Hermann I, duke of Saxony

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Hermann Billung von Sachsen, Herzog von Sachsen

Also Known As: "Hermann Billung", "Herzog von Sachsen (Duke of Saxony)"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Herzogtum Sachsen, Ostenfrankenreich (Present Germany)
Death: Died in Quedlinburg, (Present Landkreis Harz), Herzogtum Sachsen, Heiliges Römisches Reich (Present Germany)
Place of Burial: Michaeliskirche, Lüneburg, Landkreis Lüneburg, Niedersachsens, Germany
Immediate Family:

Son of Billung IV Billung, Graf in Sachsen and Ermengarde de Nantes
Husband of Oda; Hildegard von Westerburg and Oda (Hildesuith) von Saxon
Father of Bernard I, duke of Saxony; Schwanehilde of Saxony; Swietoslava (Sygryda) Bjornsson Queen of Sweden,Norway,&Denmark (Princess of Poland); Mathilde of Saxony, countess of Flanders; Liudger von Sachsen, Graf von Lesum and 1 other
Brother of Wichmann I d.Ä. 'le Vieux' Billung, Graf von Bardengau and Amelung, Bischof von Verden (908-962)

Managed by: Private User
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About Hermann I, duke of Saxony

From the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy page on Saxony (covering his birth family):

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SAXONY.htm#_Toc155952301

[BILLUNG] .

The Chronica Principum Saxoniæ names "vir…nomine Bilingus" as father of "Hermannum"[196], although the accuracy of this statement is not known. The name of the father of the brothers Amelung, Wichmann [I] and Hermann Billung has not so far been found in any other source. The possibility that some or all of them were uterine brothers cannot be excluded.

m ---. The name of [Billung]'s wife is not known.

[Billung] & his wife had [six] children:

1. AMELUNG (-5 May 962). Bishop of Verden 933. The Annalista Saxo records the death in 962 of "Amalungus Fardensis episcopus…frater Herimanni ducis"[197]. Thietmar also records that Amelung Bishop of Verden, "the duke's [Hermann Billung] brother", died on 5 May "at a good old age"[198].

2. WICHMANN [II] (-23 Apr 944). Widukind names "Wichmanni fratris sui [=Herimannum]", when recording his rebellion against King Otto[199].

3. HERMANN [Billung] ([905/10]-Quedlinburg 27 Mar 973, bur Lüneburg St Michael).

  • Graf in Wetigau 940.
  • Procurator of the king in Saxony 953, 961 and 966.
  • Graf in dem Gauen Tilithi und Marstem 955.
  • Markgraf 956
  • Dux in Saxony 965.
  • He founded St Michaeliskloster at Lüneburg.

m firstly ODA, daughter of --- (-15 Mar ----).

m secondly HILDESUIT, daughter of ---.

Duke Hermann & his [first/second] wife had five children.

4. [BRUNO ([905/15]-after 16 Nov 958, maybe after 30 Dec 979).

  • There is no proof that Bruno was the brother of Hermann Billung but this looks probable. It is assumed that Bruno's sons were adolescent or young adults when mentioned with their father in the two sources referred to below. This would place Bruno's birth in the range [905/15], which is too early for him to have been the son of Wichmann [II]. The reference to "pago Derlingum" in the [951/57] charter is a clear indication of a family connection as this territory appears several times in documents in which the supposed descendants of Wichmann [II] are named (see below). "Otto…rex" granted property "Hebesheim in pago Derlingum in comitatu Brunonis" to Moritzkirche, Magdeburg by undated charter, but dated to [951/57] as it names "coniugis nostræ Aelheidis…filii nostri Liudolfi", in the presence of "eiusdem Brunonis comitis filiique Liudolfi, Geronis marchionis, Cristiani comitis nec non Liutharii et Friderici comitum"[230]. "Otto…rex" gave property "in pago Hessi in comitatu comitis qui dicitur Bern in loco Uuestnetri" which "ibidem Bruninc comes filiusque eius Amalunc in beneficium habere visi sunt" to "fideli nostro Retolt" by charter dated 16 Nov 958[231]. "Otto…imperator augustus" gave judgment in a dispute between Werner Abbot of Fulda and Gozbert Abbot of Hersfeld, concerning ship travel along the Hörsel, by charter dated 30 Dec 979, which names "comites nostros Sigebertum, Sigefridum et Brunonem"[232], although if this refers to the same Count Bruno he would have been very old at the time.
  • m ---. The name of Bruno's wife is not known.]
  • Bruno & his wife had [two] children.

5. [son .

