Henry II, King of England

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Henri 'Curtmantle' Plantagenêt, Roi d'Angleterre

Nicknames: "Henry", "Curtmantle", "Fitz-Empress", "First Plantagenet King", "of England", "Duke", "Longshanks", "Count of Anjou", "Duke of Normandie", "Roi d'Angleterre", "Comte", "Duc", "Henry Planagenet", "King of England", "Lord of Ireland", "Henry FitzEmpress or Henry Plantagenet", "Henry Pl..."
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Le Mans, Sarthe, Pays de la Loire, France
Death: Died in Chinon Castle, near Tours, Maine Province, France
Place of Burial: Fontevrault Abbey, Fontevrault, Maine-Et-Loire, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Geoffroy V, comte d'Anjou et Maine and Matilda of England
Husband of Ykenai/Ikenai mistress of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen of France and England
Partner of N.N., multiple unconfirmed mistresses of King Henry II; Alix de France, comtesse de Vexin; Ida de Tosny, Countess of Norfolk (Royal Mistress of Henry II); Rosamond de Clifford, Royal Mistress of Henry II and Nesta verch Iorwerth
Father of Matilda Plantagenet, Abbess of Barking; Hugh Plantagenet, Bishop of Wells; Geoffrey of Plantagenet, Archbishop of York; William Longespée, 3rd Earl of Salisbury; William IX, Count of Poitiers and 10 others
Brother of Agnes Plantagenet; Geoffrey "Mantell" Plantagenet, VI, Count of Nantes and William, Count of Poitou
Half brother of Emma Plantagenet; Marie of Shaftsbury d'Anjou, Abbess of Shaftesbury; Emma d'Anjou; Adewis Plantagenet, d'Anjou and Hamelin de Warenne, 4th Earl of Surrey

Occupation: Enrique II rey de Inglaterra sucesor de Ricardo I desde 1154 to 1189, Rey de Inglaterra, 1ro de la dinastía "Plantagenet" que reinarían por más de 300 años., Duque de Normandía y Aquitania y Conde de Anjou., Conde de Anjou, King of England, King
Managed by: Jason Scott Wills
Last Updated:

About Henri 'Curtmantle' Plantagenêt, Roi d'Angleterre

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Predecessor: Stephen Successor: Richard the Lionheart

  • Duke of Normandy Count of Anjou Count of Maine Reign 1151–1189 with Henry the Young King

Predecessor: Geoffrey Plantagenet Successor: Richard I Lionheart

  • Duke of Aquitaine: Reign 1152–1189

Predecessor: Eleanor as sole ruler Successor: Eleanor and Richard I Lionheart

  • Count of Poitiers: Reign 1152–1153 with Eleanor

Predecessor: Eleanor as sole rulerSuccessor: William IX

  • Henry had eight legitimate children by Eleanor, five sons—William, the Young Henry, Richard, Geoffrey and John, and three daughters, Matilda, Eleanor and Joan.[nb 20] Henry also had several illegitimate children; amongst the most prominent of these were Geoffrey (later Archbishop of York) and William (later Earl of Salisbury).[164] Henry was expected to provide for the future of his legitimate children, either through granting lands to his sons or marrying his daughters well.[165] Unfortunately Henry's family was divided by rivalries and violent hostilities, more so than many other royal families of the day, in particular the relatively cohesive French Capetians.[166] Various suggestions have been put forward to explain Henry's family's bitter disputes, from their inherited family genetics to the failure of Henry and Eleanor's parenting.[167] Other theories focus on the personalities of Henry and his children.[168] Historians such as Matthew Strickland have argued that Henry made sensible attempts to manage the tensions within his family, and that, had the king died younger, the succession might have proven much smoother.[1

-------------------- angol király -------------------- First of the Angevin kings. Raised in Anjou, and first visited England in 1142 to defend his mother's claim to the disputed throne of Stephen of England. Acquired Normandy and Anjou on the death of his father in Sep 1152, and more than doubled his French holdings as a result of his marriage to Eleanor of Aquitaine. From "Henry II (1154-1189)" at http://www.britannia.com/history/monarchs/mon26.html.

