About Henry Dow, II
•Name: Henry DOW
•Birth: 06 OCT 1605 in Ormsby, Norfolk, England
•Immigration: 1637 From England to American with wife and four children. One child was wife's by first marriage.
•Residence: 1637 Watertown, Massachusetts
•Death: 21 APR 1659 in Hampton, Rockingham, New Hampshire 2
•Residence: 1644 Hampton, New Hampshire
Father: Henry DOW b: 1550 in Ormsby, Norfolk, England
Mother: Elizabeth MARCHE b: 1573 in Ormsby, Norfolk, England
Marriage 1 Joan NUDD b: 1607 •Married: 11 FEB 1631 in Ormsby, Norfolk, England
1. Thomas DOW b: DEC 1631 in England
2. HENRY DOW b: ABT 1634 in England
3. Joseph DOW b: 20 MAR 1639 in Watertown, Middlesex, Massachusetts
Marriage 2 Margaret COLE •Married: ABT 1640
1. Daniel DOW b: 22 SEP 1641 in Watertown, Massachusetts
2. Mary DOW b: 14 SEP 1643 in Watertown, Massachusetts
3. Hannah DOW b: 1649 in Hampton, New Hampshire
4. Thomas DOW b: 28 APR 1653 in Hampton, New Hampshire
5. Jeremiah DOW b: 06 SEP 1657 in Hampton, New Hampshire
•Name: HENRY DOW
•Birth: 05 OCT 1606 in Runham, Norfolk, England
•Death: 21 APR 1659 in Hampton, Rockingham, New Hampshire, USA
Henry Dow was baptized Oct. 6, 1605, but age given as 29 on coming to America in 1637. At age 25 was a farmer in Ormsby, not far from Runham. Married Jane Nudd 11 Feb 1630/31. Her name also Joan Nudd, a widow with son, had married Roger Nudd, (son of John) who died in Ormsby 1629, her maiden name unknown. When they came to America in 1637, had four children and sponsored a "servant" Ann Maning, age 17. Settled in Watertown, Mass. Joan, wife of Henry Dow buried 20 April 1640. He married his second wife (2) Margaret Cole. She had come to "America" indentured to the Metcalfe family in 1639, from Ormsby. Received into First Church Dedham "ye third month of this year" 1639 "Margaret Coole", a maid servant, giving good satisfaction to ye church." Margaret having married Henry Dow was dismissed from First Church Dedham to Watertown Church. Henry moved to Hampton, N.H. in 1644, man of influence, selectman 1651, deputy to General Court of Mass. 1655-6. Trader in real estate. Always styled "gentlemen" or Mr. Died April 21, 1659. His will and the inventory of his estate given in detail and on file in Salem, Mass. He had 4 children by Joan and 5 by Margaret. Thomas was the 8h child. Margaret married the second time to Richard Kimball of Ipswich, Mass. on 23 Oct. 1661. He was of Watertown 1641/44 and knew the Dow's then. Margaret died on 1 Mar 1675/6. (History of Kimball Family in America) (Book of Dow, pgs. 27-34) (Ruth Dow gives Margaret's second marriage as 23 Aug. 1661 an in another sentence gives it as 23 Oct 1661)
Father: HENRY DOW b: 1577 in Runham, Norfolk, England
Mother: ELIZABETH MARCH b: 15 JAN 1572/73 in Runham, Norfolk, England
Marriage 1 Joan Nudd Married 11 Feb 1630/31
1. Thomas Dow b: 27 DEC 1631 in England
2. HENRY DOW b: 1634 in Ormsby, Norfolkshire, England
3. Joseph Dow b: 20 MAR 1638/39 in Watertown, Middlesex, Massachusetts, USA
Henry Dow, to be known as a progenitor of the largest American family, was at 25 a farmer in Ormsby. He had a little inheritance from his mother, more than enough to equip his holding of land. Ormsby is not far from Runham. Its parish register was copied in 1880 by Rev. R S Blofield, rector. In it occur three important items, which prove that Henry b 1606 of Runham is Henry of Ormsby and America:
Edward Dow and Elizabeth Robbins were married ye xxvij of January, anno Dom 1628. Henry Dow and Jane Nud was married ye 11 of February 1630 oe Anno Domini 1631 Thomas doue filius Thomas Doue et Joane uxoris ejus vicesimo Septi mo die December baptirjatus fuit.
The mention of the father as Thomas is an obvious pen slip. We follow the youngster to America, where he died at 10.
It is clear that the brothers Edward and Henry were together as husbandman in Ormsby, that each found a wife there, that the ties of Runham gradually were loosed as Ormsby ties grew strong. What happened to Edward we have not traced. Of Henry's path, the account is fairly ample. Of Joan Nudd we know but little: not her maiden name. She was 23 at her marriage and had a baby boy. Her husband was Roger Nudd, son of John, who died in Ormsby 1629. Probably Henry and Roger were fellow farmers. The Nudds were numerous in Norfolk, mostly in the seaward parish. Vital rec. of that parish are not extant prior to 1671. The Nudd affairs are fully discussed under the chapter of Thomas Nudd, immigrant of 1637.
