them a foolish trip to a far away country. Suffering the ridicule of relatives, neighbors and friends, they sold their "nice little home" and disposed of their household goods as best they could. Taking only what clothing and bedding and food enough for their immediate needs they began their six thousand mile odyssey to a new land- America (Doc # 6)

Because of difficulties caused by the Lutheran Church, the police, government authorities and disgruntled family members these converts and others quietly decided to come to America anyway and make Canada a temporary abiding place until the difficulties [often called the Utah War] at Great Salt Lake City in Utah Territory should blow over. This group of Danish Mormon convert emigrants started out from Denmark on the 21st of February, 1858 and proceeded overland to Hamburg and thence to Bremerhaven, in Germany where they arrived 12 days later, on the 4th of March after a somewhat difficult journey. This group of about eighty Scandinavian emigrants now added ten English converts making the total number ninety who were under the direction of Elder Ivan N. Iversen, a returning missionary. (Doc. #3, pg 6; #14))

All of the sisters of Anna Maria Jensen turned their backs on their sister and fully "forsook her" However one sister, followed her for more than 100 miles to the ship without speaking a word to her. She was at the dock to quietly wave her sister "Bon Voyage." and was the only relative to see them off. (Doc: #2, #3 #8)

No resistance was offered to these emigrants in leaving their fatherland. This group arrived without difficulty-due to a quietly prepared prearranged meeting place. (Doc. #8, pg. 1) at Bremerhaven, Germany, on the North Sea. They began their sea voyage and set sail aboard a small steamer, named MOVE. The date was March 5, 1858. However this small ship had to return to port after four days of fighting a storm and contrary winds on the North Sea. After a delay of three days, this little steamer with its precious cargo set sail again for Hull, England on March 12 and arrived at Hull on the 14 h of the month. They had been traveling for 22 days and they were still in continental Europe. (Documents: #l, #2, #4)

This group of Mormon Saints then took the steam train at Hull and in one long day crossed the British Isle and arrived at Liverpool, that evening. They were now on the west coast and had a good look at the mighty Atlantic -- their next challenge -- 3,000 miles of ocean. Here they boarded the barque [a three-masted sail ship], "John Wright", on March 18th and laid in the river for four days until the right tides and breezes came. They set sail on March 22, 1858. They had now been gone more than .a month and they had just barely left England. It took them 31 days to cross the Atlantic and they ran short of clean uncontaminated, drinkable drinking water.

Because Hans Christian Davidson and his family were very poor, they could only purchase steerage (third class) accommodations. That meant that they furnished their own food, cooking, and bedding. They lived in and slept and cooked in lower berths where vomit and raw sewage mixed with chicken, pig and goat droppings made such a trip less than pleasurable. Water supplies ran out and many people suffered. Three persons died in the Atlantic crossing. (Documents #2, #3 and #14)

The ship docked at Castle Garden, New York on Saturday April 24, 1858 after 31 days of sailing on the high seas. (Documents #2, #3, #8, #9:1-2)

THE FOLLOWING WAS PUBLISHED IN THE NEW YORK TIMES OF THIS DATE, APRIL 26, 1858

"ARRIVAL OF SCANDINAVIAN MORMONS IN NEW YORK

What they say of Mormonism in Denmark, Sweden and Norway"

"A company of ninety Mormons, eighty one of them from Sweden, Denmark and Norway, and nine from England arrived at this port on Saturday, on board of the emigrant ship JOHN BRIGHT, Capt. O'Conner. The Scandinavian portion of this company had their rendezvous at Corsoer, in Denmark, where seventy eight adults and children, from different conferences or districts of the country over which the Mormons are scattered in small communities, each presided over by an elder, assembled on the 201h of February last, called together by the president of the Mission, Elder Carl Viderborg. The Mormons of Europe, previous to the present disturbances in Utah [the Utah War], have been constantly preparing for emigration, and emigrating to Great Salt Lake City. The new converts to the faith, as soon as they could collect sufficient means, were in the habit of setting out immediately for America."

"The members of this Scandinavian company, most of them tradesmen and mechanics, having converted their property into money with intention of emigrating, heard of the disturbances in Utah last fall, and at first hesitated whether they would start for the new world or not. It was finally decided that they should come to this country and make Canada their temporary abiding place until the speck of war in the west should blow over ...."

"The ship, John Bright landed at 11:00 Saturday morning at Castle Garden, ... and then the Mormon emigrants went to Walker's Hotel, No. 25 Greenwich Street where quarters had been provided for them by their Mormon friends in this city. Our reporter visited [with a few of the travelers] last evening. But few of them could speak English, and Miss Olivia Nielsen, one of their number, translated what information they had to convey to him concerning themselves and the condition of Mormonism in the Scandinavian countries. The interpreter said, 'The captain, as well as the other officers, and indeed the whole crew showed us all possible respect and kindness, and we cannot but feel satisfied with the treatment we have enjoyed."

