Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon

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Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon

Also Known As: "1st Baron Hunsdon", "3rd Baron of Hunsdon"
Birthplace: Hengrave, Suffolk, England
Death: Died in London, Middlesex, England
Place of Burial: Westminster, Greater London, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir William Carey, Kt. and Mary Boleyn
Husband of Anne Morgan, Baroness Hunsdon
Father of Lady Katherine Carey; Henry Carey, MP; George Carey, 2nd Baron of Hunsdon; Thomas Carey, I; William Carey, MP and 10 others
Brother of Catherine Carey, Chief Lady of the Bedchamber; John Carey; George Carey; Robert Carey and Mary Carey
Half brother of Anne Stafford; William Stafford; Edward Stafford and Catherine Stafford

Managed by: FARKAS Mihály László
Last Updated:

About Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon

Said to be the Son of Henry VIII

Offspring of King Henry VIII? http://www.genealogymagazine.com/boleyn.html

Historians differ as to whether he was the biological child of Henry VIII, or of Boleyn's husband, Sir William Carey, Gentleman of the Privy Chamber and Esquire of the Body to King Henry VIII.= "


Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon

Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon KG (4 March 1526 – 23 July 1596), was an English nobleman and courtier. He was the patron of Lord Chamberlain's Men, William Shakespeare's playing company. The son of Mary Boleyn, the sister of Anne Boleyn, he was a cousin of Elizabeth I. Since his mother was also a mistress to King Henry VIII of England, some historians have speculated that he might have been an illegitimate child of Henry VIII.

Henry Carey was the second child of Sir William Carey and Mary Boleyn, the sister of the later queen, Anne Boleyn. William Carey died suddenly from the sweating sickness on 23 June 1528 when Henry was only two. Carey and his elder sister Catherine came under the wardship of their maternal aunt Anne Boleyn, who was engaged to Henry VIII at the time. The children still had active contact with their mother, who remained on good terms with her sister, until Mary's secret elopement with a soldier, William Stafford (later Lord of Chebsey) in 1535.

Anne Boleyn acted as her nephew's patron and had him provided with an excellent education in a prestigious Cistercian monastery. He was also tutored at some point by French poet Nicholas Bourbon, whose life had been saved from the French Inquisition after Queen Anne's intervention.

Henry's royal aunt was beheaded in May 1536, when he was ten years old. His mother died seven years later in 1543 on her estate in Essex. On 21 May 1545 he married Anne Morgan, daughter of Sir Thomas Morgan, of Arkestone, Herefordshire, and Elizabeth Whitney.

Carey served twice as Member of Parliament, representing Buckingham during 1547–1550—entering when he was 21—and 1554–1555. He was knighted in November 1558 and created Baron by his first cousin Elizabeth I of England on 13 January 1559. His sister, Catherine, was one of Elizabeth's favourite ladies-in-waiting and the Queen was very generous to her Boleyn relatives. His Baronial estate consisted of the manors of Hunsdon and Eastwick, Hertfordshire and possessions in Kent. Hunsdon had previously belonged to Elizabeth's predecessor Mary I. He was also granted an annual pension of £400. On 31 October 1560, Henry was appointed Master of the Queen's Hawks, making him "the Queen’s master falconer." On 20 April 1561, Henry also became a Knight of the Garter.

Elizabeth appointed Hunsdon Captain of the Gentlemen Pensioners in 1564, a position making him effectively her personal bodyguard for four years. He accompanied her to Cambridge University in 1564, for which he was awarded a MA.[2] On 25 August 1568, Henry was appointed Governor of Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland.

The year 1569 was the beginning of the Rising of the North (November 1569 - February 1570), a major uprising instigated by Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, Charles Neville, 6th Earl of Westmorland and Thomas Percy, 7th Earl of Northumberland. The rebellion was expecting the support of the Roman Catholic Pope Pius V.

Henry was appointed Lieutenant General of the forces loyal to the Queen. His February victory over Sir Leonard Dacre was instrumental in crushing the rebellion. Nearly three thousand rebels ambushed Henry Carey's party of half that size, but Carey was nonetheless victorious in fending off the assault. A number of the rebels crossed the border to Scotland but were there targeted by the forces of the Scottish Regent. Henry could still appreciate the courage of Dacre's soldiers. In his letter to the Queen detailing the victory, he made mention of the rebel charge "the bravest charge that ever I saw!". He was rewarded with a personal note of thanks from Queen Elizabeth I that read in part .

