Harold de Ewyas (d'Ewyas (Lord of Ewyas)), I (c.1057 - c.1100) MP

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Nicknames: "Lord Harold of /Ewyas-Sudeley/", "Harold de Ewias /De sudeley/", "Lord Ewias//"
Birthplace: Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom
Death: Died in Probably Ewyas Harold Castle, Herefordshire, England, (Present UK)
Occupation: Lord of Sudeley, Lord Ewias, Earl of Hereford
Managed by: Tiffany Beesley Brock
Last Updated:

About Harold de Ewyas (d'Ewyas (Lord of Ewyas)), I

Relationships:

Parents:

  • Ralph / Raoul "The Timid" de Mantes (d. 21 December 1057)
  • Unknown. (Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 - by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Shepard, Jr. - suggested the name Getha. However this is a secondary source and the source of a lot of unaccountable information - verification is advised before accepting this as even likely; English Wikipedia names her as Gytha without providing citation.)

Siblings:

  • None known.

Spouse:

  • Unknown

Children:

  • 1. Robert I de Ewias (d. after 1147, m. Sibylla)
  • 2. Roger de Ewias (d. after 1166)
  • 3. John de Sudeley (d. before 1166)
  • 4. Alexander de Ewias
  • 5. William de Ewias

Basic information:

Birth: Unknown, but at least before 1058 (year after his father died).

Baptism: Unknown.

Marriage: Unknown.

Death: After 1100 (date of charter for Dore Abbey), location unknown.

Burial: Unknown.

Occupation: Lord of Ewyas (later named Ewyas Harold by his son, Robert I). Served as keeper of Sudeley Castle during the Conquest (1066).

Alternate names: Harold de Ewias (FMG), or de Ewyas (apparently more common spelling).

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From the Foundatioin for Medieval Genealogy page on English Nobility Medieval:

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISH%20NOBILITY%20MEDIEVAL.htm#HaroldEwiasidiedafter1100A

EARL OF HEREFORD (MANTES), Families of SUDELEY and TRACY

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise shown below.


RAOUL de Mantes, son of DREUX Comte de Mantes & his wife Godgifu [Goda] of England (-21 Dec 1057, bur Peterborough[129]).

  • His parentage is recorded by Orderic Vitalis[130]. Florence of Worcester calls Raoul the "son of King Edward's sister"[131].
  • "Droco comes Ambianensium" donated property to "Sancti Petri Gismoensis" by undated charter, signed by "Droconis comitis, Eotde comitissæ, Falconis fratris comitis, Rodulfi filiii comitis, Gualterii alterius filii…"[132]. Simeon of Durham names "earl Rodulph the son of king Eadward's sister Goda" in 1051[133].
  • He rallied to the support of Edward "the Confessor" King of England in Sep 1051 when Godwin Earl of Wessex and his sons were threatening force against the King[134].
  • Earl of Hereford.
  • He founded the Cistercian Abbey of Flaxley in Gloucestershire 30 Sep 1051[135].
  • He assembled an army to defend Hereford against Earl Ælfgar and Gruffydd Prince of South Wales but fled 24 Oct 1055[136].

m ---. The name of Raoul's wife is not known.

Raoul & his wife had one child:

1. HAROLD de Ewias of Ewyas Harold, Herefordshire (-after 1100). Freeman states that "Harold the son of Ralph" is named in Domesday in Gloucestershire, Worcester, Warwickshire and Middlesex[137]. A manuscript which lists donations to Gloucester St Peter includes a record of the donation in 1100 by “Haraldus dominus de Ewyas” and the later confirmation by “Robertus” of "donum Haraldi patris sui"[138].

