Henry Stewart, 1st Lord of Methven

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Henry Stewart

Nicknames: "Henry Methven /Stewart/", "Henry /Stewart/ Lord Methven I", "1st Lord Methven"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Avondale, Lanarkshire, Scotland, (Present UK)
Death: Died in Scotland, (Present UK)
Immediate Family:

Son of Andrew Stewart, 1st Lord Avandale and Margaret Kennedy
Husband of Janet Stewart, Countess Dowager of Sutherland; NN Leslie and Margaret Tudor, Queen consort of Scots
Father of Margaret Stewart, Lady Ochiltree; Margaret Stewart; Henry Stewart; Joan Campbell (Stewart) and Dorothea Stewart of Avondale
Brother of Andrew Stewart, 1st Lord Stewart of Ochiltree; Barbara Stewart of Evandale and Sir James Stewart, Kt.

Occupation: Lord of Methven, 1st Lord Methven, Lord of Metheven
Managed by: Henn Sarv
Last Updated:

About Henry Stewart

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Stewart,_1st_Lord_Methven

Henry Stewart, 1st Lord Methven (c. 1495 – 1552) was Master of the Scottish Artillery and last husband of Margaret Tudor, eldest daughter of Henry VII of England and Elizabeth of York.

Ancient lineage

He was a son of Andrew Stewart, 1st Lord Avondale and his wife Margaret Kennedy. His brother was Andrew Stewart, 1st Lord Ochiltree. Henry was a fifth-generation male-line descendant of Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany through his son Walter. He was thus a fourth cousin, twice removed of James IV of Scotland, first husband of Margaret Tudor.

Marriage to the Queen mother

Henry and Margaret Tudor were married on 3 March 1528. Margaret had divorced her second husband Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus. She was already mother to James V of Scotland and Margaret Douglas from her previous marriages. This third marriage would produce another daughter, Dorothea Stewart, who died young. Reaction to the marriage was swift: Margaret and Henry were besieged at Stirling Castle by Lord Erskine, with the support of James V and her former husband, the Earl of Angus. Henry was imprisoned. However, after James V joined his mother at Stirling, Henry was created Lord Methven. Margaret made Methven captain of her castle of Newark in Ettrick. In 1539, Henry and Margaret let their coalfield at Skeoch to John Craigyngelt. As rent he would supply 100 loads to Margaret's lodging at Stirling Castle.

Second marriage

Henry was discovered to have been keeping a mistress in one of Margaret's castles. Margaret Tudor wished to divorce him but James V was reluctant to allow it. After she died in 1541, Methven was able to marry his mistress, Janet Stewart, daughter of John Stewart, 2nd Earl of Atholl and Lady Janet Campbell. Her maternal grandparents were Archibald Campbell, 2nd Earl of Argyll and Elizabeth Stewart. Elizabeth was a daughter of John Stewart, 1st Earl of Lennox and Margaret Montgomerie. Margaret was a daughter of Alexander Montgomerie, 1st Lord Montgomerie and Margaret Boyd.

Henry and Janet were parents to four children:

Henry Stewart, 2nd Lord Methven (d. 3 March 1572).

Dorothea Stewart. Married William Ruthven, 1st Earl of Gowrie.

Joan Stewart. Married Colin Campbell, 6th Earl of Argyll.

Margaret Stewart (d. 1 January 1627). Married Andrew Stuart, eldest son of Andrew Stewart, 2nd Lord Ochiltree. They were parents to Andrew Stuart, 1st Baron Castle Stuart.

Master of the Royal Artillery

On 10 September 1524, Methven was made Principal Master of the Royal Artillery, ("Magnalium nostrorum seu machinarum bellicarum, videlicet: artailzery"), 25 years later he would direct the Scottish artillery at the Siege of Haddington. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Haddington

During the war of the Rough Wooing, Methven wrote to Mary of Guise on 31 December 1547 to discuss the use of artillery in the war. He said that Regent Arran had been advised that the modest ("sober") Scottish artillery at St Andrews Castle at the start might have taken the castle, and the prolonged and expensive siege, after Arran had departed, had harmed public opinion. Similarly, a recent ineffective show of artillery at Broughty Castle had only warned the English to get more support and re-fortify. Now, to take Broughty, more cannon needed to be supplied, and Methven asked for French captains with intelligence of the field, and intelligence to assiege and order artillery.