Under what circumstances Henry and Joan became dissenters is not known. They were of the established church in 1630. There arose in Ormsby a great deal of dissatisfaction, religious and otherwise. This crystallized into a determination of seven families to try the New World. It was an arrangement planned long in advance and was consummated on the same boat. Hotten's Original Lists give all the families, who afterwards appear together in Hampton, N H. The Page, Moulton, Marston families intermarried with Dow with especial frequency. It has often been asserted with more or less cynicism, that a desire to better one's material condition was the paramount reason for going to America, desire for religious freedom being very secondary. It may be that these people were at no time dissenters in England. They had to be, in Massachusetts Bay, for there were no others. That all of them were of strong religious feeling is sure. No others could stand the intensely religious atmosphere of New England, a situation in which one must travel a very narrow path of rectitude, almost all ordinary pleasures being outside the pale. If the percentage of immigrants whose motive was improvement of material conditions and not intense religiousness had been at all large, the stern puritan life could not have maintained its iron grip, but would have degenerated into the free and easy morals of Virginia during the same period. In Massachusetts Bay all were of the persuasion which became Congregationalism, in contrast to that of the Plymouth colony whose notion of Government became Presbyterianism.
In the Rolls Office, Chancery Lane, London, is a small parchment bound volume labeled on the cover:
T C 27. 979 A A. D. 1637 13 Car. I
This is filled with entries of persons 'desirous to pass beyond seas' and consists of 16 pp, most of which are taken up by names of Puritans on the way to Holland. The contents has been copied into Hotten's Original Lists, Drake's Founders of New England, etc. The entry vital to us is:
'These people went to New England: with William: Andrewes: of Ipswich M'r of the: John: and Dorethy: of Ipswich and with William Andrewes his son M'r of the Rose: of Yarmouth Aprill the llth 1637. The examination of Henerey Dowe of Ormsby in Norff Husband man, ageed 29 yeares and Joane: his wife ageed 30 yeares with four children, and one Saruant Ann Maning aged 17 yeares, are desirous to passe into New England to inhabitt.'
This is all clear. Henry Dow of Ormsby married the widow of his friend, a year older than himself, took her baby boy; had three children of his own and was able to start with a servant. This latter does not indicate affluence. Passage to America was very costly. Young men and women of good family gladly indentured themselves for a long term if the employer would pay the passage. It was in this way that Margaret Cole, who became Henry Dow's second wife, came to Dedham with the family of Mitchill Metcalfe. But, it does show that Henry was decidedly thrifty or charitable to bring the maid. Of Ann Manning, saruant ageed 17 nothing further appears; no doubt she found a husband as soon as her term of service was up. Tbe Andrewes, father and son, were in the regular business of carrying emigrants across, so they do not appear again in these pages.
From Henry Dow are descended nearly three-fifths of all the Dows of America. The party landed in Boston after a long voyage, no details of which have appeared. One child either died on voyage or on land before Watertown statistics were begun. How and why Henry parted from his companions we do not know. All but he turned up 1640 in Hampton and asked him to join them there. Henry proceeded almost at once to Watertown just being settled about ten miles west of Boston. Presumably the selection of the place was influenced by the opportunity to become a grantee on equal terms, with allotment of land free. No settler in those days had to buy land unless it was thought desirable to pay the Indians for a title. He remained seven years in Watertown, a very inconspicuous citizen. He was admitted a freeman May 2, 1638, but held no office in his town. In fact, the only mentions of him in Watertown are in the land records and vital statistics. He could have had free land in Hampton in 1640, but decided not to accept it. There is reason to think that he stayed in Watertown until the land boomed. In a few years the settled place commanded a price at which the original settlers took profits and moved on to begin anew and clear forest land. We know that Henry Dow left Watertown a moderate capitalist.
In Lands,Grants & Possessions, first Inventory, we find: Henry Dow 1. An Homestall of Eight acres more or less bounded on the East with Hill street and west with William Rix the North with Thomas Hastings & the South with Robert Veazey. 2. A farm of Ninety seven acres of Vpland in the 5 divifion In the third Inventory is entered:
Henry Dow. 1. An Homestall of Eight Acres by eftimation bounded on the Eaft w'th the highway the West with Thomas Smith and Eliz Barron the North w'th Thomas Boyson & the South w'th William Godfree in his possession.
Clearly, between the two inventories an almost complete change of adjacent land ownership had taken place, the original settlers selling out to new comers. Henry's farm has not been placed, no effort having been made. The home was on the west side of School St. An entry of April 9, 1638: A Divifion of Land at y'e Townplott, Henry Dow Six acres In 1642: Ordered that all the Townes Men that had no farm laid out formerly fhall take them by ten in a Divifion, and to east Lotts f or the severau Divifions allowing 13 acres of Vpland to every head of Persons and cattle.