  • The identity of the husband of Gerberga is unknown. The name of his son, Wichmann, suggests a close family relationship with the Billung family of dukes of Saxony. The connection appears confirmed by Widukind who records that Meinwerk Bishop of Paderborn was "materno a Wichmanno, Herimanni ducis nepote, propinquo Ottonis I"[236], the bishop's mother being corroborated in other sources as Adela, daughter of Wichmann [V]. There are so many uncertainties regarding the genealogy of the Billung family that detailed speculation on any precise relationship does not seem worthwhile. Gerberga's husband is shown as a possible son of Billung only for the purposes of making the hyperlink connection.
  • m GERBERGA, daughter of MEGINHARD Graf van Hamaland & his wife ---. Her parentage is confirmed by the Necrologium of Elten which records the death of "Meginhard, pater Gerberch, cuius filius Wichmannus comes fundator ecclesia"[237].
  • One child, Wichmann V, Graaf van Hamaland.

6. [---. m ---.]

  • Had one daughter, who became wife to Richizo.

References:

[196] Chronica Principum Saxoniæ Amplicata, Genealogia Ducum Saxonie, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 28.

[197] Annalista Saxo 962.

[198] Thietmar 2.32, p. 115.

[199] Widukindi Res Gestæ Saxonicæ II.4, MGH SS III, p. 439.

[230] D O I 56, p. 138.

[231] D O I 306, p. 421.

[232] D O II 209, p. 237. .

[236] Widukind I.III, c. 69, cited in Vita Meinwerci Episcopi Paderbornensis 5, MGH SS XI, p. 108, footnote 11.

[237] Vanderkindere, A. (1902) La formation territoriale des principautés belges au moyen-âge (Brussels), Tome I, p. 75, quoting Van Spaen Introduction à l'histoire de la Gueldre, I, p. 67, no. 20.

-------------------------

From the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy page on Saxony (covering his married family):

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SAXONY.htm#BernhardIdied1011A

HERMANN [Billung] ([905/10]-Quedlinburg 27 Mar 973, bur Lüneburg St Michael).

  • The Cronica Principum Saxonie names "Bilingus…filium Hermannum"[200]. His birth date range is estimated on the assumption that he was adult when appointed military commander in 936.
  • He was given military command in Saxony ("princeps militiæ") by Otto I King of Germany in 936, which triggered the revolt of his brother Wichmann[201].
  • Graf in Wetigau 940.
  • Procurator of the king in Saxony 953, 961 and 966.
  • "Otto…rex" granted property "Ozmina marcam…et Tarata marcam cum castello Grodista" to "vassallo Billing" by charter dated 26 Jun 952[202]. "Otto…rex" granted property to the church of St Moritz, Magdeburg by charter dated 953, which names "Billingus…noster miles"[203].
  • Graf in dem Gauen Tilithi und Marstem 955.
  • Markgraf 956:
  • "Otto…rex" granted rights to salt duties to Lüneburg St Mikhael at the request of "Herimanni marchionis" by charter dated 13 Aug 956[204]. "Otto…rex" gave property "in pago Usiti in comitatu comitis Willihelmi" to "nostro fideli vasallo comitique Billinc" by charter dated 2 Dec 958[205], which may refer to Hermann Billung although he is not titled Markgraf in the document. "Otto…rex" granted property "in locis Vurmerstat, Otunpach, Gozarstat, Haholtestat…in pago Usiti in comitatu comitis Uuillihelmi" to "vasallo comitisque…Billinc" by charter dated 2 Dec 958[206]. "Otto…rex" granted property "Asundorf marcam et Dornsteti marcam Liubissa…in pago Hassigeuui in comitatu comitis Sigiuuridi…loco Biscopstat…in pago Altgeuui in comitatu comitis Uuillihelmi" to "vassallo Billing" by charter dated 23 Apr 961[207]. "Otto…imperator augustus" granted property "in pago Neletici in comitatu Billingi comitis" to Magdeburg St Moritz by charter dated 28 Jul 965[208].
  • Dux in Saxony 965.
  • He founded St Michaeliskloster at Lüneburg.
  • The necrology of Fulda records the death in 973 of "Heriman dux"[209]. Thietmar records the death of Duke Hermann, father of Bernhard, at Quedlinburg on 1 Apr, the transportation of his body to Lüneburg, and the refusal by Bruno Bishop of Verden (maybe his nephew) to allow his burial in church because of his prior excommunication[210]. The necrology of Lüneburg records the death "27 Mar" of "Herimannus dux"[211].

m firstly ODA, daughter of --- (-15 Mar ----). The primary source which confirms the name of Hermann's first wife has not so far been identified.

m secondly HILDESUIT, daughter of ---. The primary source which confirms the name of Hermann's second wife has not so far been identified. "Otto…imperator augustus" confirmed the donation of property "aliquando Bilingo nostro comiti…in Neletici…quitquid coniunx sua hereditarii iuris habere" to Magdaburg St Moritz by charter dated 28 Jul 966[212].

Duke Hermann & his [first/second] wife had five children:

a) BERNHARD (-Corvey 9 Feb 1011, bur Lüneburg St Michael).

  • The Annalista Saxo names (in order) "Bennonis ducis, qui et Bernhardus et Liudigeri comitis et Machtildis comitisse" as brothers and sister of "domna Suanehildis [filia] Herimanni ducis de Liuniburh"[213].
  • He succeeded as BERNHARD I Herzog in Sachsen.

b) LIUTGER (-26 Feb 1011, bur Lüneburg St Michael).