Methven wrote to Mary of Guise again on 3 June 1548 with more strategic advice. He said that he had friends all over Scotland and had been diligent in acquiring intelligence of the motives of those Scots who favoured the English. He found four principal motives; religion, fear, regard for a belief in prophecy, and the ignorant conceit that English justice and rule might be better. He advised her that there were so many dissidents that the unity of Scotland would be best served by offering an act of remission, a general pardon, rather than punishment, as her husband James V had done for rebels during his minority, (on 10 December 1540). Methven thought the defeat at Pinkie, (which he called the jeornay of Penke), was due to these causes, and the unorderly haste of the Scottish army.

He added that he heard it was already widely known in Perth by the end of May that the Scottish artillery at the siege of Broughty Castle would be moved to the Siege of Haddington. The citizens of Perth hoped a French army would come to protect them from Broughty's English garrison. Methven had issued the guns at Broughty to the Earl of Argyll. Methven starting moving the guns on the 6 June. As an example to the local lairds who were obliged to do this work, he yoked 240 oxen and began to drag the guns through his and Lord Ruthven's lands. At Haddington, he reported on the 5 July; "all nycht all our greit artallzery lawborit and has dong the tolbutht and reft an pece that lay betuix it and the kirk of the Freyris." But on 17 July, the French officer D'Essé ordered the guns to be withdrawn. As English reinforcement approached Methven took the Scottish and French guns to Edinburgh and Leith, and ordered their repair.

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HENRY Stewart, son of ANDREW Stewart Lord Avondale & his wife Lady Margaret Kennedy ([1495/1500]-soon after 10 Oct 1551). Created Lord Methven 17 Jul 1528.

Married:

MARGARET (Palace of Westminster 28 Nov 1489-Methven Castle, Perthshire 18 Oct 1541, bur Carthusian Monastery of St John, Perth). A manuscript calendar records the birth “IV Kal Dec…at Westm´ at night aft´ the ix hour a q´rt” in 1489 of “my ladi M´garet the ii child to the King Harri the vii”[666]. Queen Regent of Scotland. She died of palsy.

Margaret

m firstly (by proxy Richmond Palace, Surrey 25 Jan 1502, in person Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh 8 Aug 1503) JAMES IV King of Scotland, son of JAMES III King of Scotland & his wife Margarethe of Denmark (17 Mar 1473-killed in battle Flodden Field, Northumberland 9 Sep 1513, bur [Sheen Abbey, Surrey]).

m secondly (Kinnoul Church 6 Aug 1514, divorced 11 Mar 1527) as his second wife, ARCHIBALD Douglas 6th Earl of Angus, son of GEORGE Douglas Master of Angus & his wife Lady Elizabeth Drummond ([1490]-Tantallon Castle Jan 1557, bur Abernethy). Member of the Council of Regency for James V King of Scotland 1517-1521, and 1523-1526. High Chancellor of Scotland Aug 1527-1528, when a sentence of forfeiture was passed against him and he retired to England. Returned to Scotland 1542, after the death of King James V. He died of erysipelas.

m thirdly (before 2 Apr 1528) as his second wife, HENRY Stewart, son of ANDREW Stewart Lord Avondale & his wife Lady Margaret Kennedy ([1495/1500]-soon after 10 Oct 1551). Created Lord Methven 17 Jul 1528.

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Henry Stewart, 1st Lord of Methven's Timeline

1495
1495
Avondale, Lanarkshire, Scotland, (Present UK)
1528
March 3, 1528
Age 33
July 17, 1528
- October 10, 1551
Age 33
Methven
1541
1541
Age 46
Methven, Perthshire, Scotland
1544
1544
Age 49
Perth, Perthshire, Scotland, (Present UK)
1551
October 11, 1551
Age 56
Scotland, (Present UK)
1552
1552
Age 56
????
????
Perthshire, Scotland
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