Buried in Fontévrault Abbey. Place from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eleanor_of_Aquitaine -------------------- Henry II (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189), also known as Henry Curtmantle (French: Court-manteau), Henry FitzEmpress or Henry Plantagenet, ruled as Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Nantes, King of England (1154–89) and Lord of Ireland; at various times, he also controlled Wales, Scotland and Brittany. Henry was the son of Geoffrey of Anjou and Matilda, who was the daughter of King Henry I and took the title of Empress from her first marriage. He became actively involved by the age of 14 in his mother's efforts to claim the throne of England, and was made the Duke of Normandy at 17. He inherited Anjou in 1151 and shortly afterwards married Eleanor of Aquitaine, whose marriage to the French king Louis VII had recently been annulled. King Stephen agreed to a peace treaty after Henry's military expedition to England in 1153, and Henry inherited the kingdom on Stephen's death a year later. Still quite young, he now controlled what would later be called the Angevin Empire, stretching across much of western Europe. Henry was an energetic and sometimes ruthless ruler, driven by a desire to restore the lands and privileges of his royal grandfather, Henry I. During the early years of the younger Henry's reign he restored the royal administration in England, re-established hegemony over Wales and gained full control over his lands in Anjou, Maine and Touraine. Henry soon came into conflict with Louis VII and the two rulers fought what has been termed a "cold war" over several decades. Henry expanded his empire, often at Louis's expense, taking Brittany and pushing east into central France and south into Toulouse; despite numerous peace conferences and treaties no lasting agreement was reached. Although Henry usually worked well with the local hierarchies of the Church, his desire to reform England's relationship with the Church led to conflict with his former friend Thomas Becket, the Archbishop of Canterbury. This controversy lasted for much of the 1160s and resulted in Becket's death in 1170. As Henry's reign progressed he had many children with Eleanor, and tensions over the future inheritance of the empire began to emerge, encouraged first by Louis VII and then Louis's son and successor Philip Augustus. In 1173 Henry's heir apparent, "Young Henry", rebelled in protest against his father; he was joined by his brothers Richard and Geoffrey and by their mother, Eleanor. France, Scotland, Flanders and Boulogne allied with the rebels against Henry. The Great Revolt spread across Henry's lands and was only defeated by his vigorous military action and talented local commanders, many of them "new men" appointed for their loyalty and administrative skills. Henry was mostly generous in victory and appeared for the moment to be at the height of his powers, but Young Henry and Geoffrey revolted again in 1183, resulting in Young Henry's death. Despite invading Ireland to provide lands for his youngest son John, Henry struggled to find ways to satisfy all his sons' desires for land and immediate power. Philip successfully played on Richard's fears that Henry would make John king, and a final rebellion broke out in 1189. Decisively defeated by Philip and Richard and suffering from a bleeding ulcer, Henry retreated to Chinon in Anjou, where he died. Henry's empire quickly collapsed during the reign of his youngest son John. Many of the changes Henry introduced during his long rule, however, had long-term consequences. Henry's legal changes are generally considered to have laid the basis for the English Common Law, while his intervention in Brittany, Wales and Scotland shaped the development of their societies and governmental systems. Historical interpretations of Henry's reign have changed considerably over time. In the 18th century, scholars argued that Henry was a driving force in the creation of a genuinely English monarchy and, ultimately, a unified Britain. During the Victorian expansion of the British Empire, historians were keenly interested in the formation of Henry's own empire, but they also expressed concern over his private life and treatment of Becket. Late-20th-century historians have combined British and French historical accounts of Henry, challenging earlier Anglocentric interpretations of his reign. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_II_of_England

Great Tower, Dover Castle, Dover, Kent, England UK was built by Henry II, one of the most powerful English kings of all time, to entertain the leaders of Christendom.

The Great Tower at Dover Castle is the most spectacular building in one of Europe's most spectacular castles. During the eight centuries of its existence it has been the scene of numerous events in the mainstream of English history. Its heyday, however, was undoubtedly in the decades after its creation in the late 12th century. But although it is superbly preserved and still gives an instant impression of the power and ambition of its builder, to understand how it might have functioned, looked and felt in that period requires a lot more knowledge and imagination. -------------------- Kathryn Lothian Family Tree in Shishkowski Web Site, managed by Kathryn Shishkowski (Contact) Birth: Feb 7 1102 - Le Mans, Sarthe, Pays de la Loire, France Death: Sep 10 1167 - Chinon, Indre-et-Loire, Centre, France

Parents: Count Geoffrey V the Handsome DeAnjou Plantagenet, Holy Roman Empress Adelaide Matilda Maude Plantagenet (born Plantagenet duMaine Countess Anjou /Duchess Normandy)

Siblings: Rohese FITZHENRY, Constance DeBretagne, Geoffrey VI Martel dAnjou, Mathilda England, Christina Germany, Eleanor Plantagenet, Geoffery Plantagenet, Hamelin Plantagenet, Agnes Plantagenet, Adewis Plantagenet, Marie countess, King of England Henry II Plantagenet, Marie Abbess of SHAFTESBURY, Geoffrey VI Count Anjou, William LONGESPEE, Nantes Geoffrey, Guillaume Plantagenet, William Plantagenet, Emma Plantagenet, Mary Plantagenet, Geoffrey VI deNantes Plantagenet, Isabella Plantagenet, th Earl Of Surrey, William DeLaBruer, Maud Thompson, Emma of Anjou, <Private> Poitou, Marie of Anjou, <Private> Blois

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Henry II, King of England's Timeline

1133
March 5, 1133
Le Mans, Sarthe, Pays de la Loire, France

b. 5 Mar 1133
--------------------
Henry II was born in Le Mans, France, on 5 March 1133, the first day of the traditional year.[1] His father, Geoffrey V of Anjou (Geoffrey Plantagenet), was Count of Anjou and Count of Maine. His mother, Empress Matilda, was a claimant to the English throne as the daughter of Henry I (1100–1135). He spent his childhood in his father's land of Anjou. At the age of nine, Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester took him to England where he received education from Master Matthew at Bristol.

March 5, 1133
Le Mans, Sarthe, France
March 5, 1133
Le Mans, Sarthe, France
March 5, 1133
Le Mans, Anjou - at local Cathedral
March 25, 1133
Le Mans, Sarthe, France
1142
1142
- 1144
Age 8
Bristol, England
1144
1144
- 1151
Age 10
Normandy, France
1147
1147
Age 13

Realising Henry's royal ambition was far from easily fulfilled, his mother had been pushing her claim for the crown for several years to no avail, finally retiring in 1147. It was 1147 when Henry had accompanied Matilda on an invasion of England. It soon failed due to lack of preparation, but it made him determined that England was his mother's right, and so his own.

1149
May 22, 1149
Age 16
1150
1150
Age 16
France