Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland

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Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland

Birthplace: Alnwick Castle, Northumberland, England
Death: Died in St Albans, Hertfordshire, England
Place of Burial: Abbey Church, St Albans, Hertfordshire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir Henry "Hotspur" Percy and Lady Elizabeth Mortimer
Husband of Eleanor Percy, Countess of Northumberland
Father of Joan Percy, Nun; John Percy; Eleanor West, Lady; Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland; Thomas Percy, 1st Baron Egremont and 8 others
Brother of Lady Elizabeth de Clifford (Percy); Matilda Cliford; Thomas Percy, Baron Egremont and Anne de Percy

Managed by: Ofir Friedman
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About Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland

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"Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland (3 February 1393[a] – 22 May 1455) was an English nobleman and military commander in the lead up to the Wars of the Roses. He was the son of Henry "Hotspur" Percy, and the grandson of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland. His father and grandfather were killed in different rebellions against Henry IV in 1403 and 1408 respectively, and the young Henry spent his minority in exile in Scotland. Only after the death of Henry IV in 1413 was he reconciled with the Crown, and in 1416 he was created Earl of Northumberland.

In the following years, Northumberland occasionally served with the king in France, but his main occupation was the protection of the border to Scotland. At the same time, a feud with the Neville family was developing, particularly with Richard Neville, Earl of Salisbury. This feud became entangled with the conflict between the Duke of York and the Duke of Somerset over control of national government. The conflict culminated in the first battle of the Wars of the Roses, at St Albans, where both Somerset and Northumberland were killed."












Citations / Sources

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), pages 95,96. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Families.

[S17] #894 Cahiers de Saint-Louis (1976), Louis IX, Roi de France, (Angers: J. Saillot, 1976), FHL book 944 D22ds., vol. 2 p. 67, 97, vol. 11 p. 823.

[S29] #798 The Wallop Family and Their Ancestry, Watney, Vernon James, (4 volumes. Oxford: John Johnson, 1928), FHL book Q 929.242 W159w; FHL microfilm 1696491 items 6-9., vol. 2 p. 384, 453, vol. 3 p. 584, 616.

[S30] #688 Collectanea topographica et genealogica (1834-1843), (8 volumes. London: J.B. Nichols, 1834-1843), FHL book 942 B2ct; FHL microfilms 496,953 item 3 and 496,955 item 2., vol. 6 p. 275.

[S35] #240 Collins's Peerage of England, Genealogical, Biographical, and Historical, Greatly Augmented, and Continued to the Present Time (1812), Brydges, Sir Egerton,, (9 volumes. London: [T. Bensley], 1812), FHL book 942 D22be., vol. 2 p. 273.

"Henry Percy, second Earl of Northumberland, was born Feb. 3, 1393. He, after his father's death, was carried by his grandfather into Scotland about the year 1405, and was at first placed along with the Prince (afterwards King James I.) in the university of St. Andrew's, then newly founded. In this state of exile he continued till the reign of Prince King Henry V. who, soon after his accession to the crown, was inclined to restore him to all the honours and patrimony of his ancestors."

[S40] #242 [1883 edition] A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire (New edition, 1883, reprint 1962), Burke, Sir John Bernard, (New edition. 1883. Reprint, London: Harrison and Sons, 1962), FHL book 942 D22bug 1883., p. 424.

[S45] #673 The New England Historical and Genealogical Register (1846-), (Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1846-), FHL book 974 B2ne; CD-ROM No 33 Parts 1-9; See FHL catalog for microfilm numbers., vol. 108 p. 176, 177.

[S49] #2058 The American Genealogist (1932-1965), Jacobus, Donald Lines, (32 volumes in 11. New Haven: D. L. Jacobus, 1932-1965), FHL book 973 B2aga, D25aga., vol. 69 p. 137.

[S51] #1325 Ogle and Bothal; or, A history of the baronies of Ogle, Bothal, and Hepple, and of the families of Ogle and Bertram, Ogle, Henry A., (Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England : Reid, 1902), 929.242 Og5o., p. 298a.

[S62] #249 Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica (1868-1938), Church of England. Parish Church of Shere (Surrey), (31 volumes. London: Hamilton, Adams, 1868-1938), FHL book 942 B2m., vol. 1 p. 122.

[S80] #389 Histories of Noble British Families: with Biographical Notices of the Most Distinguished Individual in Each, Illustrated by Their Armorial Bearings, Portraits, Monuments, Seals, Etc. (1846), Drummond, Henry, (2 volumes. London: W. Pickering, 1846), FHL microfilm 990,417 item 1., vol. 2 p. 9.

[S81] #242 [1831 edition] A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerages of England, Ireland, and Scotland, Extinct, Dormant, and in Abeyance (1831), Burke, John, (London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley, 1831), FHL book 942 D22bg 1831; FHL microfilm 845,453 item 2., p. 423-424.

[S82] #205 Baronagium Genealogicum, Or, the Pedigrees of the English Peers, Deduced from the Earliest Times, of Which There Are Any Attested Accountes Including, as Well Collateral as Lineal Descents (1764-1784), Segar, Sir William, (6 volumes. [London]: Engraved and printed for the author, [1764-1784].), Volumes 1-4 FHL microfilm 164,680; volume 5 FHL microfilm 164,681; volume 6 FHL microfilm 164,682., vol. 3 p. 267, vol. 4 p. 350.

[S89] #550 The history and antiquities of the county of Leicester, Nichols, John, (4 volumes, each in 2 parts. London : Printed by and for J. Nichols, 1795-1815), FHL X book 942.54 H2nic., vol. 4 pt. 1 p. 174.

[S136] #150 [1827-1878] A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage, Together with Memoirs of the Privy Councillors and Knights (1827-1878), Burke, Sir John Bernard, (London: Henry Colburn, 1827-1878), FHL book 942 D22bup., vol. 2 p. 834, 835.

[S144] A History of Northumberland: In Three Parts, Hodgson, John, Clerk, M.R.S. L., (Newcastle: For the Author 1832), 942.82 G2h pt 2, Vol. 2., vol. 2 pt. 2 p. 262.

[S169] #848 A History of Northumberland (1893-1940), Northumberland County History Committee (England), (15 volumes. Newcastle-upon-Tyne: A. Reid, 1893-1940), FHL book 942.82 H2his; FHL microfilms 994,058 and 990,360., vol. 5 p. 467.

[S182] #3705 History and Antiquities of the Town and Minster of Beverley in the County of York (1829), Oliver, George, (Beverley : M. Turner, 1829), FHL book 942.74/B6 H2o., p. 480-486.

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Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland's Timeline

September 1, 1391
February 3, 1393
Alnwick Castle, Northumberland, England
Age 20
Alnwick, Northumberland, England
Age 21
Warkworth, Northumberland
Age 21
Leconfield, Yorkshire, England
July 8, 1418
Age 25
Warkworth, Northumberland
July 25, 1421
Age 28
Leconfield, East Riding of Yorkshire, England
November 29, 1422
Age 29
Leckonfield, Yorkshire, England
May 28, 1423
Age 30
Alnwick, Northumberland, England
July 24, 1424
Age 31
Alnwick, Northumberland