  • "I doubt much, my Harry, whether that the victory were given me, more joyed me, or that you were by God appointed the instrument of my glory; and I assure you that for my country's good, the first must suffice, but for my heart's contention the second pleased me . . you have done much for honour . . Your loving kinswoman, Elizabeth R."

The victorious Henry was appointed Warden of the Eastern March and represented the Queen in signing a treaty with the Regent on 23 October 1571. On 31 July 1574 Henry became Keeper of Somerset House, the property of the Queen before ascending the throne. He was then named Privy Counsellor in 1577. On 16 January 1581, Henry was appointed Captain-General of the forces responsible for the safety of English borders. He was appointed Lord Chamberlain of the Household in July 1585 and would hold this position until his death. This did not prevent Elizabeth from appointing him Lord Chamberlain Lieutenant, Principal Captain and Governor of the army "for the defence and surety of our own Royal Person". The appointment occurred on 20 July 1588 in Tilbury.

Henry also served as Chief Justice in Eyre, south of the River Trent between 1589 and his death. He was Joined Commissioner of the Office Earl Marshal and High Steward of Ipswich and Doncaster. He served as Chief Justice of the Royal Forces between 20 December 1591 and his death. On 2 March 1592 Henry was appointed High Steward of Oxford for life.

Beginning in 1587, Carey began an affair with Emilia Lanier (1569-1645), daughter of a Venetian-born court musician and marrano (a Jew forced to convert to Christianity but secretly Jewish). Carey, 45 years older than Lanier, was Elizabeth's Lord Chamberlain at the time of their affair and a patron of the arts and theatre (he was the patron of Shakespeare's theatre company, known as the Lord Chamberlain's Men, but not until two years after their affair was over).

Records indicate that Carey gave her a pension of £40 a year. Lanier apparently enjoyed her time as Carey's mistress. An entry from Forman's diary reads "[Lanier] hath bin married 4 years/ The old Lord Chamberlain kept her longue She was maintained in great pomp... she hath 40£ a yere & was welthy to him that married her in monie & Jewells".[3] In 1592, when she was 23, Lanier became pregnant with Carey's child. Carey paid her off with a sum of money and then married her off to her first cousin once removed, Alfonso Lanier, a Queen's musician. Church records show the two were married in St. Botolph's church, Aldgate, on 18 October 1592.[4] Lanier gave birth to Carey's son, Henry, in 1593 (presumably named after his father).

Henry Carey died at Somerset House, Strand on 23 July 1596 and was buried on 12 August 1596 at Westminster Abbey. On his deathbed his cousin Elizabeth I offered to create him Earl of Wiltshire; however, he refused, saying:

  • “ Madam, as you did not count me worthy of this honour in life, then I shall account myself not worthy of it in death. ”

Two of his sons, George, and John, successively followed him as Baron Hunsdon.

Henry Carey's mother, Mary Boleyn, was mistress to King Henry VIII from 1520.[5] The exact dates when the affair started and ended are unknown, although it is believed to have ended by the time Henry Carey was born on 4 March 1526.[6]

Contemporary rumours stated that Henry was an illegitimate child of Henry VIII. Some 10 years after the child was born, John Hales, vicar of Isleworth, remarked that he had met a "young Master Carey," whom some monks believed to be the king's son. However as Eric Ives has pointed out, the vicar was hostile towards the Boleyn family and may just have been causing trouble.[citation needed] The idea that Carey was Henry VIII's secret son has inspired modern historical fiction, such as the novel The Other Boleyn Girl. Alison Weir in her biography of Mary Boleyn concluded that the preponderance of evidence points to Henry Carey's sister, Catherine Carey, as being the only offspring of Mary's relations with Henry VIII.

Henry Carey and Ann Morgan's marriage resulted in the birth of sixteen children.

