Henri de Valois-Angoulême, duc de Bretagne, Roi de France (1519 - 1559) MP

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Birthplace: Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Ile-de-France, France
Death: Died in Paris, Ile-de-France, France
Cause of death: Following an accident during a tournament held at the Hôtel des Tournelles, June 30th 1559
Occupation: King of France
Managed by: Flemming Allan Funch
Last Updated:

About Henri de Valois-Angoulême, duc de Bretagne, Roi de France

Henri II de Valois, roi de France - en.wikipedia.org

Henri II, Roi de France (1)

M, #103078, b. 31 March 1519, d. 10 July 1559

Last Edited=7 Dec 2008

Consanguinity Index=3.63%

Henri II, Roi de France was born on 31 March 1519 at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Île-de-France, France. He was the son of François I, Roi de France and Claude de Valois, Duchesse de Bretagne. (1) He married Catherine de Medici, daughter of Lorenzo II de Medici, Duca di Urbino and Madeleine de la Tour, on 28 October 1533. (5)

He died on 10 July 1559 at age 40 at Paris, France, from a wound received in a jousting tournament a month earlier. (6) He was buried at Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France.

Henri II, Roi de France was a member of the House of Angoulême. (1) He and Diane de Poitiers, Duchesse de Valentinois were associated. (2) He gained the title of Duc d'Orléans. He succeeded to the title of Roi Henri II de France in 1547. (5), (1)

Child of Henri II, Roi de France

-1. Henry de Valois b. 1535, d. 1590

Children of Henri II, Roi de France and Catherine de Medici

-1. François II, Roi de France1 b. 16 Jan 1544, d. 5 Dec 1560

-2. Elizabeth de Valois, Princesse de France+ b. 1545, d. 1568

-3. Claude de Valois, Princesse de France+2 b. 1547, d. 1575

-4. Louis de Valois b. 1549

-5. Charles IX, Roi de France+1 b. 27 Jun 1550, d. 30 May 1574

-6. Henri III, Roi de France1 b. 19 Sep 1551, d. 2 Aug 1589

-7. Marguerite d'Angoulême7 b. 14 May 1553, d. 27 Mar 1615

-8. Hercule François de Valois, Duc d'Alençon et Anjou b. 1554, d. 1584

-9. Victoire de Valois b. 1556

-10. Jeanne de Valois b. 1556

Forrás / Source:

http://thepeerage.com/p10308.htm#i103078

--------------------

Henry II of France

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_II_of_France

Henry II (French: Henri II) (March 31, 1519 – July 10, 1559), of the House of Valois and the son and successor of Francis I, was King of France from March 31, 1547, until his death.

Early years

Henry was born in the Royal Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, near Paris, the son of Francis I and Claude de France and the grandson of Louis XII of France and Anne de Bretagne. With his brother, he spent three years in Spain as a hostage to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, as surety for his father, who had been captured at the Battle of Pavia. Henry married Catherine de' Medici (13 April 1519–January 5, 1589) on 28 October 1533, when both were fourteen years old.

The following year he became involved with the thirty-five-year-old, recently widowed, Diane de Poitiers, who became his most trusted confidante and for the next twenty-five years wielded considerable influence behind the scenes, even signing royal documents. Extremely confident, mature and intelligent, she left Catherine powerless to intervene.

When his older brother Francis died in 1536 after a game of tennis, Henry became heir to the throne; he succeeded his father on March 31, 1547 and was crowned King of France on July 25, 1547 at Reims.

Reign

Henry's reign was marked by wars with Austria, and the persecution of the Protestant Huguenots. Henry II severely punished them, particularly the ministers: burning them at the stake or cutting off their tongues for speaking their heresies. Even those suspected of being Huguenots could be imprisoned. The Edict of Chateaubriand (27 June 1551) called upon the civil and ecclesiastical courts to detect and punish all heretics and placed severe restrictions on Huguenots, including loss of one-third of property to informers, and confiscations. It also strictly regulated the press by prohibiting the sale, importation or printing of any unapproved book.

