Harald "Blue Tooth", king of Denmark

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Harald "Blåtand" Gormsson

Danish: Harald Gormsøn
Also Known As: "King Herald I of Denmark", "Haraldr Blátönn", "Harald Blåtann", "Harald Blåtand", "Harald The Blue Tooth Gormsson of Denmark"
Birthplace: Jelling, Vejle Municipality, Region Syddanmark, Denmark
Death: Died in Jomsborg, Danmark
Place of Burial: Roskilde, Sjælland, Danmark
Immediate Family:

Son of Gorm "den Gamle", dansk konge and Thyra "Danebod", Dronning af Vest Danmark
Husband of Gunhild Burislawsdatter Blåtann; Åsa "Söm-Åsa" Atlesdotter; Gyrid of Sweden Olafsdottir, Danish queen consort and Tove Mistivojsdatter, af Danmark
Partner of N/N Ukjend
Father of Svend I Haraldsen «Forkbeard» Tveskæg; Sigrid Haraldsdotter; Thyra Haraldsdotter; Håkon Haraldsøn and Gunhild Haraldsdatter
Brother of Val -Toke Gormsen; Knud "Danaast" Gormsen and Gunhild Gormsdotter «Mother of Kings» Kongemor

Occupation: Dansk konge ca. 938 - 986, , Kung i Danmark och Norge, kung av Danmark ca 940 – ca 986, Kung av Danmark, Kung av Danmark 985-992 samt 993-1014, Kung av England 1013-1014, King of Denmark, Konge af Danmark, Danakung, Kung i Danmark, KING of DENMARK, King
Managed by: Anette Guldager Boye
Last Updated:

About Harald "Blue Tooth", king of Denmark


Harald Blåtand

Harald Bluetooth



The wireless technology for exchanging data over short distances known as "Bluetooth" is named after Harald. Harald united the various Danish tribes into one kingdom in the same way the Bluetooth system can connect any type varied types of technology. The Bluetooth logo is a bind rune merging the runes of Harald's initials. [from Wikipedia].


Predecessor: Gorm"the Old" Successor: Swein I "Forkbeard"

938-985 talet, han blev kristen år 960.


HE WAS THE FIRST NORWEGIAN KING TO ACCEPT CHRISTIANITY. Many details of his life and parentage are disputed. His son Knut and grandsons Harold Harefood and Harthacnut ruled England for 26 years, followed by the House of Essex.


The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy's Medieval Lands Index says the following about Harald's family: MedLands Project ~ Denmark.

FATHER: HARALD Gormsen, son of GORM "den Gamle/the Old" King of Denmark & his wife Tyre "Danebod" ([925/35]-Jomsborg 1 Dec [986/87], buried Roskilde Cathedral). He succeeded his father before 950 as HARALD I "Blåtand/Bluetooth" King of Denmark.

ONE VERSION OF DESCENDANTS: 1. By Gunhilda of Poland: Harald II of Denmark; 2. By Sigrid: Cnut, Gytha, Gunnhild, Santslaue, Thyra, Estrid, unknown daughter

m firstly ([before 960]) GUNHILD, daughter of ---. m secondly TOVE, daughter of [MSTIVOJ] & his wife --- (-[990]). [m [thirdly] ([984/85]) GYRITHA of Sweden, sister of STYRBJÖRN "den Starke/the Strong" King of Sweden, daughter of ---. King Harald I had six children, maybe all by his first wife although this is not certain:

1. HAKON Haraldsen (-before 987). 2. SVEND Haraldsen ([960]-Gainsborough 3 Feb 1014, bur in England, later removed to Roskilde Cathedral). He succeeded his father in [987] as SVEND I "Tveskæg/Forkbeard" King of Denmark. 3. TYRE Haraldsdatter (-18 Sep [1000]). m firstly STYRBJÖRN [Björn] “den Starke/the Strong" of Sweden, from Jomsburg, son of OLOF Björnsson King of Sweden & his wife --- (-killed in battle Fyrisvall, near Uppsala 985). m secondly (divorced) as his [---] wife, BURISLAW Prince of the Wends, son of ---. m thirdly (Tønsberg 998) as his third wife, OLAV I Trygveson King of Norway, son of TRYGVE Olavvsson King in Romerike & his wife Åstrid Eiriksdatter ([968]-in a sea battle in the Øresund, off Svold near Rügen 9 Sep [1000]). 4. GUNHILD Haraldsdatter (-murdered in England 13 Nov 1002). The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified. She was killed while a hostage in England, one of the victims of the massacre of Danes ordered by King Æthelred II. m PALLIG [Palle] Ealdorman in Devonshire (-murdered in England 13 Nov 1002). 5. MO Haraldsdatter (-[1015]). The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. 6. THORGNY Haraldsdatter . The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified. m THRUGOT ---. Thrugot & his wife had one child: a) THORGUNNA Thrugotsdatter. SUCCESSOR TO GORM THE OLD, KING OF DENMARK, RULED 940 TO 986 King of England 1013-1014. King of Denmark 986-987 and 1000-1014.