  • Sir George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon (1547-8 September 1603). He was married on 29 December 1574 to Elizabeth Spencer, daughter of Sir John Spencer, Member of Parliament representing Northamptonshire, and Katherine Kitson.
  • Sir John Carey, 3rd Baron Hunsdon (died April 1617). He was married on 20 December 1576 to Mary Hyde, daughter of Leonard Hyde of Throcking, Herefordshire. They were parents of Henry Carey, 1st Earl of Dover.
  • Henry Carey. MP for Berwick and Buckingham.
  • Thomas Carey. Died in infancy.
  • Thomas Carey. Presumably named after deceased brother. Also died in childhood.
  • William Carey.
  • Sir Edmund Carey (ca. 1558-1637). He was married three times. First to Mary Crocker, second to Elizabeth Neville and third to Judith Humphrey. He was father to a younger Sir Robert Carey but it is not certain which wife gave birth to him.
  • Robert Carey, 1st Earl of Monmouth (1560-12 April 1639). He was married on 20 August 1593 to Elizabeth Trevannion, daughter of Sir Hugh Trevannion and Sybilla Morgan. They were parents to Henry Carey, 2nd Earl of Monmouth.
  • Joan Carey
  • Katherine Carey (ca. 1550-25 February 1603). She was wife to Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham.
  • Philadelphia Carey. She was married to Thomas Scrope, 10th Baron Scrope and was mother to Emanuel Scrope, 1st Earl of Sunderland.
  • Margaret Carey. She was married to Sir Edward Hoby, son of Thomas Hoby and Elizabeth Cooke
  • Elizabeth Carey
  • Anne Carey
  • Eleanor Carey
  • Matilda Carey

In addition, Henry had several illegitimate children, including Valentine Carey, who eventually served in the military under his father and achieved fairly high rank.

From: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Carey,_1st_Baron_Hunsdon


  • Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 09
  • Carey, Henry (1524?-1596) by Sidney Lee
  • CAREY, HENRY, first Lord Hunsdon (1524?–1596), governor of Berwick and chamberlain of Queen Elizabeth's household, born about 1524, was only son of William Carey, esquire of the body to Henry VIII, by his wife Mary, sister of Anne Boleyn and daughter of Sir Thomas Boleyn [q. v.] Through his mother he was first cousin to Queen Elizabeth. His father died of the sweating sickness in 1528, and his mother remarried Sir William Stafford, who died 19 July 1543.
  • Carey first comes into notice as member of parliament for Buckingham at the end of 1547; he was re-elected for the same constituency to the parliaments of April and November 1554, and of October 1555. In 1549 Edward VI granted him the manors of Little Brickhill and Burton in Buckinghamshire. He was knighted by his relative Queen Elizabeth soon after her accession, and was created Baron Hunsdon on 13 Jan. 1558-1559, receiving on 20 March following a grant of the honour of Hunsdon and manor of Eastwick in Hertfordshire, together with other lands in Kent. Hunsdon was prominent in all the court tournaments and jousts of 1559 and 1560. With Leicester he held the lists against all comers in a tournament at Greenwich 3 Nov. 1559. On 18 May 1561 he was installed a knight of the Garter and was sworn of the privy council about the same time. He also became captain of the gentlemen-pensioners. On 28 May 1564 he went to France to present the order of the Garter to the young French king Charles IX, and on 5 Aug., while in attendance on Elizabeth at Cambridge, he was created M.A. The queen lost no opportunity of testifying to her affection for her cousin. When on what she imagined to be her deathbed in 1562, she specially commended Hunsdon to the care of the council.
  • In August 1568 Hunsdon became warden of the east marches towards Scotland, and governor of Berwick. In September 1569 he went to Scotland to discuss the possibility of sending Mary Stuart back to her own country while excluding her from the throne. Later in the same year the outbreak of the northern rebellion threw on him a heavy responsibility. He was entrusted with the duty of protecting not only Berwick but Newcastle and the rest of Northumberland. He moved rapidly first to Doncaster (20 Nov.), thence to Hull (23 Nov.), and subsequently to York (24 Nov.), where he joined the Earl of Sussex, the commander-in-chief of the government forces. Hunsdon resisted an order (22 Jan. 1569-70) of the government to reduce the garrisons on the Scotch frontiers, which was issued while the rebellion in the more southerly counties was unsuppressed. On 20 Feb. 1569-70, with an army of fifteen hundred men, he defeated, near Carlisle, a rebel army of twice the number of men under Leonard Dacres. He despatched a spirited account of the engagement to Sir William Cecil on the same night, and received a letter of thanks from the queen, part of which, written in her own hand, was couched in the most affectionate terms. Hunsdon was a member of the commission appointed to try the rebel leaders of the counties of York, Durham, and Cumberland, early in 1570. In the following year the queen paid him many attentions. She visited him at Hunsdon House in September; allowed him new and extensive privileges as lord of the manor of Sevenoaks, a portion of his property in Kent; and granted hin further lands in Yorkshire and Derbyshire.
  • Meanwhile, Scotch affairs occupied him in the north, and he was directed to grant all assistance in his power to James against the supporters of his dethroned mother. In May 1572 he prayed Lord Burghley to procure his recall from Berwick, on the ground that his salary was unpaid, and that his private resources could not endure the constant calls which his office made on them. In the following month the Scots handed over to him Thomas Percy, earl of Northumberland, who had escaped from England while charges of treason were pending against him. Hunsdon was directed to bring the earl to York and there to have him executed, but he declined to convey him beyond Alnwick, the boundary of his jurisdiction. He wrote to Burghley urging the lord treasurer to'obtain the earl's pardon, but he was compelled finally to surrender the earl to Sir John Forster, who hanged him at York on 22 Aug. 1572. Hunsdon rigorously suppressed marauding on the borders, and according to popular report he took as much delight in hanging Scotch thieves as most men take in hawking or hunting. On 24 May 1580 he was appointed a commissioner for the redress of grievances on the border; six months later he became captain-general of the forces on the border, and was at Newcastle in January 1580-1. He wrote to Walsingham at the time that he declined to interfere further in Scotch affairs, since his advice was systematically neglected. He desired permission to visit the queen and to look after his private affairs.
  • Hunsdon, still on good terms with Elizabeth, gave her every new year very valuable presents. He favoured her projected marriage with the Duc d'Anjou, and was present at the consultations respecting it held in October 1579, He escorted the duke to Antwerp in February 1581-2. About June 1583 Elizabeth showed her respect for him by making him lord chamberlain of her household in succession to the Earl of Sussex. But his neglect of his office in the north and frequent absence from Berwick angered Elizabeth in the following year. His son Robert reported to his father that in a torrent of passion she threatened 'to set him by his feet' and send another in his place. Hunsdon once again explained to Lord Burghley (6 June 1584) that his salary was in arrear, that his soldiers and servants were in wont of food and clothing, and that he had done his duty as well as man could under such disheartening conditions. This storm soon blew over, and on 14 Aug. of the same year Hunsdon received the Earl of Arran at Berwick, with a view to renewing the old league between England and Scotland. A little later he resisted the order to put some exiled Scottish noblemen — who declined to recognise James VI's authority — in possession of the island of Lindisfarne. Hunsdon argued that the disaffected noblemen would prove dangerous neighbours for England, and be likely to imperil Elizabeth's amicable relations with James VI. The Scottish king made similar representations; Walsingham finally acknowledged the Justice of Hunsdon's arguments, and permitted him to evade the order. Hunsdon attended the meeting of the Star-chamber on 23 June 1585, when the treasons of Henry Percy, earl of Northumberland, who had shot himself in the Tower, were formally published. In October 1586 he was at Fotheringay as one of the commissioners for the trial of Mary Queen of Scots.
  • The execution of Queen Mary nearly precipitated a breach with the king of Scotland, and in April 1589 Hunsdon was deputed to proceed to Scotland on the delicate mission of placing the relations between James and Elizabeth on a friendly footing. James talked freely to the English ambassador of the tempting offers made him by Spain if he would declare against the English alliance, but he readily consented to reject them in Elizabeth's favour. Hunsdon was not, however, well impressed by James or by James's court. He wrote to Elizabeth from Berwick 24 Oct.1587 that the king was quite capable of deceiving her, and that the company about him were 'maliciously bent against your highness.' Full powers were given Hunsdon to maintain 'the good intelligence' between the two realms, and in December 1587 James sent Sir John Carmichael to Berwick to renew proffers of friendship. Elizabeth rewarded Hunsdon's successful diplomacy with the office of lord warden-general of the marches of England towards Scotland, and keeper of Tinsdale (31 Aug. 1589). A grant of a part of the temporalities of the see of Durham followed, and a rumour was abroad that Hunsdon was about to be created count palatine.
  • The need of preparing to resist the Spanish Armada brought Hunsdon to the south, and a force of 36,000, formed to act as the queen's body-guard, was placed under his command at Tilbury Fort. In 1590 he, with Lord Burghley and Lord Howard of Effingham, was appointed commissioner for executing the office of earl marshal, and in 1591, with Lord Howard of Effingham and Lord Buckhurst, negotiated an alliance with France. Many other duties were placed upon him during the last years of his life. He was commissioner for the trials of William Parry, D.D., 20 Feb. 1584-5; of Philip, earl of Arundel, 14 April 1589; of Sir John Perrot (for treasonable correspondence with Spain), 20 March 1591-2; and of Patrick O'Cullen (for the like offence), 21 Feb. 1593-4. He also held the office of chief justice of the forests south of the Trent, and master of the game of Hyde Park; he was elected recorder of Cambridge 25 April 1590, high steward of Ipswich 11 Sept. following, and high steward of Doncaster in October.
  • Hunsdon died on 23 July 1596 at Somerset House, the use of which the queen had granted him. Fuller reports the story that his death was caused by disappointment at not being created earl of Wiltshire, the title borne by his maternal grandfather, Sir Thomas Boleyn [q. v.]. It is said that the queen visited him during his last illness and presented him with the patent of the new title and the robes of an earl, but that Hunsdon declined both on the ground that honours of which the queen deemed him unworthy in his lifetime were not worthy of his acceptance on his deathbed. He was buried in Westminster Abbey on 12 Aug. at the queen's expense. His wife and heir erected above his tomb an elaborate monument to his memory.
  • Although Hunsdon's achievements are few, and his office in the north did not allow him to reside regularly at court, he contrived to be present at most of the state ceremonies of the time, and his position as chamberlain and his intimacy with the queen gave him much influence when in attendance on his sovereign. Straightforward and rough in speech and conduct, he held himself aloof from the factions which divided the noblemen and statesmen of the day; professional courtiers feared him, but soldiers respected and loved him. He lacked most of the literary culture of his class, but according to Gerard he took a deep interest in botany. The British Museum possesses a copy of 'Froissart' (Paris, 1513), which contains a few manuscript notes in Carey's handwriting together with entries of the dates of most of his children's births.
  • Hudson married Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas Morgan, knight, of Arkestone, Herefordshire, by whom he had seven sons and three daughters. His eldest son, George [q. v.], became second Lord Hunsdon. His second son, John [q. v.], became third lord. Of his younger sons, two named Thomas, and a fifth, William, died young. Edmund, the sixth son, was knighted by Leicester in the Netherlands in 1587. The youngest son, Robert [q. v.], was created earl of Monmouth. Hunsdon's eldest daughter, Catherine, married Charles Howard, earl of Nottingham; the second daughter became the wife of Thomas, lord Scrope, and the third of Sir Edward Hoby.
  • A miniature portrait of Hunsdon by Nicholas Hilliard was sold at the Strawberry Hill sale to the Duke of Buckingham. At Knole House, Sevenoaks, is a painting of a procession of the queen and her court going (1580) to Hunsdon House. Lord Hunsdon and his wife are prominent figures in the picture, which was engraved by Vertue in 1742.
  • Many of Hunsdon's official letters and papers are at the Public Record Office, the British Museum, and Hatfield.
  • [Cooper's Athenæ Cantab. ii. 213-19; Cal. State Papers, temp. Eliz.; Froude's Hist. of England; Naunton's Fragmenta Regalia; Lloyd's Worthies; Fuller's Worthies; Birch's Memoirs of Elizabeth; Nicolas's Life of Christopher Hatton; Burke's Extinct Peerage; Biog. Brit.; Granger's Biog. Hist. i. 180, 194, 285.]
  • From: https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Carey,_Henry_(1524%3F-1596)_(DNB00)
  • https://archive.org/stream/dictionarynatio50stepgoog#page/n83/mode/1up to https://archive.org/stream/dictionarynatio50stepgoog#page/n85/mode/1up