  • The Annalista Saxo names (in order) "Bennonis ducis, qui et Bernhardus et Liudigeri comitis et Machtildis comitisse" as brothers and sister of "domna Suanehildis [filia] Herimanni ducis de Liuniburh"[214]. "Otto…Romanorum imperator augustus" gave property "Stipenlo in comitatu ipsius Liutgeri comitis et in pago Westfalon" to "Liutgero comiti" by charter dated 27 Apr 1001 on the petition of "Berenhardi nostri ducis et…capellani nostri"[215]. The Vita Meinwerci records the death "IV Kal Apr" of "frater…ducis Bernhardi, comes Liutderus"[216]. The necrology of Lüneburg records the death "26 Feb" of "Liudger com"[217].
  • m EMMA, daughter of IMMED [III] & his wife Agnes --- (-3 Dec 1038, bur Bremen Cathedral). The Vita Meinwerci names "Emma" as wife of "comes Liutderus", but does not give her origin[218]. Her parentage is confirmed by Adam of Bremen who names "Emma" as wife of "Liudgerus frater [Benno dux Saxonum]" when recording her husband's death in 1011, calling her "Emma…soror Meginwerki episcopi Padarburnensis" when recording her death and her burial in Bremen Cathedral[219].
  • Liutger & his wife had two children.

c) MECHTILD of Saxony ([942]-Gent 25 May 1008, bur Gent St Peter).

  • The Annalista Saxo names (in order) "Bennonis ducis, qui et Bernhardus et Liudigeri comitis et Machtildis comitisse" as brothers and sister of "domna Suanehildis [filia] Herimanni ducis de Liuniburh", recording the names of Mechtild's two husbands[220]. The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names "Mathildis, filiam principis Herimanni" as wife of "Balduinum [filius comitis Arnulfi]", specifying that it was hoped that the couple would have many children[221]. This suggests that their marriage date may have been some years earlier than 961 considering that the Genealogia was supposedly compiled in [951/59], probably during the earlier part of this date range considering which children of Louis IV King of the West Franks are named in the document[222]. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Mathildis comitissa Saxonie" as wife of "Godefridi Ardennensis"[223]. "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" confirmed the rights and property of Kloster Mouzon donated by (among others) "dux Fredericus pro anima Ottonis…[et] Godefridus comes et coniux sua Mathildis pro anima sui fratris Adalberonis archiepiscopi" by charter dated 1023[224]. The Annales Blandinienses record the death in 1008 of "Mathildis comitissa"[225]. The necrology of Lüneburg records the death "25 May" of "Mattild com"[226].
  • m firstly ([951/59]) BAUDOUIN III joint Count of Flanders, son of ARNOUL I "le Grand" Count of Flanders & his second wife Adela de Vermandois [Carolingian] ([940]-1 Jan 962).
  • m secondly ([963]) GODEFROI Comte de Verdun, son of comte GOZELON [Wigeriche] & his wife Uda --- [Matfriede] (-3 Sep 995, bur Gent St Peter).

d) SCHWANEHILDE [Suanhild] ([945/50]-26 Nov 1014, bur Kloster Jena, transferred 1028 to Naumburg Georgskirche).

  • The Annalista Saxo names "domna Suanehildis" as daughter of "Herimanni ducis de Liuniburh", names her brothers "Bennonis ducis et Bernhardus et Liudigeri comitis et Machtildis comitisse" and her two husbands[227]. Her birth date range is estimated on the basis of her sister being born in [942] and Schwanehilde herself giving birth to seven children by her second husband. Thietmar records the marriage of Ekkehard and "Swanhild widow of Count Thietmar and Duke Bernhard's sister"[228]. Thietmar records the death of Suanhild 26 Nov 1014[229].
  • m firstly THIETMAR [III] Markgraf [der Ostmark], son of CHRISTIAN Graf im Nordthüring- und Schwabengau & his wife Hidda [der Ostmark] (-3 Aug after 979, bur Kloster Nienburg an der Saale).
  • m secondly (before 1000) EKKEHARD [I] Markgraf von Meissen, son of GUNTHER Markgraf im Bischofstum Merseburg & his wife --- (-murdered Pöhlde 30 Apr 1002, bur Kloster Jena, transferred 1028 to Naumburg Georgskirche).

e) IMMA . The primary source which confirms her parentage has not so far been identified.

  • Nun at Herford. 995.

References:

[200] Cronica Principum Saxonie, MGH SS XXV, p. 472.

[201] Reuter (1991), p. 152.

[202] D O I 152, p. 231.

[203] D O I 165, p. 246.

[204] D O I 183, p. 266.

[205] D O I 198, p. 278.

[206] D O I 198, p. 278.

[207] D O I 223, p. 307.

[208] D O I 303, p. 418.