References:

  • [129] Florence of Worcester 1057, pp. 159-60.
  • [130] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. IV, Book VII, p. 77.
  • [131] Florence of Worcester 1055, p. 157.
  • [132] Guérard, M. (ed.) (1840) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Père de Chartres (Paris) (“Chartres Saint-Père”), Vol. I, Cap. XLVI, p. 173.
  • [133] Stevenson, J. (trans.) (1855) The Historical Works of Simeon of Durham (London) (“Simeon of Durham”), Vol. I, p. 535.
  • [134] Garmonsway, G. N. (trans) (1972) The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (Dent) D, 1052 [1051].
  • [135] Domesday Descendants, p. 118.
  • [136] Florence of Worcester 1055, p. 157, which describes him as "cowardly".
  • [137] Freeman, E. A. (1877) The History of the Norman Conquest of England, its causes and its results 3rd Edn. (Oxford), Vol. II, Appendix, Note LL, p. 683, citing Domesday, 129 b, 169, 177, 244.
  • [138] Dugdale Monasticon I, Gloucester Monastery, XIII, p. 546.

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From the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy page on English Nobility Medieval (covering his married life):

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISHNOBILITYMEDIEVAL3D-K.htm#HaroldEwiasidiedafter1100B

HAROLD de Ewias of Ewyas Harold, Herefordshire, son of RAOUL de Mantes Earl of Hereford & his wife --- (-after 1100).

  • Freeman states that "Harold the son of Ralph" is named in Domesday in Gloucestershire, Worcester, Warwickshire and Middlesex[190].
  • Lord of Ewyas after 1086. A manuscript which lists donations to Gloucester St Peter includes a record of the donation in 1100 by “Haraldus dominus de Ewyas” and the later confirmation by “Robertus” of "donum Haraldi patris sui"[191]. "Haraldus de Ewyas" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis de Ewyas…decimam de domino castelli de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter, confirmed by "Roberto herede meo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Rogerus, Johannes, Alexander et Willelmus filii mei…"[192].

m ---. The name of Harold´s wife is not known.

Harold & his wife had three children:

1. ROBERT [I] de Ewias (-after 1147[193]).

  • "Haraldus de Ewyas" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis de Ewyas…decimam de domino castelli de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter, confirmed by "Roberto herede meo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Rogerus, Johannes, Alexander et Willelmus filii mei…"[194]. A manuscript which lists donations to Gloucester St Peter includes a record of the donation in 1100 by “Haraldus dominus de Ewyas” and the later confirmation by “Robertus” of "donum Haraldi patris sui"[195]. The Gesta Stephani Regis records that "Robertus…filius Heraldi" was sent by the king to subdue the Welsh, dated to [1136/37][196]. "Robertus filius Haraldi de Ewyas" confirmed the donations of "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis de Ewyas…decimam de domino castelli de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter made by his father, for the souls of himself and "uxoris meæ Sibillæ", by undated charter[197].
  • m SIBYLLA, daughter of ---. "Robertus filius Haraldi de Ewyas" confirmed the donations of "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis de Ewyas…decimam de domino castelli de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter made by his father, for the souls of himself and "uxoris meæ Sibillæ", by undated charter[198]. Robert & his wife had [two] children: Robert II de Ewias (d. 1198, m. Petronilla), and William de Ewias (d. after 1231)

2. ROGER de Ewias (-after 1166).

  • "Haraldus de Ewyas" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis de Ewyas…decimam de domino castelli de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter, confirmed by "Roberto herede meo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Rogerus, Johannes, Alexander et Willelmus filii mei…"[211].
  • Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Rogerus de Wias" held one knight´s fee "de Cliva" from "Roberti de Weias" in Herefordshire[212].
  • Roger´s precise parentage has not been identified, but it is reasonable to suppose that he was another brother of Robert [II] de Ewias.]

3. JOHN de Sudeley (-before 1166).

  • "Haraldus de Ewyas" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis de Ewyas…decimam de domino castelli de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter, confirmed by "Roberto herede meo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Rogerus, Johannes, Alexander et Willelmus filii mei…"[213].
  • Lord of Sudely Castle and Toddington(?), Gloucestershire.
  • The 1130 Pipe Roll records "Johs de Sulleia" accounting for his (unnamed) wife´s property in Gloucestershire[214].

4. ALEXANDER de Ewias .

  • "Haraldus de Ewyas" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis de Ewyas…decimam de domino castelli de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter, confirmed by "Roberto herede meo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Rogerus, Johannes, Alexander et Willelmus filii mei…"[215].