  • Sir Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon, Governor of Berwick, Keeper of Hyde Park1,2,3,4,5,6
  • M, #16684, b. 4 March 1526, d. 23 July 1596
  • Father William Cary, Esq.7,8,9 b. c 1496, d. 22 Jun 1528
  • Mother Mary Boleyn3,7,8,9 b. c 1500, d. 19 Jul 1543
  • Sir Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon, Governor of Berwick, Keeper of Hyde Park was born on 4 March 1526 at of Rochford, Essex, England.4,5,6 He and Anne Morgan obtained a marriage license on 21 May 1545; They had 9 sons (including George, 2nd Lord Hunsdon; John, 3rd Lord Hunsdon; Henry; Thomas; Thomas; William; Sir Edmund; & Robert, 1st Earl of Monmouth) & 3 daughters (Katherine, wife of Sir Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham; Philadelphia, wife of Thomas, 10th Lord Scrope; & Margaret, wife of Sir Edward Hoby).10,4,5,6 Sir Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon, Governor of Berwick, Keeper of Hyde Park left a will on 21 July 1596.2 He died on 23 July 1596 at Somerset House, Strand, Middlesex, England, at age 70.2,4,5,6 His estate was probated on 26 July 1596.2 He was buried on 12 August 1596 at St. John the Baptist's Chapel, Westminster Abbey, London, Middlesex, England.4,5,6
  • Family Anne Morgan b. c 1535, d. 19 Jan 1607
  • Children
    • Sir George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon+11 b. c 1554, d. 8 Sep 1603
    • John Carey, 3rd Baron Hunsdon, M.P. for Buckingham, Governor of Berwick & Warden of the East Marches, Captain of Norham, Knight Marshal of Berwick+12 b. c 1556
    • Sir Edmund Carey13 b. c 1557, d. 12 Sep 1637
    • Robert Carey, 1st Earl Monmouth+14 b. 1560, d. 12 Apr 1639
  • Citations
  • [S4037] Unknown author, Wallop Family, Vol. 4, line 210.
  • [S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. VI, p. 629.
  • [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 186-187.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 66-67.
  • [S6] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 485.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 107-108.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 63-65.
  • [S6] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 482-484.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 104-106.
  • [S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. VI, p. 628-630.
  • [S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. VI, p. 629-630.
  • [S113] Unknown author, The Complete Peerage, by Cokayne, Vol. V, p. 267., Vol. VI, p. 627-630.
  • [S61] Unknown author, Family Group Sheets, Family History Archives, SLC.
  • [S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. IX, p. 58.
  • From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p555.htm#i16684


  • Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon of Hunsdon1
  • M, #103034, b. 4 March 1525/26, d. 23 July 1596
  • Last Edited=21 Jul 2009
  • Consanguinity Index=0.09%
  • Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon of Hunsdon was born on 4 March 1525/26.1 He was the son of William Cary and Lady Mary Boleyn.1 He and Ann Morgan obtained a marriage license on 21 May 1545.3 He died on 23 July 1596 at age 70 at Somerset House, The Strand, London, England.4 He was buried at Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England.3 His will (dated 21 July 1596) was proven (by probate) on 26 July 1596.3
  • He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Buckingham between 1547 and 1552.4 He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Buckingham from 1554 to 1555.4 He was invested as a Knight in November 1558.4 He was created 1st Baron Hunsdon of Hunsdon, co. Hertford [England] on 13 January 1558/59, and was also granted the manors of Hunsdon and Eastwick in Hertfordshire and others in Kent, along with £4,000 per year.4 He held the office of Master of the Queen's Hawks on 31 October 1560.4 He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Garter (K.G.) on 22 April 1561.4 He held the office of Captain of the Gentlemen Pensioners in 1564.4 He held the office of Governor of Berwick on 25 August 1568.4 He fought in the rebellion of the Northern Lords in February 1569/70, where he gained a victory over Sir Leonard Dacre.4 He held the office of Warden of the East Marches towards Scotland on 23 October 1571, when he treated with the Regent of Scotland.4 He held the office of Keeper of Somerset House on 31 July 1574.4 He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.) in 1577.4 He was Captain General of the forces for the defence of the borders on 16 January 1580/81.4 He held the office of Lord Chamberlain of the Household in July 1585.4 He was Lieutenant, Principal Captain and Governor of the army 'for the defence and surety of our own Royal Person' on 20 July 1588 at Tilbury, England.4 He held the office of Chief Justice in Eyre, South of Trent between 1589 and 1596.4 He held the office of Joint Commissioner for the Office of Earl Marshal in 1590.4 He held the office of High Steward of Ipswich and Doncaster in 1590.4 He held the office of Chief Justice Itinerant of the Royal Forces this side of the Trent between 20 December 1591 and 1596.4 He held the office of High Steward of Oxford on 2 March 1591/92, for life.4 On 8 October 1596 at Deptford House, London, England, an inquest was held.3 He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.5
  • Child of Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon of Hunsdon
    • Philadelphia Carey+6 d. 3 Feb 1626/27
  • Children of Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon of Hunsdon and Ann Morgan
    • Katherine Carey+7 b. 1547, d. 25 Mar 1603
    • George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon of Hunsdon+3 b. b 1556, d. 8 Sep 1603
    • John Carey, 3rd Baron Hunsdon of Hunsdon+8 b. c 1556, d. c Apr 1617
    • Sir Edmund Carey+3 b. 1558, d. 12 Sep 1637
    • Robert Carey, 1st Earl of Monmouth+9 b. 1560, d. 12 Apr 1639
  • Citations
  • [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume VI, page 627. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
  • [S3409] Caroline Maubois, "re: Penancoet Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 2 December 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Penancoet Family."
  • [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume VI, page 629.
  • [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume VI, page 628.
  • [S18] Matthew H.C.G., editor, Dictionary of National Biography on CD-ROM (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995), Carey, Henry. Hereinafter cited as Dictionary of National Biography.
  • [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume XI, page 550.
  • [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 60.
  • [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume VI, page 630.
  • [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume IX, page 59.
  • From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p10304.htm#i103034