[209] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123.

[210] Thietmar 2.31, p. 115, footnote 121 commenting that the date is mistaken for 27 Mar.

[211] Althoff, G. (ed.) (1983) Die Totenbücher von Merseburg, Magdeburg und Lüneburg (Hannover), Lüneburg.

[212] D O I 329, p. 443.

[213] Annalista Saxo 1002.

[214] Annalista Saxo 1002.

[215] D O III 401, p. 834.

[216] Vita Meinwerci Episcopi Paderbornensis 14, MGH SS XI, p. 114.

[217] Althoff, G. (ed.) (1983) Die Totenbücher von Merseburg, Magdeburg und Lüneburg (Hannover), Lüneburg.

[218] Vita Meinwerci Episcopi Paderbornensis 14, MGH SS XI, p. 114.

[219] Adami, Gesta Hammenburgensis Ecclesiæ Pontificum II.44 and II.76, MGH SS VII, pp. 321 and 333.

[220] Annalista Saxo 1002.

[221] Genealogiæ Comitum Flandriæ, Witgeri Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis MGH SS IX, p. 304.

[222] MGH SS IX, p. 302, Introduction to Witgeri Genealogia Arnulfi Comitis.

[223] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1005, MGH SS XXIII, p. 778.

[224] D H II 492, p. 626.

[225] Annales Blandinienses 1008, MGH SS V, p. 25.

[226] Althoff, G. (ed.) (1983) Die Totenbücher von Merseburg, Magdeburg und Lüneburg (Hannover), Lüneburg.

[227] Annalista Saxo 1002.

[228] Thietmar 4.39, p. 179.

[229] Thietmar 7.7, p. 312.

---------------------------------

From the Wikipedia entry on Hermann Billung:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herman_Billung

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hermann_Billung

Hermann Billung (900 or 912 – 27 March 973) was a Margrave of Saxony and one of the most well-known members of the House of Billung.

Hermann was the son of Billung von Stubenskorn (c. 860-967) and Ermengarde of Nantes (b. 900). Hermann is generally counted as the first Billung Duke of Saxony, but his exact position is unclear. King Otto I appointed Hermann margrave in 936, granting him a march north of the Elbe between the Limes Saxoniae and Peene Rivers. Having more autonomy than his contemporary margrave Gero, Hermann exacted tribute from the Polabian Slavs inhabiting the March of the Billungs. He often fought against the West Slavic tribes of the Redarians, Abotrites, and Wagrians.

By 953 Otto I, who was also Duke of Saxony, began entrusting more and more of his authority in Saxony to Hermann during his absences. However, Hermann was never named as duke in royal documents. Instead, he is named as a military leader, count, and margrave. His son Bernard inherited and strengthened his father's position and managed to be recognized as duke.

(The German Wikipedia entry differs in defining the absences: in 953 was the Liudolfinischer Uprising, and in 961 was Otto's Second Expedition to Italy, saying that during both times Herman was appointed by King Otto as Procurator Regis, a position that gave him the full backing of the Saxon Court. Herman was also appointed Count in Wetigau, Tilithigau, Marsterngau, and Bardengau.)

Hermann had property around Lüneburg and founded the monastery of St. Michael in that city. He died in Quedlinburg.

[In the German Wikipedia entry, a more detailed history is given:

Fall 936, with the defeat of the insurgent Redarier, he is named Princeps Militiae and charged to limit any expansion by East Francia to the northeast along the Elbe River, and he was named Mark der Billunger.

953 - when Otto moved against his rebellious son Liudolf, he appointed Hermann as Procurator Register in Saxony, giving Hermann de facto powers as Duke, but not describing him as such (he was called Marchio and Comes). During this time, Hermann succeeded in driving out his nephew Wichmann II and Egbert the One-Eyed (both of whom sided with the rebels) from Saxony.

August 961 - Otto began his second expedition into Italy and finally made peace on 2 February 962 with Pope John XII in Rome, obtaining the title of Kaiser. During his absence, Hermann was appointed his deputy again in Saxony.

972 - Archbishop Adalbert of Magdeburg received Hermann like a king, sitting him at the King's place at his table and allowing him to take over his bed chambers. Otto I was angered by such presumption, and was removed from his deputy position.

Hermann was buried in the Klosters St. Michaelis in Luneburg, even though according to Dietmar of Merseburg he had been excommunicated by Bishop Bruno of Verden (and refused burial).]

[edit] Descendants

Hermann Billung was probably married twice, first to a woman named Oda (who died on 15 March in an unknown year, probably after 973), and second to Hildegarde (Hildesuith) of Westerbourg.

He had five children:

1. Bernhard I (c. 950 to 1011), Duke of Saxony (buried in the Church of the Monastery of St. Michael in Luneburg)

2. Liutger (died 26 February 1011) Count in Westfalengau (and Lesum), attested in 991, buried in St. Michaels in Lüneburg (Church of the Monastery of St. Michael), married Emma (of Lessum, 975/980 to 3 December 1038) who is buried in the Bremen Cathedral, daughter of Immed IV (Immedinger), sister of Bishop Meinwerk of Paderborn.