"...The number of other immigrants on the ship amounted to about 640English, Irish, and German. The company consists of two persons from Norway, seven from Sweden, four from Schleswig (a German province belonging to Denmark) and all the rest from Denmark ...."

"Among the male portion of the emigrants are a number who have taken a leading part in propagating Mormonism throughout Denmark, Sweden and Norway. Some of them have been several times imprisoned by the police, in Sweden for baptizing converts to Mormonism. One of them, Lars Jorgensen, was imprisoned eight times in Holland and Malma, Sweden. Another, Niels Paulsen said he was in prison in Norway six times for baptizing contrary to the Lutheran creed. In the German part of Denmark, the province of Schleswig , where Mr. Iverson had his mission, " the interpreter said, The Lutheran Church prevails to the exclusion of every other, and those inhabitants who join any other sect or adopt any other faith ....not having the same liberty as in the other parts of the Danish States, are persecuted, imprisoned, heavily taxed and sometimes banished as was the case with one person of this small company, Mr. Davidson, who after having being put in prison, and several times being tried by the police, was made to pay fines, and threatened with banishment, and at last forced to sell his little farm at a very small price, and he and his family were glad to join the company of Mr. Iversen. During the time Mr. Iversen stayed in Denmark, Mormonism has made considerable progress, not only there but everywhere in Scandinavia ....The majority of the emigrants are females. None of the men have more than one wife and many of them have none. They are generally very intelligent-looking. The following are the names of those who compose Eder Iverson's company:

"I". N. Iverson, C. A. Madsen, C. V. Madsen, C. O. Folkman, Elia Folkman, C. D. Fjeldated, K. Fjeldated, P. I. Fjeldated, Vita I. Fjeldated, Willard Fjeldated, I. M. Petersen, P. Jorgensen, Louise J. Jorgensen, Marie Jorgensen, Jene Jorgensen, Cecilie Jorgensen, Karoline Jorgensen, M. Christensen, Niela Petersen, Kirsten Petersen, Ane Petersen, Niels Petersen, Marie Petersen, Ane Maria Petersen, Ole Sonne, Cecilie Sonne, M. C. Christensen, Stina Christensen, M. C. Gregersen, Ana Andeersen, M. Andersen, R. Olsen, P. O. Meilhede, Maren Meilhede, K. Sorensen, A. Nielsen, Bodil Nielsen, P. Jonsen Kirsten Johansen, H. Nielsen, J. Andersen, Karen Andersen, Maren Andersen, Kirstene Andersen, Anders Andersen, Anthon Anderson, Olivia Nielsen, L. Sorensen, K. M. Petersen, K. Svendsen, Maria Petersen, Christian Petersen, Peter Petersen, Joseph Petersen, F. Christensen, H. P. Olsen, H. P. Lund, N. C. Paulsen, A. P. Oman, N. Edler, L. Jorgensen, J. Lareen, Caroline Larsen, C. Petersen, A. Hansen, Magdalena Hansen, Karen Hansen, H . Knudsen, H. C. Davidson, Anne Marie [Ane] Davidson, Anne [Mary or {Marie], Hans Davidson, C. Rasmussen, Thea Hastrup, Maria Hastrup.

The progress of Mormonism, the emigrant Saints' assured us, had been very rapid in the Scandinavian countries, during the last few years.

--NEW YORK TIMES, April 26, 1858"

According to the news reporter from the New York Times, who visited this ship and met with many of the travelers, reported; "this voyage was a pleasant one;" and they had "only a few days of stormy weather." (Doc. # 3, pp 1-8)

TRAIN TRAVEL IN AMERICA

Two days after having arrived in New York the Davidson family hurried to get all their personal affects and then scurried to the train depot. Here they boarded a somewhat newer form of transportation- a modern rail car that rode on steel rails and was pulled by a steam locomotive. On such they tried to rest and relax after so much sea travel. However, There was no way to relax. There was no such thing as a Pullman car. The only amenities offered by the railroad were straight backed hardwood railroad benches or seats, One could only sit for a time, and then there were stops to make-plenty of them. Children require many stops. The Davidson's were like the other travelers- they had to eat and fix their meals on the train with what was available to them. as they went form town to town.. They passed through Buffalo, Cleveland and Chicago. The Davidson family having left New York on Tuesday April 27. rode the "iron horse" for 6 days until they came to the end of the line-- Iowa City, Iowa. They had covered a distance of 1100 miles in 6 days under many uncomfortable travel conditions. They had two options -travel in a sitting position, or if permitted just lying on the floor while traveling. The arrival date was May 1, 1858. (Doc. #7)

