Heinrich / Genrikh Vasilievich Struve (1822 - 1908)

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Birthplace: Dorpat (Tartu), Tartumaa, Estland
Death: Died in Tbilisi, Georgia
Occupation: Chemist, Chemiker, Wirkl. Staatsrat / д. стат. сов.
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About Heinrich / Genrikh Vasilievich Struve


Genrikh Vasilievich Struve (also Heinrich Struve, Russian: Генрих Васильевич Струве, 10 July 1822 – 28 March 1908) was a Russian chemist from the Struve family and a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences.[1]

Genrikh Struve was born in 1822 in Dorpat (Tartu), then Russian Empire. In 1845, he graduated from the University of Tartu and continued working there in the field of chemistry till 1849. In 1846, via arrangement by his father Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve, Genrikh spent a month visiting Jöns Jacob Berzelius who was impressed with both the father and his son.[2] In 1849, Struve moved to the Mineralogy Department in Saint Petersburg and worked there till 1867. In 1867, he became a criminal medicine expert in Tiflis.[2][3][4] There, he used not only chemical, but also early photographical (1885) methods for criminal analysis.[5] He had also participated in the chemical analysis o mineral springs of the area, in particular of the Matsesta spring in Sochi in 1886.[6]

Struve married Pauline Fuss, a great-granddaughter of Leonhard Euler.[7][8]

Scientific work of Struve was mostly related to inorganic and analytical chemistry. In 1853, he published first in Russia tables for evaluating chemical analyses. The same year, he suggested use of ammonium molybdate for detection of arsenic in criminal medicine and in mineral analysis, such as indicating traces of arsenic in antimony. He also synthesized a range of double salts of potassium, sodium, chromium, iron, aluminium, molybdenum and tungsten. In 1876, Struve became a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences.[2][3]

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Heinrich / Genrikh Vasilievich Struve's Timeline

July 10, 1822
Dorpat (Tartu), Tartumaa, Estland
February 13, 1852
Age 29
April 21, 1853
Age 30
город Санкт-Петербург, Россия
Age 31
город Санкт-Петербург, Россия
March 25, 1856
Age 33
September 13, 1861
Age 39
February 13, 1864
Age 41
March 28, 1908
Age 85
Tbilisi, Georgia