Herfast de Crépon

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About Herfast de Crépon

Herfast II (Herbastus) de Crépon, brother of Gunnor de Crépon

Parents: Unknown. Often said to be Herbastus "the Dane" (Fictitious) and his wife Josceline or Cyrid, both fictitious)

Spouse: unknown

Children:

1. Osbern

2. Rainulf

LINKS

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/NORMAN%20NOBILITY.htm

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osbern_de_Cr%C3%A9pon

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MEDIEVAL LANDS

Chapter 1. EARLY NORMAN FAMILIES of VIKING ORIGIN

A. FAMILY of GUNNORA, mistress of RICHARD I Comte de NORMANDIE

Four sisters and one brother, parents not known, presumably of Viking origin:

1. SAINSFRIDA [Senfrie] . She and her three sisters, as well as their husbands, are named by Robert de Torigny[3]. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Seufriam" as sister of "Gunnor uxor…Richardi Normannis ducem"[4]. Guillaume de Jumièges records that "la femme d'un sien forestier…Sainfrie" rejected the advances of Richard I Comte [de Normandie] and sent her sister Gunnor to his bed in her place[5]. m ---. The name of Sainsfrida's husband is not known. Sainsfrida and her husband had one child:

a) JOSCELINE . The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Iosceline" as daughter of "Seufriam"[6]. Josceline, her husband and her mother are named in a letter of Ives Bishop of Chartres to Henry I King of England dated 1114 which explains the consanguinity between the king and Hugues de Châteauneuf, who wanted to marry one of the king's illegitimate daughters[7]. m ROGER [I] Seigneur de Montgommery, son of ---.

2. GUNNORA ([950]-5 Jan 1031). She and her three sisters, as well as their husbands, are named by Robert de Torigny[8]. It appears from Dudo de Saint-Quentin and Robert de Torigny[9] that Gunnora was Richard I's mistress before she married him. According to William of Jumièges, she was "of noble Danish origin"[10]. According to Robert de Torigny, the marriage took place to legitimise Richard and Gunnora's son Robert to permit his appointment as Bishop of Rouen[11]. The necrology of Saint-Père-en-Vallée records the death "Non Jan" of "Gonnoridis…comitissa Normannie"[12]. m ([before 989]) as his second wife, RICHARD I “Sans Peur" Comte [de Normandie], son of GUILLAUME Comte [ de Normandie] & his first wife Sprota --- (Fécamp [932]-20 Nov 996, bur Fécamp).

3. HERFAST . Guillaume de Jumièges names "Herfast, frère de la comtesse Gunnor" when recording the murder of his son Osbern[13]. m ---. The name of Herfast's wife is not known. Herfast & his wife had two children:

a) OSBERN de Crépon (-murdered Vandreuil 1038). "Duke Richard [II]" donated property to the abbey of Mont Saint-Michel by charter dated to [1026], subscribed by "…Osbernus filius Arfast, Ranulfus frater eius"[14]. "…Osbe filius Herfasti…" witnessed the charter dated to [1030] under which Robert II Duke of Normandy confirmed rights of Mont Saint-Michel[15]. Steward (dapifer) of Guillaume II Duke of Normandy. "Osberni dapifer" witnessed the donation of "Erchembaldus vicecomes" dated [1030/35] and the donation of "Gulbertus filius Erchemboldus vicecomitis" dated after 1035[16]. He was strangled by Guillaume de Montgommery[17]. Guillaume de Jumièges records that "Osbern, intendant de la maison du prince [Guillaume II Duke of Normandy] et fils d'Herfast" was murdered at Vandreuil in the early years of the duke's reign by "Guillaume fils de Roger de Montgomeri"[18]. m EMMA d'Ivry, daughter of RAOUL d'Ivry Comte de Bayeux & his wife --- (-after [1067]). She is named as mother of Guillaume and Osbern in the donation to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen, dated to 1038 or after, which they made jointly for the soul of their father "Osbern cognomento Pacifici"[19]. "Emma matre eorum [Willelmi et Osberni]" witnessed a charter dated 1038 or after[20]. "Emma Osberni dapiferi uxore" is named as "dominis mei" with her two sons in the undated charter of Ansfredus[21]. "Emmæ matris eius" signed a charter of "Erchenbaldo filio Erchenbaldi vicecomitis", dated to [1067], immediately after "Willelmi filii Osberni"[22]. Osbern & his wife had three children:

i) GUILLAUME FitzOsbern (-killed in battle Cassel, Flanders 22 Feb 1071, bur Abbaye de Cormeilles). Guillaume de Jumièges names "Guillaume fils d'Osbern, proche parent du duc Guillaume", recording that he built the monasteries at Lire and Corneilles[23]. He is named as brother of Osbern, son of Emma, in his donation to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen dated 1038 or after, made jointly with his mother and brother[24]. "Willelmi filii Osberni" witnessed two charters dated 1035 or after and 1038 or after[25]. "…Guillelmi filii Osberni…" witnessed the charter dated 1054 under which Guillaume II Duke of Normandy confirmed the donation of "terram…Sancta Columba…dedit Niellus clericus" to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel[26]. "…Willelmi filii Osberti, Rotgerii de Monte Golmerii, Richardis vicecomitis Abrinchensis…" witnessed the charter dated [1055/56] under which Guillaume II Duke of Normandy "in pago…Constantino, villam…Flotomannum" to Saint-Florent de Saumur[27]. "…Guillelmus filius Osberti…Guillelmus filius Guillelmi filiii Osberti…" witnessed the charter dated to [1060] under which Guillaume II Duke of Normandy granted "Brenerias" to the abbey of Bayeux[28]. "Willelmus filius Osberti…" witnessed the charter dated 29 Aug 1060 under which "milite…Richardo…fratribus Willelmo…atque Balduino" donated "Gausberti Villa" to Chartres Saint-Père[29]. The Chronique de Normandie, based on le Roman de Rou, records that William I King of England made "le Conte Rogier de Montgomery et Guillaume le filz Osber" his two "Marechaulx d´Engleterre" after the conquest of England[30]. "Willelmi filii Osberni" signed a charter of "Erchenbaldo filio Erchenbaldi vicecomitis" dated 1067 or after[31]. "Willelmus comes filius Osberni dapiferi" made a donation to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen dated 1068[32]. He was rewarded for his part in the conquest of England with estates in the Isle of Wight and county of Hereford, thereby becoming Earl of Hereford.

- EARLS of HEREFORD.

ii) OSBERN (-1101). He is named as brother of Guillaume, son of Emma, in his donation to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen dated 1038 or after, made jointly with his mother and brother[33]. "Osberni frater eius [Willelmi]" witnessed a charter dated 1038 or after[34]. Chancellor of England. Bishop of Exeter 1072[35].

iii) EMMA . "Emma conjux eius" donated land belonging to the castle of Vernon to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen jointly with her husband, dated 1066[36]. Guillaume de Vernon, his son Hugues and his wife Emma donated property to Rouen Holy Trinity, confirmed in the charter dated to [1067][37]. Her parentage is confirmed by a charter of Carisbrooke Priory, Isle of Wight which names “Johannem et Ricardum” as the two sons of “Willielmum filium Osberni marescallum…comitem Herefordiæ” who predeceased their father, and records that their inheritance went to “Ricardo de Rivers, nepoti prædicti Willielmi filii Osberni, tunc comiti Exoniæ”[38]. m GUILLAUME de Vernon, son of HUGUES de Vernon & his wife ---.

b) RAINULF . "Duke Richard [II]" donated property to the abbey of Mont Saint-Michel by charter dated to [1026], subscribed by "…Osbernus filius Arfast, Ranulfus frater eius"[39].