The Italian War of 1551–1559, sometimes known as the Habsburg-Valois War, began when Henry declared war against Charles V with the intent of recapturing Italy and ensuring French, rather than Habsburg, domination of European affairs. An early offensive into Lorraine was successful, with Henry capturing the three episcopal cities of Metz, Toul, and Verdun, but the attempted French invasion of Tuscany in 1553 was defeated at the Battle of Marciano.

After Charles's abdication in 1556 split the Habsburg empire between Philip II of Spain and Ferdinand I, the focus of the war shifted to Flanders, where Phillip, in conjunction with Emmanuel Philibert of Savoy, defeated the French at St. Quentin. England's entry into the war later that year led to the French capture of Calais, and French armies plundered Spanish possessions in the Low Countries; but Henry was nonetheless forced to accept the Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis, in which he renounced any further claims to Italy.

The Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis was signed between Elizabeth I of England and Henry on April 2 and between Henry and Philip II of Spain on April 3, 1559, at Le Cateau-Cambrésis, around twenty kilometers south-east of Cambrai. Under its terms, France restored Piedmont and Savoy to the Duke of Savoy, but retained Saluzzo, Calais and the bishoprics of Metz, Toul, and Verdun. Spain retained Franche-Comté. Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy, married Margaret of France, Duchess of Berry, the sister of Henry II, and Philip II of Spain married Henry's daughter Elisabeth.

Henry raised the young Queen Mary I of Scotland at his court, hoping to use her as a tool of Valois imperialism. On April 24, 1558, Henry's fourteen-year-old son Francis was married to Mary in a union intended to give the future king of France not only the throne of Scotland but a claim to the throne of England. Henry had Mary sign secret documents, illegal in Scottish law, that would ensure Valois rule in Scotland even if she died without heir (Guy 2004:91). Mary's claim to the English throne quickly became current when Mary I of England died later in 1558, Henry and his Catholic advisors regarding Elizabeth Tudor as illegitimate.

Death

Henry II was an avid hunter and a participant in jousts and tournaments.On June 30, 1559, at the Place des Vosges in Paris, during a match to celebrate the Peace Treaty of Cateau-Cambrésis with his longtime enemies, the Habsburgs of Austria and to celebrate the marriage of his daughter Elizabeth of Valois to King Philip II of Spain, King Henry was mortally wounded by a sliver from the shattered lance of Gabriel Montgomery, captain of the King's Scottish Guard. It penetrated the closed visor, pierced his left eye, penetrated the brain and came out via his ear. He suffered terribly, and, despite the efforts of royal surgeon Ambroise Paré, died on July 10, 1559 and was buried in a cadaver tomb in Saint Denis Basilica. Prior to his death, Queen Catherine limited access to his bedside and denied his mistress (Diane de Poitiers) access to him, even though he repeatedly asked for her. Following his death, Catherine sent de Poitiers into exile, where she was to live in comfort on her own properties until her death.

Henry was succeeded by his son, Francis II, who died the following year and was succeeded by his two brothers. Their mother acted as Regent. For the forty years following Henry II's death, France was filled with turbulence as Protestants and Catholics fought the bitter Wars of Religion.

-------------------- King of France

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_II_of_France -------------------- King of France (1547-1559)

I had 10 kids with Catherine and 4 illegitimate kids

I was the last powerful Valois -------------------- Henri II, Roi de France1 M, #103078, b. 31 March 1519, d. 10 July 1559

Henri II, Roi de France|b. 31 Mar 1519\nd. 10 Jul 1559|p10308.htm#i103078|François I, Roi de France|b. 12 Sep 1494\nd. 31 Mar 1547|p10246.htm#i102458|Claude de Valois, Duchesse de Bretagne|b. 13 Oct 1499\nd. 20 Jul 1524|p10308.htm#i103080|Charles d'Orléans, Duc d'Angoulême|b. 1459\nd. 1 Jan 1496|p10317.htm#i103164|Louise di Savoia|b. 11 Sep 1476\nd. 22 Sep 1531|p10246.htm#i102459|Louis X., Roi de France|b. 27 Jun 1462\nd. 1 Jan 1515|p10525.htm#i105242|Anne de Dreux, Duchesse de Bretagne|b. 25 Jan 1476\nd. 9 Jan 1514|p10319.htm#i103187|