5. WILLIAM de Ewias .

  • "Haraldus de Ewyas" donated "ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis de Ewyas…decimam de domino castelli de Ewyas…" to Gloucester St Peter, confirmed by "Roberto herede meo", by undated charter, witnessed by "Rogerus, Johannes, Alexander et Willelmus filii mei…"[216].

References:

  • [190] Freeman, E. A. (1877) The History of the Norman Conquest of England, its causes and its results 3rd Edn. (Oxford), Vol. II, Appendix, Note LL, p. 683, citing Domesday, 129 b, 169, 177, 244.
  • [191] Dugdale Monasticon I, Gloucester Monastery, XIII, p. 546.
  • [192] Hart, W. H. (ed.) (1863) Historia et Cartularium Monasterii Sancti Petri Gloucestriæ (London) ("Gloucester St Peter"), Vol. I, CCXXXVIII, p. 285.
  • [193] Domesday Descendants, p. 453.
  • [194] Gloucester St Peter, Vol. I, CCXXXVIII, p. 285.
  • [195] Dugdale Monasticon I, Gloucester Monastery, XIII, p. 546.
  • [196] Sewell, R. C. (ed.) (1846) Gesta Stephani, Regis Anglorum et Ducis Normannorum (London) ("Gesta Stephani Regis") I, p. 13.
  • [197] Gloucester St Peter, Vol. I, CCXXXIX, p. 287.
  • [198] Gloucester St Peter, Vol. I, CCXXXIX, p. 287.
  • [199] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 286.
  • [200] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Knights fees, p. 41.
  • [201] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno secundo regis Ricardi…scutagium Walliæ assisum, p. 73.
  • [202] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Anno VI regis Ricardi, ad redemptionem eius, scutagium ad XXs, pp. 86 and 91.
  • [203] Gloucester St Peter, Vol. I, CCLX, p. 287.
  • [204] Gloucester St Peter, Vol. I, CCLX, p. 287.
  • [205] Gloucester St Peter, Vol. I, CCLX, p. 287.
  • [206] Patent Rolls Henry III 1215-1225 (1901), p. 32.
  • [207] Dugdale Monasticon V, Dore Abbey, Herefordshire, IX, p. 555.
  • [208] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Acornbury Priory, Herefordshire, VII, p. 491.
  • [209] Dugdale Monasticon V, Dore Abbey, Herefordshire, IX, p. 555.
  • [210] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Acornbury Priory, Herefordshire, VII, p. 491.
  • [211] Gloucester St Peter, Vol. I, CCXXXVIII, p. 285.
  • [212] Red Book Exchequer, Part I, Certificationes factæ de feodis militum, p. 286.
  • [213] Gloucester St Peter, Vol. I, CCXXXVIII, p. 285.
  • [214] Pipe Roll 31 Hen I (1129/30), Gloucestershire, p. 79.
  • [215] Gloucester St Peter, Vol. I, CCXXXVIII, p. 285.
  • [216] Gloucester St Peter, Vol. I, CCXXXVIII, p. 285.

--------- Notes mainly confirming above from

http://www.sudeleycastle.co.uk/history/timeline

1000-1400

King Ethelred (The Unready) gave the Saxon manor house and estate at Sudeleagh to his daughter Goda, sister of King Edward the Confessor, on her marriage to Walter de Maunt. Their son Ralf de Mederatinus became Earl of Hereford.

1066

Norman Conquest, Ralf’s son Harold was allowed to retain Sudeley but deprived of his earldom by William the Conqueror.

1085 Domesday Book entry for Sudeley: held by Harold de Sudeley : taxed at 12 Hides; there were 31 plow villages, whereof 4 were in demean, 6 water mills and a wood 3 leagues long by 4 leagues wide (4½ miles by 3 miles).

Harold was succeeded by his son John de Sudeley, who married Grace, daughter of William Tracy, an illegitimate son of Henry I.

view all 11

Harold de Ewyas I, Lord of Ewyas's Timeline

1057
1057
Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom
1084
1084
Age 27
1088
1088
Age 31
Sudley Castle, Gloucestershire, England
1090
1090
Age 33
Sudeley Castle, Toddington, Gloucestershire, England
1100
1100
Age 43
Probably Ewyas Harold Castle, Herefordshire, England, (Present UK)
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