Hans Guido Frhr. von Bülow

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Hans Guido Frhr. von Bülow

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Dresden, Germany
Death: Died in Cairo, Cairo, Egypt
Place of Burial: Ohlsdorfer Friedhof in Hamburg
Immediate Family:

Son of Eduard von Bülow and Franciska Stoll
Husband of Marie Schanzer
Ex-husband of Cosima Francesca Gaetana Liszt
Father of Daniela Senta Thode von Bülow; Blandine Gräfin Gravina von Bülow; Isolde Ludowitz Beidler and Eva Chamberlain

Occupation: Tysk pianist, komponist, hofkapelmester i München, Dirigent
Managed by: Malka Mysels
Last Updated:

About Hans Guido Frhr. von Bülow

http://nekropole.info/de/Hans-von-Blow

Baron Hans Guido von Bülow (January 8, 1830 – February 12, 1894) was a German conductor, virtuoso pianist, and composer of the Romantic era. One of the most famous conductors of the 19th century, his activity was critical for establishing the successes of several major composers of the time, especially Richard Wagner and Johannes Brahms. Along with Carl Tausig, Bülow was perhaps the most prominent of the early students of Hungarian virtuoso pianist, conductor and composer Franz Liszt. He became acquainted with and eventually married Liszt's daughter Cosima, who later left him for Wagner. Noted for his interpretation of the works of Ludwig van Beethoven, he was one of the earliest European musicians to tour the United States.

Biography

Bülow was born in Dresden, and from the age of nine he was a student of Friedrich Wieck (the father of Clara Schumann). However, his parents insisted that he study law instead of music, and sent him to Leipzig. There he met Franz Liszt, and on hearing some music of Richard Wagner—specifically, the premiere of Lohengrin in 1850—he decided to ignore the dictates of his parents and make himself a career in music instead. He studied the piano in Leipzig with the famous pedagogue Louis Plaidy. He obtained his first conducting job in Zurich, on Wagner's recommendation, in 1850.

Notoriously tactless, Bülow alienated many musicians with whom he worked. He was dismissed from his Zurich job for this reason, but at the same time he was beginning to win renown for his ability to conduct new and complex works without a score. In 1851 he became a student of Liszt, marrying Liszt's daughter Cosima in 1857. They had two daughters: Daniela, born in 1860 and Blandine, born in 1863. During the 1850s and early 1860s he was active as a pianist, conductor, and writer, and became well known throughout Germany as well as Russia. In 1857 he premiered Liszt's great Piano Sonata in B minor in Berlin. In 1864 he became the Hofkapellmeister in Munich, and it was at this post he achieved his principal renown. He conducted the premieres of two Wagner operas, Tristan und Isolde and Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, in 1865 and 1868 respectively; both were immensely successful. However, his wife Cosima, who had been carrying on an extramarital affair with Richard Wagner for some time, left him in 1868, taking with her two of their four daughters, Isolde and Eva—the two whom Richard Wagner had fathered—and in 1870 divorced Bülow. In spite of this, Bülow remained a disciple of Wagner, and never seemed to hold a grudge;[citation needed] indeed, he mourned the death of Wagner in 1883, and continued to conduct his work.

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Hans Guido Frhr. von Bülow's Timeline

1830
January 8, 1830
Dresden, Germany
1857
August 18, 1857
Age 27
1860
October 12, 1860
Age 30
Dresden, Germany
1863
March 20, 1863
Age 33
Berlin, Germany
1865
April 10, 1865
Age 35
Starnberg, Bavaria, Germany
1867
February 17, 1867
Age 37
Lucerne, Luzern, Lucerne, Switzerland
1870
July 18, 1870
Age 40
1892
1892
Age 61
1894
February 12, 1894
Age 64
Cairo, Cairo, Egypt
????
Ohlsdorfer Friedhof in Hamburg