  • Henry CAREY (1° B. Hunsdon)
  • Born: 4 Mar 1525/6, Hengrave, Suffolk, England
  • Died: 23 Jul 1596, Somerset House, Strand, Middlesex, England
  • Buried: 1596, Westminster Abbey, London, Middlesex, England
  • Notes: See his Biography. http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/Bios/HenryCarey(1BHundson).htm
  • Father: William CAREY (Gentleman of the Privy)
  • Mother: Mary BOLEYN
  • Married: Anne MORGAN (B. Hundson) 21 May 1545, Hengrave, Suffolk, England
  • Children:
    • 1. Catherine CAREY (C. Nottingham)
    • 2. George CAREY (2º B. Hundson)
    • 3. John CAREY (3° B. Hunsdon)
    • 4. Robert CAREY (1º E. Monmouth)
    • 5. Mary (Margaret) CAREY
    • 6. Henry CAREY
    • 7. Thomas CAREY
    • 8. Thomas CAREY
    • 9. William CAREY
    • 10. Edmund CAREY (Sir Knight)
    • 11. Philadelphia CAREY (B. Scrope of Bolton)
  • Associated with: ¿?
  • Children:
    • 12. Valentine CAREY
  • From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/CAREY.htm#Henry CAREY (1° B. Hunsdon)


  • CAREY, Henry (1526-96), of Buckingham, Bucks. and Hunsdon, Herts.
  • b. 4 Mar. 2526, o.s. of William Carey of Aldenham, Herts. by Mary, da. of Thomas Boleyn, Earl of Wiltshire and Earl of Ormond. m. lic. 21 May 1545, Anne, da. of Sir Thomas Morgan ?of Arkstone, Herefs., 9s. inc. Edmund†, Sir George†, Henry†, John†, Robert† and William† 3da. suc. fa. 22 June 1528. Kntd. Nov. 1558; cr. Baron Hunsdon of Hunsdon 13 Jan. 1559; KG nom. 22 Apr. inst. 18 May 1561.2
  • Offices Held
    • In the King’s household by May 1545; carver, the privy chamber by 1553-8 or later; master of the hawks 31 Oct. 1560; gov. Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumb. 25 Aug. 1568-87; warden, east marches 23 Oct. 1571; keeper, Somerset House 31 July 1574-d.; PC 1577-d.; capt. gent. pens. 1583; ld. chamberlain, the Household July 1585-d.; c.j. in eyre south of Trent 1589-d., itinerant of royal forests 20 Dec. 1591-d.; recorder, Cambridge 1590; high steward, Doncaster and Ipswich 1590, Oxf. 2 Mar. 1592-d.3
  • A cadet branch of the Devonshire family of Carey of Cockington was founded by Henry Carey’s grandfather Thomas, of Chilton Foliat, Wiltshire, whose marriage to a cousin of Margaret Beaufort brought his sons John and William into court circles. Both made favourable marriages in their turn, John to a sister of (Sir) Anthony Denny, the royal favourite, and William to the sister of Anne Boleyn. Mary Boleyn had also attracted the attention of Henry VIII and he is said to have been the father of her son, Henry Carey.4
  • Within two years of the death of William Carey from ‘the sweating sickness’ the wardship of Henry Carey, ‘for which the King might have had £133 6s.8d.’, was granted to Anne Boleyn, from whom it may have come back to the King after her execution in 1536; the boy’s mother was out of favour after her marriage to Sir William Stafford. Carey was ‘of the King’s Household’ at his marriage in 1545 and a few months later he served in the army under John Dudley, Viscount Lisle, who wrote from Portsmouth that he knew of none to replace captains who were sick except young Mr. Carey and Mr. Constable. In the following year Carey received £40 for his expenses as a member of Lisle’s embassy to France.5
  • On coming of age in 1547 Carey entered into lands in Buckinghamshire, Essex, Hampshire and Wiltshire. The Buckinghamshire property included the borough of Buckingham, granted to William Carey in tail male by Henry VIII in 1526, and Henry Carey accordingly secured his election there to the first Parliament of Edward VI’s reign. During the prorogation in 1551 he went to France in the embassy of the Marquess of Northampton. Although Carey was strongly entrenched at court as a carver in the privy chamber under Sir Robert Dudley, no place seems to have been found for him in the Parliament of March 1553. Edward VI had confirmed his ownership of Buckingham in November 1552, but this grant appears to have had the sole purpose of establishing Carey’s title, since two months later he conveyed all his rights to Robert Brocas of Horton in the same county.6
  • Carey’s absence from Mary’s first Parliament may have had some connexion with his allegiance to Elizabeth, who sent him abroad late in 1553 to visit the Duke of Savoy and report on his suitability to marry her. Nevertheless Carey’s Household office continued under Mary and he was returned to three consecutive Parliaments in her reign, presumably by agreement with Robert Brocas. He was one of those who quitted the Parliament of November 1554 prematurely without leave, and during Easter term 1555 an information was laid against him in the King’s bench for the offence: a writ of venire facias was sent to the sheriff but no further process was taken against him. In the following Parliament he joined Sir Anthony Kingston in opposing a government bill. Two years later, described as ‘late of the town of Buckingham’, Carey was sent to the Fleet prison under three obligations of 1551 for a debt of £507, but on 19 May he was ordered to be released under new recognizances for payment.7
  • Carey’s status was greatly enhanced at the accession of Elizabeth, who was his cousin if not his half-sister. After receiving a knighthood in November 1558, early in the following year he was created Baron Hunsdon of Hunsdon, a title probably deriving from his childhood connexion with the royal residence there. He was also given a large grant of land, including the manor of Hunsdon, with £4,000 to maintain his rank. Thereafter his career was one of service to the Queen, chiefly in military or judicial posts. More soldier than courtier, he is said to have been rough in speech, hasty in temper but free from malice. He died on 23 July 1596 at Somerset House, two days after making a nuncupative will, and was buried in Westminster abbey.8
  • From: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1509-1558/member/carey-henry-1526-96