3. Mathilde (born between 935 and 945, died 25 May 1008 in Ghent St. Peter), married 1st in 961 to Balduin III, Count of Flanders (died 1 January 962), married second Gottfried der Gefangene (died on 3/4 April after 995) in 963/982, Count of Verdun (Wigeriche), buried in St. Peter's in Ghent

4. Suanhilde (born between 945 and 955, died 28 November 1014, buried in the monastery of Burg Kapellenburg south of Kleinjena (Jena), reburied after 1028 in the Georgskirche of Naumburg in Saale, married 1st in 970 Thietmar I (c. 920 to 3 August after 979) Margrave of Meissen, married (2) before 1000 Ekkehard I (murdered 30 April 1002 in Pöhlde); in 992 (or 987 according to the German Wikipedia) Margrave of Meissen, buried in the monastery of Burg Kapellenburg south of Kleinjena (Jena), reburied after 1028 in the Georgskirche of Naumburg in Saale.

5. Imma, in 995 Abbess of Herford

--------------------

From the German Wikipedia page on Hermann Billung Source / Forrás:

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hermann_Billung

Ehen und Nachkommen

Hermann Billung war vermutlich zweimal verheiratet; seine erste Frau war vermutlich Oda († 15. März wohl nach 973), seine zweite hieß Hildesuith (Hildegard). Hermann hatte vermutlich fünf Kinder:

-1. Bernhard I. (* um 950; † 1011), Herzog von Sachsen, bestattet in der Kirche des Klosters St. Michaelis in Lüneburg

-2. Liutger (Liudger) († 26. Februar 1011) Graf von Lesum und im Westfalengau, 991 bezeugt, bestattet in der Kirche des Klosters St. Michaelis in Lüneburg

∞ Emma von Lesum (* 975/980; † 3. Dezember 1038), Tochter von Immed IV. aus dem Adelsgeschlecht der Immedinger, Schwester Bischofs Meinwerk von Paderborn, bestattet im Bremer Dom

-3. Mathilde I. (* 935/945; † 25. Mai 1008) bestattet in der Abtei St. Peter in Gent

∞ 961 Balduin III. Graf von Flandern († 1. Januar 962),

∞ um 963 Gottfried der Gefangene († 3./4. April nach 995) 963/982 Graf von Verdun (Wigeriche), bestattet in der Abtei St. Peter in Gent

-4. Suanhilde (Schwanhild) (* 945/955; † 28. November 1014), bestattet im Kloster der Burg Kapellenberg südlich von Kleinjena bei Naumburg, vor 1028 umgebettet in die Kirche des Klosters St. Georg in Naumburg

∞ Thietmar I. (* um 920; † 3. August nach 979), 965-979 Markgraf der Nordmark,976-979 Markgraf von Meißen und Merseburg

∞ vor 1000 Ekkehard I. (ermordet 30. April 1002 bei Pöhlde im Harz), um 987 Markgraf von Meißen, bestattet im Kloster der Burg Kapellenberg südlich von Kleinjena bei Naumburg, vor 1028 umgebettet in die Kirche des Klosters St. Georg in Naumburg

-5. Imma, 995 Äbtissin zu Herford

--------------------------------------

(Forrás / Source) From Darryl Lundy's Peerage page on Herzog Hermann Billung:

http://www.thepeerage.com/p397.htm#i3964

Herzog Hermann Billung, von Sachsen

  • M, #3964, b. before 936
  • Last Edited=2 Aug 2003

Herzog Hermann Billung, von Sachsen was born before 936.

Herzog Hermann Billung, von Sachsen gained the title of Herzog von Sachsen.

Children of Herzog Hermann Billung, von Sachsen

  • -1. Swanhilde Billung+
  • -2. Matilda Billung+ b. b 951, d. 25 May 1008

------------------------

Unattributed information on Hermann of Sachsen in Norwegian?:

Regjeringstid: Sachsen: 961 - 973

Født: ukjent

Død: 973

Foreldre: ukjent

Ektefelle‍(r): Oda og Hildesuith

Barn: Bernhard

Ludger

Suaneholde

Imma

Mathildis

Hermann av Sachsen (fødselsår ukjent, død i Quedlinburg i 973) av slekten Billung. I 936 ble han tildelt tittelen markgreve av Otto den store som takk for hans deltagelse i overvinnelsen av redarierne, obotrittene, wagrierne og danene. I 940 var han greve av Wetigau og i 953 utnevnte Otto ham til sin stedfortreder i Sachsen, noe som de facto gjorde ham til hertug uten at han hadde tittelen. Herman greide å fordrive nevøene sine, Wichmann II og Ekbert enøye, som sympatiserte med opprørerne fra Sachsen. I 955 opptrådte Hermann Billung som greve i Tilithigau og Marstengau, og i 956 ble han utnevnt til markgreve. Under Ottos reise til Italia i 956 og til Roma i 961 utnevnte han Herman på ny som sin stedfortreder i Sachsen.