Last Edited=20 Jan 2011 Consanguinity Index=3.44%

King Henry II of France2 Henri II, Roi de France was born on 31 March 1519 at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Île-de-France, France. He was the son of François I, Roi de France and Claude de Valois, Duchesse de Bretagne.1 He married Catherine de Medici, daughter of Lorenzo II de Medici, Duca di Urbino and Madeleine de la Tour, on 28 October 1533.5 He died on 10 July 1559 at age 40 at Paris, France, from a wound received in a jousting tournament a month earlier.6 He was buried at Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France.

    Henri II, Roi de France was a member of the House of Angoulême.1 He and Diane de Poitiers, Duchesse de Valentinois were associated.2 He gained the title of Duc d'Orléans. He succeeded to the title of Roi Henri II de France in 1547.5,1 He and Janet Stewart were associated in 1551.7

Child of Henri II, Roi de France and Janet Stewart 1.Henry de Valois7 b. 1535, d. 1590 Children of Henri II, Roi de France and Catherine de Medici 1.François II, Roi de France1 b. 16 Jan 1544, d. 5 Dec 1560 2.Elizabeth de Valois, Princesse de France+ b. 1545, d. 1568 3.Claude de Valois, Princesse de France+2 b. 1547, d. 1575 4.Louis de Valois b. 1549 5.Charles IX, Roi de France+1 b. 27 Jun 1550, d. 30 May 1574 6.Henri III, Roi de France1 b. 19 Sep 1551, d. 2 Aug 1589 7.Marguerite d'Angoulême8 b. 14 May 1553, d. 27 Mar 1615 8.Hercule François de Valois, Duc d'Alençon et Anjou b. 1554, d. 1584 9.Victoire de Valois b. 1556 10.Jeanne de Valois b. 1556 Citations 1.[S38] John Morby, Dynasties of the World: a chronological and genealogical handbook (Oxford, Oxfordshire, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1989), page 78. Hereinafter cited as Dynasties of the World. 2.[S130] Wikipedia, online http;//www.wikipedia.org. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia. 3.[S3409] Caroline Maubois, "re: Penancoet Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 2 December 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Penancoet Family." 4.[S308] Portraits au crayons des Clouet, online http://clouet.dessins.free.fr. Hereinafter cited as Portraits au crayons des Clouet. 5.[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 82. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage. 6.[S16] Jirí Louda and Michael MacLagan, Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe, 2nd edition (London, U.K.: Little, Brown and Company, 1999), table 67. Hereinafter cited as Lines of Succession. 7.[S323] Sir James Balfour Paul, The Scots Peerage: founded on Wood's edition of Sir Robert Douglas's The Peerage of Scotland (Edinburgh, Scotland: David Douglas, 1904), volume I, page 23. Hereinafter cited as The Scots Peerage. 8.[S36] Hugh Montgomery-Massingberd, editor, Burke's Royal Families of the World, Volume 1: Europe & Latin America (London, U.K.: Burke's Peerage Ltd, 1977), page 84. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Royal Families of the World, Volume 1.

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Henri II de Valois, roi de France's Timeline

1519
March 31, 1519
Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Ile-de-France, France
1533
October 28, 1533
Age 14
Marseilles,France
1538
July 25, 1538
Age 19
Paris, Ile-de-France, France
1544
January 19, 1544
Age 24
Chateau de Fontainebleau, Seine-et-Marne, France
1545
April 2, 1545
Age 26
Fontainebleau, Seine-et-Marne, Île-de-France, France
1547
March 31, 1547
- July 10, 1559
Age 28
April 1547
Age 28
Aachen, Cologne, Germany
November 12, 1547
Age 28
Fontainebleau, Ile-de-France, France
1549
February 3, 1549
Age 29
Fontainebleau, Île-de-France, France
1550
June 27, 1550
Age 31
St-Germain, Île-de-France, France