Iowa City was the gathering place of many travelers headed for California, and the Northwest. It was also a gathering place for the Mormon Pioneers who were headed for Great Salt Lake City and more often than not, there were agents of the Mormon Church stationed at this important city to assist and guide the travelers. Of the ninety or so emigrants who were under the direction and supervision of Ivan N. Iversen more than half were returning missionaries, and were unmarried and single (Doc. #14,-2). The matter of the group remaining intact was discussed. Since they had no children, they could go faster than could families. It was decided to dissolve the ranks and permit the singles to travel on their own. These young men, missionaries, bounded for home and loved ones made good travel time as they headed west and arrived at Great Salt Lake City on July 9, 1858. . It is unknown how they traveled, in handcarts, or wagons or whatever The records do not tell us. But it appears that because these were (I) young men, (2) and single, (3) with no families to delay them, and (4) the availability of used but good handcarts, they traveled from Iowa City to Great Salt Lake City, via handcart a distance of more than 1170 miles, in a little over 2 months. (Ibid)

At Iowa City Hans Christian and his little family alighted down from the train with the others and waited for further instructions from Elder Iversen. The wait lasted until the middle of June, 1858. This 2°a group was made up of about 50 persons -a few marrieds, a few singles, but mostly families. This group was made up of those remaining Scandinavian emigrants who had left Denmark five months earlier that year. Hans C. Davidson and his family found themselves with this second group. They left Iowa City about the middle of June by ox team heading for Winter Quarters on the Missouri River and 245 miles to the west. (Doc. # 7). We do not know how Hans Christian fared with these animals, and their carts, for they were all new to him. We do not know who owned them, or provided them, or paid for them. Perhaps the 6-week wait had a positive effect on the small wagon train providing the means whereby all the participants, the poor, the tired, the worn out, the sick, those heavy with pending births, the families with small children, and the hungry could continue on to see their Zion.

CROSSING THE PLAINS

Our interest now focuses on the second or middle group- the main body of pioneers who were now at Florence (Dakota Territory, now called Nebraska) next to Winter Quarters with 924 miles yet to go to Great Salt Lake City. "There were about fifty of the group, who by July had found means to travel on to Utah. The Davidson family was impatient [anxious] to be on their way so arrangements were made that Maria would take the two children and a few possessions and necessities in a [horse-drawn] handcart along with a few other Saints and accompany the few wagons which were making the trip." This group was made up of only eight wagons (Doe. #7; # 8. pg 1; # 15) and a few hand carts, which, to say in the least was very dangerous and very vulnerable.

"Our grandfather, Hans Christian had discovered that there was an army detail also going west at the same time and there was a job herding mules for which he could receive a small fee and his food. He knew very little English and nothing at all about mules, never having seen one before. However, he was brave and applied for the job." (Doc. # 8, page 1)

The herding job came as a blessing in disguise. He was fed a full meal each day And he was able to earn a little cash for his employment. Hans Christian did not travel directly with his wife and children, but worked with the other men who were also herding mules, and he was not too far from them. (Doe. #6 pg 2; doe # 12 pg 2) see also 14: 3

The net result is that our grandmother, Anna Marie traveled to Great Salt Lake City, in the small wagon train of eight units, walking all the way while leading Elder Ivan N. Iversen's horse and cart. The father, Hans Christian, the engineer and practical scientist rigged the handcart so that a horse could be harnessed in such a fashion that it did all the pulling of the cart and its contents.. The mother then could take charge guiding the horse, and caring for the children, (ages 3 and 5 years) who rode on top of the cart with all their household goods. Sometimes... "the children were distributed among the wagons to equalize the loads and care, the mothers saw them seldom except at mornings and night." (Doc. #3, pg 3)

(Little is known about the third emigrant group. They came later from Winter Quarters and arrived in the Salt Lake Valley October 7, 1858; Doe. #7).

This was truly "going it alone." or, on the other hand, placing one's children, husband, one's own life and all one's worldly goods in the hands of God and trusting Him. And so the saga was: one family, split into two parts, with a lone woman at the head, two small children to mother, with no men to do the heavy work; traveling in Indian territory, nine hundred miles still to go, and at the best, eating humble rations and subsisting on very little food and sharing it with two small children and a very tired mother.