Herman var gift med Oda og senere med Hildeshuith, og med dem hadde han barna:

Bernhard I av Sachsen (-1011)

Ludger (-1011)

Suanehilde (-1014), gift med markgreve Thietmar I av Meißen (-979) og deretter med markgreve Ekhard I av Meißen (-1002)

Imma, abbedisse i Herford

Mathildis (942-1008), gift med greve Boudewijn III av Flandern (940-962) i 961 og i 963 med grev Gottfried av Verdun (930-1002).

Forgjenger:

Otto II  Hertug av Sachsen

(961–973) Etterfølger:

Bernhard I av Sachsen  

--------------------

General Notes:

Han var stamfar til det Billungske hus. Forbindelsen med den eldre Billungslekten er usikker. Det er mulig at hans far var Billung som var greve av Sachsen og som døde i 967.

Hermann døde i 973 antagelig ca. 70 år gammel.

Billungslekten etterfulgte Liudolfingerslekten som hertuger av Sachsen fra 961 til 1106 og ble etterfulgt av Askanierslekten. Hertugdømmet Sachsen var en del av det tysk-romerske riket.

Research Notes:

Burke says he was Conrad I, le Pacifique, Roi de Bourgogne Transjurane.

Noted events in his life were:

  • Acceded: Duke of Saxony, 961.

-------------------------------------

From the Celtic Casimir online family tree:

http://www.celtic-casimir.com/webtree/2/2103.htm

Hermann Billung VON SACHSEN Duke of Saxony 578

Born: Abt 922, Sachsen

Died: 27 Mar 973

Ancestral File Number: 9HMD-14.

Marriage Information:

Hermann married Hildegard(is) VON WESTERBURG. (Hildegard(is) VON WESTERBURG was born about 922 in Westerberg, Sachsen.)

--------------------

From Miroslav Marek's research on the Billung family (Source / Forrás):

http://genealogy.euweb.cz/small/billung.html

Billung family

Billung von Stubenskorn, *ca 890, +ca 951; m.Ermengarde of Nantes (*ca 900)

A1. Wichman; m.ca 930 Frédegunde of Franks, dau.of Charles III Simple of Franks

A2. Poppo, Ct of Thuringia, *ca 910

---

A3. Hermann Billung, Mkgf of Lower Elbe 936, Duke of Saxony (960-973), *ca 915, +27.3.973; m.Hildegarde von Westerburg (*ca 925)

B1. Duke Bernhard II of Saxony (988-1011), *ca 940, +Corvey 9.2.1011; m.ca 974 Hildegarde von Stade (+1011)

C1. Duke Bernhard III of Saxony (1011-59), *ca 995, +29.6.1059; m.1020 Eilika von Schweinfurt (*1000, +ca 1055)

D1. Duke Otho Ordulf of Saxony (1059-72), *1020, +28.3.1072; m.1042 Wulfhild of Norway (+1071)

E1. Duke Magnus of Saxony (1072-1106), *ca 1045, +1106; m.1071 Sofia of Hungary (+1095)

F1. Wulfhilde, *1075, +1126; m.Duke Heinrich IX of Bavaria (+13.12.1126)

F2. Eilika, *1080, +16.1.1142; m.Duke Otto of Saxony (+1123)

E2. Bernhard, +young

D2. Gertrud, *Schweinfurt ca 1028, +Veurne 4.8.1113, bur Veurne; 1m: ca 1050 Floris I of Holland (+28.6.1061); 2m: 1063 Robert I of Flanders (*1031 +13.10.1093)

D3. Ida, heiress of Laroche, +31.7.1102, bur Namur; 1m: Frederic II of Lower Lorraine (+1065); 2m: Albert III de Namur (*before 10.8.1035 +22.6.1102)

B2. Mathilda, *ca 944, +25.5.1008; 1m: ca 963 Ct Godefroid of Verdun (+995/1005); 2m: Ct Baldwin III of Flanders (+962)

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(No sources)

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Unattributed and with errant information (no such thing as "Stubenskorn" - don't agree? Try identifying it on a map...):

Hermann was the son of Billung von Stubenskorn (c. 860-967) and Ermengarde of Nantes (b. 900). Hermann is generally counted as the first Billung Duke of Saxony, but his exact position is unclear. King Otto I appointed Hermann margrave in 936, granting him a march north of the Elbe between the Limes Saxoniae and Peene Rivers. Having more autonomy than his contemporary margrave Gero, Hermann exacted tribute from the Polabian Slavs inhabiting the March of the Billungs. He often fought against the West Slavic tribes of the Redarians, Abotrites, and Wagrians.