4. WEWA . She and her three sisters, as well as their husbands, are named by Robert de Torigny[40]. Guillaume de Jumièges names "Gueuve et Aveline" as two sisters of Gunnor, recording that the former married "Turulfe de Pont-Audemer, son of Torf"[41]. The Genealogia Fundatoris of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire records that the (unnamed) sister of ”Gunnora comitissa Normanniæ” married “Turulpho de Ponte-Adomaro”[42]. m THOROLD de Pont-Audemer, son of [TORF & his wife ---] (-after 1040).

5. [AVELINE] . She and her three sisters, as well as their husbands, are named by Robert de Torigny[43]. Guillaume de Jumièges names "Gueuve et Aveline" as two sisters of Gunnor, the latter married to Osbern de Bolbec[44]. On the other hand, the Genealogia Fundatoris of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire names ”Turketillus…frater…Turulphi, cuius filius Hasculfus d´Harcourt” married “aliam sororem…comitissæ Gunnoræ” by whom he was father of “duos…filios…Walterum de Giffard primogenitum…”[45]. As noted under Giffard, another primary source indicates that the wife of "Osbernus Giffardus" (assumed to refer to Osbern de Bolbec given that his son used the name Giffard) was named Hawise[46]. It is not known whether Osbern was married twice or whether all the sources cited refer to the same person, one or other mistaking the name. m [as his first wife,] OSBERN de Bolbec, son of ---.

6. [--- . It is not known which brother or sister of Gunnor was the parent of Beatrice.]

a) BEATRIX . Guillaume de Jumièges records that one of the nieces of Gunnor, mistress of Richard I Comte [de Normandie], married "le père du premier Guillaume de Warenne"[47]. "Rodulf de Warenne" sold property to the abbey of Holy Trinity, Rouen by charter dated to [1055], signed by "eiusdem Rodulfi de Guarethna, Beatricis uxoris eius…"[48]. m as his first wife, RODULF de Warenne, son of --- .

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TEXT

"The only known brother of Gunnor was Arfast/Herfast, of whom we gain what little insight we have from a trial of heretics conducted by King Robert II of France. Arfast testified that he had pretended to join the sect, all the better to denounce them when the time arose. He later donated lands to the monastery of St. Pere, to which he retired. He had at least two sons: Osbern, who was steward to the later Dukes, and was murdered by William de Montgomery while defending the young Duke William; and Ranulf, known from charters. Osbern maried a niece of Richard I (the daughter of his half-brother) and by her was the father of the Conquest baron William Fitz Osbern."

Robert de Torigny and the family of Gunnor, Duchess of Normandy by Todd A. Farmerie (1996)

http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~medieval/gunnor.htm

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"Probably the best known and certainly most controversial heresy trial of our period took place in Orleans in 1022. R.H. Bautir showed that the charges that resulted in the burning of some fourteen clerks of the royal household and others, including the Queen's chaplain, Stephen, were contrived by the faction of those aligned with the interests of the Count of Blois to undermine Constance of Arles, widow of Robert I, and her connections. ... The narrative of Paul of St. Pere of Chartres...has been widely accepted as a leading source as it comes from the house in which Herfast, who was said to have uncovered the heresy, took vows in 1024....According to Paul the group was exposed by Herfast, a senior member of the Norman ducal family. He heard of it when a clerk of his household was converted by the heretics while visiting Orleans. Herfast himself went there anonymously..., infiltrating the sect, learned its secrets, and dramatically denounced the members before the royal court."

Ruth Mazo Karras, Joel Kaye, E. Ann Matter; Law and the Illicit in Medieval Europe, Univ. of Pennsylvania Press, 2008, p. 35.

http://books.google.hu/books?id=BB8M4Nge0HAC&pg=PA35&lpg=PA35&dq=exposed+by+Herfast,+a+senior+member+of+the+Norman+ducal+family&source=bl&ots=abcSMTSNAf&sig=HqK4LKUh2ApMs0IogDs9QQwqKaE&hl=hu&ei=G8NqTOjsDaeTOPey2I0J&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=exposed%20by%20Herfast%2C%20a%20senior%20member%20of%20the%20Norman%20ducal%20family&f=false

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Robert de Torigny mentioned Herfast de Crépon as a brother of Gunnora, Duchess of Normandy, and said: "Habuit ergo ex fratre suo Herfasto eadem comitissa nepotem Osbernum de Crepon, patrem videlices Willelmi comitis Herefordi."