The Davidson family, together with the very small pioneer wagon train, left Florence, Nebraska on July 6 and arrived in Great Salt Lake City on Monday, September 20, 1858. Anna Marie Jensen Davidson, age 31, had crossed the Great American Plains on foot, alone, while leading Ivan Iversen's horse and cart! "The family was happily reunited in Salt Lake City ...." (Doc # 8, pg 1)

A list of some achievements of Hans Christian Davidson is appropriate here:

He gave lectures on science and astronomy

He was a photographer

He published his own newspaper

He was first to import alfalfa seed in Sanpete County

He built a player piano

He invented a sorghum press

He developed a perpetual calendar

He performed some minor dental surgeries

He spoke three languages well: Danish, German and English

He did job printing until he died

He was a good and decent human being

He was a good and faithful Latter-day Saint

He was a good husband

He was a good father

He taught his children the blessings of work

His daughter, Sarah tells us that he "cared more for studying than for the material comforts of life." .Doc. # 6, 6

SOURCES (1) Telephone conversation with daughter Lucinda and Mary Davidson, ca 1945

(2) Author unknown, copy of a "History of H. C. Davidson" from DUP

(3) "History of Hans Christian Davidson by Sarah D. Wilcox, [a daughter] H. T.Wilcox and Vennese W. Jensen, Mt. Pleasant, Utah, 1932

(4) Biography of Hans Christian Davidson by His daughter, Sarah D. Wilcox

(5) Biography of Hans Christian Davidson & Wife, dictated by [their] his daughter,Sarah D. Wilcox and written by her daughter Vennes Jensen

(6) Hans Christian Davidsen & Family History, by Sarah D, Wilcox ca., Mt. Pleasant, Utah 1889

(7) "History of Grandfather Davidson" From "History of the Scandinavian Mission" by Jensen,

(8) "My Grandfather, Hans Thomas Davidson" by Jeanette Davidson Hopkinson, Evanston Wyoming ca. 1925

(10) 2 pages "Biography of Hans Christian and wife" (Unknown author)

(11) Genealogy Family Group sheet of H. C. Davidson family

(12) "Genealogy Card of Hans Christian Davidson" Author Unknown, copy DUP

(13) 2 Pages of "Hans Christian Davidson, edited by Gwyn D. Davidson, from a document by Jeanette Davidson Hopkinson

(14) "History of Hans Christian Davidson", includes sail ship list of passengers And misc accounts of sailing to America

(15) Misc document, half page, identifies number of wagons in Iverson's wagon train Author unknown

(16) Personal letter from Neils P. Neilson to Lorenzo, a son of H. C. Davidson, 1893

Hans Chistian’s wife, Anna Marie Jensen died 2 May, 1886

Hans Christian Davidson died 23 August, 1892

Hans Christian Davidson lived in the small home at 79 North State, Mt. Pleasant, Utah until he died.

I am honored to write this history about my grandparents and bring to light something of their lives that has been forgotten for too long. I think I know them a little better now, than when I first began this study. I would like to be more like them. If I can do so, I will be the better off for it.

Gwyn D. Davidson, Draper, Utah; December 7, 2009

Posted by Isaac Horner

Sunday, June 22, 2008

Utah troubles in 1858

1858, the year that Hans C. Davidson and his family came form Denmark to Utah, was a most unusual and tumultuous year. The Mormon immigration from Europe was almost halted; there being only 229 Immigrants or returning elders that year. Some of the condition of that year are recalled in volume two of the Daughters of Utah Pioneers publication Our Pioneer Heritage pages 36- 41; the following quotes are from that publication.

p. 36. Currency Association—1858 Great Salt Lake City, U. T,. April 5, 1858

Elder T. B. Stenhouse

Dear Brother:

Governor Young recently seeing the necessity of a circulating medium through out the territory, established a Currency Association based upon livestock capital; and the matter of beneficial effects are already realized, and trade is more brisk that usual at this season of the year. Specie being very scarce, on account of no exportations, and the importation of the country having drained the country dry, and Uncle Sam refusing to pay the ex-officials’ drafts, something was necessary to keep trade alive; and this Association was instituted in time to spread faith and confidence among the men of business who experience it salutary results. Some thousands of dollars in circulation. Yours in the Gospel of Christ., G.W. Mills

L.D.S. Millennial Star, July 17, 1858, P. 37

CHRONOLOGY OF 1858

Awaiting the arrival of the Federal Army from the East, the Saints in Utah abandoned G.S.L. City and all their northern settlements and moved south, but most of them returned after peace was restored. Nearly all the Elders who had been on foreign missions returned home. Joshua T. Willes settled at Toquerville, and in the fall Nephi Johnson and six others located Virgin City, Washington County. San Bernardino, California was vacated by the Saints, who removed to Utah. Most of them settled at Parowan and Beaver. An edition of the Book of Mormon was published by James O. Wright and Co., 337 Broadway, New York, for speculative purposed and unauthorized by the Church.