By 953 Otto I, who was also Duke of Saxony, began entrusting more and more of his authority in Saxony to Hermann during his absences. However, Hermann was never named as duke in royal documents. Instead, he is named as a military leader, count, and margrave. His son Bernard inherited and strengthened his father's position and managed to be recognized as duke.

Hermann had property around Lüneburg and founded the monastery of St. Michael in that city. He died in Quedlinburg.

Descendants

Hermann Billung was probably married twice, first to a woman named Oda (who died on 15 March in an unknown year), and second to Hildegarde of Westerbourg.

He had five children:

Bernhard I (died 1011), Duke of Saxony

Liutger (died 26 February 1011) Count in Westfalengau, attested in 991, buried in St. Michaels in Lüneburg, married Emma (died 3 December 1038), buried in the Bremen Cathedral, daughter of Immed IV (Immedinger), sister of Bishop Meinwerk of Paderborn.

Suanhilde (born between 945 and 955, died 28 November 1014, buried in the monastery of Jena, reburied after 1028 in the Georgskirche of Naumburg in Saale, married 1st in 970 Thietmar I (died after 979) Margrave of Meissen, married (2) before 1000 Ekkehard I (murdered 30 April 1002 in Pöhlde); in 992 Margrave of Meissen, buried in the monastery of Jena, reburied after 1028 in the Church of Georg Naumburg (Saale)

Mathilde (born between 935 and 945, died 25 May 1008 in Ghent St. Peter), married 1st in 961 to Balduin III, Count of Flanders (died 1 January 962), married second Gottfried der Gefangene (died on 3/4 April after 995) in 963/982, Count of Verdun (Wigeriche), buried in St. Peter's in Ghent

Imma, in 995 Abbess of Herford

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http://www.genealogie-mittelalter.de/sachsen/hermann_herzog_von_sachsen_973_billunger/hermann_billung_herzog_von_sachsen_+_973.html

Hermann I. Billung

              

Herzog von Sachsen (961-973) Graf im Bardengau, Marstengau und Tilithigau

------------------------

900/12-27.3.973 - Quedlinburg

 
  • Sohn des Grafen Billing

Lexikon des Mittelalters: Band IV Spalte 2160

  • *******************

Hermann Billung, Herzog in Sachsen


----------------------

+ 13. März 973 - Quedlinburg

  • Eltern unbekannt
  • oo Hildegard
  • 5 Kinder: unter anderem
  1. Bernhard I., Herzog
  2. Schwanhild oo Ekkehard I.
  3. Mathilde 1. oo Balduin III. von Flandern, 2. oo Gottfried der Ältere Graf von Verdun

---

  • Brüder:

----------

  1. Wichmann (+ 944)
  2. Amelung (+ 962), Bischof von Verden (seit 933, s. ADB I)
  • oo Hildegard
  • 5 Kinder: unter anderem
  1. Herzog Bernhard I. in Sachsen (+ 1011, s. NDB II),
  2. Suanehild [1. oo Markgraf Thietmar von Serimunt-Nicici (+ 978)] [2. oo Markgraf Ekkehard I. von Meißen ( + 1002, s. NDB IV)],
  3. Mathilde [+ 1008, 1. oo Graf Balduin III. von Flandern (+ 961), 2. oo Herzog Gottfried von Nieder-Lothringen (+ 1005?, s. NDB VI)]

-------------------- Hermann Billung (900 or 912 – 27 March 973) was a Margrave of Saxony and one of the most well-known members of the House of Billung.

Hermann's parents are unknown. Hermann is generally counted as the first Billung Duke of Saxony, but his exact position is unclear. King Otto I appointed Hermann margrave in 936, granting him a march north of the Elbe between the Limes Saxoniae and Peene Rivers. Having more autonomy than his contemporary margrave Gero, Hermann exacted tribute from the Polabian Slavs inhabiting the March of the Billungs. He often fought against the West Slavic tribes of the Redarians, Abotrites, and Wagrians.

By 953 Otto I, who was also Duke of Saxony, began entrusting more and more of his authority in Saxony to Hermann during his absences. However, Hermann was never named as duke in royal documents. Instead, he is named as a military leader, count, and margrave. His son Bernard inherited and strengthened his father's position and managed to be recognized as duke.

