Heinrich "Hieronymos Lorm" Landesmann
|Birthplace:||Mikulov, Břeclav District, South Moravian Region, Czech Republic|
|Death:||Died in Brno, Brno-City District, South Moravian Region, Czech Republic|
Son of Christian Chisdai Landesmann and Theresia Landesmann
|Managed by:||Randy Schoenberg|
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About Heinrich "Hieronymos Lorm" Landesmann
Heinrich Landesmann, Hieronymus Lorm (August 9, 1821, Nikolsburg – December 4, 1902, at Brno) was an Austrian poet and philosophical writer. From his earliest childhood he was very sickly; at the age of fifteen his sight and hearing were almost completely destroyed; and later in life he became totally blind. He developed a form of tactile signing that was named after him. When but sixteen years old he contributed a number of poems to various periodicals. In 1843 he completed his first important literary production, Abdul, the Mohammedan Faust legend, in five cantos (2nd ed. Berlin, 1852). His Wien's Poetische Schwingen und Federn (Vienna, 1847) manifested critical acumen, but also a tinge of political acerbity in its attack on the censor system of the Austrian chancellor Prince Metternich. His friends advised Landesmann to leave Vienna, and he went to Berlin, where he assumed the pseudonym Hieronymus Lorm in order to secure his family from possible trouble with the Viennese police. In Berlin he became a regular contributor to Kühne's Europa. After the revolution of 1848 he returned to Vienna. In 1856 he married; in 1873 he removed to Dresden; and in 1892 he settled in Brünn. A sister of Landesmann's was the second wife of Berthold Auerbach. Landesmann was distinctively a lyric poet. The peculiar vein of pessimism that runs through both his poetry and his prose writings has won for him the title of the "lyrical Schopenhauer". Works
His more important works are: Ein Zögling des Jahres 1848 his first novel (3 vols., Vienna, 1855; 3d ed., 1863, under the title Gabriel Solmar), in which he treats, among other subjects, of the struggle of the modern Jew against the prejudices of his fellow citizens. Am Kamin (2 vols., Berlin, 1856) Erzählungen des Heimgekehrten (Prague, 1858) Intimes Leben (ib. 1860) Novellen (2 vols., Vienna, 1864) Gedichte (Hamburg, 1870; 7th ed., 1894) Philosophisch-Kritische Streifzüge (Berlin, 1873) Geflügelte Stunden. Leben, Kritik, Dichtung (3 vols., Leipzig, 1875) the dramas Das Forsthaus, Hieronymus Napoleon, and Die Alten und die Jungen (1875) Der Naturgenuss. Eine Philosophie der Jahreszeiten (Berlin, 1876) Neue Gedichte (Dresden, 1877) Todte Schuld (2 vols., Stuttgart, 1878) Späte Vergeltung (2 vols., Hamburg, 1879) Der Ehrliche Name (2 vols., Dresden, 1880) Wanderer's Ruhebank (Leipzig, 1881) Ausserhalb der Gesellschaft (ib. 1881) Der Abend zu Hause (Breslau, 1881) Ein Schatten aus Vergangenen Tagen (Stuttgart, 1882) Ein Kind des Meeres (Dresden, 1882) Der Fahrende Geselle (Leipzig, 1884) Vor dem Attentat (Dresden, 1884) Natur und Geist im Verhältnis zu den Kulturepochen (Teschen, 1884) Die Schöne Wienerin (Jena, 1886) Das Leben Kein Traum (Breslau, 1887) Auf dem Einsamen Schlosse (1887) Die Muse des Glücks und Moderne Einsamkeit (Dresden, 1893) Der Grundlose Optimismus (Vienna, 1894) Bibliography
Bornmüller, Schriftsteller-Lexikon Allg. Zeit. des Jud. Aug., 1891; Dec. 12, 1902 Oesterreichische Wochenschrift, Dec. 12, 1902 Meyers Konversations-Lexikon
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901–1906.
Link to Jewish Encyclopedia See also: Landesmann
LORM, HIERONYMUS (pseudonym of Heinrich Landesmann; 1821–1902), Austrian poet and novelist. The son of a prosperous Moravian merchant, Lorm was born in Nikolsburg and raised in Vienna. He studied music until he lost his hearing at the age of 15. Shortly afterward his sight began to fail and he eventually became totally blind. Throughout the 1840s, Lorm wrote liberal lyrics and articles, using various pseudonyms in order to avoid political persecution. Moving first to Leipzig and then to Berlin, he became the literary correspondent of the influential periodical Die Grenzboten, but returned to Vienna in 1848. Here he befriended the young composer Anton *Rubinstein and the novelist Berthold *Auerbach. Auerbach, who married Hieronymus' sister, inspired the character of the young Jewish intellectual in Gabriel Solmar, Lorm's most popular novel, which originally appeared in 1855 as Ein Zoegling des Jahres 1848. Gabriel Solmar tells of a Jew's disillusionment with the panacea of general emancipation and of his return to his own people though not to religious Orthodoxy. It also deals with the political intrigues of the revolutionary period. Other novels of Jewish interest are Am Kamin (2 vols., 1857), Todte Schuld (1878), Der Ehrliche Name: Aus den Memoiren einer Wiener Juedin (1880), and Ausserhalbder Gesellschaft (1881). Since Lorm could communicate only by a touch system, he gradually reconciled himself to a life devoted solely to literary pursuits. He wrote several volumes of short stories, and some touching poems deeply influenced by Nicolaus Lenau's Weltschmerz. His last volume of poems, Nachsommer, appeared in 1896 and was filled with pessimism. The publication of his Philosophisch-kritische Streifzuege (1873) gained him an honorary doctorate from the University of Leipzig. From 1873 to 1892 Lorm lived in Dresden, where he worked as a journalist and published a dozen novels, the best known of which was Die schoene Wienerin (1886). He moved to Bruenn in 1892 and from then until his death devoted himself to philosophical writing, including his main work in this field, Der grundlose Optimismus (1894).
K. Kreisler, Hieronymus Lorms Schicksal und Werk (1922); J. Straub, Hieronymus Lorm (Ger., 1960). Add. Bibliography: J. Vesely, Marie von Ebner Eschenbach und Hieronymus Lorm, in: K.K. Polheim (ed.), Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach (1994), 81–96; idem, Hieronymus Lorm und Adalbert Stifter, in: I. Fialová-Fuerstová (ed.), Maehrische deutschsprachige Literatur (1999), 94–102.
Heinrich "Hieronymos Lorm" Landesmann's Timeline
August 9, 1821
Mikulov, Břeclav District, South Moravian Region, Czech Republic
December 4, 1902
Brno, Brno-City District, South Moravian Region, Czech Republic