Herbert Baxter Adams (1850 - 1901)

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Birthplace: Shutesbury, Franklin, Massachusetts
Death: Died
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About Herbert Baxter Adams

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbert_Baxter_Adams

Herbert Baxter Adams (April 16, 1850 – July 30, 1901) was an American educator and historian.

Biography

Adams was born to Nathaniel Dickinson Adams and Harriet (Hastings) Adams in Shutesbury, Massachusetts. On his mother's side, he was a descendant of Thomas Hastings (colonist) who came from the East Anglia region of England to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1634. Adams received his early training in the Amherst, Massachusetts public schools and Phillips Exeter Academy. He graduated from Amherst College in 1872.

In 1874 he then moved to Heidelberg, Germany to pursue the Ph.D. degree. There he was influenced by Johann Gustav Droysen and Johann Kaspar Bluntschli, the latter also becoming his mentor. Heidelberg did not then require a thesis from its doctoral candidates, instead it required an oral examination, for which he chose political science for his major field (Hauptfach), with two minors (Nebenfdcher) in public and international law and in political and cultural history. Adams took the oral examination on July 13, 1876, which he passed summa cum laude.

He was a fellow in history at Johns Hopkins University from 1876 to 1878, associate from 1878 to 1883, and was appointed associate professor in 1883. He is credited with bringing the study of politics into the realm of the social sciences.

At Johns Hopkins, in 1880, he began his famous seminar in history, where a large proportion of the next generation of American historians trained. Adams founded the "Johns Hopkins Studies in Historical and Political Science," the first of such series. He brought about the organization in 1884 of the American Historical Association, for which he was secretary until 1900, when he resigned and was made first vice president. His historical writings introduced scientific methods of investigation that influenced many historians, including Frederick Jackson Turner and John Spencer Bassett. He authored Life and Writings of Jared Sparks (1893) and many articles and influential reports on the study of the social sciences.

In 1873 he went to Europe and devoted three years to travel and study. His principal writings are The Germanic Origin of the New England Towns; Saxon Tithing-Men in America; Norman Constables in America; Village Communities; Methods of Historical Study, and Maryland's Influence upon Land Cessions to the United States. All these papers are published in the Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Political Science, edited by Prof. Adams, 4 vols. (Baltimore, 1883-'86). Although less known for his contributions to the history of education, Adams was essential to its early development. He edited the circular series titled, "Contributions to American Educational History," which was printed and distributed by the U.S. Bureau of Education.

Herbert B. Adams died in 1901.

Honors

Adams House, an undergraduate dormitory at Johns Hopkins University, is named for him. The American Historical Association's Herbert Baxter Adams prize was named for him.

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Herbert Baxter Adams's Timeline

1850
1850
Shutesbury, Franklin, Massachusetts
1868
1868
Age 18
Fitted for college at Phillips Academy in Exeter, New Hampshire
1872
1872
- 1873
Age 22
taught Latin and Greek, Williston Seminary
1872
Age 22
Graduated from Amherst College
1873
1873
- 1876
Age 23
Studied in Lausanne, Paris, Rome, Heidelberg, & Berlin
1875
1875
Age 25
M.A. from Amherst College
1876
1876
- 1878
Age 26
Fellow in history at Johns Hopkins
1876
Age 26
received Ph.D. at Heidelberg
1878
1878
- 1881
Age 28
Lecturer on history, Smith College
1878
- 1891
Age 28
Assoc. & assoc. prof. in history