From his activities we gain what little insight we have from a trial of heretics conducted by Robert II. Arfast testified that he had pretended to join the sect, all the better to denounce them when the time arose. He later donated lands to the monastery of Saint Pere, to which he retired. He had at least two sons: Osbern, who was steward to the later Dukes, and was murdered by William de Montgomery while defending the young Duke William; and Ranulf, known from charters. Osbern maried a niece of Richard I (the daughter of his half-brother) and by her was the father of the Conquest baron William Fitz Osbern.

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Herbastus was also called Arfast. He was granted lands at Cotentin, Normandy, France. He was gave donations, as brother Arfast, to the monastary of St. Pere.

Herbastus was our ancestor through two distinct descent lines--one through his son Osbern and the other through his daughter UNKNOWN, each of whom was independently our ancestor.

See "My Lines"

( http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/p60.htm#i8439 )

from Compiler: R. B. Stewart, Evans, GA

( http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/index.htm ) -------------------- http://www.douglashistory.co.uk/famgen/getperson.php?personID=I67451&tree=tree1 http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~lzrslong/b1258.htm http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=maclaren&id=I31047 http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Crepon-17 http://macomberkin.com/tng/getperson.php?personID=I46530&tree=macomberkin http://www.multiwords.de/genealogy/Crepon%20pedigree.html http://www.lisa.com/bdm/c/crepon/herbastus_herfast_de_crepon_135632.html http://daltonbateman.info/fam2151.html http://awt.ancestrylibrary.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=flakey&id=I555171381&ti=5542

Conflicting data? -------------------- http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Crepon-21

Herbastus Crepon aka Prince of Denmark

Born 0945 in Arque, Seine Inferieure, Normandy, Francemap Son of Herbastus (Crepon) de Crepon and [mother unknown] Brother of Gandrada De Crepon, Gunnora Gonnor (Haroldsdottir) Haraldsdatter, Harald de Crepon, Sibell (DeCrepon) Crepon, Gunnora (Crepon) Duchess of Normandy, Senrie De Crepon, Senfrie Crepon, Senfrie Eva (Crepon) De Pont-Audemer, Osbern (Crepon) de Crepon and Harold VIII Herbastus (DeCrepon) Crepon [spouse(s) unknown] Father of Hildouin (Crepon) de Crepon and Aveline (Crepon) FitzRichard Died 1005 in Crepon, Calvados, Normandy, Francemap Profile manager: Jacques Charles Pictet private message [send private message] This page has been accessed 497 times. Nominate for Profile of the Week by posting the link http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Crepon-21 in our G+ Community. Vote by clicking the +1 button above.

This person was created through the import of Williams_AndersForWikiTree.ged on 07 May 2011. The following data was included in the gedcom. You may wish to edit it for readability. Source

   Source: #S-2041639488
       Page: Ancestry Family Trees 
       Note: 
       Data:
           Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=21525863&pid=1672188457 

Sources

   Source S-2041639488 
   Repository: #R-2041639490 
   Title: Ancestry Family Trees 
   Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members. 
   Note: This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was created. 
   Repository R-2041639490 
   Name: Ancestry.com 
   Address: http://www.Ancestry.com 
   Note: 

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Herfast de Crépon's Timeline

955
955
Crépon, Calvados, Normandie, France or Arque, Seine Inferieure, Normandy, France
956
956
Age 1
Poiters, France
974
974
Age 19
Normandy, France
975
975
Age 20
France
985
985
Age 30
Plœuc-sur-Lié, Brittany, France
985
Age 30
Crepon, Calvados, Normandy, France
985
Age 30
Calvados, Basse-Normandie, France
999
999
Age 30
Denmark
1994
July 2, 1994
Age 30
1995
January 14, 1995
Age 30