  • Henry Carey
  • Birth: Mar. 4, 1525
  • Death: Jul. 23, 1596 London, Greater London, England
  • British Aristocracy. Born the son of Mary Boleyn and her first husband, William Carey. He sat as a Member of Parliament for Buckingham between 1547 and 1552 and from 1554 to 1555. He married Ann Morgan in 1545 and with her had five children. He was invested as a Knight in November 1558 and was created 1st Baron Hunsdon of Hunsdon the following January. He served his cousin, the queen, as Master of the Queen's Hawks from October 1560 and was invested as a Knight, Order of the Garter in April 1561. He fought with distinction during the Rebellion of the Northern Lords, and was invested as a Privy Counselor in 1577. He served as Captain General of the forces for the defense of the borders from 1580. He was appointed Joint Commissioner for the Office of Earl Marshal in 1590 and High Steward of Oxford in 1591. He died at age 70 at Somerset House, London, his eldest son inherited his title. (bio by: Iola)
  • Family links:
  • Parents:
  • William Carey (1495 - 1529)
  • Mary Boleyn Stafford (1501 - 1543)
  • Spouse:
  • Anne Morgan Carey (1529 - 1607)
  • Children:
    • Philadelphia Carey Scrope (____ - 1627)*
    • Valentine Carey (____ - 1626)*
    • George Carey (1547 - 1603)*
    • Katherine Carey Howard (1550 - 1603)*
    • Robert Carey (1560 - 1639)*
  • Sibling:
  • Katherine Carey Knollys (1524 - 1568)**
  • Henry Carey (1525 - 1596)
  • *Calculated relationship
  • **Half-sibling
  • Burial: Westminster Abbey, Westminster, City of Westminster, Greater London, England
  • Find A Grave Memorial# 7691540
  • From: http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=7691540


Wikipedia links:




other links:


Their is a strongly held belief (and many pointers) that he is the illegitimate off-spring (along with his sister Katherine) of Henry viii during his indisputable affair with Mary Boleyn just after her marriage to Sir William Carey.


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Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon's Timeline

March 4, 1525
Suffolk, England

Thought to be the bastard son of Henry VIII Tudor, King of England, who was married to her sister Anne Boleyn.

May 12, 1545
Age 20
Hengrave, Suffolk, England
Age 20
Age 21
Clovelly, Devonshire, England
Age 21
Hunsdon, Hertfordshire, England
March 3, 1548
Age 23
Hengrave, Suffolk, England, (Present UK)
Age 22
Of, Clovelly, Devonshire, England
Age 22
0f, Clovelly, Devonshire, England
Age 22
Hunsdon, Hertfordshire, England, (Present UK)
March 3, 1550
Age 25
Castle Cary, Somerset, England