Hermann had property around Lüneburg and founded the monastery of St. Michael in that city. He died in Quedlinburg. -------------------- -------------------- Hermann Billung (900 or 912 – 27 March 973) was the Margrave of the Billung March from 936 until his death. The first of the Saxon House of Billung, Hermann was a trusted lieutenant of Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor. Though never Duke of Saxony himself, while Otto (who was the enthroned Duke of Saxony) was in Italy from 961 until 972, Hermann served as Otto's personal representative in governing Saxony. Towards the end of his life, Hermann was the effective Duke in all but name. Hermann died in 973, just two months before Otto's own death. Hermann's son Bernard I was named as the new Duke of Saxony by Otto I's son Otto II, the new Holy Roman Emperor. Life: Hermann was the son of the Eastphalian count Billung von Stubenskorn (c. 860-967) and Ermengarde of Nantes. He was the younger brother of the Saxon count Wichmann the Elder. Hermann is generally counted as the first Billung duke (Herzog) of Saxony, but his exact position is unclear. The ducal Ottonian dynasty had risen to German royalty with the accession of Henry the Fowler in 919 and had to concentrate on countrywide affairs. At least in 961, when King Otto I of Germany marched against the Kingdom of Italy for the second time, he made Hermann the administrator (procurator regis) in his Saxon lands. When in 936 King Otto I had ascended the throne, he appointed Hermann a margrave (princeps militiae), granting him the Saxon march north of the Elbe river. His Billung March stretched from the Limes Saxoniae in the west along the Baltic coast to the Peene River in the east, roughly corresponding with the later Mecklenburg region. Otto thereby disregarded the claims of Hermann's elder brother Count Wichmann, a brother-in-law of Queen Dowager Matilda of Ringelheim. Wichmann in turn joined the unsuccessful rebellion of King Otto's half-brother Thankmar and Duke Eberhard of Franconia in 938. Having more autonomy than the contemporary margrave Gero ruling over the adjacent Marca Geronis in the south, Hermann exacted tribute from the local Polabian Slavs of the Obotrite tribal federation. Upon his brother's death in 944, he also became count in the Saxon Bardengau around the town of Lüneburg, where he founded the monastery of St Michael in that city. He again disregarded the inheritance claims raised by his nephews Wichmann the Younger and Egbert the One-Eyed. In 953 both joined the countrywide rebellion started by King Otto's younger brother Duke Liudolf of Swabia, which only collapsed due to the massive invasion of Hungarian forces. During this grave crisis, the king, who was also Duke of Saxony, began entrusting more and more of his authority in the Saxon lands to Hermann during his absences. However, Hermann was never named dux in royal documents. Instead, he is named as a military leader, count, and margrave. His position was solidified, when on 2 February 962 King Otto was crowned Holy Roman Emperor in Rome by Pope John XII. Hermann was received like a king by Archbishop Adalbert of Magdeburg in 972, which even annoyed the emperor. He may have been the founder of the Hermannsburg locality in the Lüneburg Heath, first mentioned in 1059. Hermann died in Quedlinburg. His son Bernard inherited and strengthened his father's position and managed to be recognized as duke. Descendants: Hermann Billung maybe was married twice: According to the chronicles of St Michael's Abbey in Lüneburg, a Countess Oda died on 15 March in an unknown year after 973, the Xanten annals noted the death of one Ode, spouse of Duke Hermann, on the same day. She probably was related with the royal Ottonian dynasty; Henry the Fowler's grandmother was named Oda (herself a member of the Billung dynasty), which was also the name of his sister. A second wife Hildesuith or Hildegard of Westerburg is mentioned in the chronicles, but her relation to Oda remains unclear. Hildegard was also the name of the spouse of Hermann's son Bernard. The name of Hermann's grand-daughter Oda of Meissen indicate that Oda was the mother of his children. He had five children:

Bernhard I (died 1011), Duke of Saxony
Liutger (died 26 February 1011) Count in Westfalengau, attested in 991, buried in St. Michaels in Lüneburg, married Emma (died 3 December 1038), buried in the Bremen Cathedral, daughter of Immed IV (Immedinger) and Adela of Hamaland, sister of Bishop Meinwerk of Paderborn.
Suanhilde (born between 945 and 955, died 28 November 1014, buried in the monastery of Jena, reburied after 1028 in the Church of St. George in Naumburg, married: 1.in 970 Thietmar I (died after 979) Margrave of Meissen,
2.before 1000 Ekkehard I (murdered 30 April 1002 in Pöhlde); became in 992 Margrave of Meissen, buried in the monastery of Jena, reburied after 1028 in the Church of St. George in Naumburg 

Mathilde (born between 935 and 945, died 25 May 1008 in Ghent, buried in St. Peter's church), married: 1.in 961 to Balduin III, Count of Flanders (died 1 January 962),

2.Gottfried der Gefangene (died on 3/4 April after 995) in 963/982, Count of Verdun (Wigeriche), buried in St. Peter's church in Ghent 

Imma, in 995 Abbess of Herford

view all 23

Hermann I, duke of Saxony's Timeline

907
907
Herzogtum Sachsen, Ostenfrankenreich (Present Germany)
919
919
Age 12
940
940
Age 33
Lüneburg, Niedersachsen, Germany
940
Age 33
Herzogtum Sachsen, Ostenfrankenreich (Present Germany)
940
- present
Age 33
950
950
Age 43
Wetigau (Present Kreis Lippe), (Present Nordrhein-Westfalen), Carolingian Empire (Present Germany)
950
Age 43
Saxony
953
953
- present
Age 46
965
965
- present
Age 58
973
March 27, 973
Age 66
Quedlinburg, (Present Landkreis Harz), Herzogtum Sachsen, Heiliges Römisches Reich (Present Germany)