Harold Bluetooth, d. c.985, king of Denmark. Succeeding (935) his father, Gorm the Old, who had united Denmark, Harold consolidated the kingdom. He tried to assert suzerainty over Norway but was defeated by the Germans. He was forced to accept Christianity, which he introduced into Denmark. While fighting the forces of his son Sweyn, he was defeated and killed. Read more: Harold Bluetooth | Infoplease.com The Nickname

The first documented appearance of Harald's nickname "Bluetooth" is in the Chronicon Roskildense from 1140. The usual explanation is that Harold must have had a conspicuous bad tooth that was "blue" (i.e. black, as "blue" meant dark).

Another explanation is that he was called Thegn in England (corrupted to "tan" when the name came back into Old Norse); in England, Thane meant chief. Since blue meant "dark", his nickname was really "dark chieftain".

A third theory, according to curator at the Royal Jelling Hans Ole Mathiesen, was that Harald went about clothed in blue. Blue colored cloth was in fact the most expensive, so by walking in blue Harald underlined his royal dignity.[1]

King Harald Bluetooth ? - ca. 987 King 958 - ca. 987

Harald Bluetooth was son of Gorm the Old and Queen Thyra. The year when Harald is born

is unknown, but it is assumed that he died in the fall of 980 in Jomsborg, because of an arrow, which was shot by a supporter (Palnatoke) of his rebellious son, Svend. King Harald was probably buried in Treenighedskirken in Roskilde, which he had himself started build. The German historian Adam of Bremen mentions that Harald Bluetooth was married to Queen Gunhild.

A runic stone, which is situated by Sønder Vissing Church south of Silkeborg describes a woman who calls herself Tove, as "Mistivojs daughter, Harald The Good, the son of Gorms wife", so Harald must have been married twice.

The larger Jellingstone is the largest and the most magnificent runic stone in Scandinavia, also called " Denmarks Birth Certificate". It is equipped with Christian symbols, among others a Christ figure and runic letters. Erected about 965 for Gorm The Old and Thyra Danebod by the son Harald Bluetooth.

HARALD I “Blåtand/Bluetooth” King of Denmark; son of GORM "den Gamle/the Old" King of Denmark & his wife Tyre "Danebod" ([925/35]-Jomsborg 1 Dec [986/87], bur Roskilde Cathedral[154]).

HARALD Gormsen ([925/35][151]-Jomsborg 1 Dec [986/87], bur Roskilde Cathedral). Adam of Bremen records that "filium autem regis [=Worm] Haroldum" succeeded as ruler in Denmark[152]. He succeeded his father before 950 as HARALD I "Blåtand/Bluetooth" King of Denmark. http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/DENMARK.htm

HARALD Gormsen, son of GORM "den Gamle/the Old" King of Denmark & his wife Tyre "Danebod" ([925/35]-Jomsborg 1 Dec [986/87], bur Roskilde Cathedral[154]). Adam of Bremen records that "filium autem regis [=Worm] Haroldum" succeeded as ruler in Denmark[155]. Saxo Grammaticus names Harald as son of Tyre[156]. The Chronicon Roskildense names "Gorm pater Haraldi", specifying that "Haraldus" reigned for 15 years during the life of his father and 50 years after his father died, and was known as "Blatan sive Clac Harald", on the other hand a later passage specifies that Harald succeeded his father Gorm[157]. He succeeded his father before 950 as HARALD I "Blåtand/Bluetooth" King of Denmark.... According to King Olav Trygvason's Saga, King Harald defeated his son but died from wounds received in the battle[167]. http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/DENMARK.htm# Harald I died 986-987.


Harald "Blåtand" Gormsson (Old Norse: Haraldr blátǫnn Gormsson, Danish: Harald Blåtand Gormsen) (probably born c. 935) was a King of Denmark and Norway. He was the son of King Gorm the Old and of Thyra Dannebod. He died in 985 or 986 having ruled as King of Denmark from c. 958 and King of Norway for a few years; probably around 970. Some sources say his son Sweyn Forkbeard forcibly deposed him.