January, Wed. 6—A memorial from the members and officers of the Utah legislature to the President and Congress of the United States praying for constitution rights, etc., was signed in G.S.L. City. Sat. 16—A large mass meeting of the citizens was held in the Tabernacle, G.S.L. City. A Petition and resolution, setting forth the true state of affairs in Utah, were adopted, and on motion, sent to the U.S. government at Washington p. 38

Tues. 19—Apostles Orson Pratt and Ezra T. Benson, and Elders John Scott and John M. Kay arrived in G.S.L. City from missions to Europe, and Geo. Q. Cannon, Joseph Bull and three other Elders from California.

Fri. 22—The Utah legislature adjourned, without the occurrence of a negative vote on any question or action during the session.

FEBRUARY. Friday 19—Sixty-four Saints, mostly returning Elders, under the direction of Jesse Hobseon, sailed from Liverpool, England, on the ship Empire, which arrived in New York March 20th.

Wed 24—Col. Thomas L. Kane arrived in G.S.L. City by way of Southern California. He came voluntarily for the purpose of bringing about a peaceful solution of the existing difficulties between the United States and Utah. After conferring with Governor Brigham Young, and other leading citizens, he went out to the army which was encamped at Fort Scott [near Fort Bridger]. There he had an interview with the new Governor, Alfred Cumming, who concluded to accompany him to G.S.L. City.

Thus. 25—George McBride and James Miller were killed and five other brethren wounded by a large party of Bannock and Shoshone Indians near Fort Lehmi, Oregon [now Idaho]

March Sunday 21—The citizens of G.S.L. City and the settlements north of it agreed to abandon their homes and go south, all the information derived from Eastern papers being to the effect that the approaching formidable army was sent to destroy them. Their destination, when stating, was by some supposed to be Sonora.

Monday 22 —The ship John Bright sailed from Liverpool, England, mostly Scandinavian Saints, about ninety in number, under the direction of Iver N. Iverson. The Company arrived at New York April 23rd and at Iowa City May 1st. [this was the immigration company of the H. C. Davidson family]

April Mon. 5—Gov. Alfred Cumming and Col. Thos. L. Kane, with a servant each, left the army at Ft. Scott for the valley. They arrived in G.S.L. City on the 12th . The new governor was kindly received by pres Brigham Young and other leading citizens and treated everywhere with “respectful attention”.

Mon. 19—Governor Alfred Cumming and Col. Thomas L. Kane examined the Utah library, where James W. Cummings showed them the records and seal of the U.S. District Court, alleged to have destroyed by the Mormons. This accusation was one of the reasons why the army was ordered to Utah. A few days later the governor sent a truthful report to the government in relation to the affairs in the Territory.

May The citizen of Utah, living north of Utah County, abandoned their homes and moved southward, leaving only a few men in each town and settlement to burn everything, in case the approaching army, on their arrival in the Valley should prove hostile.

Wed 5—The Deseret News having been removed from G.S.L. City to Fillmore, Millard Co., the first number of the paper published at that place was issued.

Thurs. 13— Governor Cumming left G.S.L. City for Camp Scott for the purpose of removing his wife to the city. When he returned June 8th, he found the city deserted by its inhabitants.

June Fri. 4—Jens Jorgensen and wife, Jens Terkelson and Christian E. Kjeluf were murdered by Indians in Salt Creek Canyon, while traveling unarmed on their way to Sanpete Valley.

Mon. 7—Ex. Gov. L. W. Powell, of Kentucky, and Major Ben McCulloch of Texas, sent as peace commissioners by the Federal government, arrived at G.S.L. City.

Fri. 11—The peace commissioners met with Pres. Brigham Young and others in the Council House, G.S.L. City, and the difficulties between the United States and Utah were peaceably adjusted.

Tue. 15—Commissioners Powell and McCulloch visited Provo. The next day Mr. Powell addressed and audience of about four thousand person in the Bowery at Provo, Utah Co.

Sat. 19—Col. Thomas L. Kane arrived in Washington, D.C. Soon afterwards he reported the situation in Utah to President Buchanan.

Mon 21—A company of Elders returned to G.S.L. City from the mission in Europe, Canada and the States. A number of these had sailed from Liverpool on the ship Underwriter, Jan 21st and others on the ship Empire, Feb. 19th.

Sat. 26—The Army under Col. Albert Sidney Johnston, passed through G.S.L. City and camped on the west side of the Jordan River. It subsequently marched to Cedar Valley, and there located Camp Floyd, about forty miles from the city.

July. Thurs. 1—The First Presidency and a few others returned to their homes in G.S.L. City, from Provo. They were followed by most of the people, who likewise returned to their deserted city and settlements in the north, and resumed their accustomed labors.