Lott: No of lot Henry Dow Ninety seven acres 102
The little book of Watertown vital records is extant:
The Records of the Births, Deathes and Marriages in Watertown
Keppt according to the order of Court Made in the yeare 1638.
p 6. 1638 Jofeth Dow of Henry and Jone Dow borne the 20'd-11 mo p 9 of the book is blank, the clerk having neglected his duty, but what belongs there is in the records of the Clerk of the Court of Middlesex Co:
1640 Joan the wife of Henry Dow buried 20 (4) 1641 Daniell the son of Henry & Margaret Dow borne 22 (7) Thomas the son of Henry & Jone Dow buried 10 (5) 1643 Mary the daughter of Henry & Margaret Dow borne 14 (7)
In the transcript of Don Gleason Hill of the First Church (of Dedham): Margarette Cole our sister by p'dence being maried to a brother sells to Manuel F of Watertown named Dow was dismissed to y't Church 1643. The wedding was not at Watertown.
Thus is recorded the birth of Joseph Dow, first Dow ever born in America, whose posterity is the most numerous; also the death of his older brother; the death of his mother at 33, twice a wife, five times a mother; the birth of two new children, following his father's speedy remarriage. We must not accuse Henry of indelicacy. In primitive New England life for a man without a wife's help was hard indeed; for a woman without help from a husband harder yet; for children without both parents almost unsupportable. Margaret Cole had known Henry Dow in Ormsby, had come to America in 1639 with the Metcalfe family and had settled in Dedham. She was indentured, just as Ann Manning had been, and was younger than Henry Dow. In First Church Dedham: Margaret Coole, a maid servant, giving good satisfaction to ye church was received in ye 3rd month of this yeare, 1639. Others from Ormsby were admitted about the same time. Margaret survived her husband by 16 years; m 2nd (Martgrit Dow) Aug 23, 1661, Richard Kimball of Ipswich. He was of Watertown 1641 to 1644 and came then to know the Dows.
In 1644 the time was ripe to move. Henry sold out all his lands and started overland for Hampton. In that town is an entry: June 16, 1640, grant of a house lot to Henry Dow, if he come. Evidently he had thought then of moving. But, he had become an astute land speculator. In 1644 he got enough for his Watertown property to buy treble the property offered as a gift. In 1644 he bought his house lot from John Sanders, freeman, of Ipswich in 1634, who came early to Hampton, but sold out, went to Newbury, returning finally to Hampton. In 1649 Henry bought the homestead of William Wakefield, freeman of 1638, who moved to Newbury in 1646. It was from this latter plot that Henry set off 10 acres for Thomas Nudd as his home. He bought a house already built from John Sanborn (where the store of J J Leavitt stood in 1890). The original Sanders purchase was on the road from Hampton village to Hampton Beach, about 1'2 miles from the ocean. In the part of the town now known as Boar's Head was the Oxe Common, land where the share holders pastured. The Cow Common was divided in 1645 into 147 shares and allotted to proprietors of house lots, Hen: Dow receiving 3 shares by virtue of proportionate lot owning. The homestead remained long in the family, sold by Olive Dow, unm, of the 6th generation. The fates were much kinder in Hampton than in Watertown. Henry was there a man of influence, his merits known. Of course, currency was scarce to all alike and it was wholly in the usual conduct of business that Henry in 1650 binds himself to pay a debt in good merchantable wheat. He was selectman in l651, Deputy to the General Court of Massachusetts 1655-6. He traded briskly in real estate at all times. In 1650 he sells to Manuel Hiliard a 10 acre house lot and 3 acres of salt marsh for money. He signs his name this year as Doue. Feb 16, 1659, he made provision for his oldest son: a house and barn bought from Thomas Sleeper, 100 rods of adjoining land, a share of the oxe common, the share of the cowcommon bought from Thomas Sleeper, also 6 acres of planting ground in the east field. He was appointed with two others to examine the land grants and highways, but died before this was completed, Apr 21, 1659. He was one of the dozen men of Hampton always styled 'gentleman' and as 'Mr.'
All men and women of early Hampton attended strictly to their religious observances. In the meeting house every detail was arranged: All the men to sett at the west end and all the women to sett at the east end and the devotion to be at the greet poest that is betwin the two windos.
Margaret Cole Dow sat by ould mistris husse her dafter husse goody swaine goody pebody goody brown mistris stanyen Mary Perkinges. Bro Page and Bro: Dow were the committee to negotiate for the services of Rev Seaborn Cotton after the resignation of Rev. Wheelwright.
Henry's will was witnessed by Robert Page and Samuel Dalton.
Henry Dow, II's Timeline
October 5, 1605
Runham, Norfolk, England
October 6, 1605
Runham Parish, Co. Norfolk, England
October 6, 1606
October 6, 1606
Runham, Yarmouth, Norfolk, England
February 11, 1631
Ormsby, Co. Norfolk, England
December 27, 1631
Ormsby, Norfolk, United Kingdom
January 3, 1634
Ormsby, Norfolk, England, (Present UK)
Watertown, , Middlesex, Massachusetts, USA,
Landed in Boston