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Harald "Blue Tooth", king of Denmark's Timeline

Jelling, Vejle Municipality, Region Syddanmark, Denmark
Age 10
- 987
Age 48
- 987
Age 48
Vejle, Syddanmark, Denmark

Harald Blåtann som konge
Med sin hustru Gunnhild fikk Harald sønnen Svein som ble døpt sammen med resten av familien. I tillegg til navnet Svein fikk sønnen også navnet til den tysk-romerske keiseren, Otto. Et navn som Svein Tjugeskjegg tilsynelatende aldri brukte siden.

Med absolutt autoritet i Danmark kunne Harald Blåtann også vende oppmerksomheten utover landets grenser. Han kom gjentatte ganger til hjelp for Rikard I av Normandie (i årene 945 og 963). Han tok også Harald Hårfagres sønn Harald Gråfell under sin beskyttelse i dennes kamp om den norske kongetronen, og sviktet ham igjen senere som en del av det taktiske spillet med å spille ulike aktører ut mot hverandre. Ved å sette opp en felle for Harald Gråfell i 970 som fikk ham drept, satset Harald Blåtann i steden på Håkon jarl, som hadde vært med på å forsvare Daneveldet mot tyskerne. Det viste seg at Håkon jarl var en langt sluere hersker enn danskekongen hadde ventet, og jarlen ristet av seg båndene til Danmark straks han var kommet til makten.

De norrøne kongesagaene, spesielt de av Snorre Sturlason, har framstilt Harald Blåtann i et negativt lys. Han ble tilsynelatende to ganger tvunget til å underkaste seg den svenske vikinghøvdingen Styrbjørn Sterke; først ved å gi Styrbjørn en flåte med skip og menn, og deretter med å gi ham sin datter Tyra Haraldsdatter, og deretter for andre gang ved å gi Styrbjørn flere skip. Styrbjørn Sterke seilte nord til Uppsala i Sverige for å ta den svenske tronen med makt fra kong Erik Seiersæl, men da brøt Harald Blåtann sitt troskapsløfte og flyktet tilbake til Danmark og unngikk å møte den danske hæren ved Fyrisvall.

En konsekvens av at Harald Blåtanns hær tapte for tyskerne i 974 var at hans grep om Norge ble svekket og at tyskerne bosatte seg ved grensen av Danmark i sør. I 983 ble de tyske bosetterne drevet ut av en hær bestående av et slavisk folk, obotrittere, og Haralds krigere. Kort tid etter var dog Haralds tid som konge over. Ikke av ytre krefter som fra Norge eller fra Tyskland, men av hans egen sønn, Svein Tjugeskjegg.

Harald Bluetooth as king
With his wife Gunhild was Harald's son Svein was baptized along with the rest of the family. In addition to the name Svein had a son also named to the German-Roman Emperor, Otto. A name that Sweyn apparently never used since.

With absolute authority in Denmark Harald Bluetooth could also turn their attention beyond its borders. He came several times to help Richard I of Normandy (in the years 945 and 963). He also took Harald Fairhair son Harald Gråfell under his protection in his battle for the Norwegian throne, and failed him again later as part of the tactical game with different players to play off against each other. By setting up a trap for Harald Gråfell in 970 that got him killed, Harald Bluetooth focused instead on the earl, who had helped to defend Daneveldet against the Germans. It turned out that Earl Hakon was a much cunning ruler than the Danish king had expected, and the Earl shook off his ties to Denmark as soon as he had come to power.

The Norse King Sagas, especially those of Snorri Sturluson, Harald Bluetooth has portrayed in a negative light. He was apparently twice forced to submit to the Swedish Viking chief Styrbjørn Strong, first by giving Styrbjørn a fleet of ships and men, and then to give him his daughter, Tyra, Harold's daughter, and then for the second time by giving Styrbjørn more ships . Styrbjørn Strong sailed north to Uppsala in Sweden to the Swedish throne by force from King Erik the Victorious, but then broke Harald Bluetooth's oath of allegiance and fled back to Denmark and avoided confronting the Danish army at Fyrisvall.

One consequence of that Harald Bluetooth Army lost to the Germans in 974 was that his grip on Norway was weakened and that the Germans settled on the border of Denmark to the south. In 983, the German settlers were driven out by an army consisting of a Slavic people, obotrittere and Harald's warriors. Shortly after, however, Steve's time as king over. Not by external forces from Norway or Germany, but by his own son, Sweyn.

- 985
Age 48
- 986
Age 48
Jelling, Denmark
- 987
Age 48
Age 50
Jelling, Vejle, Danmark
Age 55
Jamtland, Norway