Sat. 3—Commissioners Powell and McCulloch left G.S.L. City en route for Washington D.C. Friday 9—A party of elders, accompanied by a few immigrating brethren, arrived in G.S.L. City, under the leadership of Horace S. Eldredge.

August Mon 16—Wm. Evans was killed by lightning near Beaver Utah.

September. Mon. 20—Iver N. Iverson’s company of immigrating Saints arrived in G.S.L. City. [This was the company of Saints in which the Hans Christian Davidson family traveled.]

--------------------

http://hcdavidson.blogspot.com/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Hawk_War_(Utah)

BIOGRAPHY OF HANS CHRISTIAN DAVIDSEN & WIFE By his daughter Sarah D. Wilcox

Written by her daughter Vennes Jensen

Father was the son of Hans Davidsen. He was born on the peninsula of Kechnes, per Alsen Island in the Duchy of Schlesvig, Holsten in North Prusia on March 28th,1820. And was married to Annie Maria Jensen, November 2nd, 1852. Father was baptized into the Church of Latter Day Saints on November 18, 1857. Father lived in the same town of his wife in Momark for five years during which time 2 children were born to them, Mary and Hans. They were comfortably situated and had a nice little home of their own. Father was a draftsman and drew plots of land, Valleys and various buildings. After father and mother were baptised their folks all turned against them and felt vexed to think that they would leave their home and position to suffer hardships and go to a strange country far away and which they knew nothing about. Shortly afterward they made arrangements to leave with the first ship that carried emegrants to America and it was not until late fall that they learned of ship that would carry Scandanavian Emegrants. They sold as much of their property and things as they could and the rest they gave away or left. And made ready for departure to Liverpool, England, from which they were to sail. They carried with them only what food, clothing and bedding that would be necessary until they reached America. They soon reached Liverpool and set sail with about ninety Scandanavian emegrants in the ship John Bright and under the direction of Iven N. Iversen on March 22nd 1858. While on the water the emegrants suffered great hardships for the lack of drinking water. As their water was boiled and stored in 40 gal barrels before they left England gave out, and because of this many suffered and died. After 13 weeks on the dreary tossing water they arrived in New York on April 26, 1858 and then after another long and tedious journey they reached Iowa City on May 1st. From there they started on their long and toilsome journey to the West across the Plains. Mother led Capt. Iversen's horse and cart while she herself walked the entire distance. Father took his turn along with other men at night herding. And also standing guard or sentinel every evening when they camped for the night. They drove the wagons and carts into a large circle each night and the people camped and cooked within this circle. After Supper they all turned out in praise of God for his guidance so far along the way. So passed many weeks of journey like this and they finally reached Salt Lake City on Monday September 20th 1858. After stopping for some time in Salt Lake City they traveled on with Mr. Iverson to Pleasant Grove (Battle Creek) where Mr. Iversen lived. Mr. Iversen owned a house and some land and had a cellar which he was not using and in this he let Father and Mother live the first winter. The next spring father worked and cut hay for the first cow they had. The next summer she was turned on the mountains and died. Four children were born to them while they lived in Pleasant Grove. Bell, Amasa, Lorenzo, and Sarah. Sarah a mere babe died at the age of 6 months. Father and Mother were very poor while they lived at Pleasant Grove. And when the fourth baby was born Mother had no clothes for him. A neighbor lady happened in and seeing these poor conditions, immediately sent down some of her daughter's baby clothes. Her daughter had recently lost her own baby. The Fall after the six months old baby died, Father borrowed Old Man Bacon's new wagon to haul hay to Salt Lake City to sell (or for tithing. It is not clear) Father had made several trips before this one. There were two roads at the Point of the Mountains and Father took the upper road. He had two yokes of oxen hitched to his wagon, the head team someway became unyoked and ran away. The other team became unruly so Father's wagon, hay and all went rolling off the dugway and landed at the foot of the Mountains near the Jordan River. Father was quite badly injured and 3 oxen were killed. The other ox walked home with a broken jaw. Father was picked up and carried home late that night (He too had a broken jaw). That year flax was raised quite extensively at American Fork. Father worked there and received flax for his pay. He brought it home and the rest of the family made ropes and kite lines out of it and Mother made thread to sew with. Also shoen [Shoe laces], A spers thread and candle wickem. [Candle wicks] Some time later Perry McArthur talked to Father and wanted him to sell out in Pleasant Grove and move to Mt. Pleasant in Sanpete County. Father did this and bought 27 acres of land of Peter Godfersen in the North Field (Birch Creek) and later bought the home and lot that Andrew Norman is living on. When Father bought the place it had a small log house and a rock cellar out side. While they were living there two Indian Bucks came one Sunday and made an attempt to take my sister Bell. Mother sent for one of her neighbors, Rastus Mickelson, and in the meantime hid my sister until the indians left. This was my sister Bell. There were no dentists in those days here yet, and Father and Mother both took the place of one and pulled teeth with the turnkeys for people. Father was also the first printer here. Mother died on the 2nd of May 1886. Father did job printing up until the time of his death in 1891, making him 71 years old. He was the first dentist in Mt. Pleasant and in Sanpete County, and he read in German and Danish and kept 3 papers and he never went to school here in America. by their daughter, Sarah D[avidson]. Wilcox. These papers found by her daugher Vennes Jensen at the time of the mother's death. Note added by Vennes [Wilcox] Jensen Grandma & Grandfather were 13 weeks on the water crossing the ocean and suffered many hardships. Grandfather was the first to bring Alfalfa (hay) (Lucerne) to Utah. At first everybody was angry at him for it. It didn't turn out very good at first but later it grew good and everybody thought that it was wonderful. He made a perpetual (calendar) too. When they came to Utah they were very poor and had two children, Mary and Hans. At one time they had only 2 crusts of bread in the house; They gave these to the children and then sat down and cried when the children asked for more. They had nothing in the house to eat. The oxen that fell off the dugway when Grandfather was coming home from Salt Lake City. The ring broke in the yoke and the wagon tongue slipped out of the ring. Of the two head that run away, one was killed and the other walked home with his jaw broke. They fed him mush with a paddle and boiled potatoes.(Note Spelling and other things as found in old papers.) Note 2 Shoe laces Note 3 Candle Wicks

