About Henry II d'Albret, Rey de Navarra
- 'Henry II (18 April 1503 – 25 May 1555) was the eldest son of John III of Navarre (died 1516) and Catherine I of Navarre, sister and heiress of Francis Phoebus, King of Navarre; he was born at Sangüesa.
- King of Navarre
- 'When Catherine died in exile in 1517, Henry was proclaimed king of Navarre. The title was also claimed by Ferdinand II of Aragon, who had invaded the realm in 1512. Under the protection of King François I of France, he assumed the title of King of Navarre and was lavishly crowned in Lescar, despite Ferdinand's claim being continued by his grandson Charles I.
- 'After ineffectual conferences at Noyon in 1516 and at Montpellier in 1518, an active effort was made in 1521 to establish him in de facto sovereignty. The French and Navarrese invaded Spanish Navarre, but were ultimately expelled by Charles I forces after the Battle of Noain (June 1521).
- 'In 1525, Henry was taken prisoner at the Battle of Pavia, but he contrived to escape under a guise and in 1526, married Marguerite, sister of King François I and widow of Charles, Duke of Alençon. By her, he was the father of Jeanne d'Albret, and was consequently the grandfather of Henry IV of France. Henry, who had some strong sympathy with the Huguenots, died at Pau on 25 May 1555.
- 'In 1526, he married Marguerite de Valois who became known as Marguerite de Navarre (11 April 1492- 21 December 1549) and had issue:
- 1.Jeanne III of Navarre (16 November 1528–9 June 1572)
- 2.Jean (7 July 1530- 25 December 1530)
- Henry's ancestors in four generations
- 1.^ Not to be confused with the Marguerite de Valois who was the wife of Henry IV of France (Henry of Navarre) and daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (Eleventh ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- 'The Encyclopaedia Britannica
- Pg. 512-513
- ALBRET, the lordship (seigneueie) of Albret (Labrit, Lebret), situated in the Landes, gave its name to one of the most powerful feudal families of France in the middle ages. Its members distinguished themselves in the local wars of that epoch; and during the 14th century they espoused the English cause for some time, afterwards transferring their support to the side of France. Arnaud Amanieu, lord of Albret, helped to take Guienne from the English. His son Charles became constable of France and was killed at the battle of Agincourt in 1415. Alain the Great, lord of Albret (d. 1522), wished to marry Anne of Brittany, and to that end fought against Charles VIII.; but his hopes being defeated by the betrothal of Anne to Maximilian of Austria, he surrendered Nantes to the Franch in 1486. At that time the house of Albret had attained considerable territorial importance, due in great part to the liberal grants which it had obtained from successive kings of France. John of Albret, son of Alain, became king of Navarre by his marriage with Catherine of Foix. Their son 'Henry, king of Navarre, was created duke of Albret and peer of France in 1550. By his wife Margaret, sister of the French king, Francis I., he had a daughter', Jeanne d'Albret, queen of Navarre, who married Anthony de Bourbon, Duke of Vendom, and became the mother of Henry IV., king of France. The dukedom of Albret, united to the crown of France by the accession of this prince, was granted to the family of La Tour d'Auvergne in 1651, in exchange for Sedan and Raucourt.
- To a younger branch of this house belonged Jean d'Albert, seigneur of Orval, count of Dreux and of Rethel, governor of Champagne (d. 1524), who was employed by Francis I. in many diplomatic negotiations, more particularly in his intrigues to get himself elected emperor in 1519. (M.P.*)
Henry II d'Albret, Rey de Navarra's Timeline
April 18, 1503
January 7, 1528
Pau, Béarn, France
May 25, 1555
Gascony - aka Henri d'Albret