About Henderson Walker
Henderson Walker (1659-1704) was the President of the Council and deputy governor of North Carolina between 1699-1703. He is more known for help to found the Church of England.
Henderson Walker was born in North Carolina, between 1659 and 1660. He arrived in Albemarle around 1682. There he had land, raised and sold livestock. For a long time, he was a lawyer. He began this career served as a clerk of the county courts and later he was getting many other public offices: So, he served at different times of attorney General (since October 1695), judge of the supreme court and President of the Council, making many judicial reforms. He was also General Court, Court of Chancery, Admiralty Court, assembly man and customs collector. He participated in the Colonial Council in 1694, under Governor Thomas Harvey. He was appointed as boundary commissioner in March 1699 to try help settle the boundary dispute with Virginia.
In 1699, after the death of Thomas Harvey, he was named chief executive and deputy governor of North Carolina. His government led to an era of peace and economic growth in North Carolina. Thus, many Virginians traveled to North Carolina (and South) to achieve economic improvements. However, the British Crown sought to undermine proprietary colonies, so Walker was often forced to decide whether to help Lords Proprietary or support the crown. He, supporting the crown, helped found the Church of England. He managed to pass a Vestry Act in 1701, that levied taxes on North Carolinians and the tithing tax is used to maintain Anglican Churches and pay ministers. Parishes and churches were built, and gave him a public levy on all tithables. He also secured control of the assembly. However, many North Carolinians rejected the union of church and state. Because to his attempt to turn the Anglican religion in the official religion of the colony, began to create a "church party" in North Carolina, and developed a constant conflict between churchmen and dissenters, what this influenced the start of rebellion against him, called Cary's Rebellion, and much later the Regulator Rebellion. Also, in 1703, Native Americans, accused of attacking the settlers, were charged with "destroying and burning Their Their stock and timber houses Refusing to pay tribute or render obedience to the Government". This year, he relinquished from the government, replaced by Robert Daniel. but he remained on the council, being as its president from 1703 to 1704 and turned to serving as justice.
Walker died in Edenton, North Carolina, in 14 April, 1704. He was buried at his plantation, located near the Albemarle Sound. However, he was later reburied in the graveyard at St. Paul’s Episcopal Church (Edenton).
In April 1686 Walker married Deborah Green; they had a daughter Elizabeth. In February 1694 Walker married Ann Lillington. The second marriage had no children