HANS CHRISTIAN DAVIDSEN & FAMILY HISTORY , by Sarah D. Wilcox

Hans C. Davidson, our progenitor was the son of Hans Davidsen who was the son of Christen Davidson, who was the son of David Jorgensen. He was born March 28, 1820 on the Peninsula of Kechenes on Alsen Island in the Duchy of Schlesvig, Holstein in North Prussia. (Note: Denmark at that time) and was married to Miss Anne Maria Jensen, of Momark, Lysaple Church District, on November 2, 1852. They resided here for five years and he made a comfortable living as a Draftsman. Here two children, Mary and Hans Thomas were born. He and his wife were baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints on November 16, 1857. His parents and relatives turned against him and he was imprisoned for joining the Church. He was kept in Jail for a week living on bread and water. While here he asked for a Book of Mormon and was refused but he was allowed a hymn book. Not long after the Hans C. Davidsen's joined the Church they made plans to emigrate to the United States. In the fall they learned of a ship, the John Bright, which was to sail in the Spring from Liverpool, England, carrying Scandinavian emmigrants. Suffering the ridicule of relatives and friends they sold their nice little home and disposed of their household goods as they could, either selling or giving them away and taking only clothes and bedding and food enough for their immediate use, they set sail from Liverpool on March 22, 1858, in company with some eighty or ninety other emmigrants under the direction of Capt. Iven N. Iversen. They suffered many hardships while crossing the ocean. The most serious of which was the shortage of water. The drinking water was carried in 40 gal. barrels from Liverpool, but the supply gave out and sickness prevailed and some few deaths occurred. After six long weeks on the ocean they landed at New York on April 26th, 1858 and then took their Journey on to Iowa City. Arriving there in early May. Here they secured the equipage necessary for crossing the Plains and commenced their great trek. Mrs. Davidsen led Capt. Iversen's horses and cart across the plains, walking all the way, while Mr. Davidsen took his turn, with the other men, at night herding and also on sentinal duty. Every evening they formed in a circle as the first pioneers and hand cart companies had done before them and cooked within the circle. After the evening meal they sang and praised God for his blessings and mercies. They traveled their weary way for some five months and landed in Salt Lake City on September 20, 1858. We may get a personal glimpse of Hans C. Davidsen in the following story: Onone occasion he turned back on the trail and one whole day's journey, a possible 15 miles, to secure a hatchet that had been overlooked at the last camp. He was obliged to swim a river to secure it and to swim again on his return carrying the hatchet in his teeth and then he was obliged to double his efforts in order to catch up with the moving caravan. After resting in Salt Lake City for a while the Davidsen family went to the home of Capt. Iversen in Pleasant Grove and lived the first winter in an old rock cellar. The next spring Mr. Davidsen worked hard and began to accumulate the makings of a home. He secured a cow also and worked to cut hay for winter feed, but alas the cow died when turned out on summer range. Thru the many trials of making a new home in a strange country they remained faithful and five children were born to them in Pleasant Grove, Isabel, Lorenzo, Amasa, and Sarah (who died at the age of six months) and Sarah (Now Mrs. Wilcox. Note:Ephraim should have been listed as he was a twin of Sarah). They were very poor and had a hard time to make a living. When one new babe arrived they had no clothes for it. A neighbor woman happened in and seeing these poor conditions, Immediately sent some of her grandchild's clothes and thus the baby was provided for. Mr. Davidsen borrowed a wagon of Mr. Bacon to haul hay into Salt Lake City for sale. He had made several trips before but on this occasion as he rounded the Point of the Mountains on a high grade his oxen ran away. Possibly the pressure (weight) of the loaded wagon was to blame but the lead team came unhooked and the others rolled down the dugway, taking wagon and all and landing on the banks of the Jordan River. One ox was killed, another had a broken jaw. Mr. Davidsen was carried home late that night. He suffered intensely for weeks. This year flax was raised quite extensively at American Fork. Mr. Davidsenworked in the flax fields and received flax as pay. He invented a machine to break the flax and the family made it up into ropes, Kite lines, thread for sewing and shoe thread. Also candle wicking. Later at the instigation of Peter Godferson, Sr., Mr. Davidsen sold out at Pleasant Grove and moved to Mt. Pleasant in San Pete County, buying 27 acres of land from Mr. Godferson; later on he bought the home and lot that Andrew Normon now owns. At that time the 27 acres had a small log house and a rock cellar. One time two indian bucks came one Sunday while Mr. Davidsen was away and attempted to carry Isobel off. A neighbor, Rastus Mickelson, came to help at her call and frightened them off. Then the children were taken from their hiding places. Both Mr. & Mrs. Davidsen took the place of dentists and pulled many teeth for neighbors. Also for the indians. He was the first printer in Mt. Pleasant and did much job printing. He invented a perpetual Calendar, which is still to be found in several of our homes. Also a sorghum mill and a player piano. After the death of his wife on May 2nd 1886. He did printing till the end of his life on Aug. 23, 1892. Mr. Davidsen wrote and spoke fluently three languages, American, Danish, and German. He gave lectures on science and especially in Astrology. [astronomy?] He was a great student, caring more for studying than the more material comforts of life. We are told on good authority that he was a professor in the University of Copenhogan but have no positive proof. However we know several prominent men of Utah who tell us that it was Hans C. Davidsen's lectures that inspired them to make great efforts for success. It remains for us as his progeny to carry on the work that he started, honoring and revering him for his high faith and courage to battle against big odds. May we not be found wanting. COPY OF "FAMILY RECORD OF HANS CHRISTIAN DAVIDSEN" Of Mount Pleasant Sanpete County, Utah Ter.born in Kekenes a Peninsula to Alsen Schleswig, Germany, on March 28, 1820. Married Anne Maria Jensen, Daughter of Thomas Jenses and Catrine Margretha Jensen of Momark, Alsen, Sleswig Gr. emigrated to America in 1858. Located in Pleasant Grove, Utah County, came to Mount Pleasant in Sanpete co. in April, 1864. At the present writing, 1889, we have 9 living children, The two oldest Hans, and Maria was born in Alsen, before we came to America. SOLI DEO GLORIE.

MY GENEALOGY AS FAR AS KNOWN TO ME

I, Hans C. Davidsen, was the son of Hans Davidsen, who was the son of ChristenDavidsen, who was the son of David Jorgensen. I was born on the peninsula of Kecknes per Alsen Island in the Duchy of Schleswig Holstein in North Prussia, on March 28th, 1820. Was married to Miss Anne Maria Jensen of Momark, Lysaple Church District on November 2nd, 1852. Was baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints on November 16th, 1857. Emigrated to America and came to Utah in the year 1858.

Besides the six children mentioned above, they also had the following children: 7. Sarah (twin) 8. Ephraim (twin) 9. Lucinda 10. Joseph

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Hans Christian Davidsen's Timeline

1820
March 28, 1820
Kegnaes, Alsen, Sonderborg, Denmark
April 3, 1820
Kegnaes, Alsen, Sonderborg, Denmark
April 3, 1820
Kegnaes, Alsen, Sonderborg, Denmark
April 3, 1820
Kegnaes, Alsen, Sonderborg, Denmark
1852
November 2, 1852
Age 32
Mommark, A-Sndr, Demr.
1853
February 22, 1853
Age 32
Mayboilli Olsen, Schesvig, Germany
1855
October 24, 1855
Age 35
Maybelli, Alsen Slesvig, Denmark
1857
November 16, 1857
Age 37
November 16, 1857
Age 37
November